North Carolina's 1st congressional district

North Carolina's 1st congressional district consists of counties that border Virginia, and extending southward into several counties of the Inner Banks and Research Triangle regions. It covers many rural areas of northeastern North Carolina, among the state's most economically poor, as well as outer exurbs of urbanized Research Triangle. It contains towns and cities such as Greenville, Rocky Mount, Wilson, Goldsboro, Henderson, and Roanoke Rapids.

North Carolina's 1st congressional district
North Carolina's 1st congressional district (since 2021).png
North Carolina's 1st congressional district since January 3, 2021
Representative
  G.K. Butterfield
DWilson
Distribution
  • 62.9% urban[1]
  • 37.1% rural
Population (2019)763,500[2]
Median household
income
$47,469[2]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+3[3]

The district is represented by Rep. G. K. Butterfield, a Democrat. He has been the representative since 2004, after winning a special election to represent the district. In the 2006 election, he won unopposed. In 2020 he defeated Republican Sandy Smith in the general election.

On February 5, 2016, the Fourth Circuit Court of Appeals ruled the 1st district, as well as the 12th, were gerrymandered along racial lines, which was unconstitutional, and must be redrawn by March 15, 2016.[4] It was re-drawn again in 2019 following court-mandated redistricting, which removed portions of the Research Triangle from the district and changed it to D+3 from a D+17 on the Cook Partisan Voting Index. [5]

Besides a brief period from 1895 until 1899 when the district was held by a Populist, the 1st district has been consistently Democratic since 1883.

Recent election resultsEdit

Presidential racesEdit

Year Office Results
2000 President Gore 57–42%
2004 President Kerry 57–42%
2008 President Obama 62–37%
2012 President Obama 68–31%
2016 President Clinton 68–31%
2020 President Biden 54–45%

Recent congressional racesEdit

2000sEdit

U.S. House election, 2000: North Carolina's 1st district[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Eva Clayton (incumbent) 124,171 65.6
Republican Duane Kratzer, Jr. 62,198 32.9
Libertarian Christopher Delaney 2,799 1.5
Total votes 189,168 100
U.S. House election, 2002: North Carolina's 1st district[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Frank W. Ballance Jr. 93,157 63.74
Republican Greg Dority 50,907 34.83
Libertarian Mike Ruff 2,093 1.43
Total votes 146,157 100
U.S. House election, 2004: North Carolina's 1st district[8]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. 137,667 63.98
Republican Greg Dority 77,508 36.02
Total votes 215,175 100
U.S. House election, 2006: North Carolina's 1st district[9]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 82,510 100
Total votes 82,510 100
U.S. House election, 2008: North Carolina's 1st district[10]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 192,765 70.28
Republican Dean Stephens 81,506 29.72
Total votes 274,271 100

2010sEdit

U.S. House election, 2010: North Carolina's 1st district[11]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 103,294 59.31
Republican Ashley Woolard 70,867 40.69
Total votes 174,161 100
U.S. House election, 2012: North Carolina's 1st district[12]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 254,644 75.32
Republican Pete DiLauro 77,288 22.86
Libertarian Darryl Holloman 6,134 1.81
Total votes 338,066 99.9
U.S. House election, 2014: North Carolina's 1st district[13]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 154,333 73.38
Republican Arthur Rich 55,990 26.62
Total votes 210,323 100
U.S. House election, 2016: North Carolina's 1st district[14]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 240,661 68.62
Republican H. Powell Dew Jr. 101,567 28.96
Libertarian Joseph John Summerell 8,259 2.4
Total votes 346,830 99.98
U.S. House election, 2018: North Carolina's 1st district[15]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 190,457 69.9
Republican Roger Allison 82,218 30.2
Total votes 272,675 100.0

2020sEdit

U.S. House election, 2020: North Carolina's 1st district[16]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic George Kenneth Butterfield Jr. (incumbent) 188,870 54.2
Republican Sandy Smith 159,758 45.8
Total votes 348,618 100.0

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
 
John B. Ashe
Anti-Administration March 24, 1790 –
March 3, 1791
1st Elected in 1790.
Redistricted to the 3rd district.
1790–1791
Anson, Burke, Guilford, Iredell, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Montgomery, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry, Rowan, Rutherford, Wilkes
 
