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1990 Czechoslovak parliamentary election

Federal elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 8 and 9 June 1990,[1] alongside elections for the Czech and Slovak Assemblies.[2] They were the first elections held in the country since the end of Communist rule seven months earlier, and the first free elections since 1946.

1990 Czechoslovak federal election

← 1986 8–9 June 1990 1992 →

All 150 seats to the House of the People
All 150 seats to the House of Nations
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout96.79%
  First party Second party Third party
  Jan Urban (2016).jpg Ján Budaj.jpg
Leader Jan Urban Ladislav Adamec Ján Budaj
Party OF KSČ VPN
Seats after 68 23 19
Seat change Increase 68 Decrease 116 Increase 19
Popular vote 3,851,172 1,445,407 1,104,125
Percentage 36.2% 13.6% 10.4%

Prime Minister before election

Marián Čalfa
VPN

Elected Prime Minister

Marián Čalfa
VPN

The election saw a partial victory for the movement of President Václav Havel. The Czech wing, Civic Forum, won 68 of the 150 seats in the House of the People and 50 of the 150 seats in the House of Nations. Its Slovak counterpart, Public Against Violence, won 19 seats in the House of the People and 33 in the House of Nations.[2] Civic Forum won 36% of the vote for the House of the People, the most a Czechoslovakian party won in a free election.

The two wings of Havel's movement commanded a strong majority in the legislature,[3] with 87 seats in the House of the People and 83 in the House of Nations between them. It was the only occasion in Czechoslovakia's history in which a party or alliance won an outright majority of seats in a free election. Voter turnout was 96.2%.[2] The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, running in an honest election for the first time in 44 years, made a stronger showing than expected, taking 13 percent of the vote in both chambers to finish second behind Civic Forum.[3]

Although Civic Forum and Public Against Violence had more than enough seats between them to govern without the support of other parties, they sought a broader base. They let it be known that they were willing to go into coalition with all parties except the Communists and the Slovak National Party.[3]

Contents

ResultsEdit

House of the PeopleEdit

Party Votes % Seats
Civic Forum 3,851,172 36.2 68
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 1,445,407 13.6 23
Public Against Violence 1,104,125 10.4 19
Christian Democratic Movement 644,008 6.1 11
Christian and Democratic Union 629,359 5.9 9
Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia 572,015 5.4 9
Slovak National Party 372,025 3.5 6
Alliance of Farmers and the Countryside 360,779 3.4 0
Social Democracy 342,455 3.2 0
Green Party 332,974 3.1 0
CoexistenceHungarian Christian Democratic Movement 296,575 2.8 5
Czechoslovak Socialist Party 201,532 1.9 0
Democratic Party 149,310 1.4 0
People's Democratic Party–Rally for the Republic 76,338 0.7 0
Free Bloc 64,070 0.6 0
Freedom Party 49,012 0.5 0
VSZS 47,971 0.5 0
Czechoslovakian Democratic Forum 23,428 0.2 0
Rómovia 22,670 0.2 0
HOS 22,165 0.2 0
Movement of Czechoslovakian Understanding 21,979 0.2 0
Friends of Beer Party 8,943 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 136,929
Total 10,775,125 100 150
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

House of NationsEdit

Party Votes % Seats
Civic Forum 3,613,513 34.0 50
Communist Party of Czechoslovakia 1,452,659 13.7 24
Public Against Violence 1,262,278 11.9 33
Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia 658,477 6.2 7
Christian and Democratic Union 633,053 6.0 6
Christian Democratic Movement 564,172 5.3 14
Slovak National Party 387,387 3.6 9
Alliance of Farmers and the Countryside 359,474 3.4 0
Social Democracy 352,678 3.3 0
Green Party 336,310 3.2 0
CoexistenceHungarian Christian Democratic Movement 287,426 2.7 7
Czechoslovak Socialist Party 210,735 2.0 0
Democratic Party 124,561 1.2 0
Free Bloc 84,553 0.8 0
People's Democratic Party–Rally for the Republic 79,324 0.8 0
VSZS 54,916 0.5 0
Freedom Party 42,111 0.4 0
Czechoslovakian Democratic Forum 32,543 0.3 0
Movement of Czechoslovakian Understanding 25,672 0.2 0
HOS 22,124 0.2 0
Rómovia 20,445 0.2 0
Friends of Beer Party 13,869 0.1 0
Invalid/blank votes 139,731
Total 10,758,011 100 150
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ a b c Nohlen & Stöver, p472
  3. ^ a b c Kamm, Henry. Now, the Czech Reality; Political 'Amateurs,' After Free Elections, Turn to Problems Left by the Communists. The New York Times, 1990-06-11.