Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (former)

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport (IATA: CAN, ICAO: ZGGG), formerly known as Canton Civil Airport or Pai Yuen Airport was the main airport in Guangzhou, China, until August 5, 2004, when it was replaced by a new airport of the same title, 23 kilometres (14 mi) to the north.

Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
广州老白云国际机场夜景3711711.jpg
Summary
Airport typeDefunct
OperatorGuangzhou Baiyun International Airport Co. Ltd.
ServesGuangzhou
LocationBaiyun District
Opened1934
Closed5 August 2004 (2004-08-05)
Elevation AMSL1 m / 2 ft
Coordinates23°11′14″N 113°16′5″E / 23.18722°N 113.26806°E / 23.18722; 113.26806Coordinates: 23°11′14″N 113°16′5″E / 23.18722°N 113.26806°E / 23.18722; 113.26806
Map
CAN is located in Guangdong
CAN
CAN
Runways
Direction Length Surface
m ft
03/21 3,380 11,089 Paved (Closed)
Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport
Simplified Chinese广州白云国际机场
Traditional Chinese廣州白雲國際機場

HistoryEdit

The airport started construction in 1932 and opened in the following year in November.[1] During the Canton Operation, the Japanese Navy invaded the airport and expanded the runway.[2] In 1963, the People's Liberation Army Air Force moved away from the airport, making the airport only for public use. The name of the airport is changed to "Baiyun" named from nearby Baiyun Mountain ("Baiyun" in Chinese means "white cloud").[3] Due to the expansion of Guangzhou, the airport could not expand to meet passengers needs. On August 5, 2004, the new Baiyun airport opened and the old airport was closed.[4]

From 1964 to 1967, it underwent a comprehensive expansion, adding an area of 725,300 square meters, and extending the runway to 2,500 meters from 2,000 meters before it had the conditions of further navigation with foreign countries.

 
Canton Civil Airport (White Cloud) in 1947.

In the 1980s, the airport renovated and expanded facilities such as oil storage depots, aprons, terminal buildings, boarding bridges, and maintenance hangars to meet the standards of international first-class airports. After the reform and opening up, Baiyun Airport had developed rapidly. Its passenger capacity, takeoffs and landings had ranked first in mainland China for eight consecutive years. After several expansions, it was still far from meeting its demand. It was imperative to choose a new location to build a new airport.

In 1992, the airport underwent civil aviation system reform, and the airport operated as an independent economic entity.

By 2002, the passenger throughput of the old Guangzhou Baiyun International Airport had reached 16,014,400 passengers, and the cargo and mail throughput reached 592,600 tons.

The airport is surrounded by high-rise buildings and was unable to expand further. Instead, the new airport was built and opened on 5 August 2004.

Former Airlines And DestinationsEdit

There are often ferry international flights to Hong Kong, even before its economic open up. Similar to its new airport, it had served a variety of domestic or foreign international airlines back in the 1980s and 1990s such as Pakistan International Airlines, Garuda Indonesia,[5] Air France,[6] Japan Airways System, Japan Airlines, All Nippon Airways, Malaysia Airlines, Cathay Pacific, Lufthansa, Philippine Airlines, Thai Airways International, Dragonair, Singapore Airlines, Aeroflot, Baikal Airlines, and nearly every domestic airlines.[7][8]

 
Boeing 777-200 from China Southern Airlines approaching Baiyun Airport in 2003. At that time, the airport was the most important hub of China Southern Airlines.

LegacyEdit

The former terminal of the airport is being converted into a large shopping mall. The northern portion of the former airport is being turned into a provincial- and city-level functional area integrating conference services. The southern portion will be converted into Guangzhou's secondary center integrating retail, sports facilities, business, and cultural activities.[9]

 
The Airport Terminal in 1949, shortly before the Communist Revolution
 
Central Air Transport in Canton Civil Airport (1948)
 
Air Great Wall Boeing 737-200 about to take off at Baiyun Airport in 1996. Note that the airport had been surrounded by high-rise buildings and mountains.

Incidents and accidentsEdit

 
G5-Guangzhou

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "第一代航站楼:见证广州民航事业的发展" (in Chinese (China)). byss.by.gov.cn. 2017-03-03. Archived from the original on 2018-07-07. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  2. ^ "老白云机场的轨迹" (in Chinese (China)). Yangcheng Evening News. 2016-08-13. Archived from the original on 2018-07-07. Retrieved 2018-07-07.
  3. ^ "广州白云国际机场的历史". travel.sina.com.cn (in Chinese (China)). 2008-08-19. Retrieved 2020-06-27.
  4. ^ "见证"十五":建新机场十月夷平五座山" (in Chinese (China)). news.southcn.com. 2006-02-12. Archived from the original on 2018-07-08. Retrieved 2018-07-09.
  5. ^ "Aviation Photo Search". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  6. ^ "Aviation Photo Search". Airliners.net. Retrieved 2021-09-07.
  7. ^ 梵枫. "十六年前的今天,广州老白云机场关闭_哔哩哔哩_bilibili". www.bilibili.com. Retrieved 2021-11-09.
  8. ^ "World Routes 25: 2018 Host Guangzhou Network in Nov 1995". Routes. Retrieved 2021-12-18.
  9. ^ "Baiyun New Town: G5 Mall & Largest Graffiti in Asia GDNews www.newsgd.com". newsgd.com. Retrieved 31 October 2015.