West Michigan and Western Michigan are terms for an arbitrary region in the U.S. state of Michigan's Lower Peninsula. Most narrowly it refers to the Grand Rapids-Muskegon-Holland area, or more broadly to most of the region along the Lake Michigan shoreline of the Lower Peninsula, but there is no official definition for it.
A broad definition of West Michigan.
|Location||Michigan, United States|
- 1 Definition
- 2 Geography
- 3 Municipalities
- 4 Events
- 5 Attractions
- 6 Universities and colleges
- 7 Business
- 8 Transportation
- 9 Notable residents or former residents
- 10 Notes
- 11 See also
- 12 External links
In general, "West Michigan" often refers to the area bounded by the cities of Muskegon (in the north), Grand Rapids (in the northeast), Kalamazoo-Battle Creek (in the southeast) and St.Joseph-Benton Harbor (in the southwest). However, definitions of the boundaries of the region vary widely; in some contexts, the term "West Michigan" is applied only to the counties of Allegan, Kent, Muskegon, and Ottawa, which together compose the Grand Rapids-Wyoming-Muskegon SMSA. Other definitions include the Kalamazoo-Battle Creek and Benton Harbor-St. Joseph regions, which can be considered distinct regions or parts of other regions such as Michiana, Southern Michigan, or Southwest Michigan, in the case of Benton Harbor-St. Joseph.
The northern boundary of the region is also poorly defined; the population density, land use, economic and cultural character, and physical geography most often associated with West Michigan fades in northern Muskegon and Kent Counties, however areas as far north as Ludington and White Cloud may be included because of their close economic ties to the cities to the south. Other areas, such as Montcalm County in the northeast corner of the region, are transitional areas that straddle Michigan regions but are sometimes included for classification purposes. In the case of Montcalm County, the area around Greenville in the county's southwest corner is closely tied economically with Grand Rapids, while the area around Vestaburg and Edmore in the northeastern corner of county are more closely associated with the cities of Mount Pleasant and Alma, which are included in almost any definition of Central Michigan.
The following table contains the largest municipalities of West Michigan according to the 2010 Census. This defines the region fairly broadly, but not at its most broadly; if Battle Creek were included, it would be ranked fourth.
|5||Georgetown Charter Township||Ottawa||46,985|
|8||Holland Charter Township||Ottawa||35,636|
|10||Plainfield Charter Township||Kent||30,952|
|11||Gaines Charter Township||Kent||25,146|
|14||Kalamazoo Charter Township||Kalamazoo||21,918|
|15||Oshtemo Charter Township||Kalamazoo||21,705|
|16||Allendale Charter Township||Ottawa||20,708|
|18||Muskegon Charter Township||Muskegon||17,840|
|20||Cascade Charter Township||Kent||17,134|
|21||Grand Rapids Charter Township||Kent||16,661|
|23||Grand Haven Charter Township||Ottawa||15,178|
Five of the above cities, Wyoming, Kentwood, Portage, Norton Shores, and Walker, are former suburban townships that incorporated in the 1960s in order to prevent annexation by an adjacent city. The presence of these cities in the top ten reflects both the large geographic area of these cities, as well as the long and continuing growth of suburban areas in West Michigan.
- ArtPrize in Grand Rapids
- National Baby Food Festival in Fremont
- Big Rapids Riverdays in Big Rapids
- Celebration on the Grand in Grand Rapids
- Coast Guard Festival in Grand Haven
- Festival of the Arts in Grand Rapids
- Fruitport Old Fashioned Days in Fruitport
- Spring Lake Heritage Festival in Spring Lake
- Kalamazoo Irish Fest in Kalamazoo
- Michigan Irish Music Festival in Muskegon
- Muskegon Bike Time in Muskegon
- Muskegon Air Show (now defunct)
- Muskegon Film Festival
- Muskegon Summer Celebration(now defunct)
- Rebel Road in Muskegon
- Red Flannel Festival in Cedar Springs
- Rothbury Music Festival in Rothbury
- Tulip Time Festival in Holland
- Unity Christian Music Festival in Muskegon
- Venetian Festival in St. Joseph
- Waterfront Film Festival in Saugatuck
- Croton Dam
- Dutch Village
- Frederik Meijer Gardens & Sculpture Park
- Gerald R. Ford Presidential Museum
- Grand Haven Musical Fountain
- Grand Haven State Park
- Grand Rapids Art Museum
- Grand Rapids Children's Museum
- Hardy Dam
- Holland State Park, busiest state park in Michigan
- John Ball Zoo in Grand Rapids
- Kalamazoo Air Zoo
- Kruizenga Art Museum
- Manistee National Forest
- Michigan's Adventure amusement park
- Newaygo State Park
- P.J. Hoffmaster State Park
- Public Museum of Grand Rapids
- Timber Ridge Ski Area
- Binder Park Zoo
Universities and collegesEdit
- Andrews University
- Aquinas College
- Baker College
- Calvin University
- Cornerstone University
- Davenport University
- Ferris State University
- Grand Rapids Community College
- Grand Valley State University
- Hope College
- Kalamazoo College
- Kendall College of Art and Design
- Kuyper College
- Muskegon Community College
- Western Michigan University
Prominent West Michigan corporations include:
- Amway/Alticor/Quixtar, an Ada multi-level marketing company.
- Bissell, a Walker vacuum cleaner maker
- Borroughs, a Kalamazoo office equipment manufacturer.
- Foremost Insurance, a Farmers Insurance Group company
- Gentex, a Zeeland auto-dimming automobile mirror manufacturer.
- Gerber Products Company, a Fremont baby food manufacturer
- Gordon Food Service, a Wyoming food supplier
- Herman Miller, a Zeeland office equipment manufacturer.
