Michael Edward Rainton Bassett CNZM QSO (born 28 August 1938) is a former Labour Party member of the New Zealand House of Representatives and cabinet minister in the reformist fourth Labour government. He is also a noted New Zealand historian, and has published a number of books on New Zealand politics, including biographies of Prime Ministers Peter Fraser, Gordon Coates and Joseph Ward.
Bassett in 2018
|27th Minister of Health|
26 July 1984 – 24 August 1987
|Prime Minister||David Lange|
|Preceded by||Aussie Malcolm|
|Succeeded by||David Caygill|
|22nd Minister of Internal Affairs|
24 August 1987 – 9 February 1990
|Prime Minister||David Lange|
|Preceded by||Peter Tapsell|
|Succeeded by||Margaret Austin|
Michael Edward Rainton Bassett
28 August 1938
Auckland, New Zealand
|Political party||Labour Party|
|Relatives||David Lange (third cousin)|
Peter Lange (third cousin)
|Alma mater||University of Auckland|
Life before politicsEdit
Bassett was born on 28 August 1938 in Auckland, the son of Clare Bassett (née Brown) and Edward Bassett, and educated at Owairaka School, Dilworth School, Mt Albert Grammar, and the University of Auckland. He completed BA and MA degrees in history at the University of Auckland before winning a fellowship to Duke University in the United States in 1961. He completed a PhD in American history there, completing a dissertation entitled The Socialist Party of America, 1912–1919: Years of Decline.
|New Zealand Parliament|
In 1971 Bassett was elected to the Auckland City Council. In the following year, he was elected as a Labour MP for Waitemata in the 1972 election, and the Labour Party became the government for the first time since 1960. Following the death of Prime Minister Norman Kirk the party (and Bassett) were defeated in the following (1975) election. In his account on the Third Labour Government, Bassett described it as one of "the most active and socially responsible governments of the twentieth century."
In 1984, a landslide to Labour resulted in New Zealand's fourth Labour government. Bassett was appointed as Minister of Health and Local Government (1984–1987), and Minister of Internal Affairs, Local Government, Civil Defence and Arts and Culture (1987–1990). He was chairman of the New Zealand Lottery Grants Board and of the 1990 Commission, tasked with the commemoration of the 150th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi. In his capacity as Minister of Internal Affairs he also helped reorganise Waitangi Day celebrations and encourage them around New Zealand.
The Fourth Labour government enacted a major programme of economic and social reform, the economic arm of which is known as Rogernomics. Major social reforms included the decriminalisation of homosexuality in the Homosexual Law Reform Act 1986. Bassett was a wholehearted supporter of the reforms, and when the government and party schismed over issues of economic reform, Bassett took the side of finance minister Roger Douglas, the main architect of the reforms. In 1990, Labour was defeated in another landslide election. Bassett did not contest the 1990 election, and retired from active politics.
He continued occasionally to be involved at an advisory level, for example unofficially advising Don Brash during his term as National Party leader. Bassett's switch of sides reflects the present-day Labour Party's semi-repudiation of Rogernomics.
Career after politicsEdit
Bassett resumed his academic career, publishing several books on New Zealand political history, and contributing to the Dictionary of New Zealand Biography and the British Dictionary of National Biography. He was a Professor of History at the University of Western Ontario on and off from 1992 to 1996, taught at the Auckland University Medical School from 1997 to 2000, and was a Fulbright Professor of New Zealand Studies at Georgetown University, Washington DC.
In his article The Essentials of Successful Political Leadership in Twentieth Century New Zealand Politics, Bassett outlined the factors he thought were required for a Prime Minister to be successful. These factors include robust health, high energy levels, a good temperament, intelligence, a willingness to take the right, as opposed to the politically expedient, decision, a modicum of luck, a supportive spouse and charisma.
