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Women in the United States House of Representatives

Sometimes called the "Lady of the House", Jeannette Rankin entered the House in 1917 as the first woman in Congress.
Nancy Pelosi, 52nd Speaker of the House (2007–11), the first and only woman in that position.

Women have served in the United States House of Representatives since the 1917 entrance of Jeannette Rankin, a Republican from Montana. Nearly 300 women have since served in the House. As of May 2018, there are 84 women in the House (not counting five female territorial delegates), making women 19.3% of House representatives.[1][2]

Women have been elected to the House of Representatives from 45 of the 50 states in the United States. The states that have not elected a woman to the House are Alaska, Iowa, Mississippi, North Dakota, and Vermont—though Alaska, Iowa, Mississippi, and North Dakota have elected or appointed women to the United States Senate. Women have also been sent to congress from 5 of the 6 U.S. Territories; the only Territory that has not sent a woman to the U.S. House of Representatives is the Northern Mariana Islands. California has elected more women to Congress than any other state, with 41 representatives elected since 1923.

Contents

FirstsEdit

Jeannette Rankin, a Republican from Montana, entered the House of Representatives in 1917 as the first woman in the House or the Senate.[3]

Florence Prag Kahn entered the House of Representatives in 1925 as the first Jewish woman in the House or the Senate.[4]

Vera Buchanan of the House of Representatives died in 1955, making her the first woman in the House or the Senate to die in office.[5]

Patsy Mink, an Asian-American, entered the House of Representatives in 1965 as the first woman of color in the House or the Senate.[6][7]

Charlotte Reid of the House of Representatives became the first woman to wear pants in the House or the Senate in 1969.[8]

Shirley Chisholm entered the House of Representatives in 1969 as the first African-American woman in the House or the Senate.[9]

Yvonne Brathwaite Burke of the House of Representatives became the first member of the House or the Senate to give birth while in office and the first to be granted maternity leave by the Speaker of the House of Representatives in 1973, with the birth of her daughter Autumn.[10][11]

The House of Representatives' gym (with the exception of its swimming pool) first opened to women in 1985, the gym having previously been male-only.[12]

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen entered the House of Representatives in 1989 as the first Latina in the House or the Senate.[13]

Tammy Baldwin entered the House of Representatives in 1999 as the first openly gay woman in the House or the Senate.[14][15][16]

Nancy Pelosi became the first female House Minority Whip in 2002.[17]

Nancy Pelosi became the first female Speaker of the House of Representatives in 2007.[18]

Also in 2007, Mazie Hirono entered the House of Representatives as the first female Buddhist in the House or the Senate

The House of Representatives' gym swimming pool first opened to women in 2009, the pool having previously been male-only.[12]

In 2011 the House of Representatives got its first women’s bathroom near the chamber (Room H-211 of the U.S. Capitol).[19]

Tulsi Gabbard entered the House of Representatives in 2013 as the first Hindu person in the House or the Senate.[20][21]

Also in 2013, Kyrsten Sinema entered the House of Representatives as the first openly bisexual woman in the House or the Senate

Widow's successionEdit

Mae Ella Nolan was the first woman elected to her husband's seat in Congress, which is sometimes known as the widow's succession. In the early years of women in Congress, the seat was held only until the next election and the women retired after that single Congress. She thereby became a placeholder merely finishing out her late husband's elected term. As the years progressed, however, more and more of these widow successors sought re-election. These women began to win their own elections.

As of 2013, 38 widows have won their husbands' seats in the House, and 8 in the Senate. The only current example is Representative Doris Matsui of California. The most successful example is Margaret Chase Smith of Maine, who served a total of 32 years in both houses and became the first woman elected to both the House and the Senate. She began the end of McCarthyism with a famous speech, "The Declaration of Conscience", became the first major-party female presidential candidate and the first woman to receive votes at a national nominating convention, and was the first (and highest ranking to date) woman to enter the Republican Party Senate leadership (in the third-highest post of Chairwoman of the Senate Republican Conference). The third woman elected to Congress, Winnifred Huck, was similarly elected to her father's seat.

Number of womenEdit

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives and Senate by CongressEdit

Number of women in the United States Congress (1917–2017):[22][23]

Congress Years in Congress %
65th 1917–1919 1 0.2%
66th 1919–1921 0 0%
67th 1921–1923 4 0.7%
68th 1923–1925 1 0.2%
69th 1925–1927 3 0.6%
70th 1927–1929 5 0.9%
71st 1929–1931 9 1.7%
72nd 1931–1933 8 1.5%
73rd 1933–1935 8 1.5%
74th 1935–1937 8 1.5%
75th 1937–1939 9 1.7%
76th 1939–1941 9 1.7%
77th 1941–1943 10 1.9%
78th 1943–1945 9 1.7%
79th 1945–1947 11 2.1%
80th 1947–1949 8 1.5%
81st 1949–1951 10 1.9%
82nd 1951–1953 11 2.1%
83rd 1953–1955 15 2.8%
84th 1955–1957 18 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 16 3.0%
86th 1959–1961 19 3.5%
87th 1961–1963 20 3.7%
88th 1963–1965 14 2.6%
89th 1965–1967 13 2.4%
90th 1967–1969 12 2.2%
91st 1969–1971 11 2.1%
92nd 1971–1973 15 2.8%
93rd 1973–1975 16 3.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 3.6%
95th 1977–1979 20 3.7%
96th 1979–1981 17 3.2%
97th 1981–1983 23 4.3%
98th 1983–1985 24 4.5%
99th 1985–1987 25 4.7%
100th 1987–1989 26 4.9%
101st 1989–1991 31 5.8%
102nd 1991–1993 33 6.2%
103rd 1993–1995 55 10.3%
104th 1995–1997 59 11.0%
105th 1997–1999 66 12.3%
106th 1999–2001 67 12.5%
107th 2001–2003 75 14.0%
108th 2003–2005 77 14.4%
109th 2005–2007 85 15.9%
110th 2007–2009 94 17.6%
111th 2009–2011 96 17.9%
112th 2011–2013 96 17.9%
113th 2013–2015 101[24] 19.1%
114th 2015–2017 104 19.4%
115th 2017–2019 104 19.4%

Number of women in the United States House of Representatives by partyEdit

Notes: "% of party" is taken from voting members at the beginning of the Congress, while numbers and "% of women" include all female House members of the given Congress

