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116th United States Congress

The One Hundred Sixteenth United States Congress is the current meeting of the legislative branch of the United States federal government, composed of the Senate and the House of Representatives. It convened in Washington, D.C., on January 3, 2019, and will end on January 3, 2021, near the end of the fourth year of President Donald Trump's administration. Senators elected to regular terms in 2014 are finishing their terms in this Congress and House seats were apportioned based on the 2010 Census.

116th United States Congress
115th ←
→ 117th
U.S. Capitol Snow 2018 (32026277508).jpg
January 3, 2019 – January 3, 2021
Senate PresidentMike Pence (R)
Senate President pro temChuck Grassley (R)
House SpeakerNancy Pelosi (D)
Members100 senators
435 members of the House
6 non-voting delegates
Senate MajorityRepublican
House MajorityDemocratic
Sessions
1st: January 3, 2019 – TBD
2nd: TBD – TBD
Opening Day ceremony for the 116th United States Congress on the House Floor
Opening day proceedings from the Senate

In the November 2018 midterm elections, the Democratic Party won a new majority in the House, while the Republican Party increased its majority in the Senate. Consequently, this is the first split Congress since the 113th Congress of 2013–2015, and the first Republican Senate/Democratic House split since the 99th Congress of 1985–1987. This Congress is considered to be the most diverse ever elected, and the youngest incoming class in the past three cycles.[1]

Contents

Major eventsEdit

Major legislationEdit

Party summaryEdit

Resignations and new members are discussed in the "Changes in membership" section below.

SenateEdit

Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 47 2 50 99 1
Begin (January 3, 2019) 45 2 52 99 1
January 8, 2019[a] 53 100 0
Latest voting share 47.0% 53.0%

House of RepresentativesEdit

Affiliation Party
(shading indicates majority caucus)
Total Vacant
Democratic Independent Republican
End of previous Congress 196 0 236 432 3
Begin (January 3, 2019)[b] 235 0 199 434 1
January 23, 2019[c] 198 433 2
February 10, 2019[d] 197 432 3
May 21, 2019[c] 198 433 2
July 4, 2019[e] 1 197
September 10, 2019[b][d] 199 435 0
September 23, 2019[f] 198 434 1
October 1, 2019[g] 197 433 2
October 17, 2019[h] 234 432 3
November 3, 2019[i] 233 431 4
Latest voting share 54.1% 0.2% 45.7%  
Non-voting members 3 1 2 6 0

LeadershipEdit

SenateEdit

Senate President
President pro tempore

Majority (Republican) LeadershipEdit

Minority (Democratic) LeadershipEdit

House of RepresentativesEdit

House Speaker

Majority (Democratic) LeadershipEdit

Minority (Republican) LeadershipEdit

DemographicsEdit

Most members of this Congress are Christian (88.2%), with approximately half being Protestant and 30.5% being Catholic. Jewish membership is 6.4%. Other religions represented include Buddhism, Islam, and Hinduism. One senator says that she is religiously unaffiliated, while the number of members refusing to specify their religious affiliation increased.[24][25][26]

SenateEdit

The Senate includes 75 men and 25 women — the most women to date. In 6 states, both senators are women; 13 states are represented by 1 man and 1 woman; and 31 states are represented by 2 men. There are 91 non-Hispanic white, 4 Hispanic, 3 Black, 3 Asian, and 1 multiracial senators. Additionally, 2 senators identify as LGBTQ+.[1][27]

House of RepresentativesEdit

There are 102 women in the House, the largest number in history.[28] There are 313 non-Hispanic whites, 56 black, 44 Hispanic, 15 Asian, and 4 Native American. Eight identify as LGBTQ+.[29] Two Democrats — Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez and Donna Shalala — are the youngest (29) and oldest (77) freshmen women in history.[30] Freshmen women Rashida Tlaib (D-MI) and Ilhan Omar (DFL-MN) are the first two Muslim women and freshmen Sharice Davids (D-KS) and Deb Haaland (D-NM) are the first two female Native American members.[31]

MembersEdit

SenateEdit

The numbers refer to their Senate classes. All class 1 seats were contested in the November 2018 elections. In this Congress, class 1 means their term commenced in the current Congress, requiring re-election in 2024; class 2 means their term ends with this Congress, requiring re-election in 2020; and class 3 means their term began in the last Congress, requiring re-election in 2022.

