Premier of North Korea

The Premier of the Cabinet[1] (Korean내각 총리; MRNaegak Ch'ongni) is the head of the cabinet of North Korea and a key adviser to the Supreme Leader of North Korea. The office is also alternatively known as Prime Minister of North Korea.[2] The current premier is Kim Tok-hun.[3]

Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
Flag of North Korea.svg
Incumbent
Kim Tok-hun

since 13 August 2020
Inaugural holderKim Il-sung
Formation9 September 1948
Premier of the Cabinet
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha
Revised RomanizationNaegang Chongni
McCune–ReischauerNaegak Ch'ongni

HistoryEdit

Originally, under the 1948 Constitution of the DPRK, the Premier was the highest state post in North Korea. Kim Il-sung himself inaugurated the post, keeping it for 24 years until 1972, while the ceremonial role of the head of State rested in the Chairman of the Standing Committee of the Supreme People's Assembly.

The 1972 Constitution created the post of President of the DPRK, which replaced the premiership as the top state post. The executive presidency was created with Kim in mind, and he transferred to that post soon after the Constitution was promulgated. The Premier was now the head of the Administration Council, but most of the powers of the former cabinet were passed to the Central People's Committee, the highest ruling council chaired by the president himself. The first premier after Kim Il-sung was his long-time ally Kim Il. The post was then officially known as Premier of the Administration Council (정무원 총리, jungmuwon chongni).

After Kim Il-sung died, the post of president remained vacant (officially Kim Il-sung was proclaimed Eternal President) as Kim Jong-il planned a new State reorganization. A constitution revision in 1998 abolished both the Central People's Committee and the Administration Council, re-creating the Cabinet.

FunctionsEdit

The Premier represents and oversees the cabinet, which is charged with executing the policies decided by the Central Committee of the Workers' Party of Korea. The office has no policy-making authority of its own.

The Premier is nominally part of a triumvirate overseeing North Korea's executive branch, alongside the President of the Presidium of the Supreme People's Assembly (the head of state) and the Chairman of the State Affairs Commission (the commander-in-chief). In practice, however, the SAC chairman, which is constitutionally defined as "the highest post in the state," exercises absolute control over the government and the country.[citation needed]

According to the constitution of the DPRK, the SAC chairman, SPA Presidium president and Premier have powers equivalent to one-third of those of a president's powers in most presidential systems. The SPA presidium chairman conducts foreign relations, the premier handles domestic matters and heads the government, and the SAC chairman (known as the chairman of the National Defence Commission before 2016) commands the armed forces. However, the Premier ranks as the lowest of the three: significantly, Kim Jong-il was NDC Chairman without interruption from 1993 until 2011, and Kim Yong-nam was President of the SPA Presidium from 1998 to 2019, while there have been six premiers since Kim Il-sung's death.

OfficeholdersEdit

The following is a list of premiers of North Korea since its founding in 1948.

Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 내각 수상
No. Image Premier Political party Term of office Election Head of State
1   Kim Il-sung
김일성
(1912–1994)
Workers' Party of North Korea 9 September 1948 28 December 1972 1st SPA  
Kim Tu-bong
(1948–1957)
Workers' Party of North Korea
Workers' Party of Korea Workers' Party of Korea
2nd SPA  
Choe Yong-gon
(1957–1972)
Korean Social Democratic Party
Workers' Party of Korea
3rd SPA
4th SPA
Premier of the Administration Council of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 정무원 총리
No. Premier Political party Term of office Election Head of State
2   Kim Il
김일
(1910–1984)
Workers' Party of Korea 28 December 1972 30 April 1976 5th SPA  
Kim Il-sung
(1972–1994)
Workers' Party of Korea
3   Pak Song-chol
박성철
(1913–2008)
Workers' Party of Korea 30 April 1976 15 December 1977
4   Ri Jong-ok
리종옥
(1916–1999)
Workers' Party of Korea 15 December 1977 25 January 1984 6th SPA
7th SPA
5   Kang Song-san
강성산
(1931–2007)
Workers' Party of Korea 25 January 1984 29 December 1986
6   Ri Kun-mo
리근모
(1926–2001)
Workers' Party of Korea 29 December 1986 12 December 1988 8th SPA
7   Yon Hyong-muk
연형묵
(1931–2005)
Workers' Party of Korea 12 December 1988 11 December 1992
9th SPA
(5)   Kang Song-san
강성산
(1931–2007)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 December 1992 21 February 1997
Vacant
(1994–1998)
  Hong Song-nam
홍성남
(1929–2009)
Acting Premier of
the Administration Council
Workers' Party of Korea 21 February 1997 5 September 1998
Premier of the Cabinet of the Democratic People's Republic of Korea
조선민주주의인민공화국 내각 총리
No. Premier Political party Term of office Election Head of State
8   Hong Song-nam
홍성남
(1929–2009)
Workers' Party of Korea 5 September 1998 3 September 2003 10th SPA  
Kim Yong-nam
(1998–2019)
Workers' Party of Korea
9   Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 3 September 2003 11 April 2007 11th SPA
10   Kim Yong-il
김영일
(born 1944)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2007 4 June 2010
12th SPA
11   Choe Yong-rim
최영림
(born 1930)
Workers' Party of Korea 4 June 2010 1 April 2013
(9)   Pak Pong-ju
박봉주
(born 1939)
Workers' Party of Korea 1 April 2013 11 April 2019
13th SPA
12   Kim Jae-ryong
김재룡
(born 1959)
Workers' Party of Korea 11 April 2019 13 August 2020 14th SPA  
Kim Jong-un
(since 2019)
Workers' Party of Korea
13   Kim Tok-hun
김덕훈
(born 1962)
Workers' Party of Korea 13 August 2020 Incumbent

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Constitution - The Cabinet". Naenara. Retrieved May 20, 2017.
  2. ^ United States. Congress. House. Committee on Un-American Activities, p. PA1552, at Google Books
  3. ^ "Chiefs of State and Cabinet Members of Foreign Governments: Korea, North - NDE". Central Intelligence Agency. 21 June 2018. Retrieved 28 August 2018.