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Women in the United States House of Representatives

Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the House in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the House (2007–11), the first and only woman in that position.

Women have served in the United States House of Representatives since the 1917 entrance of Jeannette Rankin, a Republican from Montana. Nearly 300 women have since served in the House. As of June 2017, there are 84 women in the House (excluding territorial delegates), making women 19.3% of House representatives.[1][2]

Women have been elected to the House of Representatives from 45 of the 50 states in the United States. The states that have not elected a woman to the House are Alaska, Iowa, Mississippi, North Dakota, and Vermont—though Alaska, Iowa, and North Dakota have elected women to the United States Senate. Delaware was the most recent state to elect their first woman to the House (and to either chamber of Congress), electing Lisa Blunt Rochester in 2016. California has elected more women to Congress than any other state, with 41 representatives elected since 1923.

Contents

Widow's successionEdit

Mae Ella Nolan was the first woman elected to her husband's seat in Congress, which is sometimes known as the widow's succession. In the early years of women in Congress, the seat was held only until the next election and the women retired after that single Congress. She thereby became a placeholder merely finishing out her late husband's elected term. As the years progressed, however, more and more of these widow successors sought re-election. These women began to win their own elections.

As of 2013, 38 widows have won their husbands' seats in the House, and 8 in the Senate. The only current example as of 2017 is Representative Doris Matsui of California. The most successful example is Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, who served a total of 32 years in both houses and became the first woman elected to both the House and the Senate. She began the end of McCarthyism with a famous speech, "The Declaration of Conscience", became the first major-party female presidential candidate and the first woman to receive votes at a national nominating convention, and was the first (and highest ranking to date) woman to enter the Republican Party Senate leadership (in the third-highest post of Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference). The third woman elected to Congress, Winnifred Huck, was similarly elected to her father's seat.

Number of womenEdit

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by CongressEdit

Number of women in the United States Congress (1917–2017):[3][4]

Congress Years in Congress %
65th 1917–1919 1 0.2%
66th 1919–1921 0 0%
67th 1921–1923 4 0.7%
68th 1923–1925 1 0.2%
69th 1925–1927 3 0.6%
70th 1927–1929 5 0.9%
71st 1929–1931 9 1.7%
72nd 1931–1933 8
73rd 1933–1935 8 1.5%
74th 1935–1937 8 1.5%
75th 1937–1939 9 1.7%
76th 1939–1941 9 1.7%
77th 1941–1943 10 1.9%
78th 1943–1945 9
79th 1945–1947 11 2.1%
80th 1947–1949 8 1.5%
81st 1949–1951 10 1.9%
82nd 1951–1953 11 2.1%
83rd 1953–1955 15 2.8%
84th 1955–1957 18 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 16 3.0%
86th 1959–1961 19 3.5%
87th 1961–1963 20
88th 1963–1965 14 2.6%
89th 1965–1967 13
90th 1967–1969 12 2.2%
91st 1969–1971 11 2.1%
92nd 1971–1973 15 2.8%
93rd 1973–1975 16 3.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 3.6%
95th 1977–1979 20 3.7%
96th 1979–1981 17 3.2%
97th 1981–1983 23 4.3%
98th 1983–1985 24 4.5%
99th 1985–1987 25 4.7%
100th 1987–1989 26 4.9%
101st 1989–1991 31 5.8%
102nd 1991–1993 33 6.2%
103rd 1993–1995 55 10.3%
104th 1995–1997 59 11.0%
105th 1997–1999 66 12.3%
106th 1999–2001 67 12.5%
107th 2001–2003 75 14.0%
108th 2003–2005 77 14.4%
109th 2005–2007 85 15.9%
110th 2007–2009 94 17.6%
111th 2009–2011 96 17.9%
112th 2011–2013 96 17.9%
113th 2013–2015 102 19.1%
114th 2015–2017 104 19.4%
115th 2017–2019 104 19.4%

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by partyEdit

Notes: "% of party" is taken from voting members at the beginning of the Congress, while numbers and "% of women" include all female House members of the given Congress

