List of most expensive paintings
This is a list of the highest known prices paid for paintings. The earliest sale listed (Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh) is from 1987, and more than tripled the previous record price, set only two years before, introducing a new era in the history of high sums of money paid for paintings. The sale was also significant in that for the first time a "modern" painting (in this case from 1888) became the record holder, as opposed to the old master paintings which had always previously held it. The current record price is approximately $450 million paid for Leonardo Da Vinci's Salvator Mundi in November 2017.
The world's most famous paintings, especially old master works done before 1803, are generally owned or held at museums, for viewing by patrons. The museums very rarely sell them, and as such, they are quite literally priceless. Guinness World Records lists the Mona Lisa as having the highest insurance value for a painting in history. On permanent display at The Louvre museum in Paris, the Mona Lisa was assessed at US$100 million on December 14, 1962. Taking inflation into account, the 1962 value would be around US$620 million in 2016.
The earliest sale on the list below (Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers by Vincent van Gogh) is from March 1987; with a price of £24.75 million (£53.5 million in 2016 pounds sterling) it tripled the previous record and introduced a new era in top art sales. Before this, the highest absolute price paid for a painting was £8.1 million (£19.3 million in 2016 pounds sterling) paid by the J. Paul Getty Museum for Mantegna's Adoration of the Magi at Christie's in London on April 18, 1985. In constant dollars, the highest price paid before 1987 was by the National Gallery of Art when in February 1967 they acquired Leonardo da Vinci's Ginevra de' Benci for around $5 million ($28 million in 2016 dollars) from the Princely Family of Liechtenstein. The sale of Van Gogh's Sunflowers was also significant in that for the first time a "modern" (in this case 1888) painting became the record holder, as opposed to the old master paintings which previously had dominated the market. In contrast, there are currently only nine pre-1875 paintings among the listed top 79, and no works painted between 1635 and 1874.
An exceptional case is graffiti artist David Choe, who accepted payment in shares for painting graffiti art in the headquarters of a fledgling Facebook. While his shares were of limited value when he was awarded them, by the time of Facebook's IPO they were valued at around $200m.
Van Gogh, Picasso, and WarholEdit
Vincent van Gogh, Pablo Picasso, and Andy Warhol are by far the best represented artists in the list. Whereas Picasso and Warhol became wealthy men, Van Gogh (supposedly) sold only one painting in his lifetime, The Red Vineyard, for 400 francs (about $2000 (?) in 2017) to the impressionist painter and heiress Anna Boch. Prices realised for only his nine paintings in the list below, if adjusted for inflation to 2016, add to over $885 million dollars.
Most expensive painting by a female artistEdit
Georgia O'Keeffe holds the record for the highest price paid for a painting by a woman. On 20 November 2014 at Sotheby's, the Crystal Bridges Museum of American Art bought her 1932 painting Jimson Weed/White Flower No. 1 for $44.4 million (equivalent to $45.5 million in 2016).
List of highest prices paidEdit
This list is ordered by GDP deflator inflation-adjusted value (in bold) in millions of United States dollars in 2016.[note 1] Where necessary, the price is first converted to dollars using the exchange rate at the time the painting was sold. The inflation adjustment may change as recent inflation rates are often revised. A list in another currency may be in a slightly different order due to exchange-rate fluctuations. Paintings are listed only once, i.e. for the highest price sold.
|Painting||Image||Artist||Year||Date of sale||Rank
|$450.3||$450.3||Salvator Mundi||attributed to
Leonardo da Vinci
|c. 1500||November 15, 2017||1||Dmitry Rybolovlev||Abu Dhabi Department of Culture & Tourism||Christie's, New York|
|~$304||~$300||Interchange||Willem de Kooning||1955||September 2015||1||David Geffen Foundation||Kenneth C. Griffin||Private sale|
|$270 +||$250 + [note 2]||The Card Players||Paul Cézanne||1892/93||April 2011||1||George Embiricos||State of Qatar||Private sale|
|$213||$210 ||Nafea Faa Ipoipo
(When Will You Marry?)
