President of Kyrgyzstan
The President of Kyrgyzstan is the head of state and the highest official of the Kyrgyz Republic. The president, according to the constitution, "is the symbol of the unity of people and state power, and is the guarantor of the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, and of an individual and citizen." The president is directly elected for no more than one six-year term by the Kyrgyz electorate. The office of president was established in 1990 replacing the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet that existed, in different forms, from 1927 whilst the country was known as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic.
|President of the Kyrgyz Republic
Кыргыз Республикасынын Президенти (Kyrgyz)
Президент Кыргызской Республики (Russian)
|Style||Mr. President (informally)|
Comrade Commander-in-Chief (military)
His Excellency (international correspondence)
Ala Archa State Residence
|Term length||6 years, non-renewable|
|Inaugural holder||Askar Akayev|
|Formation||27 October 1990|
|Website||President of Kyrgyz Republic|
The first popularly elected officeholder was Askar Akayev, who served from October 1990 until March 24, 2005. In July 2005, Kurmanbek Bakiyev was elected. He was re-elected in 2009, but large riots in April 2010 forced him to resign and flee the country. Roza Otunbayeva was selected in April 2010 to head the interim government. She was officially inaugurated on July 3, 2010, as president for a limited term, until elections could be organised. Her successor, Almazbek Atambayev, was elected in the Kyrgyzstani presidential election in 2011 and took over on 1 December 2011.
On October 16, 2017, Sooronbay Jeenbekov, the former Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan, was elected President of the country. He took office on 24 November 2017.
Oath of officeEdit
Upon taking office, the President raises his/her right arm and puts it on the Kyrgyz Constitution while reciting the following oath:
Мен, (аты-жөнү), Кыргыз Республикасынын Президентинин кызматына киришип жатып, өз элимдин алдында жана Ала-Тоо ыйык Ата, мен ант
Кыргыз Республикасынын Башмыйзамынын сыйлоого жана коргоого жана анын мыйзамдарын, Кыргыз Республикасынын мамлекеттик, урмат-сый эгемендигин жана көз карандысыздыгын коргоого жана урмат-сый менен Кыргыз Республикасынын бардык жарандарынын эркиндиги менен укуктарын камсыз кылуу жана талыкпай жогорку милдеттерин жүзөгө ашыруу үчүн Кыргыз Республикасынын президенти, бүткүл эл ишенип мага жүктөгөн! Кудай бизди коргой берсин!
Я (полное имя), вступая в должность Президента Кыргызской Республики, перед своим народом и священным отечеством Ала-Тоо, клянусь
уважать и защищать Конституцию Кыргызской Республики и ее законы, защищать суверенитет и независимость Кыргызского государства, уважать и обеспечивать права и свободы всех граждан Кыргызской Республики с честью и неустанно выполнять высокие обязанности Президент Кыргызской Республики, доверил мне доверие всего народа! Да защитит нас Бог!
I, (full name) in assuming the office of President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my people and the sacred fatherland of Ala-Too, I swear to respect and protect the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic and its laws, to protect the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz state, respect and ensure the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic with honor and tirelessly carry out the high duties of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, entrusted to me by the confidence of the whole people! May God protect us!
The office of president is open to all citizens of Kyrgyzstan who are no younger than 35 years of age, and no older than 65 years of age. A candidate must have a command of the state language, and have resided in the Republic for no less than 15 years before the nomination of his or her candidacy for the position. The president cannot be a deputy of the Jogorku Kenesh (Parliament), occupy other positions, or carry out entrepreneurial activities, and must suspend activity in political parties and organizations for their period in office.
|“||"I, ..., assuming the office of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic, before my People and the Sacred homeland Ala-Too do swear:
to sacredly observe and defend the Constitution and laws of the Kyrgyz Republic; to defend the sovereignty and independence of the Kyrgyz State;
to respect and guarantee the rights and freedoms of all citizens of the Kyrgyz Republic; with honor and tirelessly to perform the great responsibility of the President of the Kyrgyz Republic entrusted to me by the confidence of all the People!".
The president is elected by the citizens of Kyrgyzstan by a majority of votes cast. These elections are held on the basis of universal suffrage, and by secret ballot. To become a candidate a person must obtain the signatures of fifty thousand registered voters.
For an election to be considered valid the turnout must not be lower than fifty percent. Similarly, if a candidate wins the backing of fifty percent of the voters who participated they are the winner. Should no candidate win an outright majority in the first round, the two candidates with the highest number of votes face each other in a second ballot.
The Inauguration ceremony of the President of Kyrgyzstan is a ceremony that takes place to mark the start of a new term for the President of Kyrgyzstan.
