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Michigan's 13th congressional district

Michigan's 13th congressional district is a United States congressional district in Wayne County, Michigan. It is currently represented by Democrat Rashida Tlaib.

Michigan's 13th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 13 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 13th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Rashida Tlaib
DDetroit
Distribution
  • 100.00% urban
  • 0.00% rural
Population (2010)705,974
Median income$35,365[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+32[2]

The district includes portions of Detroit and some of its suburbs and was the only congressional district in Michigan to be contained within a single county in the 2012 redistricting.[3]

District boundaries were redrawn in 1993, and 2003 due to reapportionment following the censuses of 1990 and 2000.

A special election was held on November 6, 2018, following the resignation of Rep. John Conyers. Brenda Jones won the special election to fill the remainder of Conyers term in the 115th Congress. Democrat Rashida Tlaib won the regular election for the term in the 116th Congress.[4]

Cities in the district from 2013 to 2023Edit

2002 redistrictingEdit

Following the 2000 census, the congressional apportionment for Michigan was reduced by one and redistricting resulted in the land area of the 13th district (as well as several others) changing significantly.

Prior to 2002, the 13th district encompassed a large portion of western Wayne County and part of eastern Washtenaw County.

Following redistricting, the new 13th district incorporated most of what had formerly been the 15th district, as well as a large portion of the 14th district and part of the 16th district.

Before redistricting, the old 15th district included Lincoln Park, Ecorse, River Rouge, Hamtramck, Grosse Pointe Park, Grosse Pointe Shores, and Grosse Pointe Farms. It also included all Detroit south and east of a line beginning at the point where Greenfield Road intersects the Dearborn border, heading north along Greenfield until it reached Lyndon Avenue. At Lyndon the line headed east to Livernois, although there was a small area on the south side of Lyndon just east of Schaffer Avenue that was in the 14th district. The boundary line then went about a block south on Livernois until it reached Doris Avenue. It followed Doris to Linwood Avenue (not to be confused with Lyndon Avenue) where it went not even a normal block's length south to go on Oakman Blvd. until it reached the Highland Park City line. The boundary ran along the west and south sides of Highland Park until the point where Highland Park meets Hamtramck. From that point, the boundary ran along the western and northern boundary of Hamtramck and then the eastern boundary of Hamtramck, until the point where the boundary intersected Brockton, which was then followed in a north-easterly direction until the intersection of Brockton and Mt. Elliot. At Mt. Elliot the boundary turned south until intersecting Georgia Avenue, and then proceeded east along Georgia Avenue. Where the boundary intersected Van Dyke Avenue it turned north until it intersected Ginnell Avenue, where it again turned east. The boundary followed Grinnell Avenue until it intersected Harding Avenue, where it turned south east for a block to where it intersected Gratiot and then turned to going Northeast.

The boundary followed Gratiot until it intersected Houston Whittier St, at which point it again turned east, following Houston Whittier until intersecting Kelly Road. The boundary then followed Kelly Road in a northeasterly direction until intersection Grayton Road, which went east by southeast. It followed Grayton until intersecting I-94 which it essentially followed north-eastward until it intersected the Grosse Pointe line.[5]

The simple differences between the old 15th and the new 13th Districts are that the new 13th includes Grosse Pointe Shores, Grosse Pointe Woods and Harper Woods as well as Wyandotte, and no longer includes Hamtramck. The change in its part of Detroit is harder to explain, but it now touches 8 Mile Road. The portion of the district north of Tireman and west of Livernois has been moved to the 14th district. East of Livernois the boundary has been moved about 12 blocks south to about Courtland Street. It generally follows this line until intersecting with the Highland Park border. Highland Park remains in the 14th district. Hamtrack's western border where it touches Detroit and then its southern border forms the district line. This is then true of Hamtramck's eastern border, and then its northern border until this intersects Conant. Where the northern border of Hamtramck goes east of Conant, Conant becomes the western border of the 13th District. The boundary then follows Conant in a northeastward direction until it intersects Dequindre which it follows to Eight Mile. Thus the area north of the old district line east of Conant was all transferred from the 14th district to the 13th district.

The district's area had a population that was 60.8% African American in 2000, which was down from 69.9% African American in the old 15th district in 2000. The area of the 15th district had been 70% African-American in 1990. These figures are not 100% comparable since the 1990 census did not allow marking more than one race while the 2000 census did.

