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Missouri's 4th congressional district

Missouri's 4th Congressional District consists of west central Missouri. The district is predominantly rural and relatively conservative; George W. Bush defeated John Kerry 64% to 35% in Election 2004 and John McCain defeated Barack Obama 61% to 38% in Election 2008. The district is currently represented by Vicky Hartzler, a Republican. She was first elected in 2010 election, defeating 34-year Democratic incumbent Ike Skelton.

Missouri's 4th congressional district
Missouri US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
Missouri's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Vicky Hartzler
RHarrisonville
Median income$50,963[1]
Cook PVIR+17[2]

This district had historically been a Democratic Party stronghold. Antipathy to the Republican Party had its origins in the American Civil War and the infamous General Order 11. The Union Army ordered evacuation of the county in an attempt to reduce support for and the power of bushwhacker guerrillas. After the Civil War, there was disfranchisement of white males (mostly Democrats) who had been active for the Confederacy until they took loyalty oaths, or until 1870. The area was filled with conflict between Missouri's Radicals, who joined the Republicans, and Conservatives, who were Democrats. By 1880 former secessionists dominated Missouri's congressional delegation and state legislature[citation needed].

Gradually this area developed a character similar to Yellow Dog Democrat districts in the South. Until 2010, only one Republican had been elected here since the Great Depression, and only for one term. Bill Clinton, former governor of Arkansas, carried this district by a lopsided margin in 1992 and carried it again by a smaller margin in 1996.

However, several demographic trends have converged to erode the Democratic base in this district. First, as the New York Times election maps show, the predominantly rural counties lining the Missouri River have sharply trended Republican between the 2000 Senate election and the 2006 election, following trends across the South.[3] Secondly, population losses in Kansas City resulted in the 4th gradually losing much of its share of heavily Democratic Jackson County to the Kansas City-based 5th district. Until the 1970s, the district stretched as far as Independence. To compensate for this, large portions of heavily Republican Southwest Missouri were reassigned from the neighboring 7th district.[4] The result of these trends resulted in a dramatic collapse of Democratic support in the district. Al Gore, John Kerry, and Barack Obama won less than 40% of the vote here.

Contents

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Notes
District created March 4, 1847
  Willard P. Hall Democratic March 4, 1847 – March 4, 1853
  Mordecai Oliver Whig March 4, 1853 – March 4, 1855
Opposition March 4, 1855 – March 4, 1857
  James Craig Democratic March 4, 1857 – March 4, 1861
  Elijah H. Norton Democratic March 4, 1861 – March 4, 1863
  Sempronius H. Boyd Unconditional Unionist March 4, 1863 – March 4, 1865
  John R. Kelso Independent Republican March 4, 1865 – March 4, 1867
  Joseph J. Gravely Republican March 4, 1867 – March 4, 1869
  Sempronius H. Boyd Republican March 4, 1869 – March 4, 1871
  Harrison E. Havens Republican March 4, 1871 – March 4, 1873 Redistricted to the 6th district
  Robert A. Hatcher Democratic March 4, 1873 – March 4, 1879
  Lowndes H. Davis Democratic March 4, 1879 – March 4, 1883 Redistricted to the 14th district
  James N. Burnes Democratic March 4, 1883 – January 23, 1889 Died
Vacant January 23, 1889 – February 19, 1889
  Charles F. Booher Democratic February 19, 1889 – March 4, 1889
Vacant March 4, 1889 – December 2, 1889
  Robert P. C. Wilson Democratic December 2, 1889 – March 4, 1893 elected in special election after Rep-elect James N. Burnes died before commencement of congress
  Daniel D. Burnes Democratic March 4, 1893 – March 4, 1895
  George C. Crowther Republican March 4, 1895 – March 4, 1897
  Charles F. Cochran Democratic March 4, 1897 – March 4, 1905
  Frank B. Fulkerson Republican March 4, 1905 – March 4, 1907
  Charles F. Booher Democratic March 4, 1907 – January 21, 1921 Died
Vacant January 21, 1921 – March 4, 1921
  Charles L. Faust Republican March 4, 1921 – December 17, 1928 Died
Vacant December 17, 1928 – February 5, 1929
  David W. Hopkins Republican February 5, 1929 – March 4, 1933
March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1935 District inactive, all representatives elected At-large on a general ticket
  C. Jasper Bell Democratic January 3, 1935 – January 3, 1949
  Leonard Irving Democratic January 3, 1949 – January 3, 1953
  Jeffrey P. Hillelson Republican January 3, 1953 – January 3, 1955
  George H. Christopher Democratic January 3, 1955 – January 23, 1959 Died
Vacant January 23, 1959 – March 3, 1959
  William J. Randall Democratic March 3, 1959 – January 3, 1977
  Ike Skelton Democratic January 3, 1977 – January 3, 2011 defeated for re-election to 18th term in 2010
  Vicky Hartzler Republican January 3, 2011 – present Incumbent

Election ResultsEdit

2016 ElectionEdit

Missouri’s 4th congressional district election, 2016 [5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 225,348 67.83
Democratic Gordon Christensen 92,510 27.85
Libertarian Gary L. Koniz 14,376 4.33
Total votes 332,234 100
Republican hold

