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Missouri's 6th congressional district

Missouri's 6th congressional district takes in a large swath of land in northern Missouri, stretching across nearly the entire width of the state from Kansas to Illinois. Its largest voting population is centered in the northern portion of the Kansas City metropolitan area and the town of St. Joseph. The district includes nearly all of Kansas City north of the Missouri River (including Kansas City International Airport).

Missouri's 6th congressional district
Missouri US Congressional District 6 (since 2013).tif
Missouri's 6th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Sam Graves
RTarkio
Median income$58,778[1]
Cook PVIR+16[2]

Contents

Rep. Graves (left) with George W. Bush at the Ford Kansas City Assembly Plant in Claycomo, Missouri. March, 2007.

The district takes in all or parts of the following counties: Adair, Andrew, Atchison, Buchanan, Caldwell, Carroll, Chariton, Clay, Clinton, Daviess, De Kalb, Gentry, Grundy, Harrison, Holt, Jackson, Linn, Livingston, Mercer, Nodaway, Platte, Putnam, Schuyler, Sullivan, Worth.

Notable representatives from the district include governors John Smith Phelps and Austin A. King as well as Kansas City Mayor Robert T. Van Horn. In 1976, Jerry Litton was killed on election night as he flew to a victory party after winning the Democratic nomination for United States Senate. The visitors center at Smithville Lake is named in Litton's memory.

George W. Bush beat John Kerry in this district 57%-43% in 2004. The district is represented by Republican Sam Graves, who has held the seat since 2001. Graves easily held on to his seat what was expected to be a tough 2008 election, defeating former Kansas City mayor Kay Waldo Barnes by 22 percentage points.

Historically, the 6th was not safe for either party. However, in recent years, it has trended Republican, mirroring the increasingly conservative bent of the more rural areas of Missouri that historically voted for Yellow Dog Democrats.

Redistricting following 2010 CensusEdit

After Missouri lost a Congressional seat following the 2010 Census (in part because of losses in population in several rural northern Missouri counties), the 6th was expanded to include most of Missouri north of the Missouri River, stretching from border to border from Kansas to Illinois. The biggest geographic addition was in northeast Missouri (including Kirksville, Missouri and Hannibal, Missouri), which used to be the northern half of the old 9th district.[3]

The 6th lost Cooper and Howard counties to the 4th district, and Gladstone in southwestern Clay County to the 5th district.

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Cong
ress
Notes
District created March 4, 1853
  John S. Phelps Democratic March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1863 33rd
34th
35th
36th
37th
Redistricted from the 5th district
  Austin A. King Unionist March 4, 1863 – March 3, 1865 38th
  Robert T. Van Horn Republican March 4, 1865 – March 3, 1871 39th
40th
41st
  Abram Comingo Democratic March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 42nd Redistricted to the 8th district
  Harrison E. Havens Republican March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 43rd Redistricted from the 4th district
  Charles H. Morgan Democratic March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1879 44th
45th
  James R. Waddill Democratic March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1881 46th
  Ira S. Hazeltine Greenback March 4, 1881 – March 3, 1883 47th
  John Cosgrove Democratic March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1885 48th
  John T. Heard Democratic March 4, 1885 – March 3, 1893 49th
50th
51st
52nd
Redistricted to the 7th district
  David A. De Armond Democratic March 4, 1893 – November 23, 1909 53rd
54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
60th
61st
Redistricted from the 12th district, Died
Vacant November 23, 1909 – February 1, 1910
  Clement C. Dickinson Democratic February 1, 1910 – March 3, 1921 61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
  William O. Atkeson Republican March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923 67th
  Clement C. Dickinson Democratic March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1929 68th
69th
70th
  Thomas J. Halsey Republican March 4, 1929 – March 3, 1931 71st
  Clement C. Dickinson Democratic March 4, 1931 – March 3, 1933 72nd Redistricted to the At-large district
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
  Reuben T. Wood Democratic January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1941 74th
75th
76th
Redistricted from the At-large district
  Philip A. Bennett Republican January 3, 1941 – December 7, 1942 77th Died
Vacant December 7, 1942 – January 12, 1943
  Marion T. Bennett Republican January 12, 1943 – January 3, 1949 78th
79th
80th
  George H. Christopher Democratic January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1951 81st
  Orland K. Armstrong Republican January 3, 1951 – January 3, 1953 82nd
  William C. Cole Republican January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955 83rd
  William Raleigh Hull, Jr. Democratic January 3, 1955 – January 3, 1973 84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
90th
91st
92nd
  Jerry Litton Democratic January 3, 1973 – August 3, 1976 93rd
94th
Died in plane crash after winning Democratic Primary for United States Senate
Vacant August 3, 1976 – November 2, 1976
  Tom Coleman Republican November 2, 1976 – January 3, 1993 94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Defeated for Re-election
  Pat Danner Democratic January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2001 103rd
104th
105th
106th
Retired
  Sam Graves Republican January 3, 2001–present 107th
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
113th
114th
115th
116th
Incumbent