|Paul Gauguin||1892||September 2014||2||Heirs of Rudolf Staechelin||State of Qatar||Private sale|
|~$203||~$200||Number 17A||Jackson Pollock||1948||September 2015||4||David Geffen Foundation||Kenneth C. Griffin||Private sale|
|No. 6 (Violet, Green and Red)||Mark Rothko||1951||August 2014||2||Cherise Moueix||Dmitry Rybolovlev||Private sale via
|Pendant portraits of
and Oopjen Coppit
|Rembrandt||1634||September 2015||4||Éric de Rothschild||Rijksmuseum
|$181.7||$179.4||Les Femmes d'Alger
|Pablo Picasso||1955||May 11, 2015||4||Private collection||Hamad bin Jassim bin Jaber Al Thani||Christie's, New York|
|$172.6||$170.4||Nu Couché||Amedeo Modigliani||1917/18||November 9, 2015||6||Laura Mattioli Rossi||Liu Yiqian||Christie's, New York|
|$164.5||$140||No. 5, 1948||Jackson Pollock||1948||November 2, 2006||1||David Geffen||David Martinez||Private sale via Sotheby's|
|$165.0||$165.0||Masterpiece||Roy Lichtenstein||1962||January 2017||10||Agnes Gund||Steven A. Cohen||Private sale|
|$161.6||$137.5||Woman III||Willem de Kooning||1953||November 18, 2006||2||David Geffen||Steven A. Cohen||Private sale via Larry Gagosian|
|$158.7||$135||Portrait of Adele Bloch-Bauer I||Gustav Klimt||1907||June 18, 2006||1||Maria Altmann||Ronald Lauder, Neue Galerie||Private sale via Christie's|
|$161.5||$155||Le Rêve||Pablo Picasso||1932||March 26, 2013||5||Steve Wynn||Steven A. Cohen||Private sale|
|$137.7||$82.5||Portrait of Dr. Gachet||Vincent van Gogh||1890||May 15, 1990||1||Heirs of Siegfried Kramarsky||Ryoei Saito[note 3]||Christie's, New York|
|$150.0||$150||Adele Bloch-Bauer II||Gustav Klimt||1912||2016||14||Oprah Winfrey||Unidentified buyer in China||Private sale via Larry Gagosian|
|$148.4||$142.4||Three Studies of Lucian Freud||Francis Bacon||1969||November 12, 2013||7||[note 4]||Elaine Wynn, ex-wife of Steve Wynn||Christie's, New York|
|$130.3||$78.1||Bal du moulin de la Galette
|Pierre-Auguste Renoir||1876||May 17, 1990||2||Betsey Whitney||Ryoei Saito [note 6]||Sotheby's, New York|
|$130.2||$104.2||Garçon à la pipe||Pablo Picasso||1905||May 5, 2004||3||Greentree Foundation
|Guido Barilla (suspected)||Sotheby's, New York|
|$127.0||$119.9||The Scream [note 7]||Edvard Munch||1895||May 2, 2012||8||Petter Olsen||Leon Black||Sotheby's, New York|
|$125||$118||Reclining Nude With Blue Cushion||Amedeo Modigliani||1917||2012||8||Steven A. Cohen||Dmitry Rybolovlev||Private sale via Yves Bouvier|
|$121.1||$110.0||Flag [note 8]||Jasper Johns||1954||March 2010||7||Jean-Christophe Castelli||Steven A. Cohen||Private sale, estimated price|
|$117.2||$106.5||Nude, Green Leaves and Bust||Pablo Picasso||1932||May 4, 2010||8||Frances Lasker Brody estate||Leonard Blavatnik (suspected)||Christie's, New York|
works [note 9]
|Portrait of Joseph Roulin||Vincent van Gogh||1889||August 1, 1989||1||Private collection, Zürich||Museum of Modern Art New York||Private sale via
Fine Art Zurich
|$100.3||$53.9||Irises||Vincent van Gogh||1889||November 11, 1987||1||son of Joan Whitney Payson||Alan Bond [note 10]||Sotheby's, New York|
|$111.9||$95.2||Dora Maar au Chat||Pablo Picasso||1941||May 3, 2006||5||Gidwitz family||Boris Ivanishvili||Sotheby's, New York|
|$112.3||$100.0||Eight Elvises||Andy Warhol||1963||October 2008||10||Annibale Berlingieri||The State of Qatar (suspected)||Private sale via Philippe Ségalot|
