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The Patriotic Salvation Movement (Arabic: الحركة الوطنية للإنقاذ‎, French: Mouvement patriotique du salut, MPS) is the ruling political party in Chad.

Patriotic Salvation Movement

الحركة الوطنية للإنقاذ
Mouvement patriotique du salut
AbbreviationMPS
PresidentIdriss Déby
Secretary-GeneralMahamat Zen Bada
FoundedMarch 11, 1990 (1990-03-11)
IdeologyNationalism
SloganMourir pour le Salut (Dying for Salvation)
Seats in the National Assembly
117 / 188

Contents

HistoryEdit

After Idriss Déby, an army commander who participated in an unsuccessful plot against President Hissène Habré in 1989, fled to Sudan, he and his supporters, known as the April 1 Movement, operated from Sudan with Libyan backing and carried out attacks across the border into Chad. The MPS was founded in Sudan on March 10, 1990 through the merger of the April 1 Movement with other anti-Habre groups in exile. After a successful offensive in November 1990, Déby and the MPS came to power on December 2, 1990, when their forces entered N'Djamena, the Chadian capital.[1]

Déby was the MPS candidate in the 1996 presidential election and won in a second round. He was again the MPS candidate in the presidential election of 20 May 2001, receiving 63.2% of the vote. In the parliamentary election held on 21 April 2002, the MPS won according to IPU Parline 113 out of 155 seats. In the May 2006 presidential election, Déby was re-elected with 64.7% of the vote.

Electoral historyEdit

Presidential electionsEdit

Election Party candidate Votes % Votes % Result
First Round Second Round
1996 Idriss Déby 1,016,277 43.82% 2,102,907 69.09% Elected  Y
2001 Idriss Déby 1,533,509 63.17% - - Elected  Y
2006 Idriss Déby 1,863,042 64.67% - - Elected  Y
2011 Idriss Déby 2,503,813 88.66% - - Elected  Y
2016 Idriss Déby 2,219,352 59.92% - - Elected  Y

National Assembly electionsEdit

Election Party leader Votes % Votes % Seats +/– Position
First Round Second Round
1997 504,045 40.0% 262,060% 34.4%
65 / 125
  65   1st
2002 Nagoum Yamassoum Unknown Unknown - -
113 / 155
  48   1st
2011 Haroun Kabadi Unknown Unknown - -
83 / 187
  30   1st

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bernard Lanne, "Chad: Regime Change, Increased Insecurity, and Blockage of Further Reforms", Political Reform in Francophone Africa (1997), ed. Clark and Gardinier, pages 274–275.