Hart Memorial Trophy

The Hart Memorial Trophy, originally known as the Hart Trophy, is an annual award for the most valuable player in the National Hockey League (NHL), voted by the members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association. The original trophy was donated to the league in 1923 by David Hart, the father of Cecil Hart, the longtime head coach of the Montreal Canadiens. The Hart Trophy has been awarded 98 times to 61 different players since its beginnings in 1923–24.

Hart Memorial Trophy
Hhof hart.jpg
SportIce hockey
Awarded forMost Valuable Player in regular season of the National Hockey League
History
First award1924
Most winsWayne Gretzky (9)
Most recentAuston Matthews
Toronto Maple Leafs

HistoryEdit

 
The first winner of the original trophy, Frank Nighbor[1]
 
Elmer Lach with the original trophy in 1945

The Hart Memorial Trophy is named in honour of Canadian Dr. David Hart. Dr. Hart, who donated the original trophy to the NHL, was the father of Cecil Hart, a former Coach and General Manager of the Montreal Canadiens. The trophy was first awarded at the conclusion of the 1923–24 NHL season to Frank Nighbor of the original Ottawa Senators. The original Hart Trophy was retired to the Hockey Hall of Fame in 1960, and the NHL began presenting a new trophy, which was dubbed the Hart Memorial Trophy in its place.[2] With the exceptions of Tommy Anderson, Al Rollins, and Jose Theodore, every eligible player who won the Hart Trophy (and retired) has been inducted into the Hall of Fame.

Wayne Gretzky won the award a record nine times during his career, eight consecutively. He has been named MVP more times than any player in the history of the other three North American major professional leagues (Major League Baseball (MLB), National Basketball Association, and National Football League). Barry Bonds is second, having won the MVP award seven times in the National League of Major League Baseball (The American League also awards an MVP), although until the 1930s baseball players were only permitted to win the award one time which limited the number of times Babe Ruth could win. Kareem Abdul-Jabbar won the NBA MVP award six times, and before Gretzky, Gordie Howe held the record for the NHL having won the Hart 6 times. Gretzky and his Edmonton Oilers teammate Mark Messier are the only players to win the Hart Trophy with more than one team.[3] Michael Jordan won the NBA MVP award 5 times. Peyton Manning won the NFL MVP 5 times. Only 5 players have won as many as 3: Jim Brown, Johnny Unitas, Brett Favre, Tom Brady, Aaron Rodgers.

Players from the Montreal Canadiens have won the award seventeen times; players from the Boston Bruins are second with thirteen winners. Joe Thornton became the only Hart Trophy winner to have switched clubs during his winning campaign during the 2005–06 season, having played for both the Bruins and San Jose Sharks that year. The defenseman with the most trophy victories is Eddie Shore, who has four. By contrast, it is rare for a goaltender to win the award, which has happened only eight times in its history by 7 different goaltenders; Buffalo Sabres goaltender Dominik Hasek is the only two-time winner.

The voting is conducted at the end of the regular season by members of the Professional Hockey Writers' Association, and each individual voter ranks their top five candidates on a 10-7-5-3-1 point(s) system.[4] Three finalists are named and the trophy is awarded at the NHL Awards ceremony after the playoffs. The closest the voting for the Hart Trophy has ever come was in the 2001–02 season, when Jose Theodore and Jarome Iginla tied in the total voting. The tiebreaker for choosing the Hart Trophy winner in such a case is number of first-place votes: Theodore claimed it, who had 86 first-place votes to Iginla's 82.[5]

In 2008, the NHL's official online shop came under criticism after they placed a T-shirt advertising Alexander Ovechkin as the award winner on sale a week before the results were revealed. A spokesperson for the league said "in an effort to offer our fans the merchandise they want in a timely manner following an event such as the NHL Awards, our licensees prepare product for all possible outcomes. In this situation, the link for one of the possible products became live early through an error by our e-commerce provider."[6] Ovechkin was later confirmed to be the winner.

WinnersEdit

 
Nels Stewart, two-time winner
 
Bobby Clarke, three-time winner
 
Wayne Gretzky, nine-time winner
 
Mario Lemieux, three-time winner
 
Sergei Fedorov, first European trained player to win it, one-time winner
 
Alexander Ovechkin, three-time winner
 
Sidney Crosby, two-time winner
 
Joe Thornton, the only player to switch clubs during his winning season, one-time winner
 
