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Michigan's 4th congressional district

Michigan's 4th congressional district is a United States Congressional district that from 2003 to 2013 included portions of Northern and Central Michigan, consisting of all of Clare, Clinton, Grand Traverse, Gratiot, Isabella, Kalkaska, Leelanau, Mecosta, Midland, Missaukee, Montcalm, Osceola, and Roscommon counties and the northern portion of Shiawassee and most of the western portion of Saginaw counties. The district was slightly altered in the 2012 redistricting.

Michigan's 4th congressional district
Michigan US Congressional District 4 (since 2013).tif
Michigan's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  John Moolenaar
RMidland
Distribution
  • 36.67[1]% urban
  • 63.33% rural
Population (2016)700,487[2]
Median income$49,448[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+10[4]

The 4th is represented by John Moolenaar. This district has had Republican representation since the 1970s.

Contents

Major citiesEdit

VotingEdit

HistoryEdit

Michigan's 4th Congressional District was first formed in 1852. At this time It covered everywhere from Macomb County to the western end of the Upper Peninsula. Ingham County was not in the district, and then the boundary turned northward after Eaton County only going west again Midland County was reached. It went west again along Midland and subsequent counties southern lines and then headed north again on the east side of Muskegon County, with Manistee being its southern county that bordered Lake Michigan.

In 1863 it gained the areas around Grand Rapids and Muskegon but lost everything east of Ionia County and most of the Upper Peninsula. In 1872 it was redrawn to cover Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, Van Buren and St. Joseph Counties. In 1892 these boundaries were altered by the addition of Allegan and Barry Counties but the subtraction of Kalamazoo County. This remained the district boundaries for the next 72 years.

In 1964 the 4th district was redrawn. Barry County was subtracted from the district while Branch and Hillsdale Counties were added. In 1972 the district boundaries were altered by adding small sections of Calhoun County and subtracting small portions of Hillsdale and St. Joseph Counties.

The 1982 redistricting removed from the district all of Hillsdale County and the portion of Calhoun County that was in the district. Quincy and Butler Townships in Branch County were also removed. In Kalamazoo County Schoolcraft Township and most of Portage were added to the district. The southern and western portions of Allegan County and most of western Ottawa County including Holland, Michigan were also in the district.

In the renumbering of 1992 this district essentially became the 6th, while the old 10th became the new 6th.

The old 10th and 1990s 6thEdit

The old 10th included most of Grand Traverse and all of Kalkaska County which were lost to the new 1st (old 11th) in the 1992 redistricting. It also included Wexford County that was moved to the new 2nd (old 9th) in the 1992 redistricting. The only other areas lost were small parts of Antrim and Iosco Counties and a portion of Shiawasee County consisting of Durand and Vernon Township.

The new 4th gained Montcalm county from the old 9th district. It gained the Clinton and most of the Shiawasee portions of the old 6th district and the northern half of Oscoda County. It also gained a portion of south-west Saginaw County and the portion of Midland County that had not been in the old 10th.

In 2002 Leelaunau County and a small section of north-west Grand Traverse County were the only areas gerrymandered from the 1st and other districts into the 4th that had not been in the old 10th.

List of representativesEdit

Representative Party Years Congress Notes
District created March 4, 1853
  Hestor L. Stevens Democratic March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855 33rd
  George Washington Peck Democratic March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857 34th
  De Witt C. Leach Republican March 4, 1857 - March 3, 1861 35th-36th
  Rowland E. Trowbridge Republican March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863 37th
  Francis William Kellogg Republican March 4, 1863 - March 3, 1865 38th Redistricted from the 3rd district
  Thomas W. Ferry [5] Republican March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871 39th-41st
Vacant March 4, 1871 –
December 4, 1871
45th
  Wilder D. Foster [5] Republican December 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873 42nd Redistricted to the 5th district
  Julius C. Burrows Republican March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875 43rd
  Allen Potter Democratic March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877 44th
  Edwin W. Keightley Republican March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1879 45th
  Julius C. Burrows Republican March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1883 46th-47th
  George L. Yaple Democratic [6] March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885 48th
  Julius C. Burrows Republican March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1893 49th-52nd Redistricted to the 3rd district
  Henry F. Thomas Republican March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1897 53rd-54th
  Edward L. Hamilton Republican March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1921 55th-66th
  John C. Ketcham Republican March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1933 67th-72nd
  George E. Foulkes Democratic March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935 73rd
  Clare Hoffman Republican January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1963 74th-87th
  Edward Hutchinson Republican January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1977 88th-94th
  David Stockman [7] Republican January 3, 1977- January 21, 1981 95th-97th Resigned after being appointed Director of the Office of Management and Budget
Vacant January 21, 1981 –
April 21, 1981
97th
  Mark D. Siljander [7] Republican April 21, 1981 - January 3, 1987 97th-99th
  Fred Upton Republican January 3, 1987 - January 3, 1993 100th-102nd Redistricted to the 6th district
  Dave Camp Republican January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2015 103rd-113th Redistricted from the 10th district, Retired
  John Moolenaar Republican January 3, 2015 – Present 114th-

Historical district boundariesEdit

 
1993 - 2003
 
2003 - 2013

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ https://www2.census.gov/geo/relfiles/cdsld13/26/ur_cd_26.txt
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=04
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=26&cd=04
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  5. ^ a b Thomas W. Ferry was re-elected to the House in the general election November 8, 1870; the Michigan Legislature subsequently elected him to U.S. Senate January 18, 1871; Wilder D. Foster was elected April 4, 1871 to fill the vacancy in the House.
  6. ^ George L. Yaple was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
  7. ^ a b Dave Stockman resigned on January 27, 1981, to accept appointment as Director of the Office of Management and Budget under U.S. President Ronald Reagan. Mark D. Siljander was elected in a special election to fill the vacancy and assumed office on April 21, 1981.

ReferencesEdit

Coordinates: 43°43′54″N 84°45′01″W / 43.73167°N 84.75028°W / 43.73167; -84.75028