A biography is a detailed description or account of someone's life. More than a list of basic facts (education, work, relationships, and death), a biography also portrays a subject's experience of these events. Unlike a profile or curriculum vitae (résumé), a biography presents a subject's life story, highlighting various aspects of his or her life, including intimate details of experience, and may include an analysis of a subject's personality.
Biographical works are usually non-fiction, but fiction can also be used to portray a person's life. One in-depth form of biographical coverage is called legacy writing. Biographical works in diverse media—from literature to film—form the genre known as biography.
An authorized biography is written with the permission, cooperation, and, at times, participation of a subject or a subject's heirs.
An autobiography is about a life of a subject, written by that subject or sometimes with a collaborator.
Muammar Muhammad Abu Minyar al-Gaddafi (Arabic: معمر محمد أبو منيار القذافي; c. 1942 – 20 October 2011), commonly known as Colonel Gaddafi, was a Libyan revolutionary and politician, and the de facto ruler of Libya for 42 years. Taking power in a 1969 coup d'etat, he ruled from 1977 to 2011, when he was ousted and killed in the Libyan Civil War.
- 1862 - Claude Debussy, French composer (d. 1918)
- 1887 - Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German minister of finance (d. 1977)
- 1902 - Leni Riefenstahl, German film director (d. 2003)
- 1904 - Deng Xiaoping, Premier of the People's Republic of China (d. 1997)
- 1920 - Ray Bradbury, American writer
- 1928 - Karlheinz Stockhausen, German composer
- 1934 - Norman Schwarzkopf, (pictured) U.S. general
- 1949 - Alfred Musema, Rwandan genocidaire
- 1957 - Steve Davis, English snooker player
- 1963 - Tori Amos, American singer/songwriter
- 1964 - Mats Wilander, Swedish tennis player
- 1970 - Giada De Laurentiis, Cook on the Food Channel
- 1983 - Theo Bos, Dutch cyclist
"Here is a test to find whether your mission on earth is finished: If you're alive, it isn't."
— Richard Bach
In Illusions, 1977