Michigan's 9th congressional district

Michigan's 9th congressional district is a United States congressional district located in parts of Oakland County and Macomb County in the southeast areas of the State of Michigan. It includes the communities of Ferndale, Royal Oak, Hazel Park, St. Clair Shores, Warren, Bloomfield, and Sterling Heights.

Michigan's 9th congressional district
Interactive map of district boundaries, with Oakland and Macomb counties highlighted in red. In the 2020 redistricting cycle, the 9th district (green) is swapped with the 10th district (brown), while taking in parts of northern Oakland County in exchange for some of Macomb County.
Representative
  Andy Levin
DBloomfield Township
Population (2019)718,223
Median household
income
$62,943[1]
Ethnicity
Cook PVID+4[2]

Recent election results from statewide racesEdit

Year Office Results
1992 President Clinton 44 - 35%
1996 President Clinton 46 - 43%
2000 President Bush 51 - 47%
2004 President Bush 51 - 49%
2008 President Obama 56 - 43%
2012 President Obama 57 - 42%
2016 President Clinton 52 - 44%
2018 Senate Stabenow 58 - 39%
2018 Governor Whitmer 59 - 38%
2020 President Biden 56 - 43%

HistoryEdit

Prior to 1992 the 9th congressional district did not overlap at all with the one that existed after 1992. It largely corresponded to the later Michigan's 2nd congressional district, covering most of the western shore counties starting with Muskegon and taking in a portion of Grand Traverse County. It also included about half of Ottawa County, Montcalm County, half of Ionia County, and two eastern townships of Kent County, Michigan.

The district from 1992 to 2002 was largely based in Pontiac and Flint–essentially, the successor of the old 7th district. The strong Democratic voting record in Flint and Pontiac compensated for the largely Republican leaning of most of the rest of the district's area.

In 2002, this district essentially became the 5th district, while the 9th was reconfigured to take in most of the Oakland County portion of the old 11th district. The only areas that survived in the 9th congressional district across the 2002 redistricting were Pontiac, Waterford, Auburn Hills, some of Orion Township, Oakland Township, Rochester and Rochester Hills. This district was for all practical purposes the one eliminated by the 2012 redistricting. Portions of it were parceled out to four different districts, all of which largely preserved other former districts. The current 9th is mostly the successor of the old 12th district.

The district is currently represented by Andy Levin.

Cities, townships, and villagesEdit

CitiesEdit

TownshipsEdit

VillagesEdit

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1873
  Jay A. Hubbell Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1883 43rd
44th
45th
46th
47th
Elected in 1872.
Re-elected in 1874.
Re-elected in 1876.
Re-elected in 1878.
Re-elected in 1880.
Retired.
  Byron M. Cutcheon Republican March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1891 48th
49th
50th
51st
Elected in 1882.
Re-elected in 1884.
Re-elected in 1886.
Re-elected in 1888.
Lost re-election.
  Harrison H. Wheeler Democratic March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1893 52nd Elected in 1890.
Lost re-election.
  John W. Moon Republican March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1895 53rd Elected in 1892.
Retired.
  Roswell P. Bishop Republican March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1907 54th
55th
56th
57th
58th
59th
Elected in 1894.
Re-elected in 1896.
Re-elected in 1898.
Re-elected in 1900.
Re-elected in 1902.
Re-elected in 1904.
Lost renomination.
  James C. McLaughlin[3] Republican March 4, 1907 - November 29, 1932 60th
61st
62nd
63rd
64th
65th
66th
67th
68th
69th
70th
71st
72nd
Elected in 1906.
Re-elected in 1908.
Re-elected in 1910.
Re-elected in 1912.
Re-elected in 1914.
Re-elected in 1916.
Re-elected in 1918.
Re-elected in 1920.
Re-elected in 1922.
Re-elected in 1924.
Re-elected in 1926.
Re-elected in 1928.
Re-elected in 1930.
Lost re-election and died before next term began.
Vacant November 29, 1932 –
March 4, 1933
72nd
  Harry W. Musselwhite Democratic March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd Elected in 1932.
Lost re-election.
  Albert J. Engel Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951 74th
75th
76th
77th
78th
79th
80th
81st
Elected in 1934.
Re-elected in 1936.
Re-elected in 1938.
Re-elected in 1940.
Re-elected in 1942.
Re-elected in 1944.
Re-elected in 1946.
Re-elected in 1948.
Retired to run for Governor of Michigan.
  Ruth Thompson Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1957 82nd
83rd
84th
Elected in 1950.
Re-elected in 1952.
Re-elected in 1954.
Lost renomination.
  Robert P. Griffin[4] Republican January 3, 1957 - May 11, 1966 85th
86th
87th
88th
89th
Elected in 1956.
Re-elected in 1958.
Re-elected in 1960.
Re-elected in 1962.
Re-elected in 1964.
Resigned after being appointed to the US Senate.
Vacant May 11, 1966 –
November 8, 1966
89th
  Guy Vander Jagt[4] Republican November 8, 1966 - January 3, 1993 89th
90th
91st
92nd
93rd
94th
95th
96th
97th
98th
99th
100th
101st
102nd
Elected to finish Griffin's term.
Also elected to the next full term.
Re-elected in 1968.
Re-elected in 1970.
Re-elected in 1972.
Re-elected in 1974.
Re-elected in 1976.
Re-elected in 1978.
Re-elected in 1980.
Re-elected in 1982.
Re-elected in 1984.
Re-elected in 1986.
Re-elected in 1988.
Re-elected in 1990.
Redistricted to the 2nd district and lost renomination.
  Dale Kildee[5] Democratic January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2003 103rd
104th
105th
106th
107th
Redistricted from the 7th district and re-elected in 1992.
Re-elected in 1994.
Re-elected in 1996.
Re-elected in 1998.
Re-elected in 2000.
Redistricted to the 5th district.
  Joe Knollenberg Republican January 3, 2003 - January 3, 2009 108th
109th
110th
Redistricted from the 11th district and re-elected in 2002.
Re-elected in 2004.
Re-elected in 2006.
Lost re-election.
  Gary Peters Democratic January 3, 2009 - January 3, 2013 111th
112th
Elected in 2008.
Re-elected in 2010.
Redistricted to the 14th district.
  Sander Levin Democratic January 3, 2013 - January 3, 2019 113th
114th
115th
Redistricted from the 12th district and re-elected in 2012.
Re-elected in 2014.
Re-elected in 2016.
Retired.
  Andy Levin Democratic January 3, 2019 – Present 116th
117th
Elected in 2018.
Re-elected in 2020.
Redistricted to the 11th district.

