Michigan's 9th congressional district
Michigan's 9th congressional district is located in parts of Oakland and Macomb counties in the southeast areas of the U.S. state of Michigan. It includes the communities of Ferndale, Oak Park, Royal Oak, Hazel Park, St.Clair Shores, Warren, Bloomfield, and Sterling Heights.
|Michigan's 9th congressional district|
Michigan's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013
Recent election results from statewide racesEdit
|1992||President||Clinton 44 - 35%|
|1996||President||Clinton 46 - 43%|
|2000||President||Bush 51 - 47%|
|2004||President||Bush 51 - 49%|
|2008||President||Obama 56 - 43%|
|2012||President||Obama 57 - 42%|
|2016||President||Clinton 52 - 44%|
Prior to 1992 the 9th congressional district did not overlap at all with the one that existed after 1992. It largely corresponded to the later Michigan's 2nd congressional district, covering most of the west coast counties starting with Muskegon and taking in a portion of Grand Traverse County. It also included about half of Ottawa County, Montcalm County, half of Ionia County, and two eastern townships of Kent County, Michigan.
The district from 1992 to 2002 was largely based in Pontiac and Flint–essentially, the successor of the old 7th District. The strong Democratic voting record in Flint and Pontiac compensated for the largely Republican leaning of most of the rest of the district's area.
In 2002, this district essentially became the 5th District, while the 9th was reconfigured to take in most of the Oakland County portion of the old 11th District. The only areas that survived in the 9th congressional district across the 2002 redistricting were Pontiac, Waterford, Auburn Hills, some of Orion Township, Oakland Township, Rochester and Rochester Hills. This district was for all intents and purposes the one eliminated by the 2012 redistricting. Portions of it were reassigned to four different districts, all of which largely preserved other former districts. The current 9th is mostly the successor of the old 12th District.
Andy Levin was elected on November 6th and is congressman.
Cities, townships, and villagesEdit
List of representativesEdit
|District created||March 4, 1873|
|Jay A. Hubbell||Republican||March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1883||43rd-47th|
|Byron M. Cutcheon||Republican||March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1891||48th-51st|
|Harrison H. Wheeler||Democratic||March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1893||52nd|
|John W. Moon||Republican||March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1895||53rd|
|Roswell P. Bishop||Republican||March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1907||54th-59th|
|James C. McLaughlin||Republican||March 4, 1907 - November 29, 1932||60th-72nd||Died|
|Vacant||November 29, 1932 –
March 4, 1933
|Harry W. Musselwhite||Democratic||March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935||73rd|
|Albert J. Engel||Republican||January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951||74th-81st|
|Ruth Thompson||Republican||January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1957||82nd-84th|
|Robert P. Griffin||Republican||January 3, 1957 - May 11, 1966||85th-89th||Resigned after being appointed to the US Senate|
|Vacant||May 11, 1966 –
November 8, 1966
|Guy Vander Jagt||Republican||November 8, 1966 - January 3, 1993||89th-102nd|
|Dale Kildee||Democratic||January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2003||103rd-107th||Redistricted from the 7th district, Redistricted to the 5th district|
|Joe Knollenberg||Republican||January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2009||108th-110th||Redistricted from the 11th district|
|Gary Peters||Democratic||January 3, 2009 - January 3, 2013||111th-112th||Redistricted to the 14th district|
|Sander Levin||Democratic||January 3, 2013 - January 3, 2019||113th-115th||Redistricted from the 12th district|
|Andy Levin||Democratic||January 3, 2019 - Present||116th -|
|Democratic||Sander Levin (incumbent)||136,342||60.39%||-1.51|
|Green||John V. McDermott||3,153||1.54%||+0.14|
|Democratic||Sander Levin (incumbent)||208,846||61.9%||+1|
|Democratic||Gary Peters (incumbent)||125,730||49.8%||-2.2%|
|Republican||Joe Knollenberg (incumbent)||150,574||43%||-9%|
|Republican||Joe Knollenberg (incumbent)||142,279||52%|
Historical district boundariesEdit
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- James C. McLaughlin died November 29, 1932; the vacancy was not filled.
- Robert P. Griffin resigned on May 10, 1966, to be appointed the following day to the United States Senate to fill vacancy caused by the death of Patrick V. McNamara; Guy Vander Jagt was elected simultaneously in a special election November 8, 1966, to fill the unexpired term in the 89th and for a full term in the 90th Congress.
- Dale Kildee now represents the 5th District.
- Gary Peters's webpage
- Govtrack.us for the 9th District - Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
- The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807-2003
- U.S. Representatives 1837-2003, Michigan Manual 2003-2004
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present