Connor McDavid, two-time winner
^ Denotes player who is still active in the NHL
* Denotes player inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame
~ Denotes inactive player not yet eligible for Hockey Hall of Fame consideration
  Denotes player whose team won the Stanley Cup that year
Player (X) Denotes the number of times the player had won the Hart Trophy at that time
Team (X) Denotes the number of times a player from this team had won at that time
Season Player Position Nationality Team
1923–24 Frank Nighbor* Centre   Canada Ottawa Senators
1924–25 Billy Burch* Centre   Canada[a] Hamilton Tigers
1925–26  Nels Stewart* Centre   Canada Montreal Maroons
1926–27 Herb Gardiner* Defenceman   Canada Montreal Canadiens
1927–28 Howie Morenz* Centre   Canada Montreal Canadiens (2)
1928–29 Roy Worters* Goaltender   Canada New York Americans
1929–30 Nels Stewart* (2) Centre   Canada Montreal Maroons (2)
1930–31  Howie Morenz* (2) Centre   Canada Montreal Canadiens (3)
1931–32 Howie Morenz* (3) Centre   Canada Montreal Canadiens (4)
1932–33 Eddie Shore* Defenceman   Canada Boston Bruins
1933–34 Aurèle Joliat* Left wing   Canada Montreal Canadiens (5)
1934–35 Eddie Shore* (2) Defenceman   Canada Boston Bruins (2)
1935–36 Eddie Shore* (3) Defenceman   Canada Boston Bruins (3)
1936–37 Babe Siebert* Defenceman   Canada Montreal Canadiens (6)
1937–38 Eddie Shore* (4) Defenceman   Canada Boston Bruins (4)
1938–39 Toe Blake* Left wing   Canada Montreal Canadiens (7)
1939–40 Ebbie Goodfellow* Defenceman   Canada Detroit Red Wings
1940–41  Bill Cowley* Centre   Canada Boston Bruins (5)
1941–42 Tommy Anderson Defenceman   Canada[b] Brooklyn Americans
1942–43 Bill Cowley* (2) Centre   Canada Boston Bruins (6)
1943–44 Babe Pratt* Defenceman   Canada Toronto Maple Leafs
1944–45 Elmer Lach* Centre   Canada Montreal Canadiens (8)
1945–46 Max Bentley* Centre   Canada Chicago Black Hawks
1946–47 Maurice Richard* Right wing   Canada Montreal Canadiens (9)
1947–48 Buddy O'Connor* Centre   Canada New York Rangers
1948–49 Sid Abel* Centre   Canada Detroit Red Wings (2)
1949–50 Chuck Rayner* Goaltender   Canada New York Rangers (2)
1950–51 Milt Schmidt* Centre   Canada Boston Bruins (7)
1951–52  Gordie Howe* Right wing   Canada Detroit Red Wings (3)
1952–53 Gordie Howe* (2) Right wing   Canada Detroit Red Wings (4)
1953–54 Al Rollins Goaltender   Canada Chicago Black Hawks (2)
1954–55 Ted Kennedy* Centre   Canada Toronto Maple Leafs (2)
1955–56  Jean Béliveau* Centre   Canada Montreal Canadiens (10)
1956–57 Gordie Howe* (3) Right wing   Canada Detroit Red Wings (5)
1957–58 Gordie Howe* (4) Right wing   Canada Detroit Red Wings (6)
1958–59 Andy Bathgate* Right wing   Canada New York Rangers (3)
1959–60 Gordie Howe* (5) Right wing   Canada Detroit Red Wings (7)
1960–61 Bernie Geoffrion* Right wing   Canada Montreal Canadiens (11)
1961–62 Jacques Plante* Goaltender   Canada Montreal Canadiens (12)
1962–63 Gordie Howe* (6) Right wing   Canada Detroit Red Wings (8)
1963–64 Jean Béliveau* (2) Centre   Canada Montreal Canadiens (13)
1964–65 Bobby Hull* Left wing   Canada Chicago Black Hawks (3)
1965–66 Bobby Hull* (2) Left wing   Canada Chicago Black Hawks (4)
1966–67 Stan Mikita* Centre   Canada[c] Chicago Black Hawks (5)
1967–68 Stan Mikita* (2) Centre   Canada Chicago Black Hawks (6)
1968–69 Phil Esposito* Centre   Canada Boston Bruins (8)
1969–70  Bobby Orr* Defenceman   Canada Boston Bruins (9)
1970–71 Bobby Orr* (2) Defenceman   Canada Boston Bruins (10)
1971–72  Bobby Orr* (3) Defenceman   Canada Boston Bruins (11)
1972–73 Bobby Clarke* Centre   Canada Philadelphia Flyers
1973–74 Phil Esposito* (2) Centre   Canada Boston Bruins (12)
1974–75  Bobby Clarke* (2) Centre   Canada Philadelphia Flyers (2)
1975–76 Bobby Clarke* (3) Centre   Canada Philadelphia Flyers (3)
1976–77  Guy Lafleur* Right wing   Canada Montreal Canadiens (14)
1977–78  Guy Lafleur* (2) Right wing   Canada Montreal Canadiens (15)
1978–79 Bryan Trottier* Centre   Canada[d] New York Islanders
1979–80 Wayne Gretzky* Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers
1980–81 Wayne Gretzky* (2) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (2)
1981–82 Wayne Gretzky* (3) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (3)
1982–83 Wayne Gretzky* (4) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (4)
1983–84  Wayne Gretzky* (5) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (5)
1984–85  Wayne Gretzky* (6) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (6)
1985–86 Wayne Gretzky* (7) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (7)
1986–87  Wayne Gretzky* (8) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (8)
1987–88 Mario Lemieux* Centre   Canada Pittsburgh Penguins
1988–89 Wayne Gretzky* (9) Centre   Canada Los Angeles Kings
1989–90  Mark Messier* Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (9)
1990–91 Brett Hull* Right wing   United States[e] St. Louis Blues
1991–92 Mark Messier* (2) Centre   Canada New York Rangers (4)
1992–93 Mario Lemieux* (2) Centre   Canada Pittsburgh Penguins (2)
1993–94 Sergei Fedorov* Centre   Russia Detroit Red Wings (9)
1994–95 Eric Lindros* Centre   Canada Philadelphia Flyers (4)
1995–96 Mario Lemieux* (3) Centre   Canada Pittsburgh Penguins (3)
1996–97 Dominik Hašek* Goaltender   Czech Republic Buffalo Sabres
1997–98 Dominik Hašek* (2) Goaltender   Czech Republic Buffalo Sabres (2)
1998–99 Jaromír Jágr~ Right wing   Czech Republic Pittsburgh Penguins (4)
1999–2000 Chris Pronger* Defenceman   Canada St. Louis Blues (2)
2000–01  Joe Sakic* Centre   Canada Colorado Avalanche
2001–02 José Théodore Goaltender   Canada Montreal Canadiens (16)
2002–03 Peter Forsberg* Centre   Sweden Colorado Avalanche (2)
2003–04  Martin St. Louis* Right wing   Canada Tampa Bay Lightning
2004–05 Trophy was not awarded due to the 2004–05 NHL lockout
2005–06 Joe Thornton^ Centre   Canada Boston Bruins (13) / San Jose Sharks[f]
2006–07 Sidney Crosby^ Centre   Canada Pittsburgh Penguins (5)
2007–08 Alexander Ovechkin^ Left wing   Russia Washington Capitals
2008–09 Alexander Ovechkin^ (2) Left wing   Russia Washington Capitals (2)
2009–10 Henrik Sedin* Centre   Sweden Vancouver Canucks
2010–11 Corey Perry^ Right wing   Canada Anaheim Ducks
2011–12 Evgeni Malkin^ Centre   Russia Pittsburgh Penguins (6)
2012–13 Alexander Ovechkin^ (3) Right wing   Russia Washington Capitals (3)
2013–14 Sidney Crosby^ (2) Centre   Canada Pittsburgh Penguins (7)
2014–15 Carey Price^ Goaltender   Canada Montreal Canadiens (17)
2015–16 Patrick Kane^ Right wing   United States Chicago Blackhawks (7)
2016–17 Connor McDavid^ Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (10)
2017–18 Taylor Hall^ Left wing   Canada New Jersey Devils
2018–19 Nikita Kucherov^ Right wing   Russia Tampa Bay Lightning (2)
2019–20 Leon Draisaitl^ Centre   Germany Edmonton Oilers (11)
2020–21 Connor McDavid^ (2) Centre   Canada Edmonton Oilers (12)
2021–22 Auston Matthews^ Centre   United States Toronto Maple Leafs (3)

