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Michigan's 2nd congressional district

Michigan's 2nd congressional district is a United States Congressional district in Western Michigan. From 2003 to 2013 It consisted of the counties of Benzie, Manistee, Wexford, Mason, Lake, Oceana, Newaygo, Muskegon, Ottawa, and the northern portion of Allegan and the northwest portion of Kent. The borders were altered slightly for redistricting in 2012.

Michigan's 2nd congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 2 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 2nd congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
U.S. Representative
  Bill Huizenga
RZeeland
Distribution
  • 74.26[1]% urban
  • 25.74% rural
Population (2016)734,965[2]
Median income$56,103[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+9[4]

The 2nd district has the largest concentration of Dutch Americans of any congressional district in the country.[5] John McCain won the district in 2008 with 51% of the vote, his best performance in any of Michigan's 15 congressional districts.[6] Rep. Hoekstra announced he would not seek re-election to Congress in 2010. Republican Bill Huizenga replaced Hoekstra after winning the 2010 General Election.

Contents

Major citiesEdit

VotingEdit

Election results from presidential races
Year Office Results
2016 President Trump 56 - 38%
2012 President Romney 56 - 43%
2008 President McCain 51 - 48%
2004 President Bush 60 - 39%
2000 President Bush 59 - 38%
1996 President Dole 50 - 41%
1992 President Bush 45 - 34%

HistoryEdit

The 2nd congressional district today is largely the same as it was after the 1992 redistricting. There have been some changes, but it still covers in general the same area.

Prior to the 1992 redistricting the 2nd district covered the northern half to two thirds of Livonia, Northville Township, the Wayne County portion of the city of Northville, Plymouth and Plymouth Township all in Wayne County. It also covered most of Washtenaw County, Michigan but not Ann Arbor or Ypsilanti. The only county entirely in the district was Hillsdale County. Most of Jackson county was in the district, but the some of that county's northern tier townships were in Michigan's 6th congressional district. About half of Lenawee County was in the district, and the far north-east portion of Branch county was also in the district.

In 1992, this district essentially became the 7th district, while the 2nd was redrawn to take in much of the territory of the old 9th district.

List of U.S. RepresentativesEdit

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1843
  Lucius Lyon Democrat March 4, 1843 - March 3, 1845 28th
  John Smith Chipman Democrat March 4, 1845 - March 3, 1847 29th
  Edward Bradley[7] Democrat March 4, 1847 - August 5, 1847 30th Died
Vacant August 5, 1847 –
December 6, 1847
30th
  Charles E. Stuart[7] Democrat December 6, 1847 - March 3, 1849 30th
  William Sprague Whig [8] March 4, 1849 - March 3, 1851 31st
  Charles E. Stuart Democrat March 4, 1851 - March 3, 1853 32nd
  David A. Noble Democrat March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 33rd
  Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1861 34th-36th
  Fernando C. Beaman Republican March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863 37th Redistricted to the 1st district
  Charles Upson Republican March 4, 1863 - March 3, 1869 38th-40th
  William L. Stoughton Republican March 4, 1869 - March 3, 1873 41st-42nd
  Henry Waldron Republican March 4, 1873 - March 4, 1877 43rd-44th Redistricted from the 1st district
  Edwin Willits Republican March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1883 45th-47th
  Nathaniel B. Eldredge Democrat [9] March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1887 48th-49th
  Edward P. Allen Republican March 4, 1887 - March 3, 1891 40th-51st
  James S. Gorman Democrat March 4, 1891 - March 3, 1895 52nd-53rd
  George Spalding Republican March 4, 1895 - March 3, 1899 54th-55th
  Henry C. Smith Republican March 4, 1899 - March 3, 1903 56th-57th
  Charles E. Townsend Republican March 4, 1903 - March 3, 1911 58th-61st
  William Wedemeyer Republican March 4, 1911 - January 2, 1913 62nd Died
Vacant January 2, 1913 –
March 3, 1913
62nd
  Samuel Beakes Democrat March 4, 1913 - March 3, 1917 63rd-64th
 Mark R. Bacon[10] Republican March 4, 1917 - December 13, 1917 65th Lost contested election
  Samuel Beakes Democrat December 13, 1917 - March 3, 1919 65th Won contested election
 Earl C. Michener Republican March 4, 1919 - March 3, 1933 66th-72nd
  John C. Lehr Democrat March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd
  Earl C. Michener Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1951 74th-81st
 George Meader Republican January 3, 1951 - January 3, 1965 82nd-88th
  Weston E. Vivian Democrat January 3, 1965 - January 3, 1967 89th
  Marvin L. Esch Republican January 3, 1967 - January 3, 1977 90th-94th
  Carl Pursell Republican January 3, 1977 - January 3, 1993 95th-102nd
 Peter Hoekstra Republican January 3, 1993 - January 3, 2011 103rd-111th
  Bill Huizenga Republican January 3, 2011 – Present 112th- Incumbent

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
1993 - 2003
 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=02
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=02
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-10-07. Retrieved 2009-10-06.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  6. ^ http://www.swingstateproject.com/diary/4161/presidential-results-by-congressional-district-20002008
  7. ^ a b Edward Bradley was elected November 3, 1846, but died August 5, 1847 in New York City, while en route to Washington, D.C. to take office; Charles E. Stuart was elected November 2, 1847, to fill the vacancy.
  8. ^ William Sprague was elected on a Free Soil Party ticket and was seated with the Whigs in Congress.
  9. ^ Nathaniel B. Eldredge was elected on a Democratic and Union ticket in 1884 to the 49th Congress.
  10. ^ : In the election of November 7, 1916, official returns showed Mark R. Bacon had won by 49 votes. Although there was no provision in state law at that time for recounting ballots in the election of federal officials, a separate examination of votes in Jackson County revealed that Samuel W. Beakes was entitled to 87 more votes. However, the board of state canvassers and the Michigan Supreme Court refused to allow a recount. Finally, the U.S. House Committee on Elections decided to conduct a recount, which gave Beakes the victory by 132 votes. The committee unanimously reported resolutions to the full House stating that Bacon had not been elected to the seat and was not entitled to it, and that, in fact, Beakes was the elected representative of the district. The House seated Beakes on December 13, 1917.

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 43°23′51″N 86°19′08″W / 43.39750°N 86.31889°W / 43.39750; -86.31889