The 1990s Portal
(pronounced "nineteen-nineties"; shortened to "the 1990s ") was a decade of the '90s Gregorian calendar that began on 1 January 1990, and ended on 31 December 1999.
Culturally, the 1990s are characterized by the rise of
multiculturalism and alternative media, which continued into the 2000s and 2010s. Movements such as hip hop, the rave scene and grunge spread around the world to young people during that decade, aided by then-new technology such as cable television and the World Wide Web.
In the absence of
world communism, which collapsed in the first two years of the decade, the 1990s was politically defined by a movement towards the right-wing, including increase in support for far-right parties in Europe as well as the advent of the  Hindu nationalist Bharatiya Janata Party and  cuts in social spending in the United States, Canada,  New Zealand,  and the UK.  The United States also saw a massive revival in the use of the  death penalty in the 1990s, which reversed in the early 21st century. During the 1990s the character of the  European Union and Euro were formed and codified in treaties.
A combination of factors, including the continued mass mobilization of
capital markets through neo-liberalism, the thawing of the decades-long Cold War, the beginning of the widespread proliferation of new media such as the Internet from the middle of the decade onwards, increasing skepticism towards government, and the dissolution of the Soviet Union led to a realignment and reconsolidation of economic and political power across the world and within countries. The dot-com bubble of 1997–2000 brought wealth to some entrepreneurs before its crash between 2000 and 2001.
The 1990s saw extreme advances in technology, with the
World Wide Web, the first gene therapy trial, and the first designer babies all emerging in 1990 and being improved and built upon throughout the decade.
New ethnic conflicts emerged in Africa, the
Balkans, and the Caucasus, the former two which led to the Rwandan and Bosnian genocides, respectively. Signs of any resolution of tensions between Israel and the Arab world remained elusive despite the progress of the Oslo Accords, though The Troubles in Northern Ireland came to a standstill in 1998 with the Good Friday Agreement after 30 years of violence. 
Selected article -
Underground damage after the bombing
was a 1993 World Trade Center bombing terrorist attack on the World Trade Center, carried out on February 26, 1993, when a truck bomb detonated below the North Tower of the World Trade Center in New York City. The 1,336 lb (606 kg) urea nitrate– hydrogen gas enhanced device was intended to send the North Tower ( Tower 1) crashing into the South Tower ( Tower 2), bringing both towers down and killing tens of thousands of people. It failed to do so, but killed seven people which included an unborn child and injured over one thousand. About 50,000 people were evacuated from the buildings that day.
The attack was planned by a group of terrorists including
, Nidal A. Ayyad,
Abdul Rahman Yasin
. They received financing from
Khalid Sheikh Mohammed
, Yousef's uncle. In March 1994, four men were convicted of carrying out the bombing: Abouhalima, Ajaj, Ayyad, and Salameh. The charges included conspiracy, explosive destruction of property, and interstate transportation of explosives. In November 1997, two more were convicted: Ramzi Yousef, the organizer behind the bombings, and
, who drove the truck carrying the bomb.
Read more... Selected image
Dolly the sheep, the first mammal to be
cloned from an adult
Select [►] to view subcategories
Selected biography -
(born 19 February 1963), known professionally as Henry Olusegun Adeola Samuel Seal, is a British singer-songwriter. He has sold over 20 million records worldwide, with his first international hit song, " Crazy", released in 1991; his most celebrated song, " Kiss from a Rose", was released in 1994.
Seal has won multiple awards throughout his career, including three
; he won
Best British Male
in 1992, as well as four
MTV Video Music Award
. As a songwriter, he received two
Ivor Novello Awards
for Best Song Musically and Lyrically from the
British Academy of Songwriters, Composers, and Authors
" (1990) and "Crazy" (1991).
Related portals Wikiprojects
You are invited to participate in WikiProject Years, a WikiProject dedicated to developing and improving articles about years, decades, centuries, and millennia.
Categories General images
The following are images from various 1990s-related articles on Wikipedia.
The highest-grossing film of the decade was
which premiered on Friends NBC in 1994 became one of the most popular sitcoms of all time.
Mobile phones gained massive popularity worldwide during the decade.
Rwandan genocide: Genocide victims in Murambi Technical School. Estimates put the death toll of the Rwandan genocide as high as 800,000 people.
premiered on Seinfeld NBC in 1989, becoming a commercial success and cultural phenomenon by 1993.
Women's rights demonstration in Paris, November 1995
Spice Girls became one of the biggest global pop acts of the decade.
NASA satellite observation of deforestation in the Mato Grosso state of Brazil. The transformation from forest to farm is evident by the paler square shaped areas under development.
Associated Wikimedia Sources
Merkl, Peter; Leonard, Weinberg (2 August 2004). . Routledge. Right-wing Extremism in the Twenty-first Century ISBN . 978-1-135-76421-0
"India – The Bharatiya Janata Party and the Rise of Hindu Nationalism".
ROSEN, RUTH (27 December 1994). "Which of Us Isn't Taking 'Welfare'? : Poor children rank low in government largess; why is the comfortable class so mean?". Los Angeles Times.
Séguin, Gilles. "Provincial Welfare Reforms in the 1990s – Canadian Social Research Links".
Maloney, Tim (1 May 2002). "Welfare Reform and Unemployment in New Zealand". Economica. 69 (274): 273–293. doi: 10.1111/1468-0335.00283.
"Policy Exchange – Shaping the Policy Agenda" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 January 2014.
Handyside, AH; Kontogianni, EH; Hardy, K; Winston, RM (1990). "Pregnancies from biopsied human preimplantation embryos sexed by Y-specific DNA amplification". Nature. 344 (6268): 768–70. doi: 10.1038/344768a0. PMID 2330030.
Stiglitz, Joseph E. (2004). The Roaring Nineties. W. W. Norton. ISBN . 978-0-393-32618-5