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North Carolina's 9th congressional district

The 9th Congressional District of North Carolina is a Congressional district in south-central North Carolina. The district's current boundaries were redrawn in February 2016 after a U.S. District Court overturned the existing boundaries because of politically directed gerrymandering that suppressed minority representation.[5] The new congressional district consists of Union, Anson, Richmond, Scotland, and Robeson counties; a southeast portion of Mecklenburg County; and parts of Cumberland and Bladen counties.

North Carolina's 9th congressional district
North Carolina US Congressional District 9 (since 2017).tif
North Carolina's 9th congressional district since January 3, 2017
Representative
  Dan Bishop
RCharlotte
Distribution
  • 65.17[1]% urban
  • 34.83% rural
Population (2016)778,477[2]
Median income$61,369[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+8[4]

Republicans have held this district since 1963. Republican Robert Pittenger had represented the district since January 2013. In 2018, Pittenger was defeated by challenger Mark Harris in the Republican primary. The latter faced Democrat Dan McCready in the general election.

Harris was initially called as the winner by several hundred votes, but the result was not certified, pending a statewide investigation into allegations of absentee ballot fraud.[6][7] On February 21, the bipartisan State Election Board unanimously voted to call for a new election for the 9th district, because of ballot fraud by Republican operatives.[8]

A special election was held September 10, 2019, with Democrat Dan McCready running against Republican Dan Bishop, a state senator who won the Republican primary.[9] Bishop won the 2019 special election to the U.S. House of Representatives with 50.8% of the vote to McCready's 48.6%.[10][11]

List of members representing the districtEdit

Member Party Term Cong
ress
Electoral history District location
District created March 4, 1793.
Thomas Blount Anti-Administration March 4, 1793 –
March 3, 1795
3rd
4th
5th
Elected in 1793.
Re-elected in 1795.
Re-elected in 1796.
Lost re-election.
1793–1803
[Data unknown/missing.]
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1795 –
March 3, 1799
Willis Alston Democratic-Republican March 4, 1799 –
March 3, 1803
6th
7th
Elected in 1798.
Re-elected in 1800.
Redistricted to the 2nd district.
Marmaduke Williams Democratic-Republican March 4, 1803 –
March 3, 1809
8th
9th
10th
Elected in 1803.
Re-elected in 1804.
Re-elected in 1806.
Retired.
1803–1813
[Data unknown/missing.]
James Cochran Democratic-Republican March 4, 1809 –
March 3, 1813
11th
12th
Elected in 1808.
Re-elected in 1810.
Retired.
Bartlett Yancey Democratic-Republican March 4, 1813 –
March 3, 1817
13th
14th
Elected in 1813.
Re-elected in 1815.
Retired.
1813–1823
[Data unknown/missing.]
Thomas Settle Democratic-Republican March 4, 1817 –
March 3, 1821
15th
16th
Elected in 1817.
Re-elected in 1819.
Retired.
 
Romulus M. Saunders
Democratic-Republican March 4, 1821 –
March 3, 1823
17th
18th
19th
Elected in 1821.
Re-elected in 1823.
Re-elected in 1825.
Retired.
Crawford Democratic-Republican March 4, 1823 –
March 3, 1825
1823–1833
[Data unknown/missing.]
Jacksonian March 4, 1825 –
March 3, 1827
Augustine H. Shepperd Jacksonian March 4, 1827 –
March 3, 1833
20th
21st
22nd
23rd
24th
25th
Elected in 1827.
Re-elected in 1829.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Anti-Jacksonian March 4, 1833 –
March 3, 1837
1833–1843
[Data unknown/missing.]
Whig March 4, 1837 –
March 3, 1839
John Hill Democratic March 4, 1839 –
March 3, 1841
26th [Data unknown/missing.]
Augustine H. Shepperd Whig March 4, 1841 –
March 3, 1843
27th [Data unknown/missing.]
Kenneth Rayner Whig March 4, 1843 –
March 3, 1845
28th Redistricted from the 1st district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1843–1853
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Asa Biggs
Democratic March 4, 1845 –
March 3, 1847
29th [Data unknown/missing.]
David Outlaw Whig March 4, 1847 –
March 3, 1853
30th
31st
32nd
[Data unknown/missing.]
District inactive March 3, 1853 –
March 4, 1885.
Thomas D. Johnston Democratic March 4, 1885 –
March 3, 1889
49th
50th
[Data unknown/missing.] 1885–1893
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Hamilton G. Ewart
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1891
51st [Data unknown/missing.]
 