John Steele
Pro-Administration March 4, 1791 –
March 3, 1793
2nd Redistricted from the 4th district and re-elected in 1791.
[data unknown/missing]
1791–1793
Burke, Guilford, Iredell, Lincoln, Mecklenburg, Montgomery, Rockingham, Stokes, Surry, Rowan, Rutherford, Wilkes
Joseph McDowell Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd Elected in 1793.
Lost re-election.
1793–1803
Ashe, Buncombe, Burke, Lincoln, Rutherford, Wilkes
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1797
4th Elected in 1795.
Lost re-election.
 
Joseph McDowell Jr.
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1797 –
March 3, 1799
5th Elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
Joseph Dickson Federalist March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1801
6th Elected in 1798.
Lost re-election.
James Holland Democratic-Republican March 4, 1801 –
March 3, 1803
7th Elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 11th district.
Thomas Wynns Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1807
8th
9th
Redistricted from the 8th district and re-elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Retired.
1803–1813
Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans
Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1807 –
March 3, 1813
10th
11th
12th
Elected in 1806.
Re-elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Lost re-election.
William H. Murfree Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
1813–1823
Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans
Lemuel Sawyer Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1823
15th
16th
17th
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Re-elected in 1821.
Lost re-election.
Alfred M. Gatlin Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
18th Elected in 1823.
Lost re-election.
1823–1833
Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans
Lemuel Sawyer Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1829
19th
20th
Elected in 1825.
Re-elected in 1827.
Lost re-election.
William B. Shepard Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1829 –
March 3, 1837
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
Elected in 1829.
Re-elected in 1831.
Re-elected in 1833.
Re-elected in 1835.
[data unknown/missing]
1833–1843
Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Hertford, Pasquotank, Perquimans
Samuel T. Sawyer Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
25th Elected in 1837.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Kenneth Rayner
Whig March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1843
26th
27th
Elected in 1839.
Re-elected in 1841.
Redistricted to the 9th district.
 
Thomas L. Clingman
Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Elected in 1843.
[data unknown/missing]
1843–1853
Buncombe, Burke, Caldwell, Cherokee, Cleveland, Haywood, Henderson, Jackson, Macon, Madison, McDowell, Rutherford, Yancey
 
James Graham
Whig March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th Elected in 1845.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Thomas L. Clingman
Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
30th
31st
32nd
Elected in 1847.
Re-elected in 1849.
Re-elected in 1851.
Redistricted to the 8th district.
 
Henry M. Shaw
Democratic March 4, 1853 –
March 3, 1855
33rd Elected in 1853.
[data unknown/missing]
1853–1861
Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Gates, Halifax, Hertford, Martin, Northampton, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell, Washington
Robert T. Paine Know Nothing March 4, 1855 –
March 3, 1857
34th Elected in 1855.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Henry M. Shaw
Democratic March 4, 1857 –
March 3, 1859
35th Elected in 1857.
[data unknown/missing]
William N. H. Smith Opposition March 4, 1859 –
March 3, 1861
36th Elected in 1859.
North Carolina seceded from the Union in May 1861.
Vacant March 4, 1861 –
July 6, 1868
37th
38th
39th
40th
Civil War and Reconstruction
 
John R. French
Republican July 6, 1868 –
March 3, 1869
40th Elected to finish the short term.
[data unknown/missing]
1868–1873
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Halifax, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Northampton, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Tyrrell, Washington
 
Clinton L. Cobb
Republican March 4, 1869 –
March 3, 1875
41st
42nd
43rd
Elected in 1868.
Re-elected in 1870.
Re-elected in 1872.
[data unknown/missing]
1873–1883
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
 
Jesse J. Yeates
Democratic March 4, 1875 –
March 3, 1879
44th
45th
Elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Joseph J. Martin
Republican March 4, 1879 –
January 29, 1881
46th Lost contested election.
 
