Independent Republican (United States)
Independent Republican is a term occasionally adopted by members of Congress in the United States to refer to their party affiliation. It is also used for those on the state level who are Republicans but do not affiliate with the national Republican Party.
It has generally been used by members of Congress who have considered themselves to be members of the Republican Party, but who did not receive the nomination of the Republican Party and therefore ran against and defeated the Republican Party's official candidate in the general election. Examples include Thomas S. Butler, who served from 1897 to 1928 from Pennsylvania, Henry K. Porter, who served from 1903 to 1905 from Pennsylvania, and Peter A. Porter, who served from 1907 to 1909 from New York. Lisa Murkowski, who was defeated in the Republican Primary by Tea Party-backed Joe Miller, won the United States Senate election in Alaska in 2010 as a write-in candidate, though she did not adopt this party affiliation.
- For example, see (e.g. 1875-1877): "Senate History Party Division in the Senate, 1789-Present". United States Senate. Retrieved August 20, 2015.
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