President of Nicaragua

The president of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de Nicaragua), officially known as the president of the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: Presidente de la República de Nicaragua), is the head of state of Nicaragua. The office was created in the Constitution of 1854. From 1825 until the Constitution of 1838, the head of state of Nicaragua was styled simply as Head of State (Jefe de Estado), and from 1838 to 1854 as Supreme Director (Supremo Director).

President of the
Republic of Nicaragua
Presidente de la República de Nicaragua
Coat of arms of Nicaragua.svg
Presidential Seal
Daniel Ortega (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Daniel Ortega

since 10 January 2007
StatusHead of State
Head of Government
ResidenceManagua, Nicaragua
Term lengthFive years, renewable
Constituting instrumentConstitution of Nicaragua
PrecursorSupreme Director of Nicaragua
Formation30 April 1854
First holderFruto Chamorro
DeputyVice President of Nicaragua
Salary3,193 USD per month[1][2]
WebsitePresident of Nicaragua

The incumbent president, Daniel Ortega, has served as President since 2007.[3]

Heads of the state of Nicaragua within the Federal Republic of Central America (1821–1838)Edit

Name Political party Dates in office Notes
Manuel Antonio de la Cerda Conservative 22 April 1825 – 22 April 1826 1st time, from León.
Juan Argüello Liberal 22 April 1826 – 14 September 1827 1st time, from León.
Pedro Benito Pineda Conservative 17 September 1826 – 26 February 1827 In rebellion, from Granada.
Manuel Antonio de la Cerda Conservative 27 February 1827 – 7 November 1828 In rebellion, 2nd time.
Pedro Oviedo Liberal 14 September 1827 – December 1827 Provisional, from Chinandega, León and Granada.
Liberal Juntas Liberal December 1827 - August 1828 From León and Granada.
Juan Argüello Liberal 5 August 1828 – November 1829 2nd time, from León.
Juan Espinosa Liberal 8 November 1829 – 10 May 1830 Acting.
Dionisio de Herrera Liberal 10 May 1830 - December, 1833
Benito Morales Conservative December, 1833 - 10 March 1834 Acting.
José Núñez Conservative 10 March 1834 – 23 April 1835
José Zepeda Conservative 23 April 1835 – 25 January 1837 Assassinated.
José Núñez Conservative 25 January 1837 – 12 January 1838 2nd time, acting.
Francisco Jiménez Rubio Conservative 12 January 1838 – 13 March 1838 Acting.
José Núñez Conservative 13 March 1838 – 17 November 1838 3rd time.

Heads of state of independent Nicaragua (1838–present)Edit

Supreme directors (1838–1854)Edit

Name Political party Dates in office Notes
José Núñez Conservative 17 November 1838 – 23 April 1839 1st time.
Evaristo Rocha Conservative 23 April – 30 June 1839
Patricio Rivas Liberal 30 June 1839 – 27 July 1839 1st time.
Joaquín del Cossío Conservative 27 July 1839 – 20 October 1839
Hilario Ulloa Conservative 20 October 1839 – 7 November 1839
Tomás Valladares Conservative 7 November 1839 – 21 September 1840
Patricio Rivas Liberal 21 September 1840 – 4 March 1841 2nd time.
Pablo Buitrago y Benavente Conservative 4 March 1841 – 1 April 1843
Juan de Dios Orozco Conservative 1 April 1843 - 31 May 1843
Manuel Pérez Liberal 31 May 1843 - 4 November 1844
Emiliano Madriz Liberal 4 November 1844 - 24 January 1845 Legitimate in León, defender of the then-state capital against Francisco Malespín.
Silvestre Selva Conservative 16 December 1844 - 20 January 1845 Provisional, in rebellion. Recognized by Malespin.
Manuel Blas Antonio Sáenz Conservative 20 January – 4 April 1845 In dissent since 24 January 1845.
José León Sandoval Conservative Republican (Conservador republicano) 4 April 1845 - 12 March 1847
Miguel Ramón Morales Conservative Republican 12 March – 6 April 1847 Acting Senator, Acting
José María Guerrero de Arcos y Molina Conservative Republican 6 April 1847 - 1 January 1849
Bernardo Toribio Terán Prado Conservative 1 January – 8 March 1849 Acting Senator
José Benito Rosales y Sandoval Conservative 8 March – 1 April 1849 Acting Senator
Norberto Ramírez Áreas Conservative 1 April 1849 - 1 April 1851
Justo Abaunza y Muñoz de Avilés Conservative 1 April – 5 May 1851 Provisional Government in León. 1st time, Acting Senator.
José Laureano Pineda Ugarte Liberal 5 May – 4 August 1851 1st time. Deposed by José Trinidad Muñoz military coup.
Justo Abaunza y Muñoz de Avilés Conservative 4 August – 11 November 1851 2nd time. Acting senator under the authority of José Trinidad Muñoz, General in Chief, leader of the military coup.
José Laureano Pineda Ugarte Liberal 5 August – 11 August 1851 In dissent, 2nd time.
José Francisco del Montenegro Liberal 5 August – 11 August 1851 Government in Granada, died after assuming command.
José de Jesús Alfaro Liberal 11 August – 2 November 1851 In dissent. Government in Granada, Acting Senator.
Fulgencio de la Vega y Santos Conservative 11 November 1851 – 1852, Appointed by the Assembly with the support of: Fruto Chamorro Brigadier General, victorious against José Trinidad Muñoz.
José Laureano Pineda Ugarte Liberal 11 November 1851 – 1 April 1853 In rebellion until 2 November 1851. 3rd time.
José Fruto Chamorro Pérez Conservative 1 April 1853 – 30 April 1854 Government in Granada.
Francisco Castellón Sanabria Liberal 11 June 1854 - 2 September 1855 Provisional in rebellion, from León to 1 April 1855.
Nazario Scotus Liberal 2 September – 30 October 1855 Provisional in rebellion, from León.