- Haworth, a Holland office equipment manufacturer.
- Howard Miller a Zeeland manufacturer of longcase clocks
- Kellogg's, a Battle Creek breakfast cereal producer.
- Meijer, a Walker hypermarket chain.
- Old Orchard Brands, a Sparta juice producer.
- Perrigo, an Allegan pharmaceutical company.
- Spartan Stores, a Byron Township grocery chain.
- Steelcase, a Grand Rapids office equipment manufacturer.
- Stryker, a Kalamazoo surgical equipment manufacturer.
- Whirlpool, a Benton Harbor manufacturer of major home appliances.
- Wolverine World Wide/Hush Puppies, a Rockford shoe maker
- X-Rite, a Grand Rapids manufacturer of color matching products
- Gerald R. Ford International Airport
- Kalamazoo/Battle Creek International Airport
- Muskegon County Airport
- West Michigan Regional Airport
- Coopersville and Marne Railway
- Grand Trunk Western Railway, subsidiary of Canadian National Railway.
- Grand Elk Railroad
- Grand Rapids Eastern Railroad
- Michigan Shore Railroad
- Michigan Southern Railroad
- Norfolk Southern Railway
- West Michigan Railroad
- I-96, running from Muskegon to Detroit
- I-196, splitting from I-96 in Grand Rapids and going west-southwest and merging with US 31 near Holland before intersecting I-94 near Benton Harbor
- I-94, running from Billings, Montana to Port Huron, Michigan
- US 12 Michigan Avenue and Chicago Road
- US 31, running from Mackinaw City, Michigan to Mobile, Alabama
- US 131, running from north of Middlebury, Indiana to Petoskey, Michigan
- Grand River Avenue, running from Grand Rapids to Detroit
- The S-Curve, a famously crooked stretch of US 131 in downtown Grand Rapids
- M-6, also known as the South Beltline, bypasses Grand Rapids connecting to I-96 east of town and I-196 west of town
- M-37, running from the southwest corner of Battle Creek at exit 92 on I-94 to the Mission Point Light on Old Mission Point in Grand Traverse County.
- M-43, a highway in southwestern and central Michigan from South Haven to Webberville
- M-45 (Lake Michigan Drive), running east-west from Grand Rapids through Allendale and ending at Lake Michigan.
- M-46, a cross-peninsular road, running across the entire mitten of the Lower Peninsula including the Thumb, from Port Sanilac on the Lake Huron shore, through Saginaw near Saginaw Bay, and on to Muskegon on the Lake Michigan shore.
- M-40 running North and South from Mottville, Michigan to Holland, Michigan.
Notable residents or former residentsEdit
More comprehensive lists are available at individual cities, villages, etc.
- Justin Abdelkader, Detroit Red Wings forward
- Gillian Anderson, actress
- Jim Bakker, television evangelist
- Johnny Benson, stock car driver
- Dan Bylsma, NHL hockey coach
- Roger B. Chaffee, NASA astronaut
- Kirk Cousins, quarterback for the Minnesota Vikings
- Terry Crews, actor
- Betsy DeVos, United States Secretary of Education
- Debarge, music group
- Nancy Anne Fleming, Miss America 1961
- Gerald R. Ford, President of the United States
- James Frey, writer
- Frank Daniel Gerber, Founder of the Gerber Products Company
- Al Green, R&B/Gospel artist
- Mark Grimmette, Olympics luger
- Ernie Hudson, actor
- Iggy Pop, punk rock icon
- Tom Izzo, Michigan State Spartans Basketball coach
- Derek Jeter, New York Yankees shortstop
- Greg Jennings, Green Bay Packers wide receiver
- Maynard James Keenan, Tool and A Perfect Circle vocalist
- W.K. Kellogg, Kellogg Company founder
- Anthony Kiedis, Red Hot Chili Peppers vocalist
- Stanley Ketchel, Middleweight Champion boxer
- Taylor Lautner, actor
- Buster Mathis, heavyweight boxer
- Floyd Mayweather, professional boxer
- Nate McLouth, professional baseball player
- Harry Morgan, actor
- Jason Newsted, musician, Metallica
- Mustard Plug, SKA band
- Pop Evil, hard rock band
- Andy Richter, television entertainer
- Del Shannon, musician
- Sinbad, actor and comedian
- Wayne Static, Static-X lead singer/guitarist
- Bill Szymczyk, music producer for the Eagles, The Who, and others
- Sojourner Truth, abolitionist
- Vonda Kay Van Dyke, Miss America 1965
- Brian Vander Ark, Verve Pipe frontman
- Dick York, actor
- "SWMPC - Home". www.swmpc.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- Holt, Dave. "Southwest Michigan". www.swmichigan.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- Website of The Herald-Palladium: "The Online Newspaper for Southwest Michigan" (the print version omits "Online")
- "Diocese of Grand Rapids, Michigan". dioceseofgrandrapids.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- "M-46 Endpoint Photos". state-ends.com. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- "About The West Michigan Tourist Association - WMTA". wmta.org. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
- West Michigan Tourist Association
- Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University, Bibliography on Michigan (arranged by counties and regions)
- Michigan Geology -- Clarke Historical Library, Central Michigan University.
- Great Lakes Coast Watch
- Info Michigan, detailed information on 630 cities
- Michigan Department of Natural Resources website, harbors, hunting, resources and more.
- List of Museums, other attractions compiled by state government.
- Michigan Historic Markers
- Michigan's Official Economic Development and Travel Site.
- "Historic Light Station Information and Photography: Michigan". United States Coast Guard Historian's Office. Archived from the original on 2017-05-01.
- Map of Michigan Lighthouse in PDF Format.
- Seeing the Light, Terry Pepper on lighthouses of the Western Great Lakes.