Congress Years Women total Republican % of women % of party Democratic % of women % of party
65th 1917–1919 1 1 100% 0.5% 0 0.0% 0.0%
66th 1919–1921 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0 0.0% 0.0%
67th 1921–1923 3 3 100% 0.3% 0 0.0% 0.0%
68th 1923–1925 1 1 100% 0.4% 0 0.0% 0.0%
69th 1925–1927 3 2 66.7% 0.4% 1 33.3% 0.5%
70th 1927–1929 5 3 60.0% 1.3% 2 40.0% 0.5%
71st 1929–1931 9 5 55.6% 1.9% 4 44.4% 1.8%
72nd 1931–1933 7 3 42.9% 1.4% 4 57.1% 1.4%
73rd 1933–1935 7 3 42.9% 1.7% 4 57.1% 1.0%
74th 1935–1937 6 2 33.3% 1.9% 4 66.7% 1.2%
75th 1937–1939 6 1 16.7% 1.1% 5 83.3% 1.2%
76th 1939–1941 8 4 50.0% 1.2% 4 50.0% 0.8%
77th 1941–1943 9 5 55.6% 3.1% 4 44.4% 0.7%
78th 1943–1945 8 6 75.0% 2.9% 2 25.0% 0.5%
79th 1945–1947 11 5 45.5% 2.6% 6 54.5% 1.7%
80th 1947–1949 7 5 71.4% 2.0% 2 28.6% 1.1%
81st 1949–1951 9 4 44.4% 2.3% 5 55.6% 1.5%
82nd 1951–1953 10 6 60.0% 3.0% 4 40.0% 0.9%
83rd 1953–1955 12 7 58.3% 2.7% 5 41.7% 2.3%
84th 1955–1957 17 7 41.2% 3.0% 10 58.8% 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 15 6 40.0% 3.0% 9 60.0% 3.8%
86th 1959–1961 17 8 47.1% 5.2% 9 52.9% 2.8%
87th 1961–1963 18 7 38.9% 3.5% 11 61.1% 3.4%
88th 1963–1965 12 6 50.0% 2.8% 6 50.0% 2.3%
89th 1965–1967 11 4 36.4% 2.9% 7 63.6% 2.0%
90th 1967–1969 11 5 45.5% 2.7% 6 54.5% 2.4%
91st 1969–1971 10 4 40.0% 2.1% 6 60.0% 2.5%
92nd 1971–1973 13 3 23.1% 1.1% 10 76.9% 3.5%
93rd 1973–1975 16 2 12.5% 1.0% 14 87.5% 5.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 5 26.3% 2.8% 14 73.7% 4.8%
95th 1977–1979 18 5 27.8% 3.5% 13 72.2% 4.5%
96th 1979–1981 16 5 31.3% 3.2% 11 68.8% 4.0%
97th 1981–1983 21 10 47.6% 4.7% 11 52.4% 3.7%
98th 1983–1985 22 9 40.9% 5.5% 13 59.1% 4.4%
99th 1985–1987 23 11 47.8% 6.0% 12 52.2% 4.3%
100th 1987–1989 24 11 45.8% 6.2% 13 54.2% 4.3%
101st 1989–1991 29 13 44.8% 6.0% 16 55.2% 5.6%
102nd 1991–1993 30 9 30.0% 5.5% 21 70.0% 7.0%
103rd 1993–1995 48 12 25.0% 6.8% 36 75.0% 13.6%
104th 1995–1997 50 18 36.0% 7.4% 32 64.0% 14.7%
105th 1997–1999 57 18 31.6% 6.6% 39 68.4% 17.0%
106th 1999–2001 58 17 29.3% 7.6% 41 70.7% 18.5%
107th 2001–2003 62 18 29.0% 8.1% 44 71.0% 19.0%
108th 2003–2005 63 21 33.3% 9.2% 42 66.7% 18.5%
109th 2005–2007 71 25 35.2% 9.9% 46 64.8% 20.9%
110th 2007–2009 78 21 26.9% 9.9% 57 73.1% 20.2%
111th 2009–2011 79 17 21.5% 9.6% 62 78.5% 21.5%
112th 2011–2013 79 24 30.4% 9.9% 55 69.6% 23.8%
113th 2013–2015 82 20 24.4% 8.2% 62 75.6% 29.0%
114th 2015–2017 84 22 26.2% 8.9% 62 73.8% 33.0%
115th 2017–2019 83 21 25.3% 8.7% 62 74.7% 32.0%

List of female membersEdit

This is a complete list of women who have served as representatives/delegates of the United States House of Representatives, ordered by seniority. This list includes women who served in the past and who continue to serve in the present.

