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Michigan's 11th congressional district

Michigan's 11th congressional district is a United States congressional district northwest of Detroit, comprising portions of northwestern Wayne and southwestern Oakland counties. Until 1993, the district covered the state's Upper Peninsula and the northernmost portion of the Lower Peninsula (a.k.a. Northern Michigan). In redistricting that year, it was shifted to the outer Detroit area. Its former geographical area is now the state's first district.

Michigan's 11th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 11 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 11th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  Haley Stevens
DRochester Hills
Population (2010)705,974
Median income$82,545[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+4[2]

Its current configuration dates from 2003. Population growth in the Detroit suburbs resulted in redistricting to create a new district in that region, even as Michigan lost a district overall after the census.

The 11th district was represented by Thad McCotter from 2003 until his resignation on July 6, 2012.[3][4] He was replaced by Democrat David Curson, who won a special election on November 6, 2012.[4][5] Curson was sworn in on November 13. He was replaced by Kerry Bentivolio in January 2013, who had been elected in the regular fall election in 2012.[4][6] David Trott was elected in 2014 after defeating Bentivolio in the Republican primary, and took office in January 2015. He did not seek reelection in 2018. Democrat Haley Stevens was elected on November 6, 2018, and is the current representative for the eleventh district.

HistoryEdit

The 11th congressional district formed in 1993 was given portions of the old 15th (mainly Westland), 2nd (Livonia), 17th (the included portion of Southfield), 6th (Highland and White Lake Townships), and 18th congressional districts. Most of its territory came from the old 18th congressional district.

In 2003, the district was essentially split in two. The bulk of the district–most of the Oakland County portion–became the 9th District, while a new 11th was created mostly out of the Wayne County portion of the old 11th, combined with a sliver of Oakland.

PoliticsEdit

The area that the 11th now covers has historically been strongly Republican. Since the 1990s it has become a swing district, with just a slight Republican lean. Voters have frequently continued to support Republicans in House races.

Major citiesEdit

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 50 - 45%
2012 President Romney 52 - 47%
2008 President Obama 54 - 45%
2004 President Bush 53 - 47%
2000 President Bush 51 - 47%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 46%
1992 President Bush 47 - 37%

List of members representing the districtEdit

Representative Party Years Congress Electoral history
District created March 4, 1883
 
Edward Breitung
Republican March 4, 1883 –
March 3, 1885
48th Retired.
 
Seth C. Moffatt
Republican March 4, 1885 –
December 22, 1887
49th
50th
Died.
Vacant December 22, 1887 –
February 14, 1888
Henry W. Seymour Republican February 14, 1888 –
March 3, 1889
50th Elected to finish Moffatt's term.

Lost re-election.
 
Samuel M. Stephenson
Republican March 4, 1889 –
March 3, 1893
51st
52nd
Redistricted to the 12th district.
 
John Avery
Republican March 4, 1893 –
March 3, 1897
53rd
54th
Retired.
 
William S. Mesick
Republican March 4, 1897 –
March 3, 1901
55th
56th
Lost renomination.
 
Archibald B. Darragh
Republican March 4, 1901 –
March 3, 1909
57th
58th
59th
60th
Retired.
 
Francis H. Dodds
Republican March 4, 1909 –
March 3, 1913
61st
62nd
Lost renomination.
 
Francis O. Lindquist
Republican March 4, 1913 –
March 3, 1915
63rd Retired.
 
Frank D. Scott
Republican March 4, 1915 –
March 3, 1927
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
Lost renomination.
 
Frank P. Bohn
Republican March 4, 1927 –
March 3, 1933
70th
71st
72nd
Lost re-election.
 
Prentiss M. Brown
Democratic March 4, 1933 –
November 18, 1936
73rd
74th
Resigned when appointed U.S. Senator.
Vacant November 18, 1936 –
January 3, 1937
 
John F. Luecke
Democratic January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1939
75th Lost renomination.
 
Fred Bradley
Republican January 3, 1939 –
May 24, 1947
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
Died.
Vacant May 24, 1947 –
August 26, 1947
 
Charles E. Potter
Republican August 26, 1947 –
November 4, 1952
80th
81st
82nd
Elected to finish Bradley's term.

Resigned after being elected U.S. Senator.
Vacant November 4, 1952 –
January 3, 1953
 
Victor A. Knox
Republican January 3, 1953 –
January 3, 1965
83rd
84th
85th
86th
87th
88th
Lost re-election.
 
Raymond F. Clevenger
Democratic January 3, 1965 –
January 3, 1967
89th Lost re-election.
 
Philip Ruppe
Republican January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1979
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
Retired.
 
Robert W. Davis
Republican January 3, 1979 –
January 3, 1993
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Retired.
 
Joe Knollenberg
Republican January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Redistricted to the 9th district.
 
Thad McCotter
Republican January 3, 2003 –
July 6, 2012
108th
109th
110th
111th
112th
Resigned.
Vacant July 6, 2012 –
November 13, 2012
 
David Curson
Democratic November 13, 2012 –
January 3, 2013
112th Elected to finish McCotter's term.

Retired.
 
Kerry Bentivolio
Republican January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2015
113th Lost re-nomination.
 
Dave Trott
Republican January 3, 2015 –
January 3, 2019
114th
115th
Retired.
 
Haley Stevens
Democratic January 3, 2019 –
Present
116th Elected in 2018.

Living former MembersEdit

As of July 2019, there are five living former members. The most recent representative to die was Joe Knollenberg (served 1993–2003) on February 6, 2018.

Representative Term of office Date of birth (and age)
Philip Ruppe 1967–1979 11th (1926-09-29) September 29, 1926 (age 93)
Thaddeus McCotter 2003–2012 11th (1965-08-22) August 22, 1965 (age 54)
David Curson 2012–2013 11th (1948-11-04) November 4, 1948 (age 70)
Kerry Bentivolio 2013–2015 11th (1951-10-06) October 6, 1951 (age 68)
Dave Trott 2015–2019 11th (1960-10-16) October 16, 1960 (age 59)

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
1993 - 2003
 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=11
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ Spangler, Todd (2012-07-06). [?url=http://www.freep.com/article/20120706/NEWS06/120706063/thad-mccotter-resigns-citing-nightmarish-circumstances "Rep. Thaddeus McCotter resigns, citing 'nightmarish' circumstances"] Check |archiveurl= value (help). Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2012-11-14.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) (Archived by WebCite at )
  4. ^ a b c Staff (2012). [?url=http://clerk.house.gov/member_info/vacancies.aspx "Current vacancies - 112th Congress, 2nd Session"] Check |archiveurl= value (help). Clerk of the House of Representatives. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2012-11-14.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) (Archived by WebCite at )
  5. ^ Gray, Kathleen (2012-11-06). [?url=http://www.freep.com/article/20121107/NEWS05/121107050/David-Curson-Kerry-Bentivolio-Thad-McCotter "Curson and Bentivolio both won bids for McCotter's seat"] Check |archiveurl= value (help). Detroit Free Press. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2012-11-14.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link) (Archived by WebCite at )
  6. ^ Tierney, Christine (2012-11-14). "Democrat Curson starts short term in McCotter seat". The Detroit News. Archived from the original on 2012-11-14. Retrieved 2012-11-14. (Archived by WebCite at )
  7. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-06-20. Retrieved 2014-06-20.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 42°31′48″N 83°27′14″W / 42.53000°N 83.45389°W / 42.53000; -83.45389