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Michigan's 9th congressional district

Michigan's 9th congressional district is located in parts of Oakland and Macomb counties in the southeast areas of the U.S. state of Michigan. It includes the communities of Ferndale, Oak Park, Royal Oak, Hazel Park, St.Clair Shores, Warren, Bloomfield, and Sterling Heights.

Michigan's 9th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 9 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 9th congressional district - since January 3, 2013
Representative
  Andy Levin
DBloomfield Township
Population (2010)705,975
Median income$58,742[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+4[2]

Contents

Recent election results from statewide racesEdit

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 44 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 43%
2000 President Bush 51 - 47%
2004 President Bush 51 - 49%
2008 President Obama 56 - 43%
2012 President Obama 57 - 42%
2016 President Clinton 52 - 44%

HistoryEdit

Prior to 1992 the 9th congressional district did not overlap at all with the one that existed after 1992. It largely corresponded to the later Michigan's 2nd congressional district, covering most of the west coast counties starting with Muskegon and taking in a portion of Grand Traverse County. It also included about half of Ottawa County, Montcalm County, half of Ionia County, and two eastern townships of Kent County, Michigan.

The district from 1992 to 2002 was largely based in Pontiac and Flint–essentially, the successor of the old 7th District. The strong Democratic voting record in Flint and Pontiac compensated for the largely Republican leaning of most of the rest of the district's area.

In 2002, this district essentially became the 5th District, while the 9th was reconfigured to take in most of the Oakland County portion of the old 11th District. The only areas that survived in the 9th congressional district across the 2002 redistricting were Pontiac, Waterford, Auburn Hills, some of Orion Township, Oakland Township, Rochester and Rochester Hills. This district was for all intents and purposes the one eliminated by the 2012 redistricting. Portions of it were reassigned to four different districts, all of which largely preserved other former districts. The current 9th is mostly the successor of the old 12th District.

Andy Levin was elected on November 6th and is congressman.

Cities, townships, and villagesEdit

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1873
  Jay A. Hubbell Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1883 43rd-47th
  Byron M. Cutcheon Republican March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1891 48th-51st
  Harrison H. Wheeler Democratic March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1893 52nd
  John W. Moon Republican March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1895 53rd
  Roswell P. Bishop Republican March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1907 54th-59th
  James C. McLaughlin[3] Republican March 4, 1907 - November 29, 1932 60th-72nd Died
Vacant November 29, 1932 –
March 4, 1933
72nd
  Harry W. Musselwhite Democratic March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd
  Albert J. Engel Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951 74th-81st
  Ruth Thompson Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1957 82nd-84th
  Robert P. Griffin[4] Republican January 3, 1957 - May 11, 1966 85th-89th Resigned after being appointed to the US Senate
Vacant May 11, 1966 –
November 8, 1966
89th
  Guy Vander Jagt[4] Republican November 8, 1966 - January 3, 1993 89th-102nd
  Dale Kildee[5] Democratic January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2003 103rd-107th Redistricted from the 7th district, Redistricted to the 5th district
  Joe Knollenberg Republican January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2009 108th-110th Redistricted from the 11th district
  Gary Peters Democratic January 3, 2009 - January 3, 2013 111th-112th Redistricted to the 14th district
  Sander Levin Democratic January 3, 2013 - January 3, 2019 113th-115th Redistricted from the 12th district
  Andy Levin Democratic January 3, 2019 - Present 116th -

ElectionsEdit

House Election 2014: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 136,342 60.39% -1.51
Republican George Brikho 81,470 36.09% +2.09
Libertarian Gregory Creswell 4,792 2.12% +0.22
Green John V. McDermott 3,153 1.54% +0.14
Majority 136,342 60.39% -1.51
Turnout 337,316
House Election 2012: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 208,846 61.9% +1
Republican Don Volaric 114,760 34% -1%
Libertarian Jim Fulner 6,100 1.8% N/A
Green Julia Williams 4,708 1.4% N/A
Independent Les Townsend 2,902 0.9% N/A
Majority 208,846 61.9% +1
Turnout 337,316
House Election 2010: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Gary Peters (incumbent) 125,730 49.8% -2.2%
Republican Rocky Raczkowski 119,325 47.2% +4.2%
Libertarian Adam Goodman 2,601 1.0% -0.4%
Green Douglas Campbell 2,484 1.0% -0.4%
Independent Bob Gray 1,866 0.7% N/A
Independent Matthew Kuofie 644 0.3% N/A
Plurality 125,730 49.8%
Turnout 252,650
House Election 2008: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Democratic Gary Peters 184,098 52% +6%
Republican Joe Knollenberg (incumbent) 150,574 43% -9%
Independent Jack Kevorkian 9,047 2.6% +2.6%
Libertarian Adam Goodman 4,937 1.4% +0.4%
Green Douglas Campbell 4,800 1.4% +0.4%
Majority 184,098 52%
Turnout 353,456
House Election 2006: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Republican Joe Knollenberg (incumbent) 142,279 52%
Democratic Nancy Skinner 127,651 46%
Libertarian Adam Goodman 3,698 1%
Green Abel 2,466 1%
Majority 14,628 6%
Turnout 276,094

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
1993 - 2003
 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=09
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ James C. McLaughlin died November 29, 1932; the vacancy was not filled.
  4. ^ a b Robert P. Griffin resigned on May 10, 1966, to be appointed the following day to the United States Senate to fill vacancy caused by the death of Patrick V. McNamara; Guy Vander Jagt was elected simultaneously in a special election November 8, 1966, to fill the unexpired term in the 89th and for a full term in the 90th Congress.
  5. ^ Dale Kildee now represents the 5th District.

District boundaries were redrawn in 1993, and 2003 due to reapportionment following the censuses of 1990 and 2000.

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 42°31′47″N 83°03′17″W / 42.52972°N 83.05472°W / 42.52972; -83.05472