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
  Rankin, JeannetteJeannette Rankin
(1880–1973)
Republican Montana at-large March 4, 1917
March 4, 1919
First woman elected to a national office
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in Montana, 1918
Montana's 1st January 3, 1941
January 3, 1943
Retired
  Robertson, AliceAlice Robertson
(1854–1931)
Republican Oklahoma's 2nd March 4, 1921
March 4, 1923
First woman to defeat an incumbent congressman
Lost reelection
  Huck, WinnifredWinnifred Huck
(1882–1936)
Republican Illinois at-large November 7, 1922
March 4, 1923
Succeeded her father in a special election
First woman incumbent defeated in a primary
First woman to win a special election
  Nolan, MaeMae Nolan
(1886–1973)
Republican California's 5th January 23, 1923
March 4, 1925
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Kahn, FlorenceFlorence Kahn
(1866–1948)
Republican California's 4th March 4, 1925
January 3, 1937
First woman to be reelected
First Jewish woman elected
Succeeded her husband
Lost reelection
  Norton, MaryMary Norton
(1875–1959)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th March 4, 1925
March 4, 1933
First Democratic woman elected
First woman to chair a standing committee (House District of Columbia Committee)
Redistricted
New Jersey's 13th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1951
Retired
  Rogers, EdithEdith Rogers
(1881–1960)
Republican Massachusetts's 5th June 30, 1925
September 10, 1960
Succeeded her husband
First Chair of the House Veterans' Affairs Committee
Died in office
  Langley, Katherine G.Katherine G. Langley
(1888–1948)
Republican Kentucky's 7th March 4, 1927
March 4, 1931
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Daughter of James M. Gudger, Jr.
Retired
  Oldfield, PearlPearl Oldfield
(1876–1962)
Democratic Arkansas's 2nd January 9, 1929
March 4, 1931
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  McCormick, RuthRuth McCormick
(1880–1944)
Republican Illinois at-large March 4, 1929
March 4, 1931
Daughter of Mark Hanna
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 1930
  Owen, RuthRuth Owen
(1885–1954)
Democratic Florida's 4th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Daughter of William Jennings Bryan
Lost renomination
Later became first woman Ambassador of the United States (to Denmark)
  Pratt, RuthRuth Pratt
(1877–1965)
Republican New York's 17th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Lost reelection
  Wingo, EffiegeneEffiegene Wingo
(1883–1962)
Democratic Arkansas's 4th November 4, 1930
March 4, 1933
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Eslick, WillaWilla Eslick
(1878–1961)
Democratic Tennessee's 7th August 14, 1932
March 4, 1933
Succeeded her husband
Not eligible for reelection having not qualified for nomination
  Jenckes, Virginia E.Virginia E. Jenckes
(1877–1975)
Democratic Indiana's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
  O'Loughlin-McCarthy, KathrynKathryn O'Loughlin-McCarthy
(1894–1952)
Democratic Kansas's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Lost reelection
  Greenway, IsabellaIsabella Greenway
(1886–1953)
Democratic Arizona at-large October 2, 1933
January 3, 1937
Retired
  Clarke, Marian W.Marian W. Clarke
(1880–1953)
Republican New York's 34th December 28, 1933
January 3, 1935
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  O'Day, CarolineCaroline O'Day
(1869–1943)
Democratic New York at-large January 3, 1935
January 3, 1943
First woman Chair of the House Elections Committee
Retired
  Honeyman, NanNan Honeyman
(1881–1970)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1937
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
  Gasque, ElizabethElizabeth Gasque
(1886/1893–1989)
Democratic South Carolina's 6th September 13, 1938
January 3, 1939
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Sumner, JessieJessie Sumner
(1898–1994)
Republican Illinois's 18th January 3, 1939
January 3, 1947
Retired
  McMillan, Clara G.Clara G. McMillan
(1894–1976)
Democratic South Carolina's 1st November 7, 1939
January 3, 1941
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Bolton, Frances P.Frances P. Bolton
(1885–1977)
Republican Ohio's 22nd February 27, 1940
January 3, 1969
Succeeded her husband
Lost reelection
  Smith, Margaret C.Margaret C. Smith
(1897–1995)
Republican Maine's 2nd June 3, 1940
January 3, 1949
Succeeded her husband
Later first woman elected to the United States Senate in a general election without previously being appointed, elected in a special election, or succeeding a husband
In 1964, she became the first woman to run for President of the United States for a major party and to have her name entered for nomination at a major party's national convention
  Gibbs, FlorenceFlorence Gibbs
(1890–1964)
Democratic Georgia's 8th October 1, 1940
January 3, 1941
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Byron, KatharineKatharine Byron
(1903–1976)
Democratic Maryland's 6th May 27, 1941
January 3, 1943
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Boland, VeronicaVeronica Boland
(1899–1982)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 11th November 3, 1942
January 3, 1943
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Luce, ClareClare Luce
(1903–1987)
Republican Connecticut's 4th January 3, 1943
January 3, 1947
Retired
Later became United States Ambassador to Italy and United States Ambassador to Brazil
  Stanley, Winifred C.Winifred C. Stanley
(1909–1996)
Republican New York at-large January 3, 1943
January 3, 1945
Retired
  Fulmer, Willa L.Willa L. Fulmer
(1884–1968)
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd November 7, 1944
January 3, 1945
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Douglas, EmilyEmily Douglas
(1899–1994)
Democratic Illinois at-large January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
  Gahagan-Douglas, HelenHelen Gahagan-Douglas
(1900–1980)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1945
January 3, 1951
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in California, 1950
  Woodhouse, Chase G.Chase G. Woodhouse
(1890–1984)
Democratic Connecticut's 2nd January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
January 3, 1949
January 3, 1951
Lost reelection
  Mankin, HelenHelen Mankin
(1896–1956)
Democratic Georgia's 5th February 12, 1946
January 3, 1947
Lost renomination
  Pratt, ElizaEliza Pratt
(1902–1981)
Democratic North Carolina's 8th May 25, 1946
January 3, 1947
Retired
  Lusk, GeorgiaGeorgia Lusk
(1893–1971)
Democratic New Mexico at-large January 3, 1947
January 3, 1949
Lost renomination
  St. George, KatharineKatharine St. George
(1894–1983)
Republican New York's 29th January 3, 1947
January 3, 1953
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Redistricted
New York's 27th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1965
Lost reelection
  Bosone, RevaReva Bosone
(1895–1983)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1949
January 3, 1953
Lost reelection
  Harden, Cecil M.Cecil M. Harden
(1894–1984)
Republican Indiana's 6th January 3, 1949
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
  Kelly, Edna F.Edna F. Kelly
(1906–1997)
Democratic New York's 10th November 8, 1949
January 3, 1963
Residtricted
New York's 12th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1969
Lost renomination
  Church, Marguerite S.Marguerite S. Church
(1892–1990)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Thompson, RuthRuth Thompson
(1887–1970)
Republican Michigan's 9th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1957
First woman to sit on the House Judiciary Committee
Lost renomination
  Kee, ElizabethElizabeth Kee
(1895–1975)
Democratic West Virginia's 5th July 17, 1951
January 3, 1965
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Buchanan, VeraVera Buchanan
(1902–1955)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 33rd July 24, 1951
January 3, 1953
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
Pennsylvania's 30th January 3, 1953
November 26, 1955
Died in office
  Pfost, GracieGracie Pfost
(1906–1965)
Democratic Idaho's 1st January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate
  Sullivan, LeonorLeonor Sullivan
(1902–1988)
Democratic Missouri's 3rd January 3, 1953
January 3, 1977
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
First woman Chair of the House Merchant Marine Committee
Retired
  Farrington, Elizabeth P.Elizabeth P. Farrington
(1898–1984)
Republican Hawaii's at-large July 31, 1954
January 3, 1957
Succeeded her husband
First woman territorial delegate
Lost reelection
  Blitch, IrisIris Blitch
(1912–1993)
Democratic Georgia's 8th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1963
Retired
  Green, EdithEdith Green
(1910–1987)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
  Griffiths, MarthaMartha Griffiths
(1912–2003)
Democratic Michigan's 17th January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
Later became Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
  Knutson, CoyaCoya Knutson
(1912–1996)