Congress Years Women total Republican % of women % of party Democratic % of women % of party
65th 1917–1919 1 1 100% 0.5% 0 0.0% 0.0%
66th 1919–1921 0 0 0.0% 0.0% 0 0.0% 0.0%
67th 1921–1923 3 3 100% 0.3% 0 0.0% 0.0%
68th 1923–1925 1 1 100% 0.4% 0 0.0% 0.0%
69th 1925–1927 3 2 66.7% 0.4% 1 33.3% 0.5%
70th 1927–1929 5 3 60.0% 1.3% 2 40.0% 0.5%
71st 1929–1931 9 5 55.6% 1.9% 4 44.4% 1.8%
72nd 1931–1933 7 3 42.9% 1.4% 4 57.1% 1.4%
73rd 1933–1935 7 3 42.9% 1.7% 4 57.1% 1.0%
74th 1935–1937 6 2 33.3% 1.9% 4 66.7% 1.2%
75th 1937–1939 6 1 16.7% 1.1% 5 83.3% 1.2%
76th 1939–1941 8 4 50.0% 1.2% 4 50.0% 0.8%
77th 1941–1943 9 5 55.6% 3.1% 4 44.4% 0.7%
78th 1943–1945 8 6 75.0% 2.9% 2 25.0% 0.5%
79th 1945–1947 11 5 45.5% 2.6% 6 54.5% 1.7%
80th 1947–1949 7 5 71.4% 2.0% 2 28.6% 1.1%
81st 1949–1951 9 4 44.4% 2.3% 5 55.6% 1.5%
82nd 1951–1953 10 6 60.0% 3.0% 4 40.0% 0.9%
83rd 1953–1955 12 7 58.3% 2.7% 5 41.7% 2.3%
84th 1955–1957 17 7 41.2% 3.0% 10 58.8% 3.4%
85th 1957–1959 15 6 40.0% 3.0% 9 60.0% 3.8%
86th 1959–1961 17 8 47.1% 5.2% 9 52.9% 2.8%
87th 1961–1963 18 7 38.9% 3.5% 11 61.1% 3.4%
88th 1963–1965 12 6 50.0% 2.8% 6 50.0% 2.3%
89th 1965–1967 11 4 36.4% 2.9% 7 63.6% 2.0%
90th 1967–1969 11 5 45.5% 2.7% 6 54.5% 2.4%
91st 1969–1971 10 4 40.0% 2.1% 6 60.0% 2.5%
92nd 1971–1973 13 3 23.1% 1.1% 10 76.9% 3.5%
93rd 1973–1975 16 2 12.5% 1.0% 14 87.5% 5.0%
94th 1975–1977 19 5 26.3% 2.8% 14 73.7% 4.8%
95th 1977–1979 18 5 27.8% 3.5% 13 72.2% 4.5%
96th 1979–1981 16 5 31.3% 3.2% 11 68.8% 4.0%
97th 1981–1983 21 10 47.6% 4.7% 11 52.4% 3.7%
98th 1983–1985 22 9 40.9% 5.5% 13 59.1% 4.4%
99th 1985–1987 23 11 47.8% 6.0% 12 52.2% 4.3%
100th 1987–1989 24 11 45.8% 6.2% 13 54.2% 4.3%
101st 1989–1991 29 13 44.8% 6.0% 16 55.2% 5.6%
102nd 1991–1993 30 9 30.0% 5.5% 21 70.0% 7.0%
103rd 1993–1995 48 12 25.0% 6.8% 36 75.0% 13.6%
104th 1995–1997 50 18 36.0% 7.4% 32 64.0% 14.7%
105th 1997–1999 57 18 31.6% 6.6% 39 68.4% 17.0%
106th 1999–2001 58 17 29.3% 7.6% 41 70.7% 18.5%
107th 2001–2003 62 18 29.0% 8.1% 44 71.0% 19.0%
108th 2003–2005 63 21 33.3% 9.2% 42 66.7% 18.5%
109th 2005–2007 71 25 35.2% 9.9% 46 64.8% 20.9%
110th 2007–2009 78 21 26.9% 9.9% 57 73.1% 20.2%
111th 2009–2011 79 17 21.5% 9.6% 62 78.5% 21.5%
112th 2011–2013 79 24 30.4% 9.9% 55 69.6% 23.8%
113th 2013–2015 82 20 24.4% 8.2% 62 75.6% 29.0%
114th 2015–2017 84 22 26.2% 8.9% 62 73.8% 33.0%
115th 2017–2019 83 21 25.3% 8.7% 62 74.7% 32.0%

List of female membersEdit

This is a complete list of women who have served as representatives/delegates of the United States House of Representatives, ordered by seniority. This list includes women who served in the past and who continue to serve in the present.

