1990 Slovak parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Slovakia on 8 and 9 June 1990 alongside federal elections. They were the first elections after the Velvet Revolution, and the first free elections since 1946. The Public Against Violence (VPN) party emerged as the largest in the Slovak National Council, winning 48 of the 150 seats. In the aftermath of the election, Vladimír Mečiar of the VPN formed a grand coalition with the Christian Democratic Movement (KDH). After a conflict leading to the dissolution of the VPN, the first Mečiar cabinet was brought down by a vote of non-confidence in the parliament. Ján Čarnogurský of the KDH became the new Prime Minister in April 1991.

1990 Slovak parliamentary election

← 1986 8–9 June 1990 1992 →

All 150 seats in the Slovak National Council
76 seats needed for a majority
Turnout3,455,651 (95.39%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Ján Budaj.jpg Ján Čarnogurský (2012).jpg
Leader Ján Budaj Ján Čarnogurský Víťazoslav Móric
Party VPN KDH SNS
Last election New party New party New party
Seats won 48 31 22
Seat change New party New party New party
Popular vote 991,285 648,782 470,984
Percentage 29.4% 19.2% 13.9%

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
  H.E.Peter Weiss 2014.JPG DurayMiklosFotoThalerTamas.JPG
Leader Peter Weiss Miklós Duray Ján Holčík
Party KSS COEX DS
Alliance COEXMKDM
Last election In NF New party In NF
Seats won 22 14 7
Seat change Decrease 81 New party Steady 7
Popular vote 450,855 292,636 148,567
Percentage 13.4% 8.7% 4.4%

  Seventh party
 
Leader Juraj Mesík
Party SZ
Last election New party
Seats won 6
Seat change New party
Popular vote 117,871
Percentage 3.5%

Prime Minister before election

Milan Čič
VPN

Prime Minister

Vladimír Mečiar
VPN

Electoral systemEdit

These were the only elections with a 3% electoral threshold; it was raised to 5% for the 1992 elections.

Participating partiesEdit

Parties profiles
Party Abbr. Founded Ideology Leader
Public Against Violence
Verejnosť proti násiliu
VPN 1989 Conservative liberalism,
Libertarianism,
Pro-Europeanism
Ján Budaj
Christian Democratic Movement
Kresťanskodemokratické hnutie
KDH 1990 Christian democracy,
Conservatism,
Pro-Europeanism
Ján Čarnogurský
Slovak National Party
Slovenská národná strana
SNS 1989 Slovak nationalism,
Right-wing populism,
Euro-Slavism
Víťazoslav Móric
Communist party of Slovakia
Komunistická strana Slovenska
KSS 1939 Democratic socialism,
Communism,
Marxism-Leninism
Peter Weiss
CoexistenceHungarian Christian Democratic Movement
Spolužitie - Maďarské kresťanskodemokratické hnutie
Spolužitie - MKDH 1990 Hungarian minority interests,
Christian democracy,
Liberal conservatism
Miklós Duray
Democratic Party
Demokratická strana
DS 1989 Conservative liberalism,
Conservatism,
Pro-Europeanism
Ján Holčík
Green Party
Strana zelených
SZ 1989 Green politics,
Social liberalism,
Pro-Europeanism
Juraj Mesík

ResultsEdit

 
PartyVotes%Seats+/–
Public Against Violence991,28529.3548New
Christian Democratic Movement648,78219.2131New
Slovak National Party470,98413.9422New
Communist Party of Slovakia450,85513.3522–81
CoexistenceHungarian Christian Democratic Movement292,6368.6614New
Democratic Party148,5674.407New
Green Party117,8713.496New
Alliance of Farmers and the Countryside85,0602.520New
Social Democracy61,4011.820New
Freedom Party60,0411.780–7
Romas24,7970.730New
Movement of Czechoslovakian Understanding13,4170.400New
People's Democratic Party–Rally for the Republic7,0230.210New
Free Bloc3,3260.100New
Czechoslovakian Socialist Party1,1660.0300
Czechoslovakian Democratic Forum5150.020New
Total3,377,726100.001500
Valid votes3,377,72697.74
Invalid/blank votes77,9252.26
Total votes3,455,651100.00
Registered voters/turnout3,622,65095.39
Source: Statistics.sk

ReferencesEdit