List of inaugural ceremonies
|Date||President||LocationPlace||Document Sworn On||Notes|
|December 10, 1991||Askar Akayev||White House, Bishkek||Constitution of the Kyrgyz SSR||It was the first presidential inauguration in the history of Kyrgyzstan.|
|October 29, 1995||Askar Akayev||White House, Bishkek||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|December 24, 2000||Askar Akayev||Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|August 14, 2005||Kurmanbek Bakiyev||Ala-Too Square||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan||It took place on Ala-Too Square for the first time. The President of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, the Prime Minister of Tajikistan, Oqil Oqilov, the Chairman of the National Assembly of Belarus, Gennady Novitsky, the Minister of Defense of Turkey, Vecdi Gönül, and the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Ukraine, Borys Tarasyuk attended the inauguration.|
|August 2, 2009||Kurmanbek Bakiyev||Government House, Bishkek||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|July 3, 2011||Roza Otunbayeva||Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan|
|December 1, 2011||Almazbek Atambayev||Philarmonic Hall named after Toktogul Satylganov||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan||He was inaugurated on December 1, 2011. The ceremony was attended by the President of Turkey, Abdullah Gul, and President of Georgia, Mikheil Saakashvili. The ceremony budget cost less than half of what was spent for inauguration ceremony of Kurmanbek Bakiev in 2009.|
|November 24, 2017||Sooronbay Jeenbekov||Ala Archa State Residence||Constitution of Kyrgyzstan||Ala Archa State Residence.It was the first inauguration ceremony to take place at the|
Duties and functionsEdit
The head of state holds significant power as provided for in the constitution. This states that they have the authority to:
- Appoint the Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan and other members of government
- Present candidates to Parliament for positions within the Supreme Court
- Direct foreign policy
- Present and sign law
- Announce all elections and enact decrees
- Act as the Commander-in-Chief of the Armed Forces of Kyrgyzstan
- Prime Minister of Kyrgyzstan
- Cabinet ministers
- Procurator General of Kyrgyzstan
- Chairman of the State Committee for National Security
- Chairman of the State Border Guard Service
- Chairman of the State Customs Service
- Chairman of the State Forensic Experts Service
- Chairman of the State Penitentiary Service
- Chairman of the State Service for Combating Economic Crimes
- Chairman of the National Bank of Kyrgyzstan
- Chief of the General Staff of Armed Forces
- Commanders of the different service branches
- Members of the Supreme Court of Kyrgyzstan
- Head of the Presidential Administration
- Press secretary
- Ambassadors of Kyrgyzstan
The president may be dismissed from office by Parliament only on the basis of a charge made by the Legislative Assembly of state treason or another grievous crime supported by a ruling of the Constitutional Court. Such a decision requires the support of two-thirds of the Jogorku Kenesh who are immediately dismissed should the president be found innocent.
If the president becomes unable to carry out their duties for reasons such as death, illness or impeachment, the prime minister shall carry out their duties until the election of a new head of state. This must take place within three months of the termination of their Presidency.
Before 2017, Kyrgyzstan knew no peaceful transition of power from the president to president. Both Askar Akayev and Kurmanbek Bakiev were forced to leave their chairs by a civil unrest. Almazbek Atambayev was succeeded by Sooronbay Jeenbekov in 2017.
List of Presidents of KyrgyzstanEdit
The first column consecutively numbers the individuals who have served as president, while the second column consecutively numbers the Presidential terms or administrations.
|Picture||Took office||Left office||Political party|
|27 October 1990||29 October 1995||Independent|
|29 October 1995||29 October 2000|
|29 October 2000||24 March 2005|
|24 March 2005||25 March 2005||Independent|
|25 March 2005||14 August 2005||People's Movement of Kyrgyzstan|
|14 August 2005||15 October 2007|
|3||15 October 2007||23 July 2009||Ak Jol|
|23 July 2009||7 April 2010|
|7 April 2010
|3 July 2010||Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan|
|4||3 July 2010||1 December 2011|
|1 December 2011||24 November 2017||Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan|
|24 November 2017||Incumbent
(Term ends on 24 November 2023)
|Social Democratic Party of Kyrgyzstan|
Living former presidentsEdit
- Askar Akayev - Served 1990 - 2005 (10 November 1944; Aged 74)
- Kurmanbek Bakiyev - Served 2005 - 2010 (1 August 1949; Aged 69)
- Roza Otunbayeva - Served 2010 - 2011 (23 August 1950; Aged 68)
- Almazbek Atambayev - Served 2011 - 2017 (17 September 1956; Aged 62)
- Kyrgyz Constitution, article 45, §3[permanent dead link]
- "ИНАУГУРАЦИИ 1991-2000". Akipress.com.
- "Президент Киргизии впервые произнесет присягу перед народом". Ria.ru.
- "В столице Киргизии проходит инаугурация Курманбека Бакиева". Ria.ru.
- "Almazbek Atambaev inaugurated as the president of Kyrgyzstan". Fergananews.com.
- "Date of inauguration of new president of Kyrgyzstan approved". 24.kg. 2017-11-01.