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Vicky Jo Hartzler (née Zellmer, October 13, 1960) is an American politician serving as the U.S. Representative for Missouri's 4th congressional district since 2011. A member of the Republican Party, she previously served as the Missouri State Representative for the 124th district from 1995 to 2000.[1][2]

Vicky Hartzler
Vicky Hartzler official portrait ca 115th Congress.jpg
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Missouri's 4th district
Assumed office
January 3, 2011
Preceded byIke Skelton
Member of the Missouri House of Representatives
from the 124th district
In office
1995–2000
Preceded byGene Olson
Succeeded byRex Rector
Personal details
Born
Vicky Jo Zellmer

(1960-10-13) October 13, 1960 (age 59)
Archie, Missouri, U.S.
Political partyRepublican
Spouse(s)Lowell Hartzler
Children1 daughter
EducationUniversity of Missouri (BS)
University of Central Missouri (MS)

Her congressional district comprises a large swath of the western-central part of the state, anchored in Columbia to the eastern and southern Kansas City suburbs, including a small portion of Kansas City itself. The district also includes the cities of Sedalia, Warrensburg, Moberly and Lebanon. It takes in Ft. Leonard Wood in Pulaski County, Whiteman Air Force Base in Knob Noster, as well as the University of Missouri (Mizzou).

Early yearsEdit

Hartzler was raised on a farm near Archie, a rural community south of Kansas City. She attended the University of Missouri where she graduated summa cum laude with a B.S. in Education and attended University of Central Missouri where she graduated with an M.S. in Education.[3]

Missouri LegislatureEdit

Before running for State Representative in 1994, Hartzler taught high school home economics (now commonly referred to as family and consumer sciences) for 11 years.[4]

Her accomplishments included leadership on legislation facilitating the adoption process. Hartzler left the Missouri House of Representatives in 2000 after adopting a baby daughter. In 2004, after she had left the Missouri General Assembly, Hartzler served as state spokeswoman for the Coalition to Protect Marriage,[5] which supported banning same-sex marriages in Missouri. Despite her opposition to the Missouri Assembly's ratification of the Equal Rights Amendment[6] ("I don't want women used to pass a liberal agenda"), Republican Governor Matt Blunt appointed Hartzler Chair of the Missouri Women's Council in 2005, where she served for two years.[7]

U.S. House of RepresentativesEdit

2010Edit

After almost a decade out of politics, Hartzler entered the Republican primary for Missouri's 4th congressional district, which at the time was held by 17-term Democratic incumbent Ike Skelton. She won a seven-way primary with 40 percent of the vote.

In the November 2, 2010 general election, Hartzler won with 50.43% of the vote. She is the first Republican to represent this district since 1955, and only the second since the Great Depression. She was also the second Republican woman elected to Congress from Missouri, after Jo Ann Emerson, with whom she served from 2011 to 2013. However, she is the first who was not elected as a stand-in for her husband; Emerson was originally elected to serve out the final term of her late husband, Bill Emerson. Republicans had been making gains in the district for some time; it gave John McCain 62 percent of the vote in 2008 while simultaneously reelecting Skelton, and Republicans hold most of the district's seats in the state legislature. She won primarily by running up her totals in the more rural areas of the sprawling district.

She ran on a conservative platform, voicing support for tax cuts and spending cuts. She opposes abortion[8] and same-sex marriage.

2010 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri's 4th Congressional District
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 113,489 50.43
Democratic Ike Skelton* 101,532 45.11
Libertarian Jason Michael Braun 6,123 2.72
Constitution Greg Cowan 3,912 1.74

2012Edit

Redistricting after the 2010 U.S. Census removed Cole, Lafayette, Ray and Saline counties—including Skelton's home. The district also lost its shares of Jackson and Webster counties. In its place, the district picked up all of Boone, Cooper, Howard, and Randolph counties, part of Audrain County, and the remainder of Cass County. The district now includes the Cass County portion of Kansas City. The new map also pushed the district further into Camden County.[citation needed]

In her first contest in the newly drawn district, Hartzler easily won the Republican primary with 84% against Bernie Mowinski and went on to comfortably win the general election with 60.3% against Democratic Cass County Prosecuting Attorney Teresa Hensley.[citation needed]

2012 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri's 4th Congressional District
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 192,237 60.32
Democratic Teresa Hensley 113,120 35.49
Libertarian Thomas Holbrook 10,407 3.27
Constitution Greg Cowan 2,959 0.93

2014Edit

Hartzler won nearly 75% of the party vote in the Republican congressional primary with John Webb, then went on to easily win the general election with a more than two-to-one margin.[citation needed]

2014 Election for U.S. Representative of Missouri's 4th Congressional District
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 120,014 68.08
Democratic Nate Irvin 46,464 26.36
Libertarian Herschel L. Young 9,793 5.56
Write-in Greg Cowan 15 0.01

2016Edit

Hartzler won 72% of the party vote in the Republican congressional primary with John Webb, then won the general election with a more than two-to-one margin.

