Party of the Democratic Left (Slovakia)

The Party of the Democratic Left (Slovak: Strana demokratickej ľavice, SDĽ) was a social-democratic political party in Slovakia from 1990 to 2004. It was founded in 1990 out of the Communist Party of Slovakia.

Party of the Democratic Left

Strana demokratickej ľavice
LeaderPeter Weiss (1991–1996)
Jozef Migaš (1996–2001)
Pavel Koncoš (2001–2002)
Ľubomír Petrák (2002–2004)
FounderPeter Weiss
Founded22 November 1990
Dissolved4 December 2004
Preceded byCommunist Party of Slovakia
Merged intoDirection–Social Democracy
IdeologySocial democracy[1]
Democratic socialism[2]
Political positionCentre-left[3]
National affiliationCommunist Party of Czechoslovakia (1990–1991)
Common Choice (1994–1997)
European affiliationParty of European Socialists
International affiliationSocialist International[4]
European Parliament groupParty of European Socialists
Colours     Red      Blue
Party flag
Flag of the Party of the Democratic Left

On party congress on 14 December 1991 in Trenčín, congress adopted new party constitution and decided to leave federation of Communist Party of Czecho-Slovakia, due to disputes with the Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia and changing situation in the Czech and Slovak Federative Republic. Congress reconfirmed Peter Weiss as party chairman.

From 1994 to 1997, SDĽ was a member of a coalition called "Common Choice" (Spoločná voľba) that gained 10.18% (18 seats) in the Slovak parliament. They did not form a part of the government. Since the 2002 elections, it has had no place in the Slovak legislature. It was a member of the Party of European Socialists and the Socialist International.[1]

On 4 December 2004, the party membership voted to merge with Direction – Social Democracy from 1 January 2005. The latter party had broken off from the SDL five years earlier.

Election resultsEdit

National CouncilEdit

Year Vote Vote % Seats Place Government
1992 453,203 14.7
29 / 150
2nd No
1994 299,469  10.4  
18 / 150
2nd No
1998 492,507   14.7  
23 / 150
3rd   Yes
2002 39,163   1.4  
0 / 150
12th   No

Name changesEdit

  • Communist Party of Slovakia (succeeding Communist Party of Slovakia) (22. 11. 1990)
  • Communist Party of Slovakia – Party of the Democratic Left (12. 2. 1991)
  • Party of the Democratic Left (1. 2. 1992)

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b Koudelka, Zdeněk (14 February 1997). "Současná slovenská politika" (PDF). Politologický časopis (in Czech): 199–200. Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  2. ^ Zábojník, Oldřich (10 July 2000). "Migaš slibuje demokratický socialismus". (in Czech). Retrieved 2 October 2018.
  3. ^ Kiss, Yudit (1997). The Defence Industry in East-Central Europe: Restructuring and Conversion. New York: Oxford University Press. p. 61. ISBN 0-19-829280-5.
  4. ^ Harry Harmer (1999). The Longman Companion to the Labour Party, 1900-1998. Routledge. p. 193. ISBN 978-1-317-88349-4.

External linksEdit