1990 (MCMXC) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 1990th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 990th year of the 2nd millennium, the 90th year of the 20th century, and the 1st year of the 1990s decade.

From top-left, clockwise: the 1990 FIFA World Cup is held in Italy and is won by West Germany; the Human Genome Project is launched; Voyager 1 takes the famous Pale Blue Dot image-speaking on the fragility of humanity on Earth, astrophysicist Carl Sagan states: "That's here. That's home. That's us."; West Germany and East Germany reunify; police stand on-guard during the poll tax riots in the United Kingdom; Iraq under Saddam Hussein invades Kuwait, beginning the Gulf War; an earthquake kills between 35,000-50,000 people in northern Iran; the Hubble Space Telescope is launched from the Space Shuttle Discovery.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
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Important events of 1990 include the Reunification of Germany and the unification of Yemen,[1] the formal beginning of the Human Genome Project (finished in 2003), the launch of the Hubble Space Telescope, the separation of Namibia from South Africa, and the Baltic states declaring independence from the Soviet Union amidst Perestroika. Yugoslavia's communist regime collapses amidst increasing internal tensions and multiparty elections held within its constituent republics result in separatist governments being elected in most of the republics marking the beginning of the breakup of Yugoslavia. Also in this year began the crisis that would lead to the Gulf War in 1991 following the Iraq invasion and the largely internationally unrecognized annexation of Kuwait. This led to Operation Desert Shield being enacted with an international coalition of military forces being built up on the Kuwaiti-Saudi border with demands for Iraq to peacefully withdraw from Kuwait. Also in this year, Nelson Mandela was released from prison, and Margaret Thatcher resigned as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom after more than 11 years.

1990 was an important year in the Internet's early history. In late 1990, Tim Berners-Lee created the first web server and the foundation for the World Wide Web. Test operations began around December 20 and it was released outside CERN the following year.[2] 1990 also saw the official decommissioning of the ARPANET, a forerunner of the Internet system and the introduction of the first content web search engine, Archie, on September 10.[3]

September 14, 1990, saw the first case of successful somatic gene therapy on a patient.[4]

Due to the early 1990s recession that began that year and uncertainty due to the collapse of the socialist governments in Eastern Europe, birth rates in many countries stopped rising or fell steeply in 1990. In most western countries the Echo Boom peaked in 1990; fertility rates declined thereafter.[5]

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World population edit

World population
1990 1985 1995
World 5,263,593,000 4,830,979,000   432,614,000 +8.95 % 5,674,380,000   410,787,000 +7.80 %
Africa 622,443,000 541,718,000   80,629,000 +14.88 % 707,462,000   85,019,000 +13.66 %
Asia 3,167,807,000 2,887,552,000   280,255,000 +9.71 % 3,430,052,000   262,245,000 +8.28 %
Europe 721,582,000 706,009,000   15,573,000 +2.21 % 727,405,000   5,823,000 +0.81 %
Latin America 441,525,000 401,469,000   40,056,000 +9.98 % 481,099,000   39,574,000 +8.96 %
North America 283,549,000 269,456,000   14,093,000 +5.23 % 299,438,000   15,889,000 +5.60 %
Oceania 26,687,000 24,678,000   2,009,000 +8.14 % 28,924,000   2,237,000 +8.38 %

Births and deaths edit

Nobel Prizes edit

 

Fields Medal edit

References edit

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