Michigan's 4th congressional district
Michigan's 4th congressional district is a United States Congressional district that from 2003 to 2013 included portions of Northern and Central Michigan, consisting of all of Clare, Clinton, Grand Traverse, Gratiot, Isabella, Kalkaska, Leelanau, Mecosta, Midland, Missaukee, Montcalm, Osceola, and Roscommon counties and the northern portion of Shiawassee and most of the western portion of Saginaw counties. The district was slightly altered in the 2012 redistricting.
|Michigan's 4th congressional district|
Michigan's 4th congressional district - since January 3, 2013.
|Election results from presidential races|
|2016||President||Trump 60 - 35%|
|2012||President||Romney 54 - 46%|
|2008||President||Obama 50 - 48%|
|2004||President||Bush 55 - 44%|
|2000||President||Bush 54 - 44%|
|1996||President||Clinton 47 - 41%|
|1992||President||Clinton 38 - 37%|
United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2010 | United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2012 | United States House of Representatives elections in Michigan, 2014
Michigan's 4th Congressional District was first formed in 1852. At this time It covered everywhere from Macomb County to the western end of the Upper Peninsula. Ingham County was not in the district, and then the boundary turned northward after Eaton County only going west again Midland County was reached. It went west again along Midland and subsequent counties southern lines and then headed north again on the east side of Muskegon County, with Manistee being its southern county that bordered Lake Michigan.
In 1863 it gained the areas around Grand Rapids and Muskegon but lost everything east of Ionia County and most of the Upper Peninsula. In 1872 it was redrawn to cover Berrien, Cass, Kalamazoo, Van Buren and St. Joseph Counties. In 1892 these boundaries were altered by the addition of Allegan and Barry Counties but the subtraction of Kalamazoo County. This remained the district boundaries for the next 72 years.
In 1964 the 4th district was redrawn. Barry County was subtracted from the district while Branch and Hillsdale Counties were added. In 1972 the district boundaries were altered by adding small sections of Calhoun County and subtracting small portions of Hillsdale and St. Joseph Counties.
The 1982 redistricting removed from the district all of Hillsdale County and the portion of Calhoun County that was in the district. Quincy and Butler Townships in Branch County were also removed. In Kalamazoo County Schoolcraft Township and most of Portage were added to the district. The southern and western portions of Allegan County and most of western Ottawa County including Holland, Michigan were also in the district.
In the renumbering of 1992 this district essentially became the 6th, while the old 10th became the new 6th.
The old 10th and 1990s 6thEdit
The old 10th included most of Grand Traverse and all of Kalkaska County which were lost to the new 1st (old 11th) in the 1992 redistricting. It also included Wexford County that was moved to the new 2nd (old 9th) in the 1992 redistricting. The only other areas lost were small parts of Antrim and Iosco Counties and a portion of Shiawasee County consisting of Durand and Vernon Township.
The new 4th gained Montcalm county from the old 9th district. It gained the Clinton and most of the Shiawasee portions of the old 6th district and the northern half of Oscoda County. It also gained a portion of south-west Saginaw County and the portion of Midland County that had not been in the old 10th.
In 2002 Leelaunau County and a small section of north-west Grand Traverse County were the only areas gerrymandered from the 1st and other districts into the 4th that had not been in the old 10th.
List of representativesEdit
|District created||March 4, 1853|
|Hestor L. Stevens||Democratic||March 4, 1853 - March 3, 1855||33rd|
|George Washington Peck||Democratic||March 4, 1855 - March 3, 1857||34th|
|De Witt C. Leach||Republican||March 4, 1857 - March 3, 1861||35th-36th|
|Rowland E. Trowbridge||Republican||March 4, 1861 - March 3, 1863||37th|
|Francis William Kellogg||Republican||March 4, 1863 - March 3, 1865||38th||Redistricted from the 3rd district|
|Thomas W. Ferry ||Republican||March 4, 1865 - March 3, 1871||39th-41st|
|Vacant||March 4, 1871 –
December 4, 1871
|Wilder D. Foster ||Republican||December 4, 1871 - March 3, 1873||42nd||Redistricted to the 5th district|
|Julius C. Burrows||Republican||March 4, 1873 - March 3, 1875||43rd|
|Allen Potter||Democratic||March 4, 1875 - March 3, 1877||44th|
|Edwin W. Keightley||Republican||March 4, 1877 - March 3, 1879||45th|
|Julius C. Burrows||Republican||March 4, 1879 - March 3, 1883||46th-47th|
|George L. Yaple||Democratic ||March 4, 1883 - March 3, 1885||48th|
|Julius C. Burrows||Republican||March 4, 1885 - March 3, 1893||49th-52nd||Redistricted to the 3rd district|
|Henry F. Thomas||Republican||March 4, 1893 - March 3, 1897||53rd-54th|
|Edward L. Hamilton||Republican||March 4, 1897 - March 3, 1921||55th-66th|
|John C. Ketcham||Republican||March 4, 1921 - March 3, 1933||67th-72nd|
|George E. Foulkes||Democratic||March 4, 1933 - January 3, 1935||73rd|
|Clare Hoffman||Republican||January 3, 1935 - January 3, 1963||74th-87th|
|Edward Hutchinson||Republican||January 3, 1963 - January 3, 1977||88th-94th|
|David Stockman ||Republican||January 3, 1977- January 21, 1981||95th-97th||Resigned after being appointed Director of the Office of Management and Budget|
|Vacant||January 21, 1981 –
April 21, 1981
|Mark D. Siljander ||Republican||April 21, 1981 - January 3, 1987||97th-99th|
|Fred Upton||Republican||January 3, 1987 - January 3, 1993||100th-102nd||Redistricted to the 6th district|
|Dave Camp||Republican||January 3, 1993 – January 3, 2015||103rd-113th||Redistricted from the 10th district, Retired|
|John Moolenaar||Republican||January 3, 2015 – Present||114th-|
Historical district boundariesEdit
- "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
- Thomas W. Ferry was re-elected to the House in the general election November 8, 1870; the Michigan Legislature subsequently elected him to U.S. Senate January 18, 1871; Wilder D. Foster was elected April 4, 1871 to fill the vacancy in the House.
- George L. Yaple was elected as a fusion candidate, but was seated in Congress with the Democratic Party.
- Dave Stockman resigned on January 27, 1981, to accept appointment as Director of the Office of Management and Budget under U.S. President Ronald Reagan. Mark D. Siljander was elected in a special election to fill the vacancy and assumed office on April 21, 1981.
- Govtrack.us for the 4th District - Lists current Senators and representative, and map showing district outline
- The Political graveyard: U.S. Representatives from Michigan, 1807-2003
- U.S. Representatives 1837-2003, Michigan Manual 2003-2004
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
- Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present