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108th United States Congress

The One Hundred Eighth United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives from January 3, 2003 to January 3, 2005, during the third and fourth years of George W. Bush's presidency.

108th United States Congress
107th ←
→ 109th
January 3, 2003 – January 3, 2005
Senate PresidentDick Cheney (R)
Senate Pres. pro temTed Stevens (R)
House SpeakerDennis Hastert (R)
Members100 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityRepublican
1st: January 7, 2003 – December 8, 2003
2nd: January 20, 2004 – December 9, 2004

House members were elected in the 2002 general election on November 5, 2002. Senators were elected in three classes in the 1998 general election on November 3, 1998, 2000 general election on November 7, 2000, or 2002 general election on November 5, 2002. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Twenty-second Census of the United States in 2000. Both chambers had a Republican majority.


Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit


Proposed, but not enactedEdit

Party summaryEdit


Party standings in the 108th Congress
  48 Democratic Senators
  1 Independent Senator, caucusing with Democrats
  51 Republican Senators
U.S. Senate in the Senate Chamber (2003)

The party summary for the Senate remained the same during the entire 108th Congress.

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Republican Democratic Independent Independence (MN) Vacant
End of previous Congress 50 48 1 1 100 0
Begin 51 48 1 0 100 0
Final voting share 51% 49%
Beginning of the next Congress 55 44 1 0 100 0

House of RepresentativesEdit

Due to resignations and special elections, Republicans lost a net of two seats to the Democrats. All seats were filled though special elections. (See Changes in membership, below.)

Affiliation Party
(Shading indicates majority caucus)
Republican Independent Democratic Vacant
End of previous Congress 222 1 209 433 2
Begin 229 1 205 435 0
May 31, 2003 228 434 1
June 5, 2003 229 435 0
December 9, 2003 228 434 1
January 20, 2004 227 433 2
February 17, 2004 206 434 1
June 1, 2004 207 435 0
June 9, 2004 206 434 1
July 20, 2004 207 435 0
August 31, 2004 226 434 1
September 23, 2004 225 433 2
Final voting share 52.0% 48.0%
Non-voting members 1 0 4 5 0
Beginning of next Congress 232 1 201 434 1



Senate President
Senate President pro Tempore

Majority (Republican) leadershipEdit

Minority (Democratic) leadershipEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

Speaker of the House

Majority (Republican) leadershipEdit

Minority (Democratic) leadershipEdit



The Senators are preceded by the class, In this Congress, Class 3 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 2004; Class 1 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 2006; and Class 2 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 2008.

House of RepresentativesEdit

The Members of the House of Representatives are preceded by the district number.

Changes in membershipEdit

Members who came and left during this Congress.


No changes occurred.

House of RepresentativesEdit

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation

Hawaii 2nd Vacant Patsy Mink had been elected to this seat posthumously. Ed Case had already won Mink's seat in the 107th Congress. Ed Case (D) January 4, 2003
Texas 19th Larry Combest (R) Resigned May 31, 2003 for personal reasons. A special election was held June 3, 2003. Randy Neugebauer (R) June 5, 2003
Texas 4th Ralph Hall (D) Changed political parties Ralph Hall (R) January 5, 2004
Kentucky 6th Ernie Fletcher (R) Resigned December 9, 2003 to become Governor of Kentucky. A special election was held February 17, 2004 Ben Chandler (D) February 17, 2004
South Dakota At-large Bill Janklow (R) Resigned January 20, 2004 because of a December 2003 felony conviction in relation to a traffic accident. A special election was held June 1, 2004. Stephanie Herseth (D) June 1, 2004
North Carolina 1st Frank Ballance (D) Resigned June 9, 2004 as a result of health problems. A special election was held July 20, 2004 G. K. Butterfield (D) July 20, 2004
Louisiana 5th Rodney Alexander (D) Switched parties August 9, 2004 Rodney Alexander (R) August 9, 2004
Nebraska 1st Doug Bereuter (R) Resigned August 31, 2004 to head the Asia Foundation. Remained vacant until the next Congress.
Florida 14th Porter Goss (R) Resigned September 23, 2004 to head the CIA. Remained vacant until the next Congress.
California 5th Robert Matsui (D) Died January 1, 2005 Remained vacant until the next Congress.


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit


Employees and legislative agency directorsEdit

See alsoEdit


External linksEdit