Presidents (1854–present)Edit

No. Portrait Name
(Birth–Death)
Term of office Political party
(at time of election)
Election Ref.
Took office Left office Time in office
1Fruto Chamorro
(1804–1855)
30 April 185412 March 1855316 daysConservative[4]
José María Estrada
(1802–1856)
Acting
12 March 185522 October 1855224 daysConservative[4]
Patricio Rivas
(1810–1867)
Provisional
30 October 185524 June 1857224 daysDemocratic1856[4]
William Walker
(1824–1860)
Usurper
12 July 18561 May 1857293 daysDemocratic[4]
Government Junta
Máximo Jerez and Tomás Martínez
24 June 185715 November 1857144 daysNonpartisan[4]
2Tomás Martínez
(1820–1873)
15 November 18571 March 18679 years, 106 daysConservative[4]
3Fernando Guzmán Solórzano
(1812–1891)
1 March 18671 March 18714 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
4José Vicente Cuadra
(1812–1894)
1 March 18711 March 18754 years, 0 daysConservative1871[4]
5Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro
(1818–1890)
1 March 18751 March 18794 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
6Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
1 March 18791 March 18834 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
7Adán Cárdenas
(1836–1916)
1 March 18831 March 18874 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
8Evaristo Carazo
(1821–1889)
1 March 18871 August 18892 years, 0 daysConservative[4]
Nicolás Osorno
(1821–1889)
Acting
1 August 18895 August 18894 daysConservative
Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
Acting
5 August 18891 January 18911 year, 149 daysConservative[4]
9Ignacio Chaves López
(1821–1889)
1 January 18911 March 189159 daysConservative
10Roberto Sacasa
(1840–1896)
1 March 189111 July 18932 years, 132 daysConservative[4]
Salvador Machado
(1840–1896)
Acting
11 July 189315 July 18934 daysConservative
Joaquín Zavala
(1835–1906)
Acting
16 July 189325 July 18939 daysConservative[4]
11José Santos Zelaya
(1853–1919)
25 July 189321 December 190916 years, 149 daysLiberal1902
1906
[4]
José Madriz
(1867–1911)
Acting
21 December 190920 August 1910242 daysLiberal[4]
José Dolores Estrada
(1869–1939)
Acting
20 August 191027 August 19107 daysLiberal
Luis Mena
(1869–1939)
Acting
27 August 191030 August 19103 daysConservative
Juan José Estrada
(1872–1967)
Acting
30 August 19109 May 1911252 daysLiberal[4]
12Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
9 May 19111 January 19175 years, 237 daysConservative1912
1914
[4]
13Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
1 January 19171 January 19214 years, 0 daysConservative1916[4]
14Diego Manuel Chamorro
(1861–1923)
1 January 192112 October 1923 †2 years, 284 daysConservative1920[4]
Rosendo Chamorro
(1861–1923)
Acting
12 October 192327 October 192315 daysConservative
15Bartolomé Martínez
(1873–1936)
27 October 19231 January 19251 year, 66 daysConservative[4]
16Carlos José Solórzano
(1860–1936)
1 January 192514 March 19261 year, 72 daysConservative1924[4]
(13)Emiliano Chamorro Vargas
(1871–1966)
De facto
14 March 192611 November 1926242 daysConservative[4]
Sebastián Uriza
(1861–1926)
Acting
11 November 192614 November 19263 daysConservative
(12)Adolfo Díaz
(1875–1964)
14 November 19261 January 19292 years, 293 daysConservative1926[4]
17José María Moncada
(1870–1945)