2014 ElectionEdit

Missouri's 4th Congressional District, 2014[5]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler (Incumbent) 120,014 68.08
Democratic Nate Irvin 46,464 26.36
Libertarian Herschel L. Young 9,793 5.56
Write-In Gregory A Cowan 15 0.01
Total votes 176,286 100
Republican hold

2012 ElectionEdit

Missouri 4th Congressional District 2012 [6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler (Incumbent) 192,237 60.3
Democratic Teresa Hensley 113,120 35.5
Libertarian Bill Slantz 10,407 3.3
Constitution Greg Cowan 2,959 0.5
Total votes 318,723 100.0

2010 ElectionEdit

Missouri's 4th district general election, November 2, 2010[7]
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 113,489 50.43
Democratic Ike Skelton (incumbent) 101,532 45.11
Libertarian Jason Michael Braun 6,123 2.72
Constitution Greg Cowan 3,912 1.74
Total votes 225,056 100.00

CountiesEdit

Election results from presidential racesEdit

Year Office Results Political parties that won the district
2000 President George W. Bush 58 - Al Gore 40% Republican Party (United States)
2004 President George W. Bush 64 - John Kerry 35% Republican Party (United States)
2008 President John McCain 61 - Barack Obama 38% Republican Party (United States)
2012 President Mitt Romney 61 - Barack Obama 36% Republican Party (United States)
2016 President Donald Trump 65 - Hillary Clinton 29% Republican Party (United States)

2008 Presidential Election Results by CountyEdit

The table below shows how individual counties in MO-04 voted in the 2008 presidential election. U.S. Senator John McCain (R-Arizona) won every single county in MO-04 and swept the district with 60.58 percent of the vote while U.S. Senator Barack Obama (D-Illinois) received 37.87 percent, a 22.71-percent margin of victory for the GOP.

County John McCain Barack Obama Difference
Barton 74.21 24.46 R + 49.75
Dade 69.65 28.79 R + 40.86
Moniteau 67.02 31.27 R + 35.75
Laclede 66.62 31.97 R + 34.65
Cedar 66.01 32.42 R + 33.59
Polk 65.39 33.24 R + 32.15
Dallas 63.71 34.57 R + 29.14
Webster 63.77 34.76 R + 29.01
Pulaski 63.68 34.99 R + 28.69
Camden 63.59 35.12 R + 28.47
Cole 62.94 36.03 R + 26.91
Pettis 60.51 38.07 R + 22.44
Benton 60.20 37.93 R + 22.27
Vernon 60.08 38.08 R + 22.00
St. Clair 59.76 37.81 R + 21.95
Morgan 59.58 38.97 R + 20.61
Cass 59.18 39.55 R + 19.63
Bates 58.35 39.49 R + 18.86
Lafayette 56.88 41.58 R + 15.30
Hickory 55.72 42.44 R + 13.28
Johnson 55.18 42.93 R + 12.25
Henry 54.62 43.63 R + 10.99
Ray 50.60 47.42 R + 3.18
Saline 50.39 47.85 R + 2.54

2008 Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary Election Results by CountyEdit

The table below shows how individual counties in MO-04 voted in the 2008 Missouri Democratic Presidential Primary. Former U.S. Senator Hillary Rodham Clinton (D-New York) swept the district by a convincing margin over U.S. Senator Barack Obama (D-Illinois). Clinton won every county in the district with the exception of Cole County, home of the State Capitol.

County Hillary Clinton Barack Obama Difference
Benton 68.77 26.95 C + 41.82
St. Clair 67.52 26.12 C + 41.40
Hickory 67.95 27.86 C + 40.09
Ray 65.29 30.31 C + 34.98
Bates 63.51 30.08 C + 33.43
Dallas 63.75 32.01 C + 31.74
Henry 63.18 32.10 C + 31.08
Barton 63.43 32.85 C + 30.58
Polk 63.81 33.28 C + 30.53
Vernon 61.55 31.42 C + 30.13
Dade 62.22 33.12 C + 29.10
Laclede 62.48 33.77 C + 28.71
Morgan 62.05 33.58 C + 28.47
Cedar 60.30 33.00 C + 27.30
Webster 61.20 34.46 C + 26.74
Lafayette 60.75 35.40 C + 25.35
Moniteau 60.38 36.38 C + 24.00
Cass 59.76 36.73 C + 23.03
Saline 57.46 37.85 C + 19.61
Camden 57.99 38.75 C + 19.24
Pulaski 56.07 39.35 C + 16.72
Pettis 54.76 41.38 C + 13.38
Johnson 53.22 43.07 C + 10.15
Cole 45.07 51.16 O + 6.09

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=29&cd=04
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ "Senate Races". The New York Times.
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b Cite error: The named reference Generalelection was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  6. ^ Cite error: The named reference MSS was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  7. ^ Cite error: The named reference results was invoked but never defined (see the help page).
  8. ^ https://ballotpedia.org/Missouri%27s_4th_Congressional_District

Coordinates: 38°16′57″N 93°19′08″W / 38.28250°N 93.31889°W / 38.28250; -93.31889