|$110.5||$110.5||Untitled||Jean-Michel Basquiat||1982||May 18, 2017||28||Yusaku Maezawa||Sotheby’s, New York|
|$110.2 +||$105.7 + [note 11]
|Anna's Light||Barnett Newman||1968||October 4, 2013||18||DIC Corp.||Private sale|
|$109.9||$105.4||Silver Car Crash (Double Disaster)||Andy Warhol||1963||November 13, 2013||20||Sotheby's, New York|
|$101.0||$71.5||Portrait de l'artiste sans barbe||Vincent van Gogh||1889||November 19, 1998||5||Heirs of Jacques Koerfer||Christie's, New York|
|$104||$100||La Montagne Sainte-Victoire
vue du bosquet du Château Noir
|Paul Cézanne||1904||2013 [note 12]||20||Edsel and Eleanor Ford House||State of Qatar ||Private sale|
|Massacre of the Innocents||Peter Paul Rubens||1611||July 10, 2002||6||an Austrian family||Kenneth Thomson[note 13]||Sotheby's, London|
|$96.6||$95.4||Nurse||Roy Lichtenstein||1964||November 9, 2015||30||Christie's, New York|
|$96.9||$86.3||Triptych, 1976||Francis Bacon||1976||May 14, 2008||13||Moueix family ||Roman Abramovich||Sotheby's, New York|
|Les Noces de Pierrette||Pablo Picasso||1905||November 30, 1989||3||Fredrik Roos||Tomonori Tsurumaki||Binoche et Godeau Paris|
|$94.0||$80.0||False Start||Jasper Johns||1959||October 12, 2006||11||David Geffen||Kenneth C. Griffin||Private sale via Richard Gray|
|$87.9||$57||A Wheatfield with Cypresses||Vincent van Gogh||1889||May 1993||6||son of Emil Georg Bührle||Walter H. Annenberg [note 14]||Private sale via Steven Mazoh|
|$82.8||$47.8||Yo, Picasso||Pablo Picasso||1901||May 9, 1989||2||Wendell Cherry||Stavros Niarchos||Sotheby's, New York|
|$91.6||$80.0||Turquoise Marilyn||Andy Warhol||1964||May 20, 2007||17||Stefan Edlis||Steven A. Cohen||Private sale via Larry Gagosian|
|$89.9||$70.0||Portrait of Alfonso d'Avalos,
Marquis of Vasto,
in Armor with a Page
|Titian||1533||November 2003||10||AXA insurance company||Getty Museum||Private sale via
|$92.0||$86.9||Orange, Red, Yellow||Mark Rothko||1961||May 8, 2012||26||Estate of David Pincus||Christie's, New York|
|Le Bassin aux Nymphéas||Claude Monet||1919||June 24, 2008||20||J. Irwin and Xenia S. Miller||Christie's, London|
|$84.2||$60.5||Rideau, Cruchon et Compotier||Paul Cézanne||1894||May 10, 1999||9||Whitney Family [note 15]||Sotheby's, New York|
|$86.2||$84.2||Black Fire I||Barnett Newman||1961||May 13, 2014||35||Private Collection||Anonymous||Christie's, New York|
|$83.4||$72.8||White Center (Yellow, Pink
and Lavender on Rose)
|Mark Rothko||1950||May 15, 2007||19||David Rockefeller, Sr.||Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani ||Sotheby's, New York|
|Vase with Fifteen Sunflowers||Vincent van Gogh||1888||March 30, 1987||1||Helen Beatty,
|Yasuo Goto, Yasuda Comp.||Christie's, London|
|$83.9||$81.9||Triple Elvis||Andy Warhol||1963||November 12, 2014||40||WestSpiel ||Christie's, New York|
|$82.1||$71.7||Green Car Crash
(Green Burning Car I)
|Andy Warhol||1963||May 16, 2007||21||Private collection, Zürich||Philip Niarchos||Christie's, New York|
|$83.0||$81.9||No. 10||Mark Rothko||1958||May 13, 2015||43||Christie's, New York|
|$82.7||$80.8||Three Studies for a
Portrait of John Edwards
|Francis Bacon||1984||May 13, 2014||39||Private Collection||Anonymous||Christie's, New York.|
