Physical map of Earth
with political borders as of 2016
Geography (from Greek: γεωγραφία, geographia, literally "earth description") is a field of science devoted to the study of the lands, features, inhabitants, and phenomena of the Earth and planets. The first person to use the word γεωγραφία was Eratosthenes (276–194 BC). Geography is an all-encompassing discipline that seeks an understanding of Earth and its human and natural complexities—not merely where objects are, but also how they have changed and come to be.
Geography is often defined in terms of two branches: human geography and physical geography. Human geography deals with the study of people and their communities, cultures, economies, and interactions with the environment by studying their relations with and across space and place. Physical geography deals with the study of processes and patterns in the natural environment like the atmosphere, hydrosphere, biosphere, and geosphere.
is a state
in South India
. It was created
on 1 November 1956 with the passage of the States Reorganisation Act
, and this day is annually celebrated as Karnataka Rajyotsava
(Formation Day). Originally known as the State of Mysore
, it was renamed Karnataka
in 1973. It is the land of the Kannadiga
, and Kodava
peoples. With over 61 million inhabitants as of 2011, Karnataka is the ninth largest state by population
in India. Kannada
is the most widely spoken and official language of the state. The two main river systems of the state are Krishna
and its tributaries (Bhima
, and Tungabhadra
) in the north, and the Cauvery
and its tributaries (Hemavati, Shimsha, Arkavathi, Lakshmana Thirtha and Kabini) in the south. Both these rivers flow eastward and fall into the Bay of Bengal
. With an antiquity that dates to the paleolithic
, Karnataka has also been home to some of the most powerful empires of ancient and medieval India
. The philosophers and musical bards patronised by these empires launched socio-religious and literary movements which have endured to the present day. Karnataka has contributed significantly to both the Carnatic
forms of Indian classical music.
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was an American pioneer
whose frontier exploits made him one of the first folk heroes of the United States
. Boone is most famous for his exploration and settlement of what is now the U.S. Commonwealth of Kentucky
, which was then beyond the western borders of the Thirteen Colonies
. Despite resistance from American Indians
, for whom Kentucky was a traditional hunting ground, in 1775 Boone blazed the Wilderness Road
through the Cumberland Gap
and into Kentucky. There he founded Boonesborough
, one of the first English-speaking settlements beyond the Appalachian Mountains
. Before the end of the 18th century, more than 200,000 European people migrated to Kentucky and Virginia by following the route marked by Boone. He was a legend in his own lifetime, especially after an account of his adventures was published in 1784, making him famous in America and Europe. After his death, he was frequently the subject of tall tales and works of fiction. His adventures—real and legendary—were influential in creating the archetypal Western hero of American folklore. In American popular culture, he is remembered as one of the foremost early frontiersmen, even though the mythology often overshadows the historical details of his life.
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