William T. Crawford
Democratic March 4, 1891 –
March 3, 1895
52nd
53rd
[Data unknown/missing.]
1893–1903
[Data unknown/missing.]
Richmond Pearson Republican March 4, 1895 –
March 3, 1899
54th
55th
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William T. Crawford
Democratic March 4, 1899 –
May 10, 1900
56th Lost contested election.
Richmond Pearson Republican May 10, 1900 –
March 3, 1901
56th [Data unknown/missing.]
James M. Moody Republican March 4, 1901 –
February 5, 1903
57th [Data unknown/missing.]
Died.
Vacant February 5, 1903 –
March 3, 1903
 
Edwin Y. Webb
Democratic March 4, 1903 –
November 10, 1919
58th
59th
60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Resigned.
1903–1913
[Data unknown/missing.]
1913–1933
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant November 10, 1919 –
December 16, 1919
 
Clyde R. Hoey
Democratic December 16, 1919 –
March 3, 1921
66th [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Alfred L. Bulwinkle
Democratic March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1929
67th
68th
69th
70th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Charles A. Jonas Republican March 4, 1929 –
March 3, 1931
71st [Data unknown/missing.]
 
Alfred L. Bulwinkle
Democratic March 4, 1931 –
March 3, 1933
72nd [Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
 
Robert L. Doughton
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
January 3, 1953
73rd
74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
82nd
Redistricted from the 8th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
1933–1943
[Data unknown/missing.]
1943–1953
[Data unknown/missing.]
Hugh Quincy Alexander Democratic January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1963
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Lost re-election.
1953–1963
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Jim Broyhill
Republican January 3, 1963 –
January 3, 1969
88th
89th
90th
[Data unknown/missing.]
Redistricted to the 10th district.
1963–1973
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles R. Jonas
Republican January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
91st
92nd
Redistricted from the 8th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Retired.
 
Jim Martin
Republican January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1985
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
Elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Retired to run for North Carolina Governor.
1973–1983
[Data unknown/missing.]
1983–1993
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Alex McMillan
Republican January 3, 1985 –
January 3, 1995
99th
100th
101st
102nd
103rd
Elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Re-elected in 1992.
Retired.
1993–2003
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Sue Myrick
Republican January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2013
104th
105th
106th
107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Retired.
2003–2003
 
 
Robert Pittenger
Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2019
113th
114th
115th
Elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Lost renomination.
2013–2017
 
2017–Present
 
Vacant January 3, 2019 –
September 10, 2019
Election voided.[12]
 
Dan Bishop
Republican September 10, 2019 –
present
116th Elected to the vacant term.

Living former membersEdit

As of February 2019, there are five living former members. The most recent representative to die was Hugh Quincy Alexander (served 1953–1963) on September 17, 1989. The most recently serving representative to die was Charles R. Jonas (served 1969–1973) on September 28, 1988.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Jim Broyhill 1963–1969 (1927-08-19) August 19, 1927 (age 92)
James G. Martin 1973–1985 (1935-12-11) December 11, 1935 (age 83)
Alex McMillan 1985–1995 (1932-05-09) May 9, 1932 (age 87)
Sue Myrick 1995–2013 (1941-08-01) August 1, 1941 (age 78)
Robert Pittenger 2013–2019 (1948-08-15) August 15, 1948 (age 71)

2018 electionEdit

In the Republican primary incumbent Robert Pittenger was defeated by former pastor Mark Harris, who had closely challenged him two years earlier.[13] Harris won 48.5 percent of the vote to Pittenger's 46.2 percent.[14]

The New York Times described the election between Harris and Democrat Dan McCready as a "top-tier contest".[15] In results on election day, Harris defeated McCready by 905 votes, but on November 27, 2018, the North Carolina State Board of Elections and Ethics Reform declined to certify the election results, citing voting irregularities involving absentee ballots.[16][17] The irregularities in counting and handling of absentee ballots became the subject of a criminal investigation.[18]