Image Name
(lifespan)
Party District Years Notes
  Jeannette Rankin
(1880–1973)
Republican Montana at-large March 4, 1917
March 4, 1919
First woman elected to a national office
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in Montana, 1918
Montana's 1st January 3, 1941
January 3, 1943
Retired
  Alice Robertson
(1854–1931)
Republican Oklahoma's 2nd March 4, 1921
March 4, 1923
First woman to defeat an incumbent congressman
Lost reelection
  Winnifred Huck
(1882–1936)
Republican Illinois at-large November 7, 1922
March 4, 1923
Succeeded her father in a special election
First woman incumbent defeated in a primary
First woman to win a special election
  Mae Nolan
(1886–1973)
Republican California's 5th January 23, 1923
March 4, 1925
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Florence Kahn
(1866–1948)
Republican California's 4th March 4, 1925
January 3, 1937
First woman to be reelected
First Jewish woman elected
Succeeded her husband
Lost reelection
  Mary Norton
(1875–1959)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th March 4, 1925
March 4, 1933
First Democratic woman elected
Redistricted
New Jersey's 13th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1951
Retired
  Edith Rogers
(1881–1960)
Republican Massachusetts's 5th June 30, 1925
September 10, 1960
Succeeded her husband
Died in office
  Katherine G. Langley
(1888–1948)
Republican Kentucky's 7th March 4, 1927
March 4, 1931
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Daughter of James M. Gudger, Jr.
Retired
  Pearl Oldfield
(1876–1962)
Democratic Arkansas's 2nd January 9, 1929
March 4, 1931
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Ruth McCormick
(1880–1944)
Republican Illinois at-large March 4, 1929
March 4, 1931
Daughter of Mark Hanna
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 1930
  Ruth Owen
(1885–1954)
Democratic Florida's 4th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Daughter of William Jennings Bryan
Lost renomination
Later became United States Ambassador to Denmark
  Ruth Pratt
(1877–1965)
Republican New York's 17th March 4, 1929
March 4, 1933
Lost reelection
  Effiegene Wingo
(1883–1962)
Democratic Arkansas's 4th November 4, 1930
March 4, 1933
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Willa Eslick
(1878–1961)
Democratic Tennessee's 7th August 14, 1932
March 4, 1933
Succeeded her husband
Not eligible for reelection having not qualified for nomination
  Virginia E. Jenckes
(1877–1975)
Democratic Indiana's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
  Kathryn O'Loughlin-McCarthy
(1894–1952)
Democratic Kansas's 6th March 4, 1933
January 3, 1935
Lost reelection
  Isabella Greenway
(1886–1953)
Democratic Arizona at-large October 2, 1933
January 3, 1937
Retired
  Marian W. Clarke
(1880–1953)
Republican New York's 34th December 28, 1933
January 3, 1935
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Caroline O'Day
(1869–1943)
Democratic New York at-large January 3, 1935
January 3, 1943
Retired
  Nan Honeyman
(1881–1970)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1937
January 3, 1939
Lost reelection
  Elizabeth Gasque
(1886/1893–1989)
Democratic South Carolina's 6th September 13, 1938
January 3, 1939
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Jessie Sumner
(1898–1994)
Republican Illinois's 18th January 3, 1939
January 3, 1947
Retired
  Clara G. McMillan
(1894–1976)
Democratic South Carolina's 1st November 7, 1939
January 3, 1941
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Frances P. Bolton
(1885–1977)
Republican Ohio's 22nd February 27, 1940
January 3, 1969
Succeeded her husband
Lost reelection
  Margaret Chase Smith
(1897–1995)
Republican Maine's 2nd June 3, 1940
January 3, 1949
Succeeded her husband
Later first woman elected to the United States Senate in a general election without previously being appointed, elected in a special election, or succeeding a husband
  Florence Gibbs
(1890–1964)
Democratic Georgia's 8th October 1, 1940
January 3, 1941
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Katharine Byron
(1903–1976)
Democratic Maryland's 6th May 27, 1941
January 3, 1943
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Veronica Boland
(1899–1982)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 11th November 3, 1942
January 3, 1943
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Clare Boothe Luce
(1903–1987)
Republican Connecticut's 4th January 3, 1943
January 3, 1947
Retired
Later became United States Ambassador to Italy and United States Ambassador to Brazil
  Winifred C. Stanley
(1909–1996)
Republican New York at-large January 3, 1943
January 3, 1945
Retired
  Willa L. Fulmer
(1884–1968)
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd November 7, 1944
January 3, 1945
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Emily Douglas
(1899–1994)
Democratic Illinois at-large January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
  Helen Gahagan-Douglas
(1900–1980)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1945
January 3, 1951
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in California, 1950
  Chase G. Woodhouse
(1890–1984)
Democratic Connecticut's 2nd January 3, 1945
January 3, 1947
Lost reelection
January 3, 1949
January 3, 1951
Lost reelection
  Helen Mankin
(1896–1956)
Democratic Georgia's 5th February 12, 1946
January 3, 1947
Lost renomination
  Eliza Pratt
(1902–1981)
Democratic North Carolina's 8th May 25, 1946
January 3, 1947
Retired
  Georgia Lusk
(1893–1971)
Democratic New Mexico at-large January 3, 1947
January 3, 1949
Lost renomination
  Katharine St. George
(1894–1983)
Republican New York's 29th January 3, 1947
January 3, 1953
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Redistricted
New York's 27th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1965
Lost reelection
  Reva Bosone
(1895–1983)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1949
January 3, 1953
Lost reelection
  Cecil M. Harden
(1894–1984)
Republican Indiana's 6th January 3, 1949
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
  Edna F. Kelly
(1906–1997)
Democratic New York's 10th November 8, 1949
January 3, 1963
Redistricted
New York's 12th January 3, 1963
January 3, 1969
Lost renomination
  Marguerite S. Church
(1892–1990)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Ruth Thompson
(1887–1970)
Republican Michigan's 9th January 3, 1951
January 3, 1957
Lost renomination
  Elizabeth Kee
(1895–1975)
Democratic West Virginia's 5th July 17, 1951
January 3, 1965
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Vera Buchanan
(1902–1955)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 33rd July 24, 1951
January 3, 1953
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
Pennsylvania's 30th January 3, 1953
November 26, 1955
Died in office
  Gracie Pfost
(1906–1965)
Democratic Idaho's 1st January 3, 1953
January 3, 1963
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Idaho, 1962
  Leonor Sullivan
(1902–1988)
Democratic Missouri's 3rd January 3, 1953
January 3, 1977
Retired
  Elizabeth P. Farrington
(1898–1984)
Republican Hawaii's at-large July 31, 1954
January 3, 1957
Succeeded her husband
First woman territorial delegate
Lost reelection
  Iris Blitch
(1912–1993)
Democratic Georgia's 8th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1963
Retired
  Edith Green
(1910–1987)
Democratic Oregon's 3rd January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
  Martha Griffiths
(1912–2003)
Democratic Michigan's 17th January 3, 1955
December 31, 1974
Retired
Later became Lieutenant Governor of Michigan
  Coya Knutson
(1912–1996)
Democratic Minnesota's 9th January 3, 1955
January 3, 1959
Lost reelection
  Kathryn E. Granahan
(1894–1979)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 2nd November 6, 1956
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Later became Treasurer of the United States
  Florence P. Dwyer
(1902–1976)
Republican New Jersey's 6th January 3, 1957
January 3, 1967
Redistricted
New Jersey's 12th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1973
Retired
  Catherine May
(1914–2004)
Republican Washington's 4th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1971
Lost reelection
  Edna O. Simpson
(1891–1984)
Republican Illinois's 20th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1961