|$81.4||$81.4||Meule||Claude Monet||1891||November 16, 2016||49||Christie's, New York|
|$81.3||$81.3||Laboureur dans un champ||Vincent van Gogh||1889||November 13, 2017||52||Nancy Lee and Perry R. Bass estate||Christie's, New York|
(€50-60) [note 16]
|Darmstadt Madonna||Hans Holbein||1526||July 12, 2011||29||Donatus, Landgrave of Hesse||Reinhold Würth||Private sale via
Christoph Graf Douglas
|Diana and Actaeon||Titian||1556–1559||February 1, 2009||26||Duke of Sutherland||National Galleries of Scotland
& National Gallery, London
|$70.4||$40.7||Au Lapin Agile||Pablo Picasso||1904||November 27, 1989||5||daughter of Joan Whitney Payson||Walter H. Annenberg||Sotheby's, New York|
|$77.8||$68||The Gross Clinic||Thomas Eakins||1875||April 12, 2007||21||Thomas Jefferson University||Philadelphia Museum of Art||Private sale|
|$79.5||$75.1||No 1 (Royal Red and Blue)||Mark Rothko||1954||November 13, 2012||36||John and Anne Marion||Sotheby's, New York|
|Acrobate et jeune arlequin
|Pablo Picasso||1905||November 28, 1988||3||Heir of Roger Janssen (suspected)
|$74.8||$55.0||Femme aux Bras Croisés||Pablo Picasso||1902||November 8, 2000||13||McCormick family, Chicago||Christie's, New York|
|$75.9||$69.0||Nude Sitting on a Divan
("La Belle Romaine")
|Amedeo Modigliani||1917||November 2, 2010||33||Halit Cıngıllıoglu||Sotheby's, New York|
|$74.6||$63.5||Police Gazette||Willem de Kooning||1955||October 12, 2006||20||David Geffen||Steven A. Cohen||Private sale via Richard Gray.|
|Diana and Callisto||Titian||1556–1559||March 2, 2012||38||Duke of Sutherland||National Galleries of Scotland
& National Gallery, London
|Private sale |
|$71.4||$70.5||Untitled (New York City)||Cy Twombly||1968||November 11, 2015||61||Family of Sydney M. Irmas||Christie's, New York|
|$68.9||$49.5||Femme assise dans un jardin||Pablo Picasso||1938||November 10, 1999||13||Robert Saidenberg [note 19] ||Sotheby's, New York|
|$67.8||$47.5||Peasant Woman Against
a Background of Wheat
|Vincent van Gogh||1890||1997||12||Steve Wynn[note 20]||Private sale via
Acquavella Galleries Inc.,
|$71.7||$69.6||Portrait of George Dyer Talking||Francis Bacon||1966||February 13, 2014||Christie's, New York|
|$71.3||$69.6||Untitled||Cy Twombly||1970||November 12, 2014||55||Nicola del Roscio ||Christie's, New York|
|$71.3||$69.6||Four Marlons||Andy Warhol||1966||November 12, 2014||55||WestSpiel ||Christie's, New York|
|$70.1||$70.1||Contraste de formes||Fernand Léger||1913||November 13, 2017||68||Anna-Maria and Stephen Kellen Foundation||Christie's, New York|
|Eagle Standing on Pine Tree||Qi Baishi||1946||May 22, 2011||38||Liu Yiqian||Hunan TV & Broadcast
|China Guardian Auctions|
|$69.7||$63.4||Men in Her Life||Andy Warhol||1962||November 8, 2010||37||Jose Mugrabi||Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa Al-Thani ||Phillips de Pury & Company|
|$68.3||$67.45||La Gommeuse||Pablo Picasso||1901||November 5, 2015||63||William I. Koch||Sotheby's, New York.|
|$68.2||$67.4||Buste de femme
(Femme à la résille)
|Pablo Picasso||1938||May 11, 2015||59||Steve Wynn||Joseph Lau||Christie's, New York|
|$60.9||$35.2||Portrait of a Halberdier||Pontormo||1537||May 31, 1989||5||Chauncey Stillman||Getty Museum||Christie's, New York|
|$67.2||$66.3||L’Allée des Alyscamps||Vincent van Gogh||1888||May 5, 2015||60||Sotheby's, New York|
