Joaquín Zavala

Joaquín Zavala Solís (30 November 1835 in Managua – 30 December 1906 in Managua) was the President of Nicaragua from 1 March 1879 to 1 March 1883 and from 16 July to 15 September 1893. He was a member of the Conservative Party of Nicaragua.[1]

Joaquín Zavala Solís
Joaquín Zavala, de Badillo.jpg
President of Nicaragua
In office
16 July 1893 – 25 July 1893
Preceded bySalvador Machado (Acting)
Succeeded byJosé Santos Zelaya
In office
1 March 1879 – 1 March 1883
Preceded byPedro Joaquín Chamorro Alfaro
Succeeded byAdán Cárdenas
Personal details
Joaquín Zavala Solís

(1835-10-30)30 October 1835
Managua, Federal Republic of Central America
Died30 December 1906(1906-12-30) (aged 71)
Managua, Nicaragua
Political partyConservative

He is now remembered especially for having thwarted the request of the young Rubén Darío, later to become one of the most well-known Spanish-language poets, for a government scholarship to study in Europe. In 1882 Darío, then 15 years old, read some of his poetry to a group including the President - whereupon Zavala reportedly reproved him: "My son, if you so write against the religion of your fathers and their homeland now, what will become of you if you go to Europe and learn worse things?"[2]


  1. ^ "Gobernantes de Nicaragua". Ministerio de Educación. 9 December 2012. Archived from the original on 9 October 2012.
  2. ^ (in Spanish)Humberto C. Garza, Biografía de Rubén Darío, Accessed online 7 March 2007. "Hijo mío, si asi escribes ahora contra la religión de tus padres y de tu patria, que será si te vas a Europa a aprender cosas peores?"
Political offices
Preceded by
Pedro Joaquín Chamorro
President of Nicaragua
Succeeded by
Adán Cárdenas
Preceded by
Salvador Machado
President of Nicaragua
Succeeded by
José Santos Zelaya