Pre-1992 districtEdit

Before 1992, the 13th congressional district was a Detroit-based district represented by Barbara-Rose Collins. Besides Downtown Detroit, the south-west portion of the city, Mid-town, areas south of Highland Park, and the southern East Side, the district also included Grosse Pointe Park and Grosse Pointe City. During the 1980s, the 13th congressional district lost the most population out of any district in Michigan. However, due to the common interpretation of the Voting Rights Act, which mandates multiple districts in areas with racial majority-minority populations, it was not eliminated in the 1992 redistricting, only renumbered as the 15th district.

Election results from recent presidential racesEdit

Year Results
1992 Clinton 49 – 34%
1996 Clinton 58 – 33%
2000 Gore 80 – 19%
2004 Kerry 81 – 19%
2008 Obama 85 – 15%
2012 Obama 85 – 14%
2016 Clinton 79 – 18%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Electoral history District map
District created March 4, 1915
 
Charles A. Nichols
Republican March 4, 1915 –
April 25, 1920
64th
65th
66th
Elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Died.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant April 25, 1920 –
November 2, 1920
66th
 
Clarence J. McLeod
Republican November 2, 1920 –
March 3, 1921
Elected to finish Nichols's term.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Vincent M. Brennan
Republican March 4, 1921 –
March 3, 1923
67th Elected in 1920.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Clarence J. McLeod
Republican March 4, 1923 –
January 3, 1937
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
73rd
74th
Elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Re-elected in 1932.
Re-elected in 1934.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George O'Brien
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Elected in 1936.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Clarence McLeod
Republican January 3, 1939 –
January 3, 1941
76th Elected in 1938.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George O'Brien
Democratic January 3, 1941 –
January 3, 1947
77th
78th
79th
Elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Howard A. Coffin
Republican January 3, 1947 –
January 3, 1949
80th Elected in 1946.
Lost re-election.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
George O'Brien
Democratic January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1955
81st
82nd
83rd
Elected in 1948.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Lost renomination.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Charles Diggs
Democratic January 3, 1955 –
June 3, 1980
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
Elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Re-elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Re-elected in 1966.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Resigned.
[Data unknown/missing.]
Vacant June 3, 1980 –
November 4, 1980
96th
 
George Crockett Jr.
Democratic November 4, 1980 –
January 3, 1991
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
Elected to finish Diggs's term.
Elected to full term in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Retired.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
Barbara-Rose Collins
Democratic January 3, 1991 –
January 3, 1993
102nd Elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 15th district.
[Data unknown/missing.]
 
William D. Ford
Democratic January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 1995
103rd Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected here in 1992.
Retired.
1993–2003:
 
 
Lynn N. Rivers
Democratic January 3, 1995 –
January 3, 2003
104th
105th
106th
107th
Elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 15th district and lost renomination there.
 
Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick
Democratic January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
108th
109th
110th
111th
Redistricted from the 15th district and re-elected here in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Re-elected in 2008.
Lost renomination.
2003–2013:
 
 
Hansen Clarke
Democratic January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 14th district and lost renomination there.
 
John Conyers
Democratic January 3, 2013 –
December 5, 2017
113th
114th
115th
Redistricted from the 14th district and re-elected here in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Resigned.
2013–present:
 
Vacant December 5, 2017 –
November 29, 2018
115th
 
Brenda Jones
Democratic November 29, 2018 –
January 3, 2019
Elected to finish Conyers's term.
Lost nomination to the next term.
 
Rashida Tlaib
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

Living former MembersEdit

As of October 2019, there are five living former members. The most recent representative to die was John Conyers (served 2013–2017) on October 27, 2019.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Barbara-Rose Collins 1991–1993 (1939-04-13) April 13, 1939 (age 80)
Lynn N. Rivers 1995–2003 (1956-12-19) December 19, 1956 (age 62)
Carolyn Cheeks Kilpatrick 2003–2011 (1945-06-25) June 25, 1945 (age 74)
Hansen Clarke 2011–2013 (1957-03-02) March 2, 1957 (age 62)
Brenda Jones 2018–2019 (1959-10-24) October 24, 1959 (age 60)

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ 26&cd= 13 "My Congressional District" Check |url= value (help). census.gov. U.S. Department of Commerce. Retrieved August 6, 2019.
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Redistricting in Michigan after the 2010 census". Ballotpedia. Retrieved August 14, 2019.
  4. ^ Spangler, Todd (January 3, 2019). "Michigan's 4 new Congress members are sworn in". Detroit Free Press. USA Today Network.
  5. ^ U.S. Census Bureau Thematic Map

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 42°22′49″N 83°18′45″W / 42.38028°N 83.31250°W / 42.38028; -83.31250