Multi-time winnersEdit

Awards Player Team(s) Years
9 Wayne Gretzky Edmonton Oilers (8) / Los Angeles Kings (1) 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1988–89
6 Gordie Howe Detroit Red Wings 1951–52, 1952–53, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1959–60, 1962–63
4 Eddie Shore Boston Bruins 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38
3 Howie Morenz Montreal Canadiens 1927–28, 1930–31, 1931–32
Bobby Orr Boston Bruins 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72
Bobby Clarke Philadelphia Flyers 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76
Mario Lemieux Pittsburgh Penguins 1987–88, 1992–93, 1995–96
Alexander Ovechkin Washington Capitals 2007–08, 2008–09, 2012–13
2 Nels Stewart Montreal Maroons 1925–26, 1929–30
Bill Cowley Boston Bruins 1940–41, 1942–43
Jean Beliveau Montreal Canadiens 1955–56, 1963–64
Bobby Hull Chicago Blackhawks 1964–65, 1965–66
Stan Mikita Chicago Blackhawks 1966–67, 1967–68
Phil Esposito Boston Bruins 1968–69, 1973–74
Guy Lafleur Montreal Canadiens 1976–77, 1977–78
Mark Messier Edmonton Oilers (1) / New York Rangers (1) 1989–90, 1991–92
Dominik Hašek Buffalo Sabres 1996–97, 1997–98
Sidney Crosby Pittsburgh Penguins 2006–07, 2013–14
Connor McDavid Edmonton Oilers 2016–17, 2020–21

