Welcome to Wikipedia

6,755,675 articles in English

From today's featured article

Painting by Gustave Courbet, 1850
Painting by Gustave Courbet, 1850

Hector Berlioz (11 December 1803 – 8 March 1869) was a French Romantic composer. His output includes orchestral works such as Harold in Italy, choral pieces including his Requiem and L'enfance du Christ, and works of hybrid genres such as the "dramatic symphony" Roméo et Juliette and the "dramatic legend" La damnation de Faust. Expected to enter medicine, Berlioz defied his family by taking up music, and won the Prix de Rome in 1830. Berlioz married the Irish Shakespearean actress Harriet Smithson, who inspired his first major success, the Symphonie fantastique, in which an idealised depiction of her occurs throughout. His first opera, Benvenuto Cellini, was a failure. The second, the epic Les Troyens, was so large in scale that it was never staged in its entirety during his lifetime. Meeting only occasional success in France as a composer, Berlioz turned to conducting, in which he gained an international reputation. He also wrote musical journalism throughout much of his career. (Full article...)

Recently featured:

Did you know ...

Sher Shah Suri
Sher Shah Suri

In the news

Swen Vincke in April 2018
Swen Vincke

On this day

December 11

Old Well at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Old Well at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
More anniversaries:

From today's featured list

Malvids are divided into 59 families of trees, shrubs, vines and herbaceous plants. The malvids, a subgroup of rosids, consist of eight orders of flowering plants: Brassicales, Crossosomatales, Geraniales, Huerteales, Malvales, Myrtales, Picramniales and Sapindales. The cabbage family includes broccoli, turnips and radishes. The ornamental geraniums, and their many hybrids and cultivars, come from five species of Pelargonium. The mallow family includes the plants that yield cocoa beans, Cola nuts, cotton and jute. Eucalyptus trees are the tallest known flowering plants, up to 100 m (330 ft) or more; they are grown for timber and for their oils, used in candy, perfumes and cough medicine. Mangos and cashews come from the same plant family as poison ivy, and can sometimes trigger allergic reactions. (Full list...)

Today's featured picture

Tribhuvan of Nepal at his coronation

Tribhuvan (1906–1955) was King of Nepal from 11 December 1911 until his death. Born in the Nepalese capital, Kathmandu, he ascended to the throne at the age of five, upon the death of his father Prithvi Bir Bikram Shah, and was crowned in 1913 with his mother acting as regent. At the time of his crowning, the position of monarch was largely ceremonial, with the real governing power residing with the Rana dynasty. During World War I, the Ranas wanted Nepal to join the war in support of the United Kingdom, while the royal family wished to remain neutral. Eventually, Prime Minister Chandra Shumsher Jung Bahadur Rana pressured the young king while threatening his mother, forcing him to order the troops to war. This photograph, held by Madan Puraskar Pustakalaya, was taken at Tribhuvan's coronation in 1911.

Photograph credit: unknown; restored by CAPTAIN MEDUSA

Other areas of Wikipedia

  • Community portal – The central hub for editors, with resources, links, tasks, and announcements.
  • Village pump – Forum for discussions about Wikipedia itself, including policies and technical issues.
  • Site news – Sources of news about Wikipedia and the broader Wikimedia movement.
  • Teahouse – Ask basic questions about using or editing Wikipedia.
  • Help desk – Ask questions about using or editing Wikipedia.
  • Reference desk – Ask research questions about encyclopedic topics.
  • Content portals – A unique way to navigate the encyclopedia.

Wikipedia's sister projects

Wikipedia is written by volunteer editors and hosted by the Wikimedia Foundation, a non-profit organization that also hosts a range of other volunteer projects:

Wikipedia languages