1990 Czechoslovak parliamentary election

Federal elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 8 and 9 June 1990,[1] alongside elections for the Czech and Slovak Assemblies.[2] They were the first elections held in the country since the Velvet Revolution seven months earlier. Voter turnout was 96.2%.[2]

1990 Czechoslovak federal election

← 1986 8–9 June 1990 1992 →

All 150 seats in the House of the People
All 150 seats in the House of Nations
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout96.79%
  First party Second party Third party
  Jan Urban (2016).jpg Ján Budaj.jpg
Leader Jan Urban Ladislav Adamec Ján Budaj
Party OF KSČ VPN
Seats after 68 23 19
Seat change Increase 68 Decrease 116 Increase 19
Popular vote 3,851,172 1,445,407 1,104,125
Percentage 36.2% 13.6% 10.4%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Ján Čarnogurský (2012).jpg Bartoncik Josef 01.JPG Boleslav Barta.jpg
Leader Ján Čarnogurský Josef Bartončík Boleslav Bárta
Party KDH ČSL HSD–SMS
Alliance KDU
Seats after 11 9 9
Seat change Increase 11 Decrease 2 Increase 9
Popular vote 644,008 629,359 572,015
Percentage 6.1% 5.9% 5.4%

  Seventh party Eighth party
  DurayMiklosFotoThalerTamas.JPG
Leader Víťazoslav Móric Miklós Duray
Party SNS COEX
Alliance COEXMKDM
Seats after 6 5
Seat change Increase 6 Increase 5
Popular vote 372,025 296,575
Percentage 3.5% 2.8%

Prime Minister before election

Marián Čalfa
VPN

Elected Prime Minister

Marián Čalfa
VPN

The movement led by President Václav Havel emerged as the largest bloc, with majorities in both houses of parliament–something that no Czechoslovak party or alliance had previously achieved in a free election. The Czech wing, Civic Forum (OF), won 68 of the 150 seats in the House of the People and 50 of the 150 seats in the House of Nations, whilst its Slovak counterpart, Public Against Violence (VPN), won 19 seats in the House of the People and 33 in the House of Nations.[2][3] The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, running in its first election since giving up power, made a stronger showing than expected, receiving 13 percent of the vote in both chambers, finishing second behind Civic Forum.[3]

Although OF and VPN had more than enough seats between them to govern without the support of other parties, they sought a broader base. They let it be known that they were willing to go into coalition with any party except the Communists and the Slovak National Party.[3]

ResultsEdit

House of the PeopleEdit

Party Votes % Seats
Civic Forum 3,851,172 36.2 68
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 1,445,407 13.6 23
Public Against Violence 1,104,125 10.4 19
Christian Democratic Movement 644,008 6.1 11
Christian and Democratic Union 629,359 5.9 9
Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia 572,015 5.4 9
Slovak National Party 372,025 3.5 6
Alliance of Farmers and the Countryside 360,779 3.4 0
Social Democracy 342,455 3.2 0
Green Party 332,974 3.1 0
CoexistenceHungarian Christian Democratic Movement 296,575 2.8 5
Czechoslovak Socialist Party 201,532 1.9 0
Democratic Party 149,310 1.4 0
People's Democratic Party–Rally for the Republic 76,338 0.7 0
Free Bloc 64,070 0.6 0
Freedom Party 49,012 0.5 0
VSZS 47,971 0.5 0
Czechoslovakian Democratic Forum 23,428 0.2 0
Rómovia 22,670 0.2 0
HOS 22,165 0.2 0
Movement of Czechoslovakian Understanding 21,979 0.2 0
Friends of Beer Party 8,943 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 136,929
Total 10,775,125 100 150
Registered voters/turnout 11,195,596 96.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

House of NationsEdit

Party Votes % Seats
Civic Forum 3,613,513 34.0 50
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 1,452,659 13.7 24
Public Against Violence 1,262,278 11.9 33
Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia 658,477 6.2 7
Christian and Democratic Union 633,053 6.0 6
Christian Democratic Movement 564,172 5.3 14
Slovak National Party 387,387 3.6 9
Alliance of Farmers and the Countryside 359,474 3.4 0
Social Democracy 352,678 3.3 0
Green Party 336,310 3.2 0
CoexistenceHungarian Christian Democratic Movement 287,426 2.7 7
Czechoslovak Socialist Party 210,735 2.0 0
Democratic Party 124,561 1.2 0
Free Bloc 84,553 0.8 0
People's Democratic Party–Rally for the Republic 79,324 0.8 0
VSZS 54,916 0.5 0
Freedom Party 42,111 0.4 0
Czechoslovakian Democratic Forum 32,543 0.3 0
Movement of Czechoslovakian Understanding 25,672 0.2 0
HOS 22,124 0.2 0
Rómovia 20,445 0.2 0
Friends of Beer Party 13,869 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 139,731
Total 10,758,011 100 150
Registered voters/turnout 11,178,780 96.2
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p472
  3. ^ a b c Kamm, Henry. Now, the Czech Reality; Political 'Amateurs,' After Free Elections, Turn to Problems Left by the Communists. The New York Times, 1990-06-11.