Democratic Minnesota's 9th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
  Granahan, Kathryn E.Kathryn E. Granahan
(1894–1979)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 2nd November 6, 1956
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Later became Treasurer of the United States
  Dwyer, Florence P.Florence P. Dwyer
(1902–1976)
Republican New Jersey's 6th January 3, 1957
January 3, 1967
Redistricted
New Jersey's 12th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1973
Retired
  May, CatherineCatherine May
(1914–2004)
Republican Washington's 4th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1971
Lost reelection
  Simpson, Edna O.Edna O. Simpson
(1891–1984)
Republican Illinois's 20th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1961
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Weis, Jessica M.Jessica M. Weis
(1901–1963)
Republican New York's 38th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1963
Retired
  Hansen, JuliaJulia Hansen
(1907–1988)
Democratic Washington's 3rd November 8, 1960
December 31, 1974
Retired
  Norrell, CatherineCatherine Norrell
(1901–1981)
Democratic Arkansas's 6th April 19, 1961
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Reece, LouiseLouise Reece
(1898–1970)
Republican Tennessee's 1st May 16, 1961
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Daughter of Guy D. Goff
Retired
  Riley, CorinneCorinne Riley
(1893–1979)
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd April 10, 1962
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Reid, CharlotteCharlotte Reid
(1913–2007)
Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 1963
October 7, 1971
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Resigned to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission
  Baker, IreneIrene Baker
(1901–1994)
Republican Tennessee's 2nd January 7, 1964
January 3, 1965
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Mink, PatsyPatsy Mink
(1927–2002)
Democratic Hawaii's at-large January 3, 1965
January 3, 1971
First woman of color elected
Redistricted
Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 1971
January 3, 1977
Ran for President of the United States in the Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1972 (Oregon only)
First Asian American woman to run for President
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in Hawaii, 1976
Later became Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
September 22, 1990
September 28, 2002
Died in office
  Thomas, LeraLera Thomas
(1900–1993)
Democratic Texas's 8th March 26, 1966
January 3, 1967
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Heckler, MargaretMargaret Heckler
(born 1931)
Republican Massachusetts's 10th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1983
Lost reelection
Later became United States Secretary of Health and Human Services and United States Ambassador to Ireland
  Chisholm, ShirleyShirley Chisholm
(1924–2005)
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1969
January 3, 1983
First African American woman elected
Ran for President of the United States in the Democratic Party presidential primaries, 1972
Retired
  Abzug, BellaBella Abzug
(1920–1998)
Democratic New York's 19th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Redistricted
New York's 20th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1977
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in New York, 1976
  Grasso, Ella T.Ella T. Grasso
(1919–1981)
Democratic Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1975
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Retired to run successfully for Governor of Connecticut
First female governor not a wife or widow of a previous governor
  Hicks, LouiseLouise Hicks
(1916–2003)
Democratic Massachusetts's 9th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Lost reelection
  Andrews, Elizabeth B.Elizabeth B. Andrews
(1911–2002)
Democratic Alabama's 3rd April 4, 1972
January 3, 1973
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Burke, YvonneYvonne Burke
(born 1932)
Democratic California's 37th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1975
Redistricted
California's 28th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Retired to run unsuccessfully for California Attorney General
  Holt, MarjorieMarjorie Holt
(born 1920)
Republican Maryland's 4th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1987
Retired
  Holtzman, ElizabethElizabeth Holtzman
(born 1941)
Democratic New York's 16th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1981
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in New York, 1980
  Jordan, BarbaraBarbara Jordan
(1936–1996)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1979
Retired
  Schroeder, PatriciaPatricia Schroeder
(born 1940)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1973
January 3, 1997
Retired
  Boggs, LindyLindy Boggs
(1916–2013)
Democratic Louisiana's 2nd March 20, 1973
January 3, 1991
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Later became United States Ambassador to the Holy See
  Collins, CardissCardiss Collins
(1931–2013)
Democratic Illinois's 7th June 5, 1973
January 3, 1997
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Fenwick, MillicentMillicent Fenwick
(1910–1992)
Republican New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1983
Daughter of Ogden H. Hammond
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in New Jersey, 1982
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
  Keys, MarthaMartha Keys
(born 1930)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
  Lloyd, MarilynMarilyn Lloyd
(born 1929)
Democratic Tennessee's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1995
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Retired
  Smith, Virginia D.Virginia D. Smith
(1911–2006)
Republican Nebraska's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1991
Retired
  Spellman, GladysGladys Spellman
(1918–1988)
Democratic Marylands's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1981
After suffering a debilitating heart attack and slipping into a comatose state, her seat was declared vacant by the House
  Stevenson-Meyner, HelenHelen Stevenson-Meyner
(1929–1997)
Democratic New Jersey's 13th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
  Pettis, ShirleyShirley Pettis
(1924–2016)
Republican California's 37th April 29, 1975
January 3, 1979
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Mikulski, BarbaraBarbara Mikulski
(born 1936)
Democratic Maryland's 3rd January 3, 1977
January 3, 1987
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Maryland, 1986
  Oakar, MaryMary Oakar
(born 1940)
Democratic Ohio's 20th January 3, 1977
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
  Byron, BeverlyBeverly Byron
(born 1932)
Democratic Maryland's 6th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1993
Succeeded her husband
Lost renomination
  Ferraro, GeraldineGeraldine Ferraro
(1935–2011)
Democratic New York's 9th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1985
Retired to run unsuccessfully for Vice President of the United States during the United States presidential election, 1984
First woman nominee representing a major party
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
  Snowe, OlympiaOlympia Snowe
(born 1947)
Republican Maine's 2nd January 3, 1979
January 3, 1995
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Maine, 1994
  Fiedler, BobbiBobbi Fiedler
(born 1937)
Republican California's 21st January 3, 1981
January 3, 1987
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in California, 1986
  Morley-Martin, LynnLynn Morley-Martin
(born 1939)
Republican Illinois's 16th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 1990
Later became United States Secretary of Labor
  Roukema, MargeMarge Roukema
(1929–2014)
Republican New Jersey's 7th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1983
Redistricted
New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Retired
  Schneider, ClaudineClaudine Schneider
(born 1947)
Republican Rhode Island's 2nd January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Rhode Island, 1990
  Kennelly, Barbara B.Barbara B. Kennelly
(born 1936)
Democratic Connecticut's 1st January 12, 1982
January 3, 1999
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Connecticut gubernatorial election, 1998
  Spencer-Ashbrook, JeanJean Spencer-Ashbrook
(born 1934)
Republican Ohio's 17th June 29, 1982
January 3, 1983
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Hall, KatieKatie Hall
(1938–2012)
Democratic Indiana's 1st November 2, 1982
January 3, 1985
Lost renomination
  Boxer, BarbaraBarbara Boxer
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 1993
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in California, 1992
  Johnson, NancyNancy Johnson
(born 1935)
Republican Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Kaptur, MarcyMarcy Kaptur
(born 1946)
Democratic Ohio's 9th January 3, 1983
present
Current dean of women in Congress
  Vucanovich, BarbaraBarbara Vucanovich
(1921–2013)
Republican Nevada's 2nd January 3, 1983
