Open main menu

Edwin Yates Webb (May 23, 1872 – February 7, 1955) was a Democratic United States Representative from North Carolina and a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina.

Edwin Y. Webb
Edwin Y. Webb f4ca6ebeee o (cropped).jpg
Webb c. 1913
Senior Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina
In office
March 1, 1948 – February 7, 1955
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina
In office
November 5, 1919 – March 1, 1948
Appointed byWoodrow Wilson
Preceded bySeat established 40 Stat. 1156
Succeeded byDavid Ezekiel Henderson
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from North Carolina's 9th district
In office
March 4, 1903 – November 10, 1919
Preceded byJames M. Moody
Succeeded byClyde R. Hoey
Personal details
Born
Edwin Yates Webb

(1872-05-23)May 23, 1872
Shelby, North Carolina
DiedFebruary 7, 1955(1955-02-07) (aged 82)
Wilmington, North Carolina
Resting placeSunset Cemetery
Shelby, North Carolina
Political partyDemocratic
EducationWake Forest College (A.B.)
University of North Carolina School of Law
University of Virginia School of Law

Contents

Education and careerEdit

Born on May 23, 1872, in Shelby, Cleveland County, North Carolina,[1] Webb attended the Shelby Military Institute and received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1893 from Wake Forest College, then attended the University of North Carolina School of Law in 1893 and 1894.[2] He was admitted to the bar and entered private practice in Shelby starting in 1894.[1] He attended the University of Virginia School of Law in 1896 and completed a postgraduate course.[2] He was a member of the North Carolina Senate in 1901.[1] Webb was appointed a trustee of Wake Forest College in 1898.[2] He was appointed trustee of the Agricultural and Mechanical College of Raleigh (now North Carolina State University) by the legislature in 1899 and served two years.[2] He was Chairman of the Democratic senatorial district in 1896.[2] He was Chairman of the Democratic county executive committee from 1898 to 1902.[2] He was temporary Chairman of the Democratic State convention in 1900.[2]

Congressional serviceEdit

Webb was elected as a Democrat to the United States House of Representatives of the 58th United States Congress and to the eight succeeding Congresses and served from March 4, 1903, to November 10, 1919, when he resigned to accept a federal judgeship.[2] He was Chairman of the United States House Committee on the Judiciary for the 63rd through 65th United States Congresses.[2] He was one of the managers appointed by the House of Representatives in 1912 to conduct impeachment proceedings against Robert Wodrow Archbald, judge of the United States Commerce Court.[2] On April 17, 1918, Congressman Webb, as the sole sponsor, introduced the Sedition Act of 1918 legislation in the U.S. House (H.R. 8753), that criminalized speech or the expression of opinion criticizing the U.S. government war effort, military or flag. It amended the Espionage Act of 1917. It was signed into law on May 16, 1918 by president Woodrow Wilson. The law was repealed on December 13, 1920.

Federal judicial serviceEdit

Webb was nominated by President Woodrow Wilson on October 30, 1919, to the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina, to a new seat authorized by 40 Stat. 1156.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on November 5, 1919, and received his commission the same day.[1] He assumed senior status on March 1, 1948.[1] His service terminated on February 7, 1955,[1] due to his death while visiting Wilmington, North Carolina.[2] He was interred in Sunset Cemetery in Shelby.[2]

Family and views on suffrageEdit

Webb was the brother of politician James L. Webb and the uncle of Fay Webb, the wife of O. Max Gardner. In debates within the North Carolina Democratic Party over women's suffrage in the late 1910s and early 1920s, Congressman Webb was opposed, while Gardner led those who supported the idea of granting the right to vote to women.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Edwin Yates Webb at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l "Edwin Yates Webb". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ Christensen, Rob. The Paradox of Tar Heel Politics. 2008: UNC Press.

SourcesEdit

External linksEdit

U.S. House of Representatives
Preceded by
James M. Moody
Member of the United States House of Representatives from North Carolina's 9th congressional district
1903–1919
Succeeded by
Clyde R. Hoey
Legal offices
Preceded by
Seat established by 40 Stat. 1156
Judge of the United States District Court for the Western District of North Carolina
1919–1948
Succeeded by
David Ezekiel Henderson