Outlets such as the Associated Press[19] and FiveThirtyEight[20] subsequently retracted calling the race, pending the decision of the state board of elections. On December 1, the chair of the state elections board resigned, saying: "The investigation of criminal conduct and absentee voting fraud in the 2018 Republican primary and 2018 general election in congressional District 9 is a matter of vital importance to our democracy", adding that "I will not allow myself to be used as an instrument of distraction in this investigation".[21]

On November 30, the election board of the district decided to hear evidence about “claims of numerous irregularities and concerted fraudulent activities” at a meeting to be held by December 21. A finding of fraud could have resulted in a new election.[22]

On December 5, 2018, independent investigative reporting of the alleged vote thefts detailed a practice that targeted southern rural elderly black voters in the 9th District congressional race and termed the affair, "...the most serious federal election tampering case in years." Campaign workers revealed that the vote tampering went on in a pervasively chaotic atmosphere. Operatives tracked votes and field workers "...would come to your house, they would get you to fill out an absentee ballot to be sent to your house. They would go back and pick it up and then seal it and then find two witnesses," to certify their validity. Such handling of ballots and completed applications by other than board and postal workers is legally prohibited. An informant tabulated the number of ballots delivered to the county election board and said an indicted leader gave the Harris campaign updates on the operation's most recent totals. The leader was employed by Red Dome political consultants which received over $428,000 from the Harris campaign. The informant had delivered 185 absentee ballot applications and the leader personally delivered 592 more.[23] On December 6, Democratic candidate McCready withdrew his earlier submitted election concession.[24] Republican candidate Harris agreed for a new election to be held if allegations of election fraud could be proven by the election board to have affected the contest's outcome.[25] The leader of the North Carolina Republicans, Robin Hayes, stated on December 11 that, regardless to what extent election fraud could be proven to have altered the election, a new election would be necessary in the state's 9th Congressional District if investigators can verify a local newspaper report that early voting results in Bladen County were leaked before Election Day.[26][27]

On December 28, the state court dissolved the state election board, before it had certified election results.[28][29] The election board's staff announced that it would continue the investigation, but delayed hearings until a new election board was seated, presumably on January 31.[30][31] Democratic Governor Roy Cooper's attempts to fill an interim board were overridden by the Republican-controlled legislature.[28] Incoming United States House of Representatives Majority Leader Steny Hoyer, a Democrat, announced that the House of Representatives would not seat Harris under any circumstances until the fraud investigation is completed.[32] Harris announced he would seek court intervention to have him immediately certified as the winner and stated his intention to join the 116th Congress on January 3.[33][34] However, Harris was not permitted to join the new Congress on January 3.

On February 21, the bipartisan state board of elections voted to hold a new election, because, according to board chairman Bob Cordle, "irregularities and improprieties ... tainted the results ... and cast doubt on its fairness."[35] A newly passed law by the North Carolina state legislature will require the parties to hold new primaries before the general election for this seat.[36] Harris has said that he will not run again.