House of RepresentativesEdit

Changes in membershipEdit

SenateEdit

State
(class)
Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[m]
Florida
(1)
Vacant Senator-elect chose to wait until finishing term as Governor of Florida.[32] Rick Scott
(R)
January 8, 2019
Georgia
(3)
Johnny Isakson
(R)
Incumbent intends to resign December 31, 2019.[33]
A successor will be appointed to serve until the November 3, 2020, special election.[33]
TBD TBD

House of RepresentativesEdit

District Vacator Reason for change Successor Date of successor's
formal installation[m]
North Carolina 9 Vacant Vacant from the start of the term as allegations of fraud in the 2018 general election prevented the results from being certified.
A special election was held September 10, 2019.[41]
Dan Bishop
(R)
September 17, 2019[42]
Pennsylvania 12 Tom Marino
(R)
Resigned January 23, 2019, to take job in private sector.[38]
A special election was held May 21, 2019.[43]
Fred Keller
(R)
June 3, 2019
North Carolina 3 Walter B. Jones Jr.
(R)
Died February 10, 2019.
A special election was held September 10, 2019.[44]
Greg Murphy
(R)
September 17, 2019[45]
Michigan 3 Justin Amash
(R)
Changed party July 4, 2019.[46] Justin Amash (I) July 4, 2019
Wisconsin 7 Sean Duffy
(R)
Resigned September 23, 2019.
A special election is scheduled for May 12, 2020.[47]
TBD TBD
New York 27 Chris Collins
(R)
Resigned October 1, 2019.
A special election will be held.[48]
TBD TBD
Maryland 7 Elijah Cummings
(D)
Died October 17, 2019.
A special election is scheduled for April 28, 2020.[35][49]
TBD TBD
California 25 Katie Hill
(D)
Resigned November 3, 2019 due to allegations of improper relationships with staffer.
A special election will be held.[50]
TBD TBD

CommitteesEdit

Section contents: Senate, House, Joint

Listed alphabetically by chamber, including chair and ranking member.

SenateEdit

Committee Chair Ranking Member[51]
Aging (Special) Susan Collins (R-ME) Bob Casey Jr. (D-PA)
Agriculture, Nutrition and Forestry Pat Roberts (R-KS) Debbie Stabenow (D-MI)
Appropriations Richard Shelby (R-AL) Patrick Leahy (D-VT)
Armed Services Jim Inhofe (R-OK) Jack Reed (D-RI)
Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs Mike Crapo (R-ID) Sherrod Brown (D-OH)
Budget Mike Enzi (R-WY) Bernie Sanders (I-VT)
Commerce, Science and Transportation Roger Wicker (R-MS) Maria Cantwell (D-WA)
Energy and Natural Resources Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) Joe Manchin (D-WV)
Environment and Public Works John Barrasso (R-WY) Tom Carper (D-DE)
Ethics (Select) Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Chris Coons (D-DE)
Finance Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR)
Foreign Relations Jim Risch (R-ID) Bob Menendez (D-NJ)
Health, Education, Labor and Pensions Lamar Alexander (R-TN) Patty Murray (D-WA)
Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs Ron Johnson (R-WI) Gary Peters (D-MI)
Indian Affairs (Permanent Select) John Hoeven (R-ND) Tom Udall (D-NM)
Intelligence (Select) Richard Burr (R-NC) Mark Warner (D-VA)
International Narcotics Control (Permanent Caucus) John Cornyn (R-TX) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Judiciary Lindsey Graham (R-SC) Dianne Feinstein (D-CA)
Rules and Administration Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Small Business and Entrepreneurship Marco Rubio (R-FL) Ben Cardin (D-MD)
Veterans' Affairs Johnny Isakson (R-GA) Jon Tester (D-MT)