January 3, 1997
First Hispanic woman elected
Retired
  Burton, SalaSala Burton
(1925–1987)
Democratic California's 5th June 21, 1983
February 1, 1987
Succeeded her husband
Died in office
  Delich-Bentley, HelenHelen Delich-Bentley
(1923–2016)
Republican Maryland's 2nd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1995
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the Maryland gubernatorial election, 1994
  Meyers, JanJan Meyers
(born 1928)
Republican Kansas's 3rd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1997
First woman Chair of the House Small Business Committee
Retired
  Small-Long, CatherineCatherine Small-Long
(born 1924)
Democratic Louisiana's 8th March 30, 1985
January 3, 1987
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Morella, ConnieConnie Morella
(born 1931)
Republican Maryland's 8th January 3, 1987
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
Later became United States Ambassador to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  Patterson, Liz J.Liz J. Patterson
(born 1939)
Democratic South Carolina's 4th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
Daughter of Olin D. Johnston
Lost reelection
  Saiki, PatPat Saiki
(born 1930)
Republican Hawaii's 1st January 3, 1987
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 1990
Later became Administrator of the Small Business Administration
  Slaughter, LouiseLouise Slaughter
(born 1929)
Democratic New York's 30th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
First woman Chair of the House Rules Committee
Redistricted
New York's 25th January 3, 2013
present
  Pelosi, NancyNancy Pelosi
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 5th June 2, 1987
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
First woman party whip
First woman party leader
First woman Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Redistricted
California's 12th January 3, 2013
present
  Lowey, NitaNita Lowey
(born 1937)
Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 1989
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 18th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 17th January 3, 2013
present
  Unsoeld, JoleneJolene Unsoeld
(born 1931)
Democratic Washington's 3rd January 3, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Long-Thompson, JillJill Long-Thompson
(born 1952)
Democratic Indiana's 4th March 20, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Ros-Lehtinen, IleanaIleana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Republican Florida's 18th August 29, 1989
January 3, 2013
First woman Chair of the House Foreign Affairs Committee
Redistricted
Florida's 27th January 3, 2013
present
  Molinari, SusanSusan Molinari
(born 1958)
Republican New York's 14th March 20, 1990
January 3, 1993
Daughter of Guy Molinari
Redistricted
New York's 13th January 3, 1993
August 2, 1997
Resigned to become co-host of CBS This Morning
  Collins, Barbara-RoseBarbara-Rose Collins
(born 1939)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
Michigan's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Lost renomination
  DeLauro, RosaRosa DeLauro
(born 1943)
Democratic Connecticut's 3rd January 3, 1991
present
  Holmes-Norton, EleanorEleanor Holmes-Norton
(born 1937)
Democratic DC at-large January 3, 1991
present
  Horn, JoanJoan Horn
(born 1936)
Democratic Missouri's 2nd January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
  Waters, MaxineMaxine Waters
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 29th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 35th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 43rd January 3, 2013
present
  Clayton, Eva M.Eva M. Clayton
(born 1934)
Democratic North Carolina's 1st November 3, 1992
January 3, 2003
Retired
  Brown, CorrineCorrine Brown
(born 1946)
Democratic Florida's 3rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 5th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
  Byrne, Leslie L.Leslie L. Byrne
(born 1946)
Democratic Virginia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost renomination
  Cantwell, MariaMaria Cantwell
(born 1958)
Democratic Washington's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Later ran successfully for the United States Senate election in Washington, 2000
  Danner, PatPat Danner
(born 1934)
Democratic Missouri's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
  Dunn, JenniferJennifer Dunn
(born 1943)
Republican Washington's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2005
Retired
  English, KaranKaran English
(born 1949)
Democratic Arizona's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Eshoo, AnnaAnna Eshoo
(born 1942)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 18th January 3, 2013
present
  Fowler, Tillie K.Tillie K. Fowler
(1942–2005)
Republican Florida's 4th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
  Furse, ElizabethElizabeth Furse
(born 1936)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired
  Harman, JaneJane Harman
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 36th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the California gubernatorial election, 1998
January 3, 2001
February 28, 2011
Resigned to become the Director, President, and Chief Executive Officer of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
  Johnson, EddieEddie Johnson
(born 1936)
Democratic Texas's 30th January 3, 1993
present
  Lincoln, BlancheBlanche Lincoln
(born 1960)
Democratic Arkansas's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Retired
Later ran successfully for the United States Senate election in Arkansas, 1998
  Carolyn Maloney
(born 1946)
Democratic New York's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 12th January 3, 2013
present
  Margolies, MarjorieMarjorie Margolies
(born 1942)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  McKinney, CynthiaCynthia McKinney
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Redistricted
Georgia's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
January 3, 2005
January 3, 2007
Lost renomination
Ran for President of the United States as the nominee of the Green Party for the United States presidential election, 2008
  Meek, Carrie P.Carrie P. Meek
(born 1926)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Retired
  Pryce, DeborahDeborah Pryce
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2009
First woman Chair of the House Republican Conference
Retired
  Roybal-Allard, LucilleLucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Daughter of Edward R. Roybal
Redistricted
California's 34th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 40th January 3, 2013
present
  Schenk, LynnLynn Schenk
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Shepherd, KarenKaren Shepherd
(born 1940)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Thurman, KarenKaren Thurman
(born 1951)
Democratic Florida's 5th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
  Velázquez, NydiaNydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 7th January 3, 2013
present
  Woolsey, LynnLynn Woolsey
(born 1937)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Retired
  Chenoweth-Hage, HelenHelen Chenoweth-Hage
(1938–2006)
Republican Idaho's 1st January 3, 1995
January 3, 2001
Retired
  Cubin, BarbaraBarbara Cubin
(born 1946)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 1995
January 3, 2009
Retired
  Greene, EnidEnid Greene
(born 1958)
Republican Utah's 2nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Retired
  Jackson-Lee, SheilaSheila Jackson-Lee
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1995
present
  Kelly, SueSue Kelly
(born 1936)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Lofgren, ZoeZoe Lofgren
(born 1947)
Democratic California's 16th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 19th January 3, 2013
present
  McCarthy, KarenKaren McCarthy
(1947–2010)
Democratic Missouri's 5th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2005
Retired
  Myrick, SueSue Myrick
(born 1941)
Republican North Carolina's 9th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Retired
  Rivers, Lynn N.Lynn N. Rivers
(born 1956)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
  Seastrand, AndreaAndrea Seastrand
(born 1941)
Republican California's 22nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Lost reelection
  Smith, LindaLinda Smith
(born 1950)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Washington, 1998
  Millender-McDonald, JuanitaJuanita Millender-McDonald
(1938–2007)
Democratic California's 37th March 26, 1996
April 22, 2007
Died in office
  Emerson, Jo AnnJo Ann Emerson
(born 1950)
Republican Missouri's 8th November 5, 1996
January 22, 2013
Succeeded her husband
Resigned to become the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
  Carson, JuliaJulia Carson
(1938–2007)
Democratic Indiana's 10th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Indiana's 7th January 3, 2003
December 15, 2007
Died in office
  Cheeks-Kilpatrick, CarolynCarolyn Cheeks-Kilpatrick
(born 1945)
