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The National Council of the Slovak Republic (Slovak: Národná rada Slovenskej republiky), abbreviated to NR SR, is the national parliament of Slovakia. It is unicameral and consists of 150 members, who are elected by universal suffrage under proportional representation with seats distributed via Hagenbach-Bischoff quota every four years.
National Council of the Slovak Republic
Národná rada Slovenskej republiky
|Founded||1 January 1993, 29 years ago|
|Preceded by||Slovak National Council|
Supported by (7)
|Open list proportional representation with a 5% electoral threshold (7% for two-, three-party alliances; 10% for four-or-more party alliance) Hagenbach-Bischoff system|
|29 February 2020|
|On or before 24 February 2024|
|Parliament Building, Bratislava|
Slovakia's parliament has been called the 'National Council' since 1 October 1992. From 1969 to 1992, its predecessor, the parliament of the Slovak part of Czechoslovakia, was called the Slovak National Council (Slovak: Slovenská národná rada).
The National Council approves domestic legislation, constitutional laws, and the annual budget. Its consent is required to ratify international treaties, and is responsible for approving military operations. It also elects individuals to some positions in the executive and judiciary, as specified by law.
The 150-seat unicameral National Council of the Slovak Republic is Slovakia's sole constitutional and legislative body. It considers and approves the constitution, constitutional amendments, and other legislation. It approves the state budget. It elects some officials specified by law, as well as justices of the Constitutional Court and the prosecutor general. Prior to their ratification, the parliament also should approve all important international treaties. Moreover, it gives consent for dispatching of military forces outside of Slovakia's territory and for the presence of foreign military forces on the territory of the Slovak Republic.
The parliament may vote only if a majority of all its members (76) are present. To pass a decision, the approval of a simple majority of all MPs present is required. Almost all legal acts can be adopted by this relative majority. An absolute majority (76 votes) is required to pass a vote of no-confidence in the cabinet or its members, or to elect and recall the Council's speaker or the deputy speakers. A qualified majority of 3/5 of all deputies (at least 90 votes) is required for the adoption of a constitution or a constitutional statute.
Committees of the National CouncilEdit
Standing committees and current leadership are listed below.
|Mandate and Immunity Committee
(Slovak: Mandátový a imunitný výbor)
|Function Incompatibility Committee
(Slovak: Výbor pre nezlučiteľnosť funkcií)
|Committee for European Affairs
(Slovak: Výbor pre európske záležitosti)
(Slovak: Ústavnoprávny výbor)
|Committee for Finance and Budget
(Slