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The President of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de Nicaragua) officially known as the President of the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Nicaragua) is the head of state of Nicaragua. The office was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838, the head of state of Nicaragua was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado), and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director (Supremo Director).

President of the
Republic of Nicaragua
Presidente de la República de Nicaragua
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
Presidential Seal
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Daniel Ortega

since 10 January 2007
ResidenceManagua, Nicaragua
Term lengthFive years
Renewable indefinitely
Inaugural holderFruto Chamorro
Formation30 April 1854
DeputyVice President of Nicaragua
WebsitePresident of Nicaragua

Contents

Heads of State of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1838)Edit

  • Manuel Antonio de la Cerda y Aguilar : 22 April 1825 – 22 April 1826
  • Juan Argüello del Castillo y Guzmán : 22 April 1826 – 14 September 1827
  • Pedro Benito Pineda de León (acting; in rebellion at Granada) : 17 September 1826 – 26 February 1827
  • Manuel Antonio de la Cerda y Aguilar (in rebellion at León and Granada) : 27 February 1827 – 7 November 1828
  • Pedro Oviedo de Chinandega (provisional) : 14 September 1827 – December 1827
  • Juan Argüello del Castillo y Guzmán : 5 August 1828 – April 1829
  • Juan Espinosa (acting) : April 1829 – 12 May 1830
  • Dionisio de Herrera : 12 May 1830 – November 1833
  • Benito Morales (acting) : December 1833 – 10 March 1834
  • José Núñez (acting) : 10 March 1834 – 23 April 1835
  • José Zepeda : 23 April 1835 – 25 January 1837
  • José Núñez (acting) : 25 January 1837 – 12 January 1838
  • Francisco Jiménez Rubio (acting) : 12 January 1838 – 13 March 1838
  • José Núñez : 13 March 1838 – 17 November 1838