|$67.8||$66.2||Untitled||Mark Rothko||1952||May 13, 2014||54||Private Collection||Anonymous||Christie's, New York|
|$67.4||$60.0||Suprematist Composition||Kazimir Malevich||1916||November 3, 2008||34||Heirs of Kazimir Malevich||Sotheby's, New York|
|$66.3||$66.3||Untitled XXV||Willem de Kooning||1977||November 15, 2016||70||Christie's, New York|
|Zhichuan Resettlement||Wang Meng||1350||June 4, 2011||42||Beijing Poly Auction|
|$66.7||$65.1||Spring (Le Printemps)||Édouard Manet||1881||November 5, 2014||57||Getty Museum||Christie's, New York|
|$66.5||$61.7||1949-A-No.1||Clyfford Still||1949||November 9, 2011||44||City and County of Denver||Sotheby's, New York|
- The Wikipedia template uses a yearly average inflation. Using monthly averages gives slightly different numbers, most significantly for paintings sold early or late in a year with significant inflation.
- Exact price (even the currency of sale) is not known, with estimates from $250 million to even $300 million
- Reportedly, Gachet's portrait was privately resold to a European buyer in 1997 or 1998 for $65-$90 million through Sotheby’s
- The triptych had probably been reassembled by the Italian collector Francesco De Simone Niquesa, but were resold to a person in the US before 2013
- This is the small version of the painting; the large version is at the Musée d'Orsay.
- Privately resold for ca. $50 million through Sotheby’s in 1997.
- One of two pastel versions; another two painted versions (and lithography) exist, all created by Munch.
- This stands as the most expensive painting by a living artist.
- The paintings transferred to the dealers include a late Monet entitled Corona (Water Lilies) from around 1920; Renoir's Reclining Nude of 1902; Kandinsky's Autumn Landscape, Murnau from 1908, and Picasso's Striped Bodice from September 1943.
- Alan Bond could not pay off the painting, and Irises was resold (probably for somewhat less) to the Getty Museum.
- Price excludes sales commission and other costs.
- Exact date of sale is not known.
- Later in 2002, Thomson donated his private collection, including the Rubens, to the Art Gallery of Ontario
- Annenberg subsequently donated it to the Metropolitan Museum of Art.
- Steve Wynn, who bid on the painting at auction, privately acquired the work several months later from the unidentified buyer for an undisclosed, supposedly lower price. Kenneth Griffin acquired it in 2004 from Wynn.
- Usually estimated at "over €50 M" or "between 50 and 60 million Euros". On July 12, 2011, $75M was equivalent to €53M.
- Re-sold for £12m to Stavros Niarchos in 1993.
- A Belgian banker and collector who bought it in 1939 for $18,000. His was the last name on the 1988 provenance list; painting came from "a private collection in Arizona"
- Son of Daniel (conductor & cellist) and Eleanore Saidenberg who were Picasso's New York dealers from 1955 to 1973.
- On Oct. 7, 2005, The New York Times reported that Steven Cohen bought van Gogh's "Peasant Woman Against a Background of Wheat" and Gauguin's "Bathers" (1903) from Steve Wynn for approximately $110 million, though guesses range from $100-150 million. One or both of the paintings may thus occur higher on this list.
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