TeamsEdit

Awards Teams Years
17 Montreal Canadiens 1926–27, 1927–28, 1930–31, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1944–45, 1946–47, 1955–56, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1963–64, 1976–77, 1977–78, 2001–02, 2014–15
13 Boston Bruins 1932–33, 1934–35, 1935–36, 1937–38, 1940–41, 1942–43, 1950–51, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1970–71, 1971–72, 1973–74, 2005–06
12 Edmonton Oilers 1979–80, 1980–81, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1986–87, 1989–90, 2016–17, 2019–20, 2020–21
9 Detroit Red Wings 1939–40, 1948–49, 1951–52, 1952–53, 1956–57, 1957–58, 1959–60, 1962–63, 1993–94
7 Chicago Blackhawks 1945–46, 1953–54, 1964–65, 1965–66, 1966–67, 1967–68, 2015–16
Pittsburgh Penguins 1987–88, 1992–93, 1995–96, 1998–99, 2006–07, 2011–12, 2013–14
4 New York Rangers 1947–48, 1949–50, 1958–59, 1991–92
Philadelphia Flyers 1972–73, 1974–75, 1975–76, 1994–95
3 Toronto Maple Leafs 1943–44, 1954–55, 2021–22
Washington Capitals 2007–08, 2008–09, 2012–13
2 Montreal Maroons 1925–26, 1929–30
New York Americans 1928–29, 1941–42
St. Louis Blues 1990–91, 1999–2000
Buffalo Sabres 1996–97, 1997–98
Colorado Avalanche 2000–01, 2002–03
Tampa Bay Lightning 2003–04, 2018–19
1 Ottawa Senators (original) 1923–24
Hamilton Tigers 1924–25
New York Islanders 1978–79
Los Angeles Kings 1988–89
San Jose Sharks 2005–06
Vancouver Canucks 2009–10
Anaheim Ducks 2010–11
New Jersey Devils 2017–18
0 Arizona Coyotes None
Calgary Flames
Carolina Hurricanes
Columbus Blue Jackets
Dallas Stars
Florida Panthers
Minnesota Wild
Nashville Predators
Ottawa Senators (current)
Seattle Kraken
Vegas Golden Knights
Winnipeg Jets

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Bill Burch, who was born in the United States, was raised in Canada.
  2. ^ Tommy Anderson, who was born in the United Kingdom, was raised in Canada.
  3. ^ Stan Mikita, who was born in the Slovak Republic, was partially raised in Canada.
  4. ^ Bryan Trottier, who was born and raised in Canada, became a dual Canadian–United States citizen in 1984.
  5. ^ Brett Hull, who was born in Canada, was partially raised in the United States.
  6. ^ The 2005–06 winner, Joe Thornton, was traded from the Boston Bruins to the San Jose Sharks mid-season. To date, he is only winner to have played for multiple teams during his winning season.

ReferencesEdit

General
  • "Hart Memorial Trophy". National Hockey League. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  • Hockey Hall of Fame. "Legends of Hockey - NHL Trophies - Hart Memorial Trophy". Legends of Hockey. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  • "NHL Hart Memorial Trophy Winners". Hockey Reference. Retrieved July 12, 2014.
  • Hollander, Zander; Bock, Hal, eds. (1970). The Complete Encyclopedia of Ice Hockey. Prentice-Hall Inc. ISBN 0-13-159905-4.
Specific
  1. ^ "Hart Memorial Trophy". Official website of Hockey Hall of Fame. Retrieved 15 February 2018.
  2. ^ Hollander & Bock 1970, p. 311.
  3. ^ "99 Reasons Why Wayne Gretzky is "The Great One"". National Hockey League. Retrieved January 1, 2012.
  4. ^ Dolezar, Jon (April 20, 2003). "Foppa shows the most Hart". Sports Illustrated. Archived from the original on 2007-12-05. Retrieved August 4, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)
  5. ^ "Hart Memorial Trophy". National Hockey League. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
  6. ^ "Did NHL Shop Reveal Ovechkin as Hart Winner?". The Sports Network. June 6, 2008. Archived from the original on 2008-06-10. Retrieved August 4, 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)