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Jessica M. Weis
(1901–1963)
Republican New York's 38th January 3, 1959
January 3, 1963
Retired
  Julia Hansen
(1907–1988)
Democratic Washington's 3rd November 8, 1960
December 31, 1974
Retired
  Catherine Norrell
(1901–1981)
Democratic Arkansas's 6th April 19, 1961
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Louise Reece
(1898–1970)
Republican Tennessee's 1st May 16, 1961
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Daughter of Guy D. Goff
Retired
  Corinne Riley
(1893–1979)
Democratic South Carolina's 2nd April 10, 1962
January 3, 1963
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Charlotte Reid
(1913–2007)
Republican Illinois's 15th January 3, 1963
October 7, 1971
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Resigned to become a member of the Federal Communications Commission
  Irene Baker
(1901–1994)
Republican Tennessee's 2nd January 7, 1964
January 3, 1965
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Patsy Mink
(1927–2002)
Democratic Hawaii's at-large January 3, 1965
January 3, 1971
First woman of color elected
Redistricted
Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 1971
January 3, 1977
First Asian American elected
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in Hawaii, 1976
Later became Assistant Secretary of State for Oceans and International Environmental and Scientific Affairs
September 22, 1990
September 28, 2002
Died in office
  Lera Thomas
(1900–1993)
Democratic Texas's 8th March 26, 1966
January 3, 1967
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Margaret Heckler
(1931–2018)
Republican Massachusetts's 10th January 3, 1967
January 3, 1983
Lost reelection
Later became United States Secretary of Health and Human Services and United States Ambassador to Ireland
  Shirley Chisholm
(1924–2005)
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1969
January 3, 1983
First African American woman elected
Retired
  Bella Abzug
(1920–1998)
Democratic New York's 19th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Redistricted
New York's 20th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1977
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in New York, 1976
  Ella T. Grasso
(1919–1981)
Democratic Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1975
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Retired to run successfully for Governor of Connecticut
  Louise Day Hicks
(1916–2003)
Democratic Massachusetts's 9th January 3, 1971
January 3, 1973
Lost reelection
  Elizabeth B. Andrews
(1911–2002)
Democratic Alabama's 3rd April 4, 1972
January 3, 1973
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Yvonne Burke
(born 1932)
Democratic California's 37th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1975
Redistricted
California's 28th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Retired to run unsuccessfully for California Attorney General
  Marjorie Holt
(1920–2018)
Republican Maryland's 4th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1987
Retired
  Elizabeth Holtzman
(born 1941)
Democratic New York's 16th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1981
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in New York, 1980
  Barbara Jordan
(1936–1996)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1973
January 3, 1979
Retired
  Pat Schroeder
(born 1940)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1973
January 3, 1997
Retired
  Lindy Boggs
(1916–2013)
Democratic Louisiana's 2nd March 20, 1973
January 3, 1991
Succeeded her husband
Retired
Later became United States Ambassador to the Holy See
  Cardiss Collins
(1931–2013)
Democratic Illinois's 7th June 5, 1973
January 3, 1997
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Millicent Fenwick
(1910–1992)
Republican New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1983
Daughter of Ogden H. Hammond
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in New Jersey, 1982
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Agencies for Food and Agriculture
  Martha Keys
(born 1930)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
  Marilyn Lloyd
(1929–2018)
Democratic Tennessee's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1995
Succeeded her husband as nominee before election
Retired
  Virginia D. Smith
(1911–2006)
Republican Nebraska's 3rd January 3, 1975
January 3, 1991
Retired
  Gladys Spellman
(1918–1988)
Democratic Maryland's 5th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1981
After suffering a debilitating heart attack and slipping into a comatose state, her seat was declared vacant by the House
  Helen Stevenson-Meyner
(1929–1997)
Democratic New Jersey's 13th January 3, 1975
January 3, 1979
Lost reelection
  Shirley Pettis
(1924–2016)
Republican California's 37th April 29, 1975
January 3, 1979
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Barbara Mikulski
(born 1936)
Democratic Maryland's 3rd January 3, 1977
January 3, 1987
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Maryland, 1986
  Mary Oakar
(born 1940)
Democratic Ohio's 20th January 3, 1977
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
  Beverly Byron
(born 1932)
Democratic Maryland's 6th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1993
Succeeded her husband
Lost renomination
  Geraldine Ferraro
(1935–2011)
Democratic New York's 9th January 3, 1979
January 3, 1985
Retired to run unsuccessfully as the Democrat nominee for Vice President of the United States during the United States presidential election, 1984
Later became United States Ambassador to the United Nations Commission on Human Rights
  Olympia Snowe
(born 1947)
Republican Maine's 2nd January 3, 1979
January 3, 1995
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Maine, 1994
  Bobbi Fiedler
(born 1937)
Republican California's 21st January 3, 1981
January 3, 1987
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in California, 1986
  Lynn Morley-Martin
(born 1939)
Republican Illinois's 16th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 1990
Later became United States Secretary of Labor
  Marge Roukema
(1929–2014)
Republican New Jersey's 7th January 3, 1981
January 3, 1983
Redistricted
New Jersey's 5th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Retired
  Claudine Schneider
(born 1947)
Republican Rhode Island's 2nd January 3, 1981
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Rhode Island, 1990
  Barbara B. Kennelly
(born 1936)
Democratic Connecticut's 1st January 12, 1982
January 3, 1999
Previously served as Connecticut Secretary of State
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Connecticut gubernatorial election, 1998
  Jean Spencer-Ashbrook
(born 1934)
Republican Ohio's 17th June 29, 1982
January 3, 1983
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Katie Hall
(1938–2012)
Democratic Indiana's 1st November 2, 1982
January 3, 1985
Lost renomination
  Barbara Boxer
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 1993
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in California, 1992
  Nancy Johnson
(born 1935)
Republican Connecticut's 6th January 3, 1983
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Marcy Kaptur
(born 1946)
Democratic Ohio's 9th January 3, 1983
present
  Barbara Vucanovich
(1921–2013)
Republican Nevada's 2nd January 3, 1983
January 3, 1997
First Hispanic woman elected
Retired
  Sala Burton
(1925–1987)
Democratic California's 5th June 21, 1983
February 1, 1987
Succeeded her husband
Died in office
  Helen Delich-Bentley
(1923–2016)
Republican Maryland's 2nd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1995
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the Maryland gubernatorial election, 1994
  Jan Meyers
(born 1928)
Republican Kansas's 3rd January 3, 1985
January 3, 1997
Retired
  Catherine Small-Long
(born 1924)
Democratic Louisiana's 8th March 30, 1985
January 3, 1987
Succeeded her husband
Retired
  Connie Morella
(born 1931)
Republican Maryland's 8th January 3, 1987
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
Later became United States Ambassador to the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development
  Liz J. Patterson
(born 1939)
Democratic South Carolina's 4th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
Daughter of Olin D. Johnston
