Julius Caesar Burrows (January 9, 1837 – November 16, 1915) was a U.S. Representative and a U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan.
Julius C. Burrows
|United States Senator|
January 24, 1895 – March 3, 1911
|Preceded by||John Patton, Jr.|
|Succeeded by||Charles E. Townsend|
|Member of the|
U.S. House of Representatives
March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875
|Preceded by||Wilder D. Foster|
|Succeeded by||Allen Potter|
March 4, 1879 – March 3, 1883
|Preceded by||Edwin W. Keightley|
|Succeeded by||George L. Yaple|
March 4, 1885 – January 23, 1895
|Preceded by||George L. Yaple|
|Succeeded by||Alfred Milnes|
|Constituency||4th district (1885–93)|
3rd district (1893–95)
|Born||January 9, 1837|
North East, Pennsylvania
|Died||November 16, 1915 (aged 78)|
Early life and educationEdit
Burrows was born in North East, Pennsylvania, and moved then with his parents to Ashtabula County, Ohio. He attended district school, Kingsville Academy, and Grand River Institute in Austinburg, Ohio. He studied law and was admitted to the bar at Jefferson, Ohio, in 1859. He moved to Richland, Michigan, in 1860. He was principal of the Richland Seminary and commenced the practice of law in nearby Kalamazoo in 1861.
Military and legal careersEdit
Burrows raised an infantry company in 1862 to fight in the American Civil War and served as its captain until the fall of 1863. He was elected circuit court commissioner in 1864 and was prosecuting attorney for Kalamazoo County 1866-1870. He declined appointment as supervisor of internal revenue for Michigan and Wisconsin in 1868.
In 1872, Burrows was elected as a Republican from Michigan's 4th congressional district to the U.S. House of Representatives for the 43rd Congress, serving from March 4, 1873, to March 3, 1875. He was chairman of the Committee on Expenditures in the Department of the Navy.
Burrows was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1874, but was subsequently elected to the 46th and 47th Congresses, serving from March 4, 1879, to March 3, 1883. He was chairman of the Committee on Territories in the 47th Congress.
Burrows is sometimes cited as a contributing factor in why New Mexico was delayed in achieving statehood. In an 1876 debate, Burrows, an admired orator, spoke forcefully in favor of a bill intended to protect the civil rights of freed black slaves. Stephen B. Elkins, the New Mexico Territory Delegate to Congress, arrived late, just as Burrows was finishing. Unaware of the full import of Burrows' speech, Elkins shook his colleague's hand in congratulations, a gesture that many southern congressmen interpreted as support for the civil rights legislation. As a result, Elkin's handshake with Burrows is blamed for costing New Mexico several Southern Democratic votes which had been needed to achieve statehood. While Colorado achieved statehood in 1876, New Mexico remained a territory for another 36 years.
Burrows was an unsuccessful candidate for reelection in 1882. He won re-election in 1884 to the 49th Congress, and subsequently to the five succeeding Congresses. He represented Michigan's 4th district from March 4, 1885, until March 3, 1893, and the 3rd district from March 4, 1893, until his resignation on January 23, 1895, having been elected U.S. Senator. He was chairman of the Committee on Levees and Improvements of Mississippi River in the 51st Congress.
Burrows was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate to fill the vacancy caused by the death of Francis B. Stockbridge and was reelected in 1899 and 1905, serving from January 24, 1895, to March 3, 1911.
He was an unsuccessful candidate for renomination in 1910. He was chairman of the Committee on Revision of the Laws of the United States in the 54th through 56th Congresses and of the Committee on Privileges and Elections in the 57th through 61st Congresses. He also served on the Lodge Committee which investigated war crimes in the Philippine–American War. He was on the imperialist faction led by Henry Cabot Lodge in support of the Philippine–American War. He was also a member of the National Monetary Commission and its vice chairman 1908-1912.
After this, Burrows retired from active business pursuits and political life. He died in Kalamazoo and is interred in Mountain Home Cemetery there.
- American National Biography
- Dictionary of American Biography
- Holsinger, M. Paul. "J.C. Burrows and the Fight Against Mormonism from 1903 to 1907." Michigan History 52 (Fall 1968): 181-95
- Orcutt, Dana. Burrows of Michigan and the Republican Party. New York: Longmans, Green and Company, 1917. vols I & II
- ^ Shearer, Benjamin F. (2004). The Uniting States: Louisiana to Ohio. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 857. ISBN 978-0-313-33106-0.
- ^ Imperialist is a term to differentiate those who supported the Philippine–American War as opposed to Anti-Imperialists who were against the war. The origin of the two terms comes from the formation of the now defunct Anti-Imperialist League, a group opposed to the annexation and/or invasion of several countries by America between 1898 and 1921. Today it is a common term of historians to use the term Imperialist and Anti-Imperialists to differentiate the differences between the two groups. See Benevolent Assimilation: The American Conquest of the Philippines from 1899 to 1903, Stuart Creighton Miller, (Yale University Press, 1982) for an excellent example of this phenomenon throughout the entire book.
- United States Congress. "Julius C. Burrows (id: B001142)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.