Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia

The Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia (Czech: Hnutí za samosprávnou demokracii–Společnost pro Moravu a Slezsko, HSD–SMS) was a political party in Czechoslovakia and the Czech Republic that sought autonomy for Moravia.[1]

Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia

Hnutí za samosprávnou demokracii - Společnost pro Moravu a Slezsko
LeadersBoleslav Bárta
Jan Kryčer
Merged intoBohemian-Moravian
Centre Union
NewspaperMoravskoslezská orlice
Moravian autonomism
Political positionCentre
ColoursGold, Red


The party was established on 4 April 1990, and was initially led by Boleslav Bárta.[2] In the elections to the Czechoslovakian Federal Assembly in June it won nine seats in the Chamber of the People and seven in the Chamber of the Nations. In the simultaneous elections to the National Council of the Czech Republic the party won 23 seats, making it the third largest party in the Council.[3] The party was part of Petr Pithart's coalition government between 1990 and 1992.[4] Bárta died in 1991 and was replaced by Jan Kryčer.[2]

In the federal elections in 1992 the party lost all its seats in both chambers of the Federal Assembly, whilst the Czech elections saw it reduced to 14 seats.[3]

In 1993 the party was renamed the Movement for Self-Governing Democracy of Moravia and Silesia (Hnutí samosprávné demokracie Moravy a Slezska).[2] After the liberal wing of the party came to power the following year, the party became the Moravian Centre Party (Českomoravskou stranu středu). In December 1994 it formed an alliance with the Liberal-Social Union and the Agrarian Party named the Moravian Centre Union, and formally merged into a single political party in February 1996.[2] The new party failed to win a seat in the 1996 elections.[3]

Election resultsEdit

Czech National CouncilEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place Govt?
1990 723,609 7.03
22 / 200
3rd Yes
1992 380,088  5.87 
14 / 200
8th  No

Local ElectionsEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats
1990 3,200,022 4.16 1,706
1994 563,674  0.44  372 


  1. ^ Libor Musil, Ladislav Rabusic and Petr Mares (1991) "Is the Moravian Movement the last straw which the Moravians grasp?" Studia Minora Facultatis Philosophicae Universitatis Brunensis
  2. ^ a b c d Rise and Fall of Moravian Regionalist Parties Central European Political Studies Review
  3. ^ a b c Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p490–492 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  4. ^ Czech Republic Parties and Elections