Lost reelection
  Pat Saiki
(born 1930)
Republican Hawaii's 1st January 3, 1987
January 3, 1991
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 1990
Later became Administrator of the Small Business Administration
  Louise Slaughter
(1929–2018)
Democratic New York's 30th January 3, 1987
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 28th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
First woman Chair of the House Rules Committee
Redistricted
New York's 25th January 3, 2013
March 16, 2018
Died in office
  Nancy Pelosi
(born 1940)
Democratic California's 5th June 2, 1987
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
First woman party whip
First woman party leader
First woman Speaker of the United States House of Representatives
Redistricted
California's 12th January 3, 2013
present
  Nita Lowey
(born 1937)
Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 1989
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
New York's 18th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 17th January 3, 2013
present
  Jolene Unsoeld
(born 1931)
Democratic Washington's 3rd January 3, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Jill Long-Thompson
(born 1952)
Democratic Indiana's 4th March 20, 1989
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Ileana Ros-Lehtinen
(born 1952)
Republican Florida's 18th August 29, 1989
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 27th January 3, 2013
present
  Susan Molinari
(born 1958)
Republican New York's 14th March 20, 1990
January 3, 1993
Daughter of Guy Molinari
Redistricted
New York's 13th January 3, 1993
August 2, 1997
Resigned to become co-host of CBS This Morning
  Barbara-Rose Collins
(born 1939)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
Michigan's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Lost renomination
  Rosa DeLauro
(born 1943)
Democratic Connecticut's 3rd January 3, 1991
present
  Eleanor Holmes-Norton
(born 1937)
Democratic DC at-large January 3, 1991
present
  Joan Horn
(born 1936)
Democratic Missouri's 2nd January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Lost reelection
  Maxine Waters
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 29th January 3, 1991
January 3, 1993
Redistricted
California's 35th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 43rd January 3, 2013
present
  Eva M. Clayton
(born 1934)
Democratic North Carolina's 1st November 3, 1992
January 3, 2003
Retired
  Corrine Brown
(born 1946)
Democratic Florida's 3rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 5th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
  Leslie L. Byrne
(born 1946)
Democratic Virginia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Maria Cantwell
(born 1958)
Democratic Washington's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
Later ran successfully for the United States Senate election in Washington, 2000
  Pat Danner
(born 1934)
Democratic Missouri's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
  Jennifer Dunn
(1941–2007)
Republican Washington's 8th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2005
Retired
  Karan English
(born 1949)
Democratic Arizona's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Anna Eshoo
(born 1942)
Democratic California's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 18th January 3, 2013
present
  Tillie K. Fowler
(1942–2005)
Republican Florida's 4th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2001
Retired
  Elizabeth Furse
(born 1936)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired
  Jane Harman
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 36th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the California gubernatorial election, 1998
January 3, 2001
February 28, 2011
Resigned to become the Director, President, and Chief Executive Officer of the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars
  Eddie Johnson
(born 1936)
Democratic Texas's 30th January 3, 1993
present
  Blanche Lincoln
(born 1960)
Democratic Arkansas's 1st January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Retired
Later ran successfully for the United States Senate election in Arkansas, 1998
  Carolyn Maloney
(born 1946)
Democratic New York's 14th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 12th January 3, 2013
present
  Marjorie Margolies
(born 1942)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Cynthia McKinney
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 11th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1997
Redistricted
Georgia's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
January 3, 2005
January 3, 2007
Lost renomination
Ran for President of the United States as the nominee of the Green Party for the United States presidential election, 2008
  Carrie P. Meek
(born 1926)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Retired
  Deborah Pryce
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 15th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2009
Retired
  Lucille Roybal-Allard
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Daughter of Edward R. Roybal
Redistricted
California's 34th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 40th January 3, 2013
present
  Lynn Schenk
(born 1945)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Karen Shepherd
(born 1940)
Democratic Utah's 2nd January 3, 1993
January 3, 1995
Lost reelection
  Karen Thurman
(born 1951)
Democratic Florida's 5th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2003
Lost reelection
  Nydia Velázquez
(born 1953)
Democratic New York's 12th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 7th January 3, 2013
present
  Lynn Woolsey
(born 1937)
Democratic California's 6th January 3, 1993
January 3, 2013
Retired
  Helen Chenoweth-Hage
(1938–2006)
Republican Idaho's 1st January 3, 1995
January 3, 2001
Retired
  Barbara Cubin
(born 1946)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 1995
January 3, 2009
Retired
  Enid Greene
(born 1958)
Republican Utah's 2nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Retired
  Sheila Jackson-Lee
(born 1950)
Democratic Texas's 18th January 3, 1995
present
  Sue Kelly
(born 1936)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Zoe Lofgren
(born 1947)
Democratic California's 16th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 19th January 3, 2013
present
  Karen McCarthy
(1947–2010)
Democratic Missouri's 5th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2005
Retired
  Sue Myrick
(born 1941)
Republican North Carolina's 9th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2013
Retired
  Lynn N. Rivers
(born 1956)
Democratic Michigan's 13th January 3, 1995
January 3, 2003
Lost renomination
  Andrea Seastrand
(born 1941)
Republican California's 22nd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1997
Lost reelection
  Linda Smith
(born 1950)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 1995
January 3, 1999
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Washington, 1998
  Juanita Millender-McDonald
(1938–2007)
Democratic California's 37th March 26, 1996
April 22, 2007
Died in office
  Jo Ann Emerson
(born 1950)
Republican Missouri's 8th November 5, 1996
January 3, 1997
Succeeded her husband
Independent January 3, 1997
January 8, 1997
First woman elected as an Independent or third-party
Changed parties
Republican January 8, 1997
January 22, 2013
Resigned to become the President and Chief Executive Officer of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association
  Julia Carson
(1938–2007)
Democratic Indiana's 10th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Indiana's 7th January 3, 2003
December 15, 2007
Died in office
  Carolyn Cheeks-Kilpatrick
(born 1945)
Democratic Michigan's 15th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
Michigan's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Lost renomination
  Donna Christian-Christensen
(born 1945)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Virgin Islands gubernatorial election, 2014
  Diana DeGette
(born 1957)
Democratic Colorado's 1st January 3, 1997
present
  Kay Granger
(born 1943)
Republican Texas's 12th January 3, 1997
present
  Darlene Hooley
(born 1939)
Democratic Oregon's 5th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2009
Retired
