1992 Czechoslovak parliamentary election

Federal elections were held in Czechoslovakia on 5 and 6 June 1992,[1] alongside elections for the Czech and Slovak Assemblies. The result was a victory for the Civic Democratic PartyChristian Democratic Party (ODS-KDS) alliance, which won 48 of the 150 seats in the House of the People and 37 of the 150 seats in the House of Nations. Voter turnout was 84.7%.[2]

1992 Czechoslovak federal election

← 1990 5–6 June 1992

All 150 seats to the House of the People
All 150 seats to the House of Nations
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout85.08%
  First party Second party Third party
  Vaclav Klaus headshot.jpg Vladimir Meciar.jpg Jiří Svoboda directing Jan Hus (34).jpg
Leader Václav Klaus Vladimír Mečiar Jiří Svoboda
Party ODS HZDS KSČM
Alliance ODSKDS Left Bloc
Seats after 48 24 19
Seat change Increase 48 Increase 24 Increase 19
Popular vote 2,200,937 1,036,459 926,228
Percentage 23.0% 10.8% 9.7%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  Blank portrait, male (rectangular).png
Dubcek 1991.jpg
H.E.Peter Weiss 2014.JPG Miroslav Sládek.jpg
Leader Valtr Komárek &
Alexander Dubček
Peter Weiss Miroslav Sládek
Party ČSSD SDĽ SPR–RSČ
Seats after 10 10 8
Seat change Increase 10 Increase 10 Increase 8
Popular vote 648,125 446,230 432,075
Percentage 6.8% 4.7% 4.5%

  Seventh party Eighth party Ninth party
  Josef Lux 01.jpg František Trnka.jpg
Leader Josef Lux František Trnka Jozef Prokeš
Party KDU–ČSL ZS SNS
Alliance LSU
Seats after 7 7 6
Seat change Decrease 2 Increase 7 Steady 0
Popular vote 388,122 378,962 290,249
Percentage 4.0% 4.0% 3.0%

Prime Minister before election

Marián Čalfa
ODÚ

Elected Prime Minister

Jan Stráský
ODS

This would be the last election held in Czechoslovakia. ODS leader Vaclav Klaus insisted that the leader of the largest Slovak party, Vladimir Meciar, agree to a tightly knit federation with a strong central government. Meciar, however, was only willing to agree to a loose confederation in which the Czech lands and Slovakia would both be sovereign. It soon became apparent that a coalition between the two blocs was not feasible, leading Klaus and Meciar to agree to a "velvet divorce."[3] The Federal Assembly formally voted Czechoslovakia out of existence on November 25. Effective on January 1, 1993, Czechoslovakia split into two countries, the Czech Republic and Slovakia.[4]

ResultsEdit

House of the PeopleEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Civic Democratic PartyChristian Democratic Party 2,200,937 23.0 48 New
Movement for a Democratic Slovakia 1,036,459 10.8 24 New
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 926,228 9.7 19 New
Czechoslovak Social DemocracySocial Democratic Party of Slovakia 648,125 6.8 10 New
Party of the Democratic Left 446,230 4.7 10 New
Rally for the Republic – Republican Party of Czechoslovakia 432,075 4.5 8 New
Christian and Democratic Union – Czechoslovak People's Party 388,122 4.0 7 New
Liberal-Social Union 378,962 4.0 7 New
Civic Democratic Alliance 323,614 3.4 0 New
Slovak National Party 290,249 3.0 6 0
Civic Movement 284,854 3.0 0 New
Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia 279,136 2.9 0 –9
Christian Democratic Movement 277,061 2.9 6 –5
Hungarian Christian Democratic MovementCoexistence 232,776 2.4 5 0
Pensioners for Life Security 214,681 2.2 0 New
Czechoslovak Businessmen's, Traders' and Farmers' Party 166,325 1.7 0 New
Club of Committed Non-Party Members 129,022 1.3 0 New
Civic Democratic Union 122,359 1.3 0 New
Democratic Party 122,226 1.3 0 0
SKDH 106,612 1.1 0 New
NEI 89,817 0.9 0 New
SZS 81,047 0.9 0 New
MPP-MOS 72,877 0.8 0 New
Friends of Beer Party 68,985 0.7 0 0
D92 68,168 0.7 0 New
HSS 67,406 0.7 0 New
SPI 38,580 0.4 0 New
Roma Civic Initiative 33,576 0.4 0 New
Union of Communists of Slovakia 23,487 0.3 0 New
SRNDJ 10,335 0.1 0 New
SLS 10,150 0.1 0 New
NSS-ČSNS 8,922 0.1 0 New
NALI 2,457 0.0 0 New
HZSP-SRÚ 1,576 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 167,542
Total 9,750,978 100 150 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

House of NationsEdit

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Civic Democratic PartyChristian Democratic Party 2,168,421 22.6 37 New
Movement for a Democratic Slovakia 1,045,395 10.9 33 New
Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia 939,197 9.8 15 New
Czechoslovak Social DemocracySocial Democratic Party of Slovakia 629,029 6.6 11 New
Party of the Democratic Left 433,750 4.5 13 New
SPR-RSČ 423,999 4.4 6 New
KDÚ-ČSL 394,296 4.1 6 New
Liberal-Social Union 393,182 4.1 5 New
Movement for Autonomous Democracy–Party for Moravia and Silesia 322,423 3.4 0 –7
Civic Movement 307,334 3.2 0 New
Slovak National Party 288,864 3.0 9 0
Christian Democratic Movement 272,100 2.8 8 –6
Civic Democratic Alliance 264,371 2.8 0 New
Hungarian Christian Democratic MovementCoexistence 232,364 2.4 7 0
Pensioners for Life Security 222,860 2.3 0 New
Czechoslovak Businessmen's, Traders' and Farmers' Party 172,703 1.8 0 New
Club of Committed Non-Party Members 140,045 1.5 0 New
Civic Democratic Union 124,649 1.3 0 New
Democratic Party 113,176 1.2 0 0
NEI 106,186 1.1 0 New
SKDH 100,054 1.1 0 New
SZS 75,149 0.8 0 New
D92 72,538 0.8 0 New
Friends of Beer Party 71,123 0.7 0 0
MPP-MOS 71,122 0.7 0 New
HSS 67,073 0.7 0 New
Roma Civic Initiative 34,530 0.4 0 New
SPI 31,392 0.3 0 New
ZKS 22,202 0.2 0 New
SRNDJ 11,099 0.1 0 New
SLS 10,056 0.1 0 New
NSS-ČSNS 9,405 0.1 0 New
NALI 2,992 0.0 0 New
HZSP-SRÚ 1,086 0.0 0 New
Invalid/blank votes 172,167
Total 9,746,332 100 150 0
Source: Nohlen & Stöver

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p471 ISBN 978-3-8329-5609-7
  2. ^ Nohlen & Stöver, p472
  3. ^ "Czechoslovakia to Split Up in 'Velvet Divorce'". Los Angeles Times. Associated Press. June 6, 1992.
  4. ^ Stephen Engelberg (January 1, 1993). "Czechoslovakia Breaks in Two, To Wide Regret". The New York Times.