Democratic Michigan's 15th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Michigan's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Lost renomination
  Christian-Christensen, DonnaDonna Christian-Christensen
(born 1945)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Virgin Islands gubernatorial election, 2014
  DeGette, DianaDiana DeGette
(born 1957)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1997
present
  Granger, KayKay Granger
(born 1943)
Republican Texas's 12th January 3, 1997
present
  Hooley, DarleneDarlene Hooley
(born 1939)
Democratic Oregon's 5th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2009
Retired
  McCarthy, CarolynCarolyn McCarthy
(born 1944)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired
  Northup, AnneAnne Northup
(born 1948)
Republican Kentucky's 3rd January 3, 1997
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Sánchez, LorettaLoretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
Democratic California's 46th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 47th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 46th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in California, 2016
  Stabenow, DebbieDebbie Stabenow
(born 1950)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2001
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Michigan, 2000
  Tauscher, EllenEllen Tauscher
(born 1951)
Democratic California's 10th January 3, 1997
June 26, 2009
Resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
  Capps, LoisLois Capps
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 22nd March 10, 1998
January 3, 2003
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 23rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 24th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired
  Bono, MaryMary Bono
(born 1961)
Republican California's 44th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2003
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 45th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Lee, BarbaraBarbara Lee
(born 1946)
Democratic California's 9th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 13th January 3, 2013
present
  Wilson, HeatherHeather Wilson
(born 1960)
Republican New Mexico's 1st June 25, 1998
January 3, 2009
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in New Mexico, 2008 Later appointed Secretary of the Air Force
  Baldwin, TammyTammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Democratic Wisconsin's 2nd January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
First person elected to Congress openly gay
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 2012
  Berkley, ShelleyShelley Berkley
(born 1951)
Democratic Nevada's 1st January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Nevada, 2012
  Biggert, JudyJudy Biggert
(born 1937)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Napolitano, GraceGrace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California's 34th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2013
present
  Schakowsky, JanJan Schakowsky
(born 1944)
Democratic Illinois's 9th January 3, 1999
present
  Tubbs-Jones, StephanieStephanie Tubbs-Jones
(1949–2008)
Democratic Ohio's 11th January 3, 1999
August 20, 2008
Died in office
  Davis, Jo AnnJo Ann Davis
(1950–2007)
Republican Virginia's 1st January 3, 2001
October 6, 2007
Died in office
  Davis, SusanSusan Davis
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 53rd January 3, 2003
present
  Hart, MelissaMelissa Hart
(born 1962)
Republican Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  McCollum, BettyBetty McCollum
(born 1954)
Democratic Minnesota's 4th January 3, 2001
present
  Moore-Capito, ShelleyShelley Moore-Capito
(born 1953)
Republican West Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2001
January 3, 2015
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in West Virginia, 2014
  Solis, HildaHilda Solis
(born 1957)
Democratic California's 31st January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2003
February 24, 2009
Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
  Watson, DianeDiane Watson
(born 1933)
Democratic California's 32nd June 5, 2001
January 3, 2003
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Micronesia
Redistricted
California's 33rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
  Blackburn, MarshaMarsha Blackburn
(born 1952)
Republican Tennessee's 7th January 3, 2003
present
  Bordallo, MadeleineMadeleine Bordallo
(born 1933)
Democratic Guam's at-large January 3, 2003
present
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Guam
  Brown-Waite, GinnyGinny Brown-Waite
(born 1943)
Republican Florida's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
  Harris, KatherineKatherine Harris
(born 1957)
Republican Florida's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Previously served as Florida Secretary of State
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Florida, 2006
  Majette, DeniseDenise Majette
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2005
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Georgia, 2004
  Miller, CandiceCandice Miller
(born 1954)
Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2003
January 1, 2017
Previously served as Michigan Secretary of State
Retired to run successfully for Public Works Commissioner of Macomb County
  Musgrave, MarilynMarilyn Musgrave
(born 1949)
Republican Colorado's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
  Sánchez, LindaLinda Sánchez
(born 1969)
Democratic California's 39th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2013
present
  Herseth-Sandlin, StephanieStephanie Herseth-Sandlin
(born 1970)
Democratic South Dakota's at-large June 1, 2004
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Bean, MelissaMelissa Bean
(born 1962)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Drake, ThelmaThelma Drake
(born 1949)
Republican Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2005
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
  Foxx, VirginiaVirginia Foxx
(born 1944)
Republican North Carolina's 5th January 3, 2005
present
First woman Chair of the House Education Committee
  McMorris-Rodgers, CathyCathy McMorris-Rodgers
(born 1969)
Republican Washington's 5th January 3, 2005
present
  Moore, GwenGwen Moore
(born 1951)
Democratic Wisconsin's 4th January 3, 2005
present
  Schwartz, AllysonAllyson Schwartz
(born 1948)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014
  Wasserman-Schultz, DebbieDebbie Wasserman-Schultz
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 20th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Concurrently served as Chair of the Democratic National Committee
Redistricted
Florida's 23rd January 3, 2013
present
  Matsui, DorisDoris Matsui
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 5th March 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 6th January 3, 2013
present
  Schmidt, JeanJean Schmidt
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 2nd September 6, 2005
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
  Sekula-Gibbs, ShelleyShelley Sekula-Gibbs
(born 1953)
Republican Texas's 22nd November 13, 2006
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Bachmann, MicheleMichele Bachmann
(born 1956)
Republican Minnesota 6th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2015
Ran for President of the United States in the Republican Party presidential primaries, 2012
Retired
  Boyda, NancyNancy Boyda
(born 1955)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
  Castor, KathyKathy Castor
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 14th January 3, 2013
present
  Clarke, YvetteYvette Clarke
(born 1964)
Democratic New York's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 9th January 3, 2013
present
  Fallin, MaryMary Fallin
(born 1954)
Republican Oklahoma 5th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
Retired to run successfully for the Oklahoma gubernatorial election, 2010
  Giffords, GabrielleGabrielle Giffords
(born 1970)
Democratic Arizona's 8th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2012
Resigned due to the injuries of being shot in the head at close range during an assassination attempt during the 2011 Tucson shooting and survived
  Gillibrand, KirstenKirsten Gillibrand
(born 1966)
Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2009
Resigned to accept appointment to the United States Senate, ran successfully for the United States Senate special election in New York, 2010
  Hirono, MazieMazie Hirono
(born 1947)
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
First Buddhist woman elected
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Hawaii, 2012
  Richardson, LauraLaura Richardson
(born 1962)
Democratic California's 37th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Shea-Porter, CarolCarol Shea-Porter
(born 1952)
Democratic New Hampshire's 1st January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Lost reelection
January 3, 2017
present
  Sutton, BettyBetty Sutton
(born 1963)
Democratic Ohio's 13th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Tsongas, NikiNiki Tsongas