  Carolyn McCarthy
(born 1944)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2015
Retired
  Anne Northup
(born 1948)
Republican Kentucky's 3rd January 3, 1997
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Loretta Sánchez
(born 1960)
Democratic California's 46th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 47th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 46th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in California, 2016
  Debbie Stabenow
(born 1950)
Democratic Michigan's 8th January 3, 1997
January 3, 2001
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Michigan, 2000
  Ellen Tauscher
(born 1951)
Democratic California's 10th January 3, 1997
June 26, 2009
Resigned to become Under Secretary of State for Arms Control and International Security Affairs
  Lois Capps
(born 1938)
Democratic California's 22nd March 10, 1998
January 3, 2003
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 23rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 24th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired
  Mary Bono
(born 1961)
Republican California's 44th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2003
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 45th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Barbara Lee
(born 1946)
Democratic California's 9th April 7, 1998
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 13th January 3, 2013
present
  Heather Wilson
(born 1960)
Republican New Mexico's 1st June 25, 1998
January 3, 2009
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination for the United States Senate election in New Mexico, 2008
Later became Secretary of the Air Force
  Tammy Baldwin
(born 1962)
Democratic Wisconsin's 2nd January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Wisconsin, 2012
  Shelley Berkley
(born 1951)
Democratic Nevada's 1st January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Nevada, 2012
  Judy Biggert
(born 1937)
Republican Illinois's 13th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Grace Napolitano
(born 1936)
Democratic California's 34th January 3, 1999
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2013
present
  Jan Schakowsky
(born 1944)
Democratic Illinois's 9th January 3, 1999
present
  Stephanie Tubbs Jones
(1949–2008)
Democratic Ohio's 11th January 3, 1999
August 20, 2008
Died in office
  Jo Ann Davis
(1950–2007)
Republican Virginia's 1st January 3, 2001
October 6, 2007
Died in office
  Susan Davis
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 49th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 53rd January 3, 2003
present
  Melissa Hart
(born 1962)
Republican Pennsylvania's 4th January 3, 2001
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Betty McCollum
(born 1954)
Democratic Minnesota's 4th January 3, 2001
present
  Shelley Moore-Capito
(born 1953)
Republican West Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2001
January 3, 2015
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in West Virginia, 2014
  Hilda Solis
(born 1957)
Democratic California's 31st January 3, 2001
January 3, 2003
Redistricted
California's 32nd January 3, 2003
February 24, 2009
Resigned to become United States Secretary of Labor
  Diane Watson
(born 1933)
Democratic California's 32nd June 5, 2001
January 3, 2003
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Micronesia
Redistricted
California's 33rd January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
  Marsha Blackburn
(born 1952)
Republican Tennessee's 7th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2019
Retiring to seek office as a U.S. Senator from Tennessee in 2018, to fill the seat of retiring Senator Bob Corker.
  Madeleine Bordallo
(born 1933)
Democratic Guam's at-large January 3, 2003
present
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Guam
  Ginny Brown-Waite
(born 1943)
Republican Florida's 5th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2011
Retired
  Katherine Harris
(born 1957)
Republican Florida's 13th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2007
Previously served as Florida Secretary of State
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Florida, 2006
  Denise Majette
(born 1955)
Democratic Georgia's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2005
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Georgia, 2004
  Candice Miller
(born 1954)
Republican Michigan's 10th January 3, 2003
January 1, 2017
Previously served as Michigan Secretary of State
Retired to run successfully for Public Works Commissioner of Macomb County
  Marilyn Musgrave
(born 1949)
Republican Colorado's 4th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
  Linda Sánchez
(born 1969)
Democratic California's 39th January 3, 2003
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 38th January 3, 2013
present
  Stephanie Herseth-Sandlin
(born 1970)
Democratic South Dakota's at-large June 1, 2004
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Melissa Bean
(born 1962)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Thelma Drake
(born 1949)
Republican Virginia's 2nd January 3, 2005
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
  Virginia Foxx
(born 1944)
Republican North Carolina's 5th January 3, 2005
present
  Cathy McMorris-Rodgers
(born 1969)
Republican Washington's 5th January 3, 2005
present
  Gwen Moore
(born 1951)
Democratic Wisconsin's 4th January 3, 2005
present
  Allyson Schwartz
(born 1948)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 13th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the Pennsylvania gubernatorial election, 2014
  Debbie Wasserman-Schultz
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 20th January 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Concurrently served as Chair of the Democratic National Committee
Redistricted
Florida's 23rd January 3, 2013
present
  Doris Matsui
(born 1944)
Democratic California's 5th March 3, 2005
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband
Redistricted
California's 6th January 3, 2013
present
  Jean Schmidt
(born 1951)
Republican Ohio's 2nd September 6, 2005
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
  Shelley Sekula-Gibbs
(born 1953)
Republican Texas's 22nd November 13, 2006
January 3, 2007
Lost reelection
  Michele Bachmann
(born 1956)
Republican Minnesota's 6th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2015
Retired
  Nancy Boyda
(born 1955)
Democratic Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2009
Lost reelection
  Kathy Castor
(born 1966)
Democratic Florida's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 14th January 3, 2013
present
  Yvette Clarke
(born 1964)
Democratic New York's 11th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
New York's 9th January 3, 2013
present
  Mary Fallin
(born 1954)
Republican Oklahoma's 5th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Previously served as Lieutenant Governor of Oklahoma
Retired to run successfully for the Oklahoma gubernatorial election, 2010
  Gabrielle Giffords
(born 1970)
Democratic Arizona's 8th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2012
Resigned due to the injuries of being shot in the head at close range during an assassination attempt during the 2011 Tucson shooting and survived
  Kirsten Gillibrand
(born 1966)
Democratic New York's 20th January 3, 2007
January 25, 2009
Resigned to accept appointment to the United States Senate, ran successfully for the United States Senate special election in New York, 2010
  Mazie Hirono
(born 1947)
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Hawaii, 2012
  Laura Richardson
(born 1962)
Democratic California's 37th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Carol Shea-Porter
(born 1952)
Democratic New Hampshire's 1st January 3, 2007
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Lost reelection
January 3, 2017
present
  Betty Sutton
(born 1963)
Democratic Ohio's 13th January 3, 2007
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Niki Tsongas
(born 1946)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th October 16, 2007
January 3, 2013
Succeeded her husband (though not immediately)
Redistricted
Massachusetts's 3rd January 3, 2013
present
  Jackie Speier
(born 1950)
Democratic California's 12th April 8, 2008