2019 special electionEdit

Democrat Dan McCready, a veteran and business executive, was unopposed as his party's nominee for this seat, following his narrow initial loss to Mark Harris in the election voided because of alleged ballot fraud by Republican operatives. After the Republicans conducted their primary, they nominated Dan Bishop, a North Carolina state senator, to run in the special election to be held in September 2019.[9] On September 10, 2019, Bishop won with over 50% of the vote.[10][needs update]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Congressional Districts Relationship Files (state-based)". www.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  2. ^ "My Congressional District". www.census.gov. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved April 9, 2018.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=37&cd=09
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on June 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "Session Law 2016-1". Retrieved May 30, 2016.
  6. ^ Morrill, Jim (November 27, 2018). "NC elections board refuses to certify 9th District race, leaving it in limbo". Charlotte Observer. Retrieved November 28, 2018.
  7. ^ Bock Clark, Doug (December 2, 2018). "Allegations of G.O.P. Election Fraud Shake North Carolina's Ninth District". The New Yorker. New York City, N.Y. Retrieved December 3, 2018.
  8. ^ "Mark Harris calls for new election in 9th district". newsobserver. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Sonmez, Felicia; Gardner, Amy (May 14, 2019). "Republican voters nominate N.C. state lawmaker who sponsored controversial 'bathroom bill' in 9th Congressional District race". Washington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2019.
  10. ^ a b Live results: North Carolina elections, Politico, September 10, 2019.
  11. ^ Republican Dan Bishop wins special election for House seat in North Carolina special election, NBC News projects, NBC News, September 10, 2019.
  12. ^ "New election ordered in North Carolina House district after possible illegal activities". NBC News. Retrieved February 22, 2019.
  13. ^ Morrill, Jim (May 8, 2018). "Challenger Mark Harris stuns U.S. Rep. Pittenger of NC in GOP primary upset". Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, N.C. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  14. ^ Weigel, David (May 8, 2018). "North Carolina GOP congressman loses primary, first House incumbent ousted". Washington Post. Retrieved May 12, 2018.
  15. ^ "We polled voters in North Carolina's 9th Congressional District". The New York Times. Retrieved October 23, 2018.
  16. ^ Morrill, Jim (November 29, 2018). "'Tangled web' in Bladen County has questions swirling about votes in the 9th District". The Charlotte Observer. Charlotte, North Carolina. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  17. ^ Gardner, Amy; Ross, Kirk (November 29, 2018). "Certification in limbo in N.C. House race as fraud investigation continues". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved November 30, 2018.
  18. ^ Durkin, Erin (December 5, 2018). "North Carolina election still undecided amid absentee ballot fraud inquiry" – via www.theguardian.com.
  19. ^ "The Latest: AP Retracts call in North Carolina Congress race". AP. November 30, 2018. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  20. ^ Rakich, Nathaniel (November 30, 2018). "What The Heck Is Happening In That North Carolina House Race?". FiveThirtyEight. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  21. ^ Gardner, Amy (December 1, 2018). "North Carolina elections board chairman resigns, says he doesn't want his partisan views to hurt election fraud investigation". The Washington Post. Washington, D.C. Retrieved December 1, 2018.
  22. ^ Bock Clark, Doug (December 2, 2018). "Allegations of G.O.P. Election Fraud Shake North Carolina's Ninth District". The New Yorker. New York. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  23. ^ Inside The North Carolina Republican Vote Machine: Cash, Pills — And Ballots, Buzzfeed News, Brianna Sacks and Otillia Steadman, December 5, 2018. Retrieved August 5, 2019.
  24. ^ "North Carolina: Democrat withdraws concession in congressional race". Associated Press. The Guardian. December 7, 2018. Retrieved December 9, 2018.
  25. ^ Bump, Philip (December 10, 2018). "Why fraud allegations throw the results in North Carolina's 9th District into doubt". The Washington Post. Washington D.C. Retrieved December 11, 2018.
  26. ^ Way, Dan (December 11, 2018). "NCGOP preparing to call for new election in 9th District". Carolina Journal. Raleigh, North Carolina. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  27. ^ Nobles, Ryan (December 13, 2018). "Will Republicans abandon their candidate in North Carolina's 9th Congressional District?". CNN. Retrieved December 13, 2018.
  28. ^ a b Henderson, Bruce; Jarvis, Craig; Brosseau, Carli (December 28, 2018). "9th District chaos: Cooper plans interim elections board, Harris asks to be named winner". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  29. ^ Nobles, Ryan; Krieg, Gregory; Stracqualursi, Veronica; Cohen, Ethan (December 28, 2018). "North Carolina elections board dissolves before certifying November results of 9th district race". CNN. Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  30. ^ Dalesio, Emery P. (January 2, 2019). "Hearing into North Carolina ballot fraud claims postponed". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  31. ^ "Hearing On 9th District Investigation Delayed". WFAE. January 2, 2019. Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  32. ^ "House leader says Democrats won't seat candidate in unresolved North Carolina race". AP via NBC News. December 28, 2018. Archived from the original on January 3, 2019. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  33. ^ Gardner, Amy (January 2, 2019). "GOP congressional candidate says he will ask N.C. court to certify his victory as election officials delay fraud hearing". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  34. ^ Morrill, Jim; Murphy, Brian (January 2, 2019). "Mark Harris says he'll go to court as officials delay hearing on election fraud". The Charlotte Observer. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
  35. ^ Gardner, Amy (February 21, 2019). "N.C. board declares a new election in contested House race after the GOP candidate admitted misspeaking under oath". The Washington Post. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
  36. ^ "North Carolina lawmakers override veto of elections bill". TheHill. Retrieved December 30, 2018.

Coordinates: 35°22′47″N 80°50′18″W / 35.37972°N 80.83833°W / 35.37972; -80.83833