Heads of State of the Independent Republic of Nicaragua (1838–present)Edit

Supreme Directors (1838–1854)Edit

Presidents (1854–present)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of Office Political Affiliation Notes
1   Fruto Chamorro
(1804–1855)
30 April 1854 12 March 1855 Conservative [1]
  José María Estrada
(1802–1856)
Acting President
12 March 1855 22 October 1855 Conservative [1]
  Patricio Rivas
Provisional President
30 October 1855 24 June 1857 Democratic [1]
  William Walker
(1824–1860)
Usurper
12 July 1856 1 May 1857 Democratic [1]
  Government Junta (Máximo Jerez and Tomás Martínez) 24 June 1857 15 November 1857 Conservative /
Democratic
[1]
2   Tomás Martínez
(1820–1873)
15 November 1857 1 March 1867 Conservative [1]
3   Fernando Guzmán Solórzano
(1812–1891)
1 March 1867 1 March 1871 Conservative [1]
4   José Vicente Cuadra
(1812–1894)
1 March 1871 1 March 1875 Conservative [1]
5   Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro
(1818–1890)
1 March 1875 1 March 1879 Conservative [1]
6   Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
1 March 1879 1 March 1883 Conservative [1]
7   Adán Cárdenas
(1836–1916)
1 March 1883 1 March 1887 Conservative [1]
8   Evaristo Carazo
(1821–1889)
1 March 1887 1 August 1889 Conservative [1]
  Nicolás Osorno
Acting President
1 August 1889 5 August 1889 Conservative
  Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
Acting President
5 August 1889 1 January 1891 Conservative [1]
9   Ignacio Chaves López 1 January 1891 1 March 1891 Conservative
10   Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
1 March 1891 11 July 1893 Conservative [1]
  Salvador Machado
Acting President
11 July 1893 15 July 1893 Conservative
  Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
Acting President
16 July 1893 25 July 1893 Conservative [1]
11   José Santos Zelaya
(1853–1919)
25 July 1893 21 December 1909 Liberal [1]
  José Madriz
(1867–1911)
Acting President
21 December 1909 20 August 1910 Liberal [1]
  José Dolores Estrada
(1869–1939)
Acting President
20 August 1910 27 August 1910 Liberal
  Luis Mena
Acting President
27 August 1910 30 August 1910 Conservative
  Juan José Estrada
(1872–1967)
Provisional President
30 August 1910 9 May 1911 Liberal [1]
12   Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
9 May 1911 1 January 1917 Conservative [1]
13   Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
1 January 1917 1 January 1921 Conservative [1]
14   Diego Manuel Chamorro
(1861–1923)
1 January 1921 12 October 1923 Conservative [1]
  Rosendo Chamorro
Acting President
12 October 1923 27 October 1923 Conservative
15   Bartolomé Martínez
(1873–1936)
27 October 1923 1 January 1925 Conservative [1]
16   Carlos José Solórzano
(1860–1936)
1 January 1925 14 March 1926 Conservative [1]
17   Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
De facto
14 March 1926 11 November 1926 Conservative [1]
  Sebastián Uriza
(1861–1926)
Acting President
11 November 1926 14 November 1926 Conservative
18   Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
14 November 1926 1 January 1929 Conservative [1]
19   José María Moncada
(1870–1945)
1 January 1929 1 January 1933 Liberal [1]
20   Juan Bautista Sacasa
(1874–1946)
1 January 1933 9 June 1936 Liberal [1]
  Carlos Alberto Brenes
(1884–1942)
Acting President
9 June 1936 1 January 1937 Liberal [1]
21   Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
1 January 1937 1 May 1947 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
22   Leonardo Argüello Barreto
(1875–1947)
1 May 1947 26 May 1947 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
  Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa
(1893–1959)
Acting President
26 May 1947 15 August 1947 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
23   Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes
(1872–1950)
15 August 1947 6 May 1950 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
24   Manuel Fernando Zurita
Acting President
6 May 1950 7 May 1950 Nationalist Liberal Party
25   Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
7 May 1950 29 September 1956 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
26   Luis Somoza Debayle
(1922–1967)
29 September 1956 1 May 1963 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
27   René Schick
(1909–1966)
1 May 1963 3 August 1966 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
  Orlando Montenegro Medrano
(1920–1988)
Acting President
3 August 1966 4 August 1966 Nationalist Liberal Party
28   Lorenzo Guerrero
(1900–1981)
4 August 1966 1 May 1967 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
29   Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 May 1967 1 May 1972 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
  Liberal-Conservative Junta 1 May 1972 1 December 1974 Nationalist Liberal Party /
Social Conservative Party
30   Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 December 1974 17 July 1979 Military /
Nationalist Liberal Party
[1]
  Francisco Urcuyo
(1915–2001)
Acting President
17 July 1979 18 July 1979 Nationalist Liberal Party [1]
  Junta of National Reconstruction
(Coordinator: Daniel Ortega)
18 July 1979 10 January 1985 Multipartisan /
Sandinista National Liberation Front
31   Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 1985 25 April 1990 Sandinista National Liberation Front [1]
32   Violeta Chamorro
(born 1929)
25 April 1990 10 January 1997 National Opposition Union [1]
33   Arnoldo Alemán
(born 1947)
10 January 1997 10 January 2002 Constitutionalist Liberal Party [1]
34   Enrique Bolaños
(born 1928)
10 January 2002 10 January 2007 Constitutionalist Liberal Party
(until October 2004.)
[1]
(34) Alliance for the Republic
35   Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 2007 Incumbent Sandinista National Liberation Front

See alsoEdit

Latest electionEdit

Candidate Party Votes %
Daniel Ortega Sandinista National Liberation Front 1,806,651 72.44
Maximino Rodríguez Constitutionalist Liberal Party 374,898 15.03
José Alvarado Independent Liberal Party 112,562 4.51
Saturnino Cerrato Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 107,392 4.31
Erick Cabezas Conservative Party 57,437 2.30
Carlos Canales Alliance for the Republic 35,002 1.40
Invalid/blank votes
Total 2,493,942 100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "Gobernantes de Nicaragua". Ministerio de Educación. 9 December 2012.

External linksEdit