1 January 19291 January 19334 years, 0 daysLiberal1928[4]
18Juan Bautista Sacasa
(1874–1946)
1 January 19339 June 19363 years, 160 daysLiberal1932[4]
Carlos Alberto Brenes
(1884–1942)
Acting
9 June 19361 January 1937206 daysPLN[4]
19Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
1 January 19371 May 194710 years, 120 daysPLN1936[4]
20Leonardo Argüello Barreto
(1875–1947)
1 May 194726 May 194725 daysPLN1947 (Feb)[4]
Benjamín Lacayo Sacasa
(1893–1959)
Acting
26 May 194715 August 194781 daysPLN[4]
21Víctor Manuel Román y Reyes
(1872–1950)
15 August 19476 May 195025 daysPLN1947 (Aug)[4]
Manuel Fernando Zurita
(1893–1959)
Acting
6 May 19507 May 19501 dayPLN
(19)Anastasio Somoza García
(1896–1956)
7 May 195029 September 1956 †6 years, 145 daysPLN1950[4]
22Luis Somoza Debayle
(1922–1967)
29 September 19561 May 19636 years, 214 daysPLN1957[4]
23René Schick
(1909–1966)
1 May 19633 August 1966 †3 years, 94 daysPLN1963[4]
Orlando Montenegro Medrano
(1920–1988)
Acting
3 August 19664 August 19661 dayPLN
24Lorenzo Guerrero
(1900–1981)
4 August 19661 May 1967271 daysPLN[4]
25Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 May 19671 May 19725 years, 0 daysPLN1967[4]
Liberal-Conservative Junta1 May 19721 December 19742 years, 214 daysNonpartisan
(25)Anastasio Somoza Debayle
(1925–1980)
1 December 197417 July 19794 years, 228 daysPLN1974[4]
Francisco Urcuyo
(1915–2001)
Acting
17 July 197918 July 19791 dayPLN[4]
Junta of National Reconstruction
(Coordinator: Daniel Ortega)
18 July 197910 January 19855 years, 176 daysNonpartisan
26Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 198525 April 19905 years, 105 daysFSLN1984[4]
27Violeta Chamorro
(born 1929)
25 April 199010 January 19976 years, 260 daysUNO1990[4]
28Arnoldo Alemán
(born 1946)
10 January 199710 January 20025 years, 0 daysPLC1996[4]
29Enrique Bolaños
(born 1928)
10 January 200210 January 20075 years, 0 daysPLC
APRE
2001[4]
(26)Daniel Ortega
(born 1945)
10 January 2007Incumbent14 years, 96 daysFSLN2006
2011
2016

Living former presidentsEdit

Living as of 16 April 2021
Name Term of office Date of birth
Violeta Chamorro 1990–1997 (1929-10-18) 18 October 1929 (age 91)
Arnoldo Alemán 1997–2002 (1946-01-23) 23 January 1946 (age 75)
Enrique Bolaños 2002–2007 (1928-05-13) 13 May 1928 (age 92)

See alsoEdit

Latest electionEdit

Candidate Party Votes %
Daniel Ortega Sandinista National Liberation Front 1,806,651 72.44
Maximino Rodríguez Constitutionalist Liberal Party 374,898 15.03
José Alvarado Independent Liberal Party 112,562 4.51
Saturnino Cerrato Nicaraguan Liberal Alliance 107,392 4.31
Erick Cabezas Conservative Party 57,437 2.30
Carlos Canales Alliance for the Republic 35,002 1.40
Invalid/blank votes
Total 2,493,942 100
Registered voters/turnout
Source: CSE

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Shocking Gap Between Latin America's Presidential Salaries And Workers Minimum Wage". Latin Post.
  2. ^ "Proponen reducir salario de otros cargos públicos nicaragüenses - LVDS". La Voz del Sandinismo (in Spanish). 26 January 2007.
  3. ^ "Nicaragua's Ortega takes office", BBC News, January 11, 2007.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq "Gobernantes de Nicaragua". Ministerio de Educación. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012.

External linksEdit