Bassett is a third cousin of late Prime Minister David Lange. Bassett had suggested that Lange should stand on the Labour ticket for the Auckland City Council in 1974. The Council was dominated by conservative interests and the only Labour candidates elected were Jim Anderton and Catherine Tizard; Lange was "halfway down the field .... which was better than I expected". Lange's father, who was a doctor, had delivered Bassett. Lange wrote (presumably jokingly referring to Bassett's appointment to Cabinet and their later disagreements): "My father had delivered him, and it became plain in later days that he must have dropped him ...."
Bassett was awarded the New Zealand 1990 Commemoration Medal. In the 1992 Queen's Birthday Honours, Bassett was appointed a Companion of the Queen's Service Order for public services. He was made a Companion of the New Zealand Order of Merit, for services as an historian, in the 2018 New Year Honours.
- Bassett, Michael, Confrontation '51: the 1951 Waterfront Dispute (1972)
- Bassett, Michael, The Third Labour Government (1976) ISBN 0-908564-35-X
- Bassett, Michael (1982). Three Party Politics in New Zealand 1911–1931. Auckland: Historical Publications.
- Bassett, Michael, Sir Joseph Ward (1993);
- Bassett, Michael (1995). Coates of Kaipara.
- Bassett, Michael, The Mother of All Departments: A History of the Department of Internal Affairs (1997)
- Bassett, Michael, The State in New Zealand 1840–1984: Socialism Without Doctrines? (1998)
- Bassett, Michael and King, Michael, Tomorrow Comes the Song: A life of Peter Fraser (2001)
- Bassett and Bassett, Judith, Roderick Deane: His Life & Times (2006)
- Bassett, Michael and Goldsmith, Paul, The Myers (2007)
- Bassett, Michael, Working with David (2008)
- Bassett, Michael and Goldsmith, Paul, Puketutu and its People (2008)
- Bassett, Michael, City of Sails: The History of Auckland City Council, 1989–2010 (2013)
- Bassett, Michael. "Airey, Willis Thomas Goodwin". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Bassett, Michael. "Coates, Joseph Gordon". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Bassett, Michael. "Kirk, Norman Eric". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Bassett, Michael. "Ward, Joseph George". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Ministry for Culture and Heritage. Retrieved 8 February 2018.
- Traue 1978, p. 54.
- Taylor, Alister; Coddington, Deborah (1994). Honoured by the Queen – New Zealand. Auckland: New Zealand Who's Who Aotearoa. p. 58. ISBN 0-908578-34-2.
- Michael E.R. Bassett, The Socialist Party of America, 1912–1919: Years of Decline. Department of History, Duke University, 1963. Available through University Microfilms International, a division of ProQuest.
- Bassett, Michael (3 April 2002). "Self Help". michaelbassett.co.nz.
- Wilson 1985, p. 182.
- Bassett, Michael. The Third Labour Government.
- Wilson 1985, p. 98.
- Young, Audrey (15 December 2006). "Police extend Brash emails inquiry". NZ Herald. Retrieved 12 August 2012.
- Berry, Ruth (21 September 2004). "I'm out, Bassett tells Waitangi Tribunal". The New Zealand Herald. Retrieved 14 August 2014.
- "Correspondence between Michael Bassett and Tim Pankurst, editor Dominion Post". 13 December 2006. Retrieved 31 March 2014.
- Bassett, Michael (1999). "The Essentials of Successful Political Leadership in Twentieth Century New Zealand Politics". Political Science. 52 (2): 108–119.
- David Lange My Life p98 (2005, Viking/Penguin, Auckland) ISBN 0 67 004556 X
- "No. 52953". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 June 1992. p. 30.
- "New Year honours list 2018". Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. 30 December 2017. Retrieved 18 January 2018.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Michael Bassett.|
- Personal website
- Photo of the Fish and Chip Brigade in 1980 in Douglas’ office; Bassett, Douglas, Lange and Moore
|New Zealand Parliament|
| Member of Parliament for Waitemata
|New constituency|| Member of Parliament for Te Atatu
| Minister of Health