In politics, a big tent or catch-all party is a type of political party that seeks to attract voters from different points of view and ideologies. This is in contrast to other parties that defend a determined ideology and seek voters who adhere to that ideology and convince people towards it.
Both the Christian Democratic Union of Germany (CDU) and Social Democratic Party of Germany (SPD) are considered big tent or catch-all parties, known in German as Volksparteien ("people's parties").
Fine Gael and Fianna Fáil are considered catch-all parties, both being supported by people from different social classes and political ideologies. Both parties are however usually described as being on the centre-right.
In Italy, the Five Star Movement led by comedian and actor Beppe Grillo has been described as a catch-all, protest party and "post-ideological big tent" because its supporters do not share similar policy preferences, are split on major economic and social issues and are united largely based on "anti-establishment" sentiments. The Five Star Movement's "successful campaign formula combined anti-establishment sentiments with an economic and political protest which extends beyond the boundaries of traditional political orientations", yet its "'catch-all' formula" has limited its ability to become "a mature, functional, effective and coherent contender for government". Forza Italia and its predecessor on the centre-right and the Democratic Party on the centre-left are considered catch-all parties, both having been formed from mergers of political parties with numerous ideological backgrounds.
When Gordon Brown became British Prime Minister in 2007, he invited several members from outside the Labour Party into his government. These included former CBI Director-General Digby Jones who became a Minister of State and former Liberal Democrats leader Paddy Ashdown who was offered the position of Northern Ireland Secretary (Ashdown turned down the offer). The media often referred to Brown's ministry as "a government of all the talents" or simply "Brown's big tent".
The Democratic Party during the New Deal coalition, formed in support of Franklin D. Roosevelt's New Deal policies from 1930s until 1960s, was a "big-tent" party. This coalition brought together labor unions, working-class voters, farm organizations, liberals, Southern Democrats, African Americans, urban voters and immigrants.
Following the 1974 Dallas Accord, the Libertarian Party embraced the big tent idea to the extent it ensured that the anarchist-capitalist views would not be excluded from the majority minarchist party.
- ANO 2011, Czech Republic
- Austrian People's Party
- Brazilian Democratic Movement, Brazil
- Christian Democracy, Italy (1943–1994)
- Christian Democratic Union of Germany
- Civic Platform, Poland
- Fianna Fáil, Republic of Ireland
- Five Star Movement, Italy
- Georgian Dream
- Indian National Congress
- Islamic Iran Participation Front
- Joint List, Israel
- La République En Marche!, France
- Liberal Democratic Party, Japan
- Liberal Party of Canada
- National Coalition Party, Finland
- People's Front for Democracy and Justice, Eritrea
- Progressive Conservative Party of Canada
- Scottish National Party
- Social Democratic Party, Portugal
- Social Democratic Party of Germany
- Socialist Party, Portugal
- South Tyrolean People's Party
- United Russia, Russia
- Together for Yes, Spain
- National Regeneration Movement, Mexico
- All Progressives Congress, Nigeria
- Human Shield, Croatia
- March 8 Alliance Lebanon
- March 14 Alliance Lebanon
- Nur Otan, Kazakhstan
- Democratic Unity Roundtable, Venezuela
- New Azerbaijan Party, Azerbaijan
- Arab Socialist Union Egypt (1962-1978)
- National Democratic Party Egypt (1978-2011)
- Freedom Party Egypt
- Conference Party Egypt
- Cambodian People's Party
- Save Romania Union
- Democratic Party Italy
- League Italy
- Forza Italia Italy
- Aosta Valley Italy
- Cambiemos Argentina
- Democratic Opposition of Serbia (2000-2003)
- National Opposition Union Nicaragua
- Cameroon People's Democratic Movement
- National Revolutionary Party Afghanistan (1974-1978)
- Nacionalista Philippines
- Coalition for Change Philippines
- Reformist Iran
- Coalition for a European Montenegro (1998-2016)
- Democratic Party of Socialists of Montenegro
- Democratic Montenegro
- With the strength of the people Brazil (2010-2016)
- General People's Congress Yemen
- Republican Party of Armenia
- Nidaa Tounes Tunisia
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...GD as a catch-all movement...
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