ElectionsEdit

House election 2020: Michigan's 9th district[6]
Party Candidate Votes %
Democratic Andy Levin (incumbent) 230,318 57.7
Republican Charles Langworthy 153,296 38.4
Working Class Andrea Kirby 8,970 2.3
Libertarian Mike Saliba 6,532 1.6
Independent Douglas Troszak (write-in) 1 0.0
Total votes 399,117 100.0
Democratic hold
House Election 2018: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Andy Levin 181,734 59.7 +1.8
Republican Candius Stearns 112,123 36.8 -0.6
Working Class Andrea Kirby 6,797 2.2 N/A
Green John V. McDermott 3,909 1.3 -0.6
Majority 69,611 22.9
Turnout 304,563 -12%
House Election 2016: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 199,661 57.9 -2.5
Republican Christopher Morse 128,937 37.4 +1.3
Libertarian Matthew Orlando 9,563 2.8 +0.7
Green John V. McDermott 6,614 1.9 +0.4
Majority 70,724 20.5
Turnout 344,775 +53%
House Election 2014: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 136,342 60.4 -1.5
Republican George Brikho 81,470 36.1 +2.1
Libertarian Gregory Creswell 4,792 2.1 +0.3
Green John V. McDermott 3,153 1.4 +0.0
Majority 54,872 24.3
Turnout 225,757 -33%
House Election 2012: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Sander Levin (incumbent) 208,846 61.9 +12.1
Republican Don Volaric 114,760 34.0 -13.2
Libertarian Jim Fulner 6,100 1.8 -0.8
Green Julia Williams 4,708 1.4 -0.4
Constitution Les Townsend 2,902 0.9 N/A
Majority 94,086 27.9
Turnout 337,316 +34%
House Election 2010: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Gary Peters (incumbent) 125,730 49.8 -2.3
Republican Rocky Raczkowski 119,325 47.2 +4.6
Libertarian Adam Goodman 2,601 1.0 -0.4
Green Douglas Campbell 2,484 1.0 -0.4
Independent Bob Gray 1,866 0.7 N/A
Independent Matthew Kuofie 644 0.3 N/A
Plurality 6,405 2.5
Turnout 252,650 -29%
House Election 2008: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Democratic Gary Peters 184,098 52.1 +5.9
Republican Joe Knollenberg (incumbent) 150,574 42.6 -9.0
Independent Jack Kevorkian 9,047 2.6 N/A
Libertarian Adam Goodman 4,937 1.4 +0.1
Green Douglas Campbell 4,800 1.4 +0.5
Majority 33,524 9.5
Turnout 353,456 +28%
House Election 2006: Michigan's 9th district
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Republican Joe Knollenberg (incumbent) 142,279 51.6
Democratic Nancy Skinner 127,651 46.2
Libertarian Adam Goodman 3,698 1.3
Green Matthew Abel 2,466 0.9
Majority 14,628 5.3
Turnout 276,094

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
1993 - 2003
 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ "My Congressional District".
  2. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  3. ^ James C. McLaughlin died November 29, 1932; the vacancy was not filled.
  4. ^ a b Robert P. Griffin resigned on May 10, 1966, to be appointed the following day to the United States Senate to fill vacancy caused by the death of Patrick V. McNamara; Guy Vander Jagt was elected simultaneously in a special election November 8, 1966, to fill the unexpired term in the 89th and for a full term in the 90th Congress.
  5. ^ Dale Kildee now represents the 5th district.
  6. ^ "2020 Michigan Election Results Official". Michigan Secretary of State. Retrieved November 23, 2020.

District boundaries were redrawn in 1993, and 2003 due to reapportionment following the censuses of 1990 and 2000.

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 42°31′47″N 83°03′17″W / 42.52972°N 83.05472°W / 42.52972; -83.05472