64th United States Congress

The 64th United States Congress was a meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the United States Senate and the United States House of Representatives. It met in Washington, DC from March 4, 1915, to March 4, 1917, during the third and fourth years of Woodrow Wilson's presidency. The apportionment of seats in the House of Representatives was based on the Thirteenth Census of the United States in 1910.

64th United States Congress
63rd ←
→ 65th

March 4, 1915 – March 4, 1917
Members96 senators
435 representatives
5 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityDemocratic
Senate PresidentThomas R. Marshall (D)
House MajorityDemocratic
House SpeakerChamp Clark (D)
1st: December 6, 1915 – September 8, 1916
2nd: December 4, 1916 – March 3, 1917 (lame duck)

The Democrats maintained a majority in both chambers (albeit reduced in the House), and along with President Wilson also maintained an overall federal government trifecta.

Major eventsEdit

President Wilson before Congress, announcing the break in the official relations with Germany. February 3, 1917.

Major legislationEdit


Party summaryEdit


(shading shows control)
Total Vacant
End of previous congress 53 42 1[a] 96 0
Begin 56 40 0 96 0
End 55 41
Final voting share 57.3% 42.7% 0.0%
Beginning of next congress 54 42 0 96 0

House of RepresentativesEdit

(shading shows control)
Total Vacant

End of previous congress 282 11 0 1 0 130 424 11
Begin 230 5 1 1 1 193 431 4
End 227 4 200 4341
Final voting share 52.3% 0.9% 0.2% 0.2% 0.2% 46.1%
Beginning of next congress 213 3 1 0 1 216 434 1



House of RepresentativesEdit

Majority (Democratic) leadershipEdit

Minority (Republican) leadershipEdit


Skip to House of Representatives, below


At this time, most sitting senators had been elected by the state legislatures, with one-third beginning new six-year terms with each Congress. Due to the 17th Amendment, the incoming class of senators from the 1914 election were all elected directly by the residents of their state, In this Congress, Class 1 meant their term ended with this Congress, requiring reelection in 1916; Class 2 meant their term began in the last Congress, requiring reelection in 1918; and Class 3 meant their term began in this Congress, requiring reelection in 1920.

House of RepresentativesEdit

The names of members of the House of Representatives are preceded by their district numbers.

Changes in membershipEdit

The count below reflects changes from the beginning of the first session of this Congress.


  • Replacements: 3
  • Deaths: 3
  • Resignations: 0
  • Vacancy: 0
  • Total seats with changes: 4
State Senator Reason for vacancy Successor Date of successor's installation
Benjamin F. Shively (D) Died March 14, 1916. Successor was appointed. Thomas Taggart (D) March 20, 1916
Edwin C. Burleigh (R) Died June 16, 1916. Successor was elected. Bert M. Fernald (R) September 12, 1916
James P. Clarke (D) Died October 1, 1916. Successor was elected. William F. Kirby (D) November 8, 1916
Thomas Taggart (D) Successor was elected. James E. Watson (R) November 8, 1916

House of RepresentativesEdit

  • Replacements: 9
  • Deaths: 8
  • Resignations: 12
  • Contested elections: 4
  • Total seats with changes: 15
District Vacator Reason for vacancy Successor Date of successor's installation
New York 31st Vacant Rep. Edwin A. Merritt died during previous congress Bertrand Snell (R) November 2, 1915
New York 36th Vacant Rep. Sereno E. Payne died during previous congress Norman J. Gould (R) November 2, 1915
Pennsylvania 24th Vacant Rep.-elect William M. Brown died during previous congress Henry W. Temple (R) November 2, 1915
New York 1st Vacant Election was tied up in the courts Frederick C. Hicks (R) January 4, 1916
South Carolina 4th Joseph T. Johnson (D) Resigned April 19, 1915 Samuel J. Nicholls (D) September 4, 1915
New York 23rd Joseph A. Goulden (D) Died May 3, 1915 William S. Bennet (R) November 2, 1915
Mississippi 5th Samuel A. Witherspoon (D) Died November 24, 1915 William W. Venable (D) January 4, 1916
West Virginia 2nd William Gay Brown Jr. (D) Died March 9, 1916 George M. Bowers (R) May 9, 1916
West Virginia 4th Hunter H. Moss Jr. (R) Died July 15, 1916 Harry C. Woodyard (R) November 7, 1916
California 10th William Stephens (Prog.) Resigned July 22, 1916, after being elected Lieutenant Governor of California Henry S. Benedict (R) November 7, 1916
Virginia 7th James Hay (D) Resigned October 1, 1916, after being appointed judge of the United States Court of Claims Thomas W. Harrison (D) November 7, 1916
Philippines Resident Commissioner Manuel L. Quezon Resigned October 15, 1916, after being elected to the Senate of the Philippines Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Puerto Rico Resident Commissioner Luis Muñoz Rivera Died November 15, 1916 Seat remained vacant until next Congress
Georgia 8th Samuel J. Tribble (D) Incumbent died December 8, 1916.
Successor elected January 11, 1917.
Tinsley W. Rucker Jr. (D) January 11, 1917
South Carolina 5th David E. Finley (D) Resigned January 26, 1917.
Successor elected February 21, 1917.
Paul G. McCorkle (D) February 21, 1917
New York 15th Michael F. Conry (D) Died March 2, 1917 Seat remained vacant until next Congress


Lists of committees and their party leaders, for members (House and Senate) of the committees and their assignments, go into the Official Congressional Directory at the bottom of the article and click on the link (5 links), in the directory after the pages of terms of service, you will see the committees of the Senate, House (Standing with Subcommittees, Select and Special) and Joint and after the committee pages, you will see the House/Senate committee assignments in the directory, on the committees section of the House and Senate in the Official Congressional Directory, the committee's members on the first row on the left side shows the chairman of the committee and on the right side shows the ranking member of the committee.


House of RepresentativesEdit

Joint committeesEdit



Legislative branch agency directorsEdit


House of RepresentativesEdit

See alsoEdit