House of RepresentativesEdit

Committee Chair Ranking Member
Agriculture Collin Peterson (D-MN) Mike Conaway (R-TX)
Appropriations Nita Lowey (D-NY) Kay Granger (R-TX)
Armed Services Adam Smith (D-WA) Mac Thornberry (R-TX)
Budget John Yarmuth (D-KY) Steve Womack (R-AR)
Climate Crisis (Select) Kathy Castor (D-FL) Garret Graves (R-LA)
Education and Labor Bobby Scott (D-VA) Virginia Foxx (R-NC)
Energy and Commerce Frank Pallone (D-NJ) Greg Walden (R-OR)
Ethics Ted Deutch (D-FL) Kenny Marchant (R-TX)
Financial Services Maxine Waters (D-CA) Patrick McHenry (R-NC)
Foreign Affairs Eliot Engel (D-NY) Michael McCaul (R-TX)
Homeland Security Bennie Thompson (D-MS) Mike Rogers (R-AL)
House Administration Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Intelligence (Permanent Select) Adam Schiff (D-CA) Devin Nunes (R-CA)
Judiciary Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) Doug Collins (R-GA)
Modernization of Congress (Select) Derek Kilmer (D-WA) Tom Graves (R-GA)[52]
Natural Resources Raúl Grijalva (D-AZ) Rob Bishop (R-UT)
Oversight and Reform Elijah Cummings (D-MD) (until October 17, 2019)[35]
Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) (from October 17, 2019)
Jim Jordan (R-OH)
Rules Jim McGovern (D-MA) Tom Cole (R-OK)
Science, Space and Technology Eddie Bernice Johnson (D-TX) Frank Lucas (R-OK)
Small Business Nydia Velázquez (D-NY) Steve Chabot (R-OH)
Transportation and Infrastructure Peter DeFazio (D-OR) Sam Graves (R-MO)
Veterans' Affairs Mark Takano (D-CA) Phil Roe (R-TN)
Ways and Means Richard Neal (D-MA) Kevin Brady (R-TX)

JointEdit

Committee Chair Vice Chair Ranking Member Vice Ranking Member
Economic Mike Lee (R-UT) Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) David Schweikert (R-AZ) Martin Heinrich (D-NM)
Library Roy Blunt (R-MO) Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Rodney Davis (R-IL) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN)
Printing Zoe Lofgren (D-CA) Roy Blunt (R-MO) Amy Klobuchar (D-MN) Rodney Davis (R-IL)
Taxation[n] Richard Neal (D-MA) Chuck Grassley (R-IA) Ron Wyden (D-OR) Kevin Brady (R-TX)

Employees and legislative agency directorsEdit

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Rick Scott (R-Florida) assumed office on January 8, 2019, after his term as Governor of Florida expired.
  2. ^ a b c In North Carolina's 9th district: the November 2018 election results were not certified due to a dispute over voting irregularities. Dan Bishop (R) was elected in a September 10, 2019 special election.
  3. ^ a b In Pennsylvania's 12th district: Tom Marino (R) resigned January 23, 2019, and Fred Keller (R) was elected May 21, 2019.
  4. ^ a b In North Carolina's 3rd district: Walter Jones (R) died February 10, 2019, and Greg Murphy (R) was elected September 10, 2019.
  5. ^ In Michigan's 3rd district: Justin Amash changed parties July 4, 2019, from Republican to Independent.
  6. ^ In Wisconsin's 7th district: Sean Duffy (R) resigned September 23, 2019.
  7. ^ In New York's 27th district: Chris Collins (R) resigned October 1, 2019.
  8. ^ In Maryland's 7th district: Elijah Cummings (D) died October 17, 2019.
  9. ^ In California's 25th district: Katie Hill (D) resigned November 3, 2019.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g The Minnesota Democratic–Farmer–Labor Party (DFL) is the Minnesota affiliate of the U.S. Democratic Party and its members are counted as Democrats.
  11. ^ Although Sanders is running for President in the Democratic primary and will claim to be a "bona fide Democrat" in accordance to DNC rules, he is currently and officially an Independent senator.[34]
  12. ^ In Michigan's 3rd district: Justin Amash changed from Republican to Independent July 4, 2019.[36]
  13. ^ a b This is the date the member was seated or an oath administered, not necessarily the same date her/his service began.
  14. ^ The Joint Taxation Committee leadership rotate the chair and vice chair and the ranking members between the House and Senate at the start of each session (calendar year) in the middle of the congressional term. The first session leadership is shown here.

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit