Francis B. Stockbridge

Francis Brown Stockbridge (April 9, 1826 – April 30, 1894) was a U.S. Senator from the state of Michigan.

Francis B. Stockbridge
Francis Brown Stockbridge.png
United States Senator
from Michigan
In office
March 4, 1887 – April 30, 1894
Preceded byOmar D. Conger
Succeeded byJohn Patton, Jr.
Member of the Michigan Senate
In office
Personal details
Born(1826-04-09)April 9, 1826
Bath, Maine
DiedApril 30, 1894(1894-04-30) (aged 68)
Chicago, Illinois
Political partyRepublican

Stockbridge was born in Bath, Maine, the son of a physician, Dr. John Stockbridge, and attended the common schools there. He clerked at a wholesale house in Boston 1843-1847. He then moved to Chicago and opened a lumber yard. In 1851 he moved to Saugatuck, Michigan and engaged in the operation of sawmills. He was also interested in mercantile pursuits.

In 1863 he moved to Kalamazoo and there engaged in the lumber business. That same year he married Bessie, a schoolteacher and sister of George Thomas Arnold, a lumberman and business associate there (and later at Mackinac Island). In 1869 Stockbridge became a member of the Michigan State House of Representatives and in 1871 a member of the Michigan State Senate. He was appointed ambassador to the Netherlands on July 12, 1875, took the oath of office but never proceeded to the post.

In 1882, Stockbridge purchased the site of the famous Grand Hotel on Mackinac Island and arranged financing for its construction from the three major transportation companies that rendered service to the island at the time: the Michigan Central Railroad, the Grand Rapids and Indiana Railroad, and the Detroit and Cleveland Navigation Company. Together, they formed the Mackinac Island Hotel Company, which then built the Grand Hotel in 1887.

He was elected as a Republican to the United States Senate in 1887 and was reelected in 1893. He served from March 4, 1887 until his death on April 30, 1894. He was chairman of the Committee on Fisheries in the Fiftieth through Fifty-second Congresses. While visiting his nephew James Houghteling in Chicago he died suddenly. He and his wife are interred in Mountain Home Cemetery in Kalamazoo, Michigan.

Stockbridge was the last person to have served in the Michigan State Legislature and in the United States Senate until Debbie Stabenow was elected in 2000.


  • U.S. Congress. Memorial Addresses. 53rd Cong., 3rd sess. from 1894 to 1895. Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1895.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit

  • Grand Hotel
  • United States Congress. "Francis B. Stockbridge (id: S000932)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  • Francis B. Stockbridge at Find a Grave
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
Omar D. Conger
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Michigan
Served alongside: Thomas W. Palmer, James McMillan
Succeeded by
John Patton, Jr.