98th United States Congress

The 98th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, D.C. from January 3, 1983, to January 3, 1985, during the third and fourth years of Ronald Reagan's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the 1980 U.S. Census. The Republicans controlled the Senate, while the Democrats controlled the House of Representatives.

98th United States Congress
97th ←
→ 99th
January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1985
Senate PresidentGeorge H. W. Bush (R)
Senate President pro temStrom Thurmond (R)
House SpeakerTip O'Neill (D)
Members100fpo senators
435 members of the House
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
1st: January 3, 1983 – November 18, 1983
2nd: January 23, 1984 – October 12, 1984

Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

Party summaryEdit


Party standings at the end of the 98th Congress
  45 Democratic Senators
  55 Republican Senators
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 46 1 53 100 0
Begin 46 0 54 100 0
End 45 55
Final voting share 45.0% 0.0% 55.0%
Beginning of next congress 46 0 53 99 1

House of RepresentativesEdit

House seats by party holding plurality in state
     80+% to 100% Democratic      80+% to 100% Republican
     60+% to 80% Democratic      60+% to 80% Republican
     50+% to 60% Democratic      50+% to 60% Republican
     striped: 50–50 split
(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 242 191 1 434 1
Begin 269 164 1 434 1
End 267 166
Final voting share 61.5% 38.2% 0.2%
Beginning of next congress 252 181 1 434 1



Majority (Republican) leadershipEdit

Minority (Democratic) leadershipEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

Majority (Democratic) leadershipEdit

Minority (Republican) leadershipEdit



This list is arranged by chamber, then by state. Senators are listed by class and Representatives are listed by district.


Senators are elected statewide every two years, with approximately one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress, In this Congress, Class 2 meant their term ended with this Congress, facing re-election in 1984; Class 3 meant their term began in the last Congress, facing re-election in 1986; and Class 1 meant their term began in this Congress, facing re-election in 1988.

House of RepresentativesEdit

Changes in membershipEdit


Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
Henry M. Jackson (D) Died September 1, 1983. Evans was then appointed to the seat before winning the special election on November 3, 1983. Daniel J. Evans (R) September 8, 1983
Paul Tsongas (D) Resigned January 2, 1985. Kerry was elected for next term but was installed early to fill vacancy. John Kerry (D) January 2, 1985

House of RepresentativesEdit

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[b]
New York's 7th Benjamin Stanley Rosenthal (D) Died January 4, 1983 Gary Ackerman (D) March 1, 1983
Texas's 6th Phil Gramm (D) Resigned January 5, 1983, after being removed from the House Budget Committee for supporting President Ronald Reagan's tax cuts, and then elected to fill his own vacancy Phil Gramm (R) February 12, 1983
Colorado's 6th Vacant. District created in 1983. Republican Jack Swigert was elected in 1982, but died before taking office. Seat filled in special election. Daniel Schaefer (R) March 29, 1983
California's 5th Phillip Burton (D) Died April 10, 1983 Sala Burton (D) June 21, 1983
Illinois's 1st Harold Washington (D) Resigned April 30, 1983, after being installed as Mayor of Chicago Charles Hayes (D) August 23, 1983
Georgia's 7th Larry McDonald (D) Died September 1, 1983 George Darden (D) November 8, 1983
Wisconsin's 4th Clement J. Zablocki (D) Died December 3, 1983 Jerry Kleczka (D) April 3, 1984
New Jersey's 13th Edwin B. Forsythe (R) Died March 29, 1984 Jim Saxton (R) November 6, 1984
Florida's 10th Andy Ireland (D) Changed party affiliation July 5, 1984 Andy Ireland (R) July 5, 1984
Kentucky's 7th Carl D. Perkins (D) Died August 3, 1984 Chris Perkins (D) November 6, 1984
Illinois's 14th Tom Corcoran (R) Resigned November 28, 1984 Vacant Not filled this term


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (1 link), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit


Legislative branch agency directorsEdit


House of RepresentativesEdit

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ Caucused with the Republicans.
  2. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.


  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company. Cite has empty unknown parameter: |coauthors= (help)

External linksEdit