(born 1946)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th October 16, 2007
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Redistricted
Massachusetts's 3rd January 3, 2013
present
  Speier, JackieJackie Speier
(born 1950)
Democratic California's 12th April 8, 2008
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 14th January 3, 2013
present
  Edwards, DonnaDonna Edwards
(born 1958)
Democratic Maryland's 4th June 17, 2008
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016
  Fudge, MarciaMarcia Fudge
(born 1952)
Democratic Ohio's 11th November 18, 2008
present
  Dahlkemper, KathyKathy Dahlkemper
(born 1957)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Halvorson, DebbieDebbie Halvorson
(born 1958)
Democratic Illinois's 11th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Jenkins, LynnLynn Jenkins
(born 1963)
Republican Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2009
present
Previously served as Kansas Treasurer
  Kilroy, Mary JoMary Jo Kilroy
(born 1949)
Democratic Ohio's 15th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Kirkpatrick, AnnAnn Kirkpatrick
(born 1950)
Democratic Arizona's 1st January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Arizona, 2016
  Kosmas, SuzanneSuzanne Kosmas
(born 1944)
Democratic Florida's 24th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Lummis, CynthiaCynthia Lummis
(born 1954)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2009
January 3, 2017
Previously served as Wyoming Treasurer
Retired
  Markey, BetsyBetsy Markey
(born 1956)
Democratic Colorado's 4th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Pingree, ChellieChellie Pingree
(born 1955)
Democratic Maine's 1st January 3, 2009
present
  Titus, DinaDina Titus
(born 1950)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Nevada's 1st January 3, 2013
present
  Chu, JudyJudy Chu
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 32nd June 19, 2009
January 3, 2013
First Chinese American woman elected
Redistricted
California's 27th January 3, 2013
present
  Adams, SandySandy Adams
(born 1956)
Republican Florida's 24th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
  Bass, KarenKaren Bass
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 37th January 3, 2013
present
  Black, DianeDiane Black
(born 1951)
Republican Tennessee's 6th January 3, 2011
present
First woman Chair of the House Budget Committee
  Buerkle, Ann MarieAnn Marie Buerkle
(born 1951)
Republican New York's 25th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Ellmers, ReneeRenee Ellmers
(born 1964)
Republican North Carolina's 2nd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
  Hanabusa, ColleenColleen Hanabusa
(born 1951)
Democratic Hawaii's 1st January 3, 2011
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 2014
November 14, 2016
present
  Hartzler, VickyVicky Hartzler
(born 1960)
Republican Missouri's 4th January 3, 2011
present
  Hayworth, NanNan Hayworth
(born 1959)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Herrera-Beutler, JaimeJaime Herrera-Beutler
(born 1978)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 2011
present
  Noem, KristiKristi Noem
(born 1971)
Republican South Dakota's at-large January 3, 2011
present
  Roby, MarthaMartha Roby
(born 1976)
Republican Alabama's 2nd January 3, 2011
present
  Sewell, TerriTerri Sewell
(born 1965)
Democratic Alabama's 7th January 3, 2011
present
  Wilson, FredericaFrederica Wilson
(born 1942)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 24th January 3, 2013
present
  Hochul, KathyKathy Hochul
(born 1958)
Democratic New York's 26th June 1, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Later became Lieutenant Governor of New York
  Hahn, JaniceJanice Hahn
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 36th July 12, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 44th January 3, 2013
December 4, 2016
Retired to run successfully for Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors
  Bonamici, SuzanneSuzanne Bonamici
(born 1954)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 21, 2012
present
  DelBene, SuzanSuzan DelBene
(born 1962)
Democratic Washington's 1st November 6, 2012
present
  Beatty, JoyceJoyce Beatty
(born 1950)
Democratic Ohio's 3rd January 3, 2013
present
  Brooks, SusanSusan Brooks
(born 1960)
Republican Indiana's 5th January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Attorney for the Southern District of Indiana
  Brownley, JuliaJulia Brownley
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 26th January 3, 2013
present
  Bustos, CheriCheri Bustos
(born 1961)
Democratic Illinois's 17th January 3, 2013
present
  Duckworth, TammyTammy Duckworth
(born 1968)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Previously served as Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 2016
  Esty, ElizabethElizabeth Esty
(born 1959)
Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2013
present
  Frankel, LoisLois Frankel
(born 1948)
Democratic Florida's 22nd January 3, 2013
present
  Gabbard, TulsiTulsi Gabbard
(born 1981)
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
First Hindu elected to Congress
  Lujan-Grisham, MichelleMichelle Lujan-Grisham
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico's 1st January 3, 2013
present
  McLane-Kuster, AnnAnn McLane-Kuster
(born 1956)
Democratic New Hampshire's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
  Meng, GraceGrace Meng
(born 1975)
Democratic New York's 6th January 3, 2013
present
  Negrete-McLeod, GloriaGloria Negrete-McLeod
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors
  Sinema, KyrstenKyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
Democratic Arizona's 9th January 3, 2013
present
First openly bisexual woman elected
  Wagner, AnnAnn Wagner
(born 1962)
Republican Missouri's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Luxembourg
  Walorski, JackieJackie Walorski
(born 1963)
Republican Indiana's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
  Kelly, RobinRobin Kelly
(born 1956)
Democratic Illinois's 2nd April 11, 2013
present
  Clark, KatherineKatherine Clark
(born 1963)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th December 10, 2013
present
  Adams, AlmaAlma Adams
(born 1946)
Democratic North Carolina's 12th November 12, 2014
present
  Comstock, BarbaraBarbara Comstock
(born 1959)
Republican Virginia's 10th January 3, 2015
present
  Dingell, DebbieDebbie Dingell
(born 1953)
Democratic Michigan's 12th January 3, 2015
present
Succeeded her husband
  Graham, GwenGwen Graham
(born 1963)
Democratic Florida's 2nd January 3, 2015
January 3, 2017
Daughter of Bob Graham
Retired
  Lawrence, BrendaBrenda Lawrence
(born 1954)
Democratic Michigan's 14th January 3, 2015
present
  Love, MiaMia Love
(born 1975)
Republican Utah's 4th First African American Republican Women elected to Congress January 3, 2015
present
  McSally, MarthaMartha McSally
(born 1966)
Republican Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2015
present
  Plaskett, StaceyStacey Plaskett
(born 1966)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 2015
present
  Radewagen, AmataAmata Radewagen
(born 1947)
Republican American Samoa's at-large January 3, 2015
present
Daughter of Peter Tali Coleman
  Rice, KathleenKathleen Rice
(born 1965)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 2015
present
  Stefanik, EliseElise Stefanik
(born 1984)
Republican New York's 21st January 3, 2015
present
Youngest woman elected to Congress (at age 30)
  Torres, NormaNorma Torres
(born 1965)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2015
present
  Walters, MimiMimi Walters
(born 1962)
Republican California's 45th January 3, 2015
present
  Watson-Coleman, BonnieBonnie Watson-Coleman
(born 1945)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th January 3, 2015
present
  Barragán, NanetteNanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Democratic California's 44th January 3, 2017
present
  Blunt-Rochester, LisaLisa Blunt-Rochester
(born 1962)
Democratic Delaware at-large January 3, 2017
present
  Cheney, LizLiz Cheney
(born 1966)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2017
present
Daughter of Dick Cheney
  Demings, ValVal Demings
(born 1957)
Democratic Florida's 10th January 3, 2017
present
  González, JennifferJenniffer González
(born 1976)
Republican Puerto Rico's at-large January 3, 2017
present
  Jayapal, PramilaPramila Jayapal
(born 1965)
Democratic Washington's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Indian American woman elected
  Murphy, StephanieStephanie Murphy
(born 1978)
Democratic Florida's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Vietnamese American woman elected
  Rosen, JackyJacky Rosen
(born 1957)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2017
present
  Tenney, ClaudiaClaudia Tenney
(born 1961)
Republican New York's 22nd January 3, 2017
present
  Handel, KarenKaren Handel
(born 1962)
Republican Georgia's 6th June 26, 2017
present
Previously served as Georgia Secretary of State