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 14th January 3, 2013
present
  Donna Edwards
(born 1958)
Democratic Maryland's 4th June 17, 2008
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate election in Maryland, 2016
  Marcia Fudge
(born 1952)
Democratic Ohio's 11th November 18, 2008
present
  Kathy Dahlkemper
(born 1957)
Democratic Pennsylvania's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Debbie Halvorson
(born 1958)
Democratic Illinois's 11th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Lynn Jenkins
(born 1963)
Republican Kansas's 2nd January 3, 2009
present
Previously served as Kansas Treasurer
  Mary Jo Kilroy
(born 1949)
Democratic Ohio's 15th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Ann Kirkpatrick
(born 1950)
Democratic Arizona's 1st January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the United States Senate election in Arizona, 2016
  Suzanne Kosmas
(born 1944)
Democratic Florida's 24th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Cynthia Lummis
(born 1954)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2009
January 3, 2017
Previously served as Wyoming Treasurer
Retired
  Betsy Markey
(born 1956)
Democratic Colorado's 4th January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
  Chellie Pingree
(born 1955)
Democratic Maine's 1st January 3, 2009
present
  Dina Titus
(born 1950)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2009
January 3, 2011
Lost reelection
Nevada's 1st January 3, 2013
present
  Judy Chu
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 32nd June 19, 2009
January 3, 2013
First Chinese American woman elected
Redistricted
California's 27th January 3, 2013
present
  Sandy Adams
(born 1956)
Republican Florida's 24th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost renomination
  Karen Bass
(born 1953)
Democratic California's 33rd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 37th January 3, 2013
present
  Diane Black
(born 1951)
Republican Tennessee's 6th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2019
Retiring to seek election to the office of Governor of Tennessee in 2018.
  Ann Marie Buerkle
(born 1951)
Republican New York's 25th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Renee Ellmers
(born 1964)
Republican North Carolina's 2nd January 3, 2011
January 3, 2017
Lost renomination
  Colleen Hanabusa
(born 1951)
Democratic Hawaii's 1st January 3, 2011
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for the Democratic nomination for the United States Senate special election in Hawaii, 2014
November 14, 2016
present
  Vicky Hartzler
(born 1960)
Republican Missouri's 4th January 3, 2011
present
  Nan Hayworth
(born 1959)
Republican New York's 19th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
  Jaime Herrera-Beutler
(born 1978)
Republican Washington's 3rd January 3, 2011
present
  Kristi Noem
(born 1971)
Republican South Dakota's at-large January 3, 2011
present
  Martha Roby
(born 1976)
Republican Alabama's 2nd January 3, 2011
present
  Terri Sewell
(born 1965)
Democratic Alabama's 7th January 3, 2011
present
  Frederica Wilson
(born 1942)
Democratic Florida's 17th January 3, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
Florida's 24th January 3, 2013
present
  Kathy Hochul
(born 1958)
Democratic New York's 26th June 1, 2011
January 3, 2013
Lost reelection
Later became Lieutenant Governor of New York
  Janice Hahn
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 36th July 12, 2011
January 3, 2013
Redistricted
California's 44th January 3, 2013
December 4, 2016
Retired to run successfully for Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors
  Suzanne Bonamici
(born 1954)
Democratic Oregon's 1st January 21, 2012
present
  Suzan DelBene
(born 1962)
Democratic Washington's 1st November 6, 2012
present
  Joyce Beatty
(born 1950)
Democratic Ohio's 3rd January 3, 2013
present
  Susan Brooks
(born 1960)
Republican Indiana's 5th January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Attorney for the Southern District of Indiana
  Julia Brownley
(born 1952)
Democratic California's 26th January 3, 2013
present
  Cheri Bustos
(born 1961)
Democratic Illinois's 17th January 3, 2013
present
  Tammy Duckworth
(born 1968)
Democratic Illinois's 8th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2017
Previously served as Assistant Secretary of Veterans Affairs for Public and Intergovernmental Affairs
Retired to run successfully for the United States Senate election in Illinois, 2016
  Elizabeth Esty
(born 1959)
Democratic Connecticut's 5th January 3, 2013
present
  Lois Frankel
(born 1948)
Democratic Florida's 22nd January 3, 2013
present
  Tulsi Gabbard
(born 1981)
Democratic Hawaii's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
First Hindu elected to Congress
  Michelle Lujan-Grisham
(born 1959)
Democratic New Mexico's 1st January 3, 2013
present
  Ann McLane-Kuster
(born 1956)
Democratic New Hampshire's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
  Grace Meng
(born 1975)
Democratic New York's 6th January 3, 2013
present
  Gloria Negrete-McLeod
(born 1941)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2013
January 3, 2015
Retired to run unsuccessfully for San Bernardino County Board of Supervisors
  Kyrsten Sinema
(born 1976)
Democratic Arizona's 9th January 3, 2013
present
First openly bisexual woman elected
  Ann Wagner
(born 1962)
Republican Missouri's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
Previously served as United States Ambassador to Luxembourg
  Jackie Walorski
(born 1963)
Republican Indiana's 2nd January 3, 2013
present
  Robin Kelly
(born 1956)
Democratic Illinois's 2nd April 11, 2013
present
  Katherine Clark
(born 1963)
Democratic Massachusetts's 5th December 10, 2013
present
  Alma Adams
(born 1946)
Democratic North Carolina's 12th November 12, 2014
present
  Barbara Comstock
(born 1959)
Republican Virginia's 10th January 3, 2015
present
  Debbie Dingell
(born 1953)
Democratic Michigan's 12th January 3, 2015
present
Succeeded her husband
First woman to succeed her husband while he is still alive
  Gwen Graham
(born 1963)
Democratic Florida's 2nd January 3, 2015
January 3, 2017
Daughter of Bob Graham
Retired
  Brenda Lawrence
(born 1954)
Democratic Michigan's 14th January 3, 2015
present
  Mia Love
(born 1975)
Republican Utah's 4th January 3, 2015
present
First African-American Republican woman elected to Congress
  Martha McSally
(born 1966)
Republican Arizona's 2nd January 3, 2015
present
  Stacey Plaskett
(born 1966)
Democratic U.S. Virgin Island's at-large January 3, 2015
present
  Amata Radewagen
(born 1947)
Republican American Samoa's at-large January 3, 2015
present
Daughter of Peter Tali Coleman
  Kathleen Rice
(born 1965)
Democratic New York's 4th January 3, 2015
present
  Elise Stefanik
(born 1984)
Republican New York's 21st January 3, 2015
present
Youngest woman elected to Congress (at age 30)
  Norma Torres
(born 1965)
Democratic California's 35th January 3, 2015
present
  Mimi Walters
(born 1962)
Republican California's 45th January 3, 2015
present
  Bonnie Watson-Coleman
(born 1945)
Democratic New Jersey's 12th January 3, 2015
present
  Nanette Barragán
(born 1976)
Democratic California's 44th January 3, 2017
present
  Lisa Blunt-Rochester
(born 1962)
Democratic Delaware at-large January 3, 2017
present
  Liz Cheney
(born 1966)
Republican Wyoming's at-large January 3, 2017
present
Daughter of Dick Cheney
  Val Demings
(born 1957)
Democratic Florida's 10th January 3, 2017
present
  Jenniffer González
(born 1976)
Republican Puerto Rico's at-large January 3, 2017
present
Youngest person to be Resident Commissioner from Puerto Rico and the first woman to serve in such role.[25]
  Pramila Jayapal
(born 1965)
Democratic Washington's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Indian American woman elected
  Stephanie Murphy
(born 1978)
Democratic Florida's 7th January 3, 2017
present
First Vietnamese American woman elected
  Jacky Rosen
(born 1957)
Democratic Nevada's 3rd January 3, 2017
present
  Claudia Tenney
(born 1961)
Republican New York's 22nd January 3, 2017
present
  Karen Handel
(born 1962)
Republican Georgia's 6th June 26, 2017
present
Previously served as Georgia Secretary of State
  Debbie Lesko
(born 1958)
Republican Arizona's 8th May 7, 2018
present

