List of European countries by area

Below is a list of European states, in order of their geographical area. As a continent, Europe's total geographical area is about ten million square kilometres.[1]

Some states (marked *) are transcontinental countries. Those are ranked according to the size of their European part only.

The list includes only sovereign states.

Inland water is included in area numbers.

TableEdit

European states by area

  Russia* (39.7%)
  Ukraine (6.0%)
  France (5.5%)
  Spain (5.0%)
  Sweden (4.5%)
  Norway (3.9%)
  Germany (3.6%)
  Finland (3.4%)
  Poland (3.1%)
  Italy (3.0%)
  United Kingdom (2.4%)
  Romania (2.4%)
  Other (17.5%)
Rank State Total area (km2) Total area (sq mi) Notes
1   Russia* 3,969,100 1,532,500 3,995,200 km2 (1,542,600 sq mi) including the annexed territory of Crimea; 17,098,242 km2 (6,601,668 sq mi) including Siberia.[2]
2   Ukraine 603,628 233,062[3] Including Crimea.
3   France* 551,695 213,011 643,801 km2 (248,573 sq mi) when the overseas departments are included.
4   Spain* 498,511 192,476 505,990 km2 (195,360 sq mi) when the Canary Islands, Ceuta and Melilla are included.[4]
5   Sweden 450,295 173,860
6   Norway 385,178 148,718 Including Svalbard and Jan Mayen.[5] If they are excluded, continental Norway is 323,779 km2 (125,012 sq mi) in area.
7   Germany 357,386 137,988[6]
8   Finland 338,145 130,559
9   Poland 312,685 120,728
10   Italy 301,338 116,347
11   United Kingdom* 242,495 93,628 Not including British Overseas Territories or Crown dependencies.
12   Romania 238,397 92,046
13   Belarus 207,600 80,200
14   Kazakhstan* 148,000 57,000

Territory west of the Ural River is counted as in Europe; 2,724,902 km2 (1,052,091 sq mi) including Asian part.

15   Greece 131,940 50,940
16   Bulgaria 110,994 42,855
17   Iceland 102,775 39,682
18   Hungary 93,030 35,920
19   Portugal 88,416 34,138 91,568 km2 (35,355 sq mi) when the Azores Islands and the Madeira Archipelago are included.
20   Austria 83,858 32,378
21   Czech Republic 78,866 30,450
22   Serbia 88,361 34,116 Including Kosovo. 77,474 km2 (29,913 sq mi) when excluding Kosovo.
23   Ireland 70,273 27,133 84,421 km2 (32,595 sq mi) when including Northern Ireland.
24   Lithuania 65,300 25,200
25   Latvia 64,589 24,938[7]
26   Croatia 56,594 21,851
27   Bosnia and Herzegovina 51,129 19,741
28   Slovakia 49,036 18,933
29   Estonia 45,339 17,505
30   Denmark* 44,493 17,179 Figure includes the Faroe Islands. Including Greenland it would be 2,210,579 km2 (853,509 sq mi). Continental Denmark is 43,094 km2 (16,639 sq mi) in area.
31   Switzerland 41,290 15,940
32   Netherlands* 41,198 15,907 Excluding Caribbean Netherlands, Aruba, Curacao and Sint Maarten; combined into the Kingdom of the Netherlands, its total area is 42,531 km2 (16,421 sq mi).
33   Moldova 33,846 13,068
34   Belgium 30,510 11,780
35   Armenia* 29,743 11,484 Geographically part of Asia, but can be considered culturally European.
36   Albania 28,748 11,100
37   North Macedonia 25,713 9,928
38   Turkey* 23,764 9,175 783,562 km2 (302,535 sq mi) including Asian part.
39   Slovenia 20,273 7,827
40   Montenegro 13,812 5,333
41   Kosovo 10,887 4,203 Partially recognised state.
42   Azerbaijan* 6,960 2,690 86,600 km2 (33,400 sq mi) including Asian part.
43   Cyprus 5,896 2,276 A Mediterranean island near Turkey in the Middle East; does not have sovereignty over the whole of the island of Cyprus (total area of 9,251 km2).
44   Luxembourg 2,586 998
45   Georgia* 2,428 937 69,700 km2 (26,900 sq mi) including Asian part.
46   Andorra 468 181
47   Malta 316 122
48   Liechtenstein 160 62
49   San Marino 61 24
50   Monaco 2 0.77
51   Vatican City 0.44 0.17

DefinitionEdit

Europe and Asia are contiguous with each other; thus, the exact boundary between them is not clearly defined, and often follows historical, political, and cultural definitions, rather than geographical.

Clickable map of Europe, showing one of the most commonly used continental boundaries[8]

Legend: blue = Contiguous transcontinental states; green = Sometimes considered European but geographically outside Europe's boundaries.

RangeEdit

The area of European countries varies widely, over several orders of magnitude:

 

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Map and Details of all 7 Continents". WorldAtlas. Retrieved May 4, 2019.
  2. ^ "The World Factbook - Central Asia - Russia". CIA World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 3 May 2019.
  3. ^ "Ukraine". United Nations in Ukraine. Retrieved 2020-02-14.
  4. ^ "Entorno físico y medio ambiente" (PDF). Instituto Nacional de Estadística. p. 10. Retrieved 4 August 2019.
  5. ^ "Updated land cover figures". ssb.no. Retrieved 2015-11-21.
  6. ^ "Fläche und Bevölkerung". www.statistikportal.de (in German).
  7. ^ "Latvia country profile". 29 March 2019. Retrieved 2019-10-28 – via www.bbc.com.
  8. ^ The map shows one of the most commonly accepted delineations of the geographical boundaries of Europe, as used by National Geographic and Encyclopædia Britannica. Whether countries are considered in Europe or Asia can vary in sources, for example in the classification of the CIA World Factbook or that of the BBC. Certain countries in Europe, such as France, have territories lying geographically outside Europe, but which are nevertheless considered integral parts of that country.