PregnanciesEdit

There have been ten women members of the House of Representatives who were pregnant and gave birth at least once during their tenure (one member three times). They are[5]

Congresswoman State Date of delivery Mother's age Baby's gender Notes
Yvonne Brathwaite Burke California November 23, 1973 41 Girl The daughter, Autumn Burke, became notable in her own right.
Enid Greene Waldholtz Utah August 31, 1995 37 Girl [6]
Susan Molinari New York May 10, 1996 38 Girl [7]
Blanche Lincoln Arkansas June 1996 35 Twin boys Chose not to run for re-election due to the pregnancy[8]
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Washington April 29, 2007 37 Boy [9]
Kirsten Gillibrand New York May 15, 2008 41 Boy [10]
Stephanie Herseth Sandlin South Dakota December 15, 2008 38 Boy [11]
Linda Sánchez California May 13, 2009 40 Boy Unmarried when pregnancy announced, married a month before delivery[12]
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Washington December 2010 41 Girl First member to give birth in office twice[13]
Jaime Herrera Beutler Washington July 15, 2013 34 Girl [14]
Cathy McMorris Rodgers Washington November 24, 2013 44 Girl First member to give birth in office three times[15]
Tammy Duckworth Illinois November 18, 2014 46 Girl [16]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Geiger, Abigail. "The changing face of Congress in 5 charts | Pew Research Center". Pewresearch.org. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  2. ^ "Women in the U.S. Congress 2017 | CAWP". Cawp.rutgers.edu. Retrieved 2017-03-14. 
  3. ^ Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011
  4. ^ http://fortune.com/2016/11/10/election-results-women-in-congress/
  5. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (November 20, 2008). "Rep. Linda Sanchez Expecting a Baby". Washington Post. 
  6. ^ Foster, David (November 19, 1995). "Ambitious Couple Thrived on Passion for Politics, Each Other : Congress: Enid Greene and Joe Waldholtz seemed born for each other. But his lies over money sabotaged fairy tale, perhaps her career". Associated Press. 
  7. ^ "Susan Molinari". womenincongress.house.gov. 
  8. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K. (April 21, 2007). "Baby in the House: Pregnant congresswoman due to give birth next month". San Diego Union Tribune. Associated Press. 
  9. ^ "It's A Boy". Spokesman Review. April 30, 2007. 
  10. ^ "Son Born to New York Congresswoman". New York Times. Associated Press. May 16, 2008. 
  11. ^ Woster, Kevin (December 16, 2008). "Something we can all agree on: Congratulations!". Rapid City Journal. 
  12. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (May 13, 2009). "New Mama in the House: Linda Sanchez". Washington Post. 
  13. ^ Barone, Michael; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). "Washington/Fifth District". The Almanac of American Politics (2012 ed.). University of Chicago Press, National Journal Group, Inc. pp. 1716–1718. ISBN 978-0-226-03808-7. 
  14. ^ "Republican Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler celebrates 'miracle' baby girl born with Potter's sequence". New York Daily News. July 29, 2013. 
  15. ^ Korte, Gregory (2013-11-25). "Rep sets congressional record -- mom x 3". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-11-23. 
  16. ^ Skiba, Katherine (November 20, 2014). "Rep. Tammy Duckworth gives birth to daughter". Chicago Tribune. 

External linksEdit