Missouri’s 4th congressional district election, 2016
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler 225,348 67.83
Democratic Gordon Christensen 92,510 27.85
Libertarian Mark Bliss 14,376 4.33


2018Edit

Main article: 2018 United States House of Representatives elections in Missouri District 4

Missouri's 4th congressional district, 2018
Party Candidate Votes %
Republican Vicky Hartzler (incumbent) 190,138 64.8
Democratic Renee Hoagenson 95,968 32.7
Libertarian Mark Bliss 7,210 2.5
Total votes 293,316 100.0
Republican hold


Committee assignmentsEdit

In October 2015, Hartzler was named to serve on the Select Investigative Panel on Planned Parenthood.[9]

CaucusesEdit

ControversiesEdit

Hartzler is facing a complaint that she violated congressional ethics rules by tweeting an image from her Congressional account promoting Case IH’s products, which are manufactured by Hartzler’s personal business, Heartland Tractor Company.[13] She has also received over a million tax dollars in farm subsidies for a farm that generates $15 thousand a year in revenue.

Political positionsEdit

AbortionEdit

Hartzler is an outspoken opponent of abortion.[14][15]

LGBT rightsEdit

Hartzler strongly opposes same-sex marriage, civil unions, and domestic partnerships.[14] She also opposes banning discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. In 2019, Hartzler expressed her strong opposition to the Equality Act.[16] She also opposes allowing transgender individuals to serve in the military.[17] Hartzler opposes transsexualism.

MilitaryEdit

On June 29, 2017 Hartzler opposed allowing transgender Americans to serve in the U.S. armed forces, and proposed an amendment to the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2018 to reverse an Obama-administration policy that allowed transgender Americans in the armed services.[18] Hartzler's amendment was rejected in a 209-214 vote,[19][20] but Trump subsequently announced that he would ban transgender people to serve in U.S. military; Hartzler said that she was "very pleased" with the decision.[21]

WomenEdit

Hartzler voted against the reauthorization of the Violence Against Women Act.[22]

Barack ObamaEdit

At a town hall meeting in Missouri on April 5, 2012, Hartzler expressed doubts regarding President Barack Obama's birth certificate.[23]

HealthcareEdit

Hartzler is a staunch opponent of the Affordable Care Act[24] and a supporter of the American Health Care Act.[25]

AgricultureEdit

In September 2013, Hartzler voted in favor of a $39 billion reduction in Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Benefits (aka "food stamps"). This bill was separate for the first time in over three decades from farm subsidies, which were increased.[26] In 2018, Hartzler again supported a farm subsidy bill.[27]

EnvironmentEdit

Hartzler rejects the scientific consensus on climate change. On November 18, 2014, during the worst early season cold snap in the U.S. since 1976, Hartzler made a joke about climate change on Twitter. "Global warming strikes America! Brrrr!"[28] The quip was rebutted in detail by The Washington Post, which reported that her district in Missouri is among the areas most severely impacted by climate change in the United States.[29] She voted to approve the construction of the Keystone XL Pipeline on the federally protected lands of Indigenous people.[30]

IsraelEdit

In February 2016, during a trip to Israel, Hartzler voiced her support for the country and shared the belief that "our country has been blessed because we have been a blessing to Israel".[31]

ImmigrationEdit

In January 2017, Hartzler made a statement supporting President Donald J Trump's ban on immigrants from seven Muslim countries and halting the U.S. Refugee program for 120 days.[15] In her statement, Hartzler drew equivalency between Trump's executive order and Obama's 2011 policy that slowed immigration from Iraq by saying they were "similar".[32]

In February 2017, Hartzler supported Trump's rollback of the Dodd–Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act.[33]

Personal lifeEdit

Hartzler lives on a farm near Harrisonville with her family.[3] According to publicly available data reviewed by the Kansas City Star, Hartzler, with her family farm, has been one of the biggest beneficiaries of federal farm subsidies out of all members of Congress, receiving $995,498 between 1995 and 2016.