PregnanciesEdit

There have been ten female members of the House of Representatives who were pregnant and gave birth at least once during their tenure (one member three times).[26]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://www.cawp.rutgers.edu/sites/default/files/resources/18.4.24_pr_lesko_az08.pdf
  2. ^ "Debbie Lesko officially sworn in, replaces Trent Franks". Ktar.com. 2018. Retrieved 2018-05-08.
  3. ^ "RANKIN, Jeannette - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov.
  4. ^ https://www.jewishvirtuallibrary.org/florence-prag-kahn
  5. ^ Mariotti, Renato (2013-11-26). "Rep. Vera Buchanan dies in office, Nov. 26, 1955". Politico. Retrieved 2018-04-12.
  6. ^ "August House Publishers - Atlanta - Children's Book Publisher". August House Publishers - Atlanta - Children's Book Publisher.
  7. ^ "New Patterns - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives".
  8. ^ "Update: First woman to wear pants on House floor, Rep. Charlotte Reid". Washington Post.
  9. ^ "CHISHOLM, Shirley Anita - US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov.
  10. ^ "Women in Government: A Slim Past, But a Strong Future". Ebony: 89–92, 96–98. August 1977.
  11. ^ "BURKE, Yvonne Brathwaite | US House of Representatives: History, Art & Archives". history.house.gov. Retrieved 2016-05-04.
  12. ^ a b Michelle Cottle is a contributing editor at The Atlantic. (2018-04-19). "Congress Can't Give Up Tradition". The Atlantic. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  13. ^ "Ileana Ros-Lehtinen".
  14. ^ Press, The Associated. "Tommy vs. Tammy rages on: Senate race down to the wire".
  15. ^ "Tammy Baldwin". Biography.
  16. ^ "Tammy Baldwin - Candidate for U.S. President, Republican Nomination - Election 2012". WSJ.com.
  17. ^ Jon M. Shepard (1 January 2012). Cengage Advantage Books: Sociology. Cengage Learning. pp. 293–. ISBN 1-133-71002-6.
  18. ^ Blumberg, Antonia (7 March 2018). "Nancy Pelosi Donates Historic Speaker's Gavel To The Smithsonian For Women's History Month" – via Huff Post.
  19. ^ "Women in U.S. House get new restroom near chamber". USA Today. 21 July 2011.
  20. ^ "Hindu-American Tulsi Gabbard wins Democratic primary in Hawaii". The Economic Times. August 12, 2012.
  21. ^ Stephen Prothero (2013-01-03). "Column: A Hindu moment for Congress". Usatoday.com. Retrieved 2018-04-27.
  22. ^ "Women in the United States Congress: 1917-2011" (PDF).
  23. ^ "The U.S. Made Zero Progress in Adding Women to Congress".
  24. ^ Parker, Ashley (12 April 2018). "First Day of 113th Congress Brings More Women to Capitol" – via NYTimes.com.
  25. ^ "Jenniffer Gonzalez, Resident Commissioner for Puerto Rico - Puerto Rico 51st". 30 November 2016. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
  26. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (November 20, 2008). "Rep. Linda Sanchez Expecting a Baby". Washington Post.
  27. ^ Foster, David (November 19, 1995). "Ambitious Couple Thrived on Passion for Politics, Each Other : Congress: Enid Greene and Joe Waldholtz seemed born for each other. But his lies over money sabotaged fairy tale, perhaps her career". Associated Press.
  28. ^ "Susan Molinari". womenincongress.house.gov.
  29. ^ Geranios, Nicholas K. (April 21, 2007). "Baby in the House: Pregnant congresswoman due to give birth next month". San Diego Union Tribune. Associated Press.
  30. ^ "It's A Boy". Spokesman Review. April 30, 2007.
  31. ^ "Son Born to New York Congresswoman". New York Times. Associated Press. May 16, 2008.
  32. ^ Woster, Kevin (December 16, 2008). "Something we can all agree on: Congratulations!". Rapid City Journal.
  33. ^ Akers, Mary Ann (May 13, 2009). "New Mama in the House: Linda Sanchez". Washington Post.
  34. ^ Barone, Michael; Chuck McCutcheon (2011). "Washington/Fifth District". The Almanac of American Politics (2012 ed.). University of Chicago Press, National Journal Group, Inc. pp. 1716–1718. ISBN 978-0-226-03808-7.
  35. ^ "Republican Rep. Jaime Herrera Beutler celebrates 'miracle' baby girl born with Potter's sequence". New York Daily News. July 29, 2013.
  36. ^ Korte, Gregory (2013-11-25). "Rep sets congressional record -- mom x 3". USA Today. Retrieved 2014-11-23.
  37. ^ Skiba, Katherine (November 20, 2014). "Rep. Tammy Duckworth gives birth to daughter". Chicago Tribune.

External linksEdit