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Results Political parties that won the district
2000 President George W. Bush 53 - Al Gore 44% Republican Party (United States)
2004 President George W. Bush 57 - John Kerry 42% Republican Party (United States)
2008 President John McCain 54 - Barack Obama 45% Republican Party (United States)
2012 President Mitt Romney 60 - Barack Obama 38% Republican Party (United States)
2016 President Donald Trump 63 - Hillary Clinton 32% Republican Party (United States)

Election resultsEdit

1996199820002002200420062008

1996Edit

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 1996[4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Pat Danner 169,006 68.6%
Republican Jeff Bailey 72,064 29.3%
Libertarian Karl H. Wetzel 5,212 2.1%
Total votes 246,282 100%
Majority
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing

1998Edit

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 1998[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Pat Danner (Incumbent) 136,774 70.9%
Republican Jeff Bailey 51,679 26.8%
Libertarian Karl H. Wetzel 4,324 2.2%
Total votes 129,777 100%
Majority
Turnout
Democratic hold Swing

2000Edit

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2000[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. 138,925 50.9%
Democratic Steve Danner 127,792 46.8%
Libertarian Jimmy Dykes 3,696 1.4%
Independent Marie Richey 2,788 1.0%
Total votes 273,201 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican gain from Democratic Swing

2002Edit

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2002[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 131,151 63.0%
Democratic Cathy Rinehart 73,202 35.2%
Libertarian Erik Buck 3,735 1.8%
Total votes 208,088 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2004Edit

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2004[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 196,516 63.83%
Democratic Charles S. Broomfield 106,987 34.75%
Libertarian Erik Buck 4,352 1.41%
Total votes 307,885 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2006Edit

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2006[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 150,882 61.64%
Democratic Sara Jo Shettles 87,477 35.73%
Libertarian Erik Buck 4,757 1.94%
Progressive Shirley A. Yurkonis 1,679 0.69%
Total votes 244,795 100%
Majority
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

2008Edit

United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri, 2008[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Samuel B. Graves, Jr. (Incumbent) 196,526 59.4%
Democratic Kay Barnes 121,894 36.9%
Libertarian Dave Browning 12,279 3.7%
Total votes 330,699 100%
Majority 62,353 18.8%
Turnout
Republican hold Swing

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=29&cd=06
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2011-05-11. Retrieved 2011-03-31.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  4. ^ 1996 Election Results
  5. ^ 1998 Election Results
  6. ^ 2000 Election Results
  7. ^ 2002 Election Results
  8. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2005-2006, page 637
  9. ^ Official Manual of the State of Missouri, 2007-2008, page 649
  10. ^ 2008 Election Results

Coordinates: 39°56′53″N 93°17′37″W / 39.94806°N 93.29361°W / 39.94806; -93.29361