WorksEdit

  • Vicky Hartzler, Running God's Way, Pleasant Word (a division of WinePress Publishing; December 13, 2007); ISBN 978-1-4141-1124-7

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Representative Vicky Jo Hartzler (Vicky) (R-Missouri, 4th) – Biography from LegiStorm". Retrieved March 25, 2016.
  2. ^ Former GOP lawmaker Hartzler wins 9-way contest, Associated Press (August 3, 2010).
  3. ^ a b Congresswoman Vicky Hartzler biodata, hartzler.house.gov; accessed July 26, 2017
  4. ^ Purging the pain from political campaigns Murphree, Randall. OneNewsNow.com April 2008; accessed January 3, 2009.
  5. ^ Missouri Begins Vote on Same-sex 'Marriage' Ban Phan, Katherine. The Christian Post. August 3, 2004. Accessed January 3, 2009
  6. ^ Lutz, Jennifer. "ERA supporters, opponents speak out". Missouri Digital News.
  7. ^ Former State Rep makes pitch to replace Ike Skelton in Congress September 2, 2009; accessed January 3, 2010.
  8. ^ Hartzler, Vicky (July 14, 2016). "Rep. Vicky Hartzler: Congress, we must protect Americans who disagree with abortion". Fox News. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  9. ^ Paul Kane (October 23, 2015). "Boehner's next select committee, focusing on Planned Parenthood, to be led by Marsha Blackburn". Washington Post. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  10. ^ "Member List". Republican Study Committee. Retrieved December 21, 2017.
  11. ^ "Members of the Veterinary Medicine Caucus". Veterinary Medicine Caucus. Retrieved October 12, 2018.
  12. ^ "Our Members". U.S. House of Representatives International Conservation Caucus. Retrieved August 2, 2018.
  13. ^ https://www.kansascity.com/news/politics-government/article233706162.html?fbclid=IwAR3gk7ThzwFe_G_i-YK632IflzUAe6o-dUozQjZAbJbS9kA5cSip4bCz8Hw
  14. ^ a b "Marriage and Life". Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  15. ^ a b "Missouri, Kansas politicians weigh in on Trump immigration ban". Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  16. ^ "House Debate on the Equality Act". C-SPAN. May 17, 2019.
  17. ^ https://www.cnn.com/2017/07/26/politics/transgender-military-ban-vicky-hartzler-cnntv/index.html
  18. ^ "Hartzler Statement on NDAA Amendment to Reverse Obama Transgender Policy". Congresswoman Vicky Hartzler. June 29, 2017. Retrieved July 19, 2017.
  19. ^ Lardner, Richard. "House rejects attempt to ban transgender surgery for troops". Associated Press. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  20. ^ "H.Amdt.183 to H.R.2810 in 115th Congress (2017-2018)". Congress.gov. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  21. ^ Lowry, Brian. "Trump blocking transgender troops comes after pressure from Missouri's Vicky Hartzler". The Kansas City Star. Retrieved July 27, 2017.
  22. ^ OnTheIssues.org. "Vicky Hartzler on the Issues". www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  23. ^ Celock, John. "Obama Birth Certificate: Missouri Congresswoman Vicki Hartzler Expresses Doubt". Huffington Post. Retrieved April 6, 2012.
  24. ^ "Vicky Hartzler on Health Care". ontheissues.org. Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  25. ^ "American Health Care Act" (PDF). Cbo.gov. Retrieved July 9, 2017.
  26. ^ "How Republicans Justify Cutting Food Stamps While Boosting Farm Subsidies". Bloomberg. Retrieved September 29, 2013.
  27. ^ [1] Article in The Kansas City Star]
  28. ^ "Global warming strikes America! Brrrr!". Twitter. Retrieved November 18, 2014.
  29. ^ "Congresswoman Vicky Hartzler wonders why it's so cold if global warming exists. Here's the answer". The Washington Post. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
  30. ^ "The Voter's Self Defense System". Vote Smart. Retrieved June 21, 2017.
  31. ^ Lazaroff, Tovah (February 23, 2016). "Visiting GOP congressman from Florida: Israel has done its utmost to promote peace". The Jerusalem Post | JPost.com. Retrieved April 4, 2018.
  32. ^ "There are major differences between Trump's immigration ban and Obama's 2011 policy". Retrieved July 4, 2017.
  33. ^ "Statement on President Trump's Executive Order on Fiduciary Rule". February 3, 2017. Retrieved June 21, 2017.

External linksEdit