1990 Nicaraguan general election
The neutrality of this article is disputed. (February 2018) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
General elections were held in Nicaragua on 25 February 1990. The result was a victory for the National Opposition Union (UNO), whose presidential candidate Violeta Chamorro surprisingly defeated incumbent president Daniel Ortega of the Sandinista National Liberation Front (FSLN), despite opinion polls leading up to the elections clearly indicating an FSLN victory.
Possible explanations include that the Nicaraguan people were disenchanted with the Ortega government as well as the fact that already in November 1989, the White House had announced that the economic embargo against Nicaragua would continue unless Violeta Chamorro won. Also, there had been reports of intimidation from the side of the contras, with a Canadian observer mission claiming that 42 people were killed by the contras in "election violence" in October 1989. This led many commentators to assume that Nicaraguans voted against the Sandinistas out of fear of a continuation of the contra war and economic deprivation.
|Violeta Barrios de Chamorro||National Opposition Union||777,552||54.74|
|Daniel Ortega||Sandinista National Liberation Front||579,886||40.82|
|Erick Ramírez Beneventes||Social Christian Party||16,751||1.18|
|Issa Moisés Hassán Morales||Revolutionary Unity Movement||11,136||0.78|
|Bonifacio Miranda Bengoechea||Workers' Revolutionary Party||8,590||0.60|
|Isidro Téllez Toruño||Marxist-Leninist Popular Action Movement||8,115||0.57|
|Fernando Bernabé Agüero Rocha||Social Conservative Party||5,798||0.41|
|Blanca Rojas Echaverry||Central American Unionist Party||5,065||0.36|
|Eduardo Molina Palacios||Democratic Conservative Party of Nicaragua||4,500||0.32|
|Rodolfo Robelo Herrera||Independent Liberal Party for National Unity||3,151||0.22|
|Parties and alliances||Votes||%||Seats|
|National Opposition Union||764,748||53.9||51|
|Sandinista National Liberation Front||579,723||40.8||39|
|Social Christian Party||22,218||1.6||1|
|Revolutionary Unity Movement||13,995||1.0||1|
|Workers' Revolutionary Party||10,586||0.7||0|
|Marxist-Leninist Popular Action Movement||7,643||0.5||0|
|Social Conservative Party||6,308||0.4||0|
|Central American Unionist Party||5,565||0.4||0|
|Democratic Conservative Party of Nicaragua||5,083||0.4||0|
|Independent Liberal Party for National Unity||3,515||0.2||0|
|Rio San Juan||57.72%||39.47%||2.81%|
|Source: Constituency Level Elections Archive|
- Dieter Nohlen (2005) Elections in the Americas: A data handbook, Volume I, p489 ISBN 978-0-19-928357-6
- Uhlig, Mark A. (27 February 1990). "Turnover in Nicaragua; NICARAGUAN OPPOSITION ROUTS SANDINISTAS; U.S. PLEDGES AID, TIED TO ORDERLY TURNOVER". The New York Times. Retrieved 30 April 2010.
- "After the Poll Wars-Explaining the Upset". Envio. March 1990.
- "Bush Vows to End Embargo if Chamorro Wins", The Washington Post, 9 November 1989
- "The policy of keeping the contras alive ... also has placed in jeopardy the holding of elections by encouraging contra attacks on the electoral process. Thus, while the Bush administration proclaims its support for human rights and free and fair elections in Nicaragua, it persists in sabotaging both." As seen at: "Nicaragua" Human Rights Watch, 1990
- "U.S. trying to disrupt election in Nicaragua, Canadians report" The Toronto Star, 27 October 1989
- "Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)". www.electiondataarchive.org. Retrieved 2019-03-09.