Jesse J. Yeates
Democratic January 29, 1881 –
March 3, 1881
46th Won contested election.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Louis C. Latham
Democratic March 4, 1881 –
March 3, 1883
47th Elected in 1880.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Walter F. Pool
Republican March 4, 1883 –
August 25, 1883
48th Elected in 1882.
Died.
1883–1893
Beaufort, Camden, Carteret, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
Vacant August 25, 1883 –
November 20, 1883
 
Thomas G. Skinner
Democratic November 20, 1883 –
March 3, 1887
48th
49th
Elected to finish Pool's term.
Re-elected in 1884.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Louis C. Latham
Democratic March 4, 1887 –
March 3, 1889
50th Elected in 1886.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Thomas G. Skinner
Democratic March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st Elected in 1888.
[data unknown/missing]
 
William A. B. Branch
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
Elected in 1890.
Re-elected in 1892.
[data unknown/missing]
1893–1903
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Carteret, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pamlico, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
Harry Skinner Populist March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
54th
55th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
[data unknown/missing]
John H. Small Democratic March 4, 1899 –
March 3, 1921
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Re-elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
[data unknown/missing]
1903–1913
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
1913–1933
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
Hallett S. Ward Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1925
67th
68th
Elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
[data unknown/missing]
 
Lindsay C. Warren
Democratic March 4, 1925 –
October 31, 1940
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
75th
76th
Elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Resigned to become U.S. Comptroller General.
1933–1943
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
Vacant October 31, 1940 –
November 5, 1940
76th
 
Herbert C. Bonner
Democratic November 5, 1940 –
November 7, 1965
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Elected to finish Warren's term.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Died.
1943–1953
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
1953–1963
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Martin, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
1963–1973
Beaufort, Bertie, Camden, Chowan, Craven, Currituck, Dare, Gates, Hertford, Hyde, Jones, Lenoir, Martin, Pamlico, Pasquotank, Perquimans, Pitt, Tyrrell, Washington
Vacant November 7, 1965 –
February 5, 1966
89th
 
Walter B. Jones Sr.
Democratic February 5, 1966 –
September 15, 1992
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected to finish Bonner's term.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Died.
1973–1983
[data unknown/missing]
1983–1993
[data unknown/missing]
Vacant September 15, 1992 –
November 3, 1992
102nd
 
Eva Clayton
Democratic November 3, 1992 –
January 3, 2003
102nd
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Elected to finish Jones's term.
Re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Retired.
1993–2003
[data unknown/missing]
 
Frank Ballance
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
June 11, 2004
108th Elected in 2002.
Resigned.
2003–2013
 
Vacant June 11, 2004 –
July 20, 2004
 
G. K. Butterfield
Democratic July 20, 2004 –
Present
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
117th
Elected to finish Ballance's term.
Re-elected later in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Re-elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
2013–2017
 
2017–2021
 
2021—Present
 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ a b Center for New Media & Promotion (CNMP), US Census Bureau. "My Congressional District". www.census.gov.
  3. ^ "Introducing the 2021 Cook Political Report Partisan Voter Index". The Cook Political Report. April 15, 2021. Retrieved April 15, 2021.
  4. ^ Simpson, Ian (February 8, 2016). "Judges find two N. Carolina congressional districts racially gerrymandered". Reuters. Retrieved February 8, 2016.
  5. ^ "LEGISLATIVE AND CONGRESSIONAL REDISTRICTING". North Carolina General Assembly. Retrieved January 5, 2021.
  6. ^ https://ballotpedia.org/North_Carolina%27s_1st_Congressional_District
  7. ^ "11/05/2002 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 15, 2002. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  8. ^ "11/02/2004 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2004. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  9. ^ "11/07/2006 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 17, 2006. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  10. ^ "11/04/2008 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 14, 2008. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  11. ^ "11/02/2010 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 12, 2010. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  12. ^ "11/06/2012 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 16, 2012. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  13. ^ "11/04/2014 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. November 25, 2014. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  14. ^ "11/06/2016 Official General Election Results - Statewide". North Carolina State Board of Elections. December 13, 2016. Retrieved December 23, 2017.
  15. ^ "District 1, North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement". Retrieved November 10, 2018.
  16. ^ "District 1, North Carolina State Board of Elections & Ethics Enforcement". Retrieved January 5, 2021.

Coordinates: 36°06′03″N 77°30′14″W / 36.10083°N 77.50389°W / 36.10083; -77.50389