A biography is a detailed description or account of someone's life. More than a list of basic facts (education, work, relationships, and death), a biography also portrays a subject's experience of these events. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae (résumé), a biography presents a subject's life story, highlighting various aspects of his or her life, including intimate details of experience, and may include an analysis of a subject's personality.
Biographical works are usually non-fiction, but fiction can also be used to portray a person's life. One in-depth form of biographical coverage is called legacy writing. Biographical works in diverse media—from literature to film—form the genre known as biography.
An authorized biography is written with the permission, cooperation, and, at times, participation of a subject or a subject's heirs.
An autobiography is about a life of a subject, written by that subject or sometimes with a collaborator.
Sir William Schwenck Gilbert
(18 November 1836 – 29 May 1911) was a British dramatist
and illustrator best known for his fourteen comic operas
produced in collaboration
with the composer
Sir Arthur Sullivan
. Gilbert's most popular collaborations with Sullivan, including H.M.S. Pinafore
, The Pirates of Penzance
, and The Mikado
(one of the most frequently performed works in the history of musical theatre) and most of their other Savoy operas
continue to be performed regularly today throughout the English-speaking world and beyond by opera companies, repertory companies, schools and community theatre groups. Lines from these works have permanently entered the English language, including "short, sharp shock
", "What never? Well, hardly ever!", and "let the punishment fit the crime". (Read more...)
Walter "Walt" Whitman (May 31, 1819 – March 26, 1892) was an American poet, essayist and journalist. A humanist, he was a part of the transition between transcendentalism and realism, incorporating both views in his works. Whitman is among the most influential poets in the American canon, often called the father of free verse.
- ... that Admiral Eduard von Capelle (pictured) was responsible for writing the legislation that funded the battleships of the German High Seas Fleet before World War I?
- ... that Cornelia Adair, during World War I, invited Belgian refugees to stay at her Glenveagh Castle in County Donegal, Ireland?
- ... that Ervin Marton, an internationally known Hungarian photographer based in Paris, was part of the French Resistance during World War II?
- ... that Bulla Felix was a legendary bandit who mocked and eluded Imperial Roman authorities for years, until betrayed by a lover and condemned to the beasts in the arena?
- ... that author and anti-globalization advocate Tim Costello started his writing career in the back of his truck while traveling as a long-haul truck driver?
- ... that King Stephen of England threatened to hang Roger le Poer, his ex-Lord Chancellor, in order to force Roger's mother to surrender the castle she held?
- ... that Yang Kyoungjong was a Korean soldier who was drafted into the Japanese, Soviet and German armies, and captured by US soldiers in Normandy on D-Day?
"If we knew what we were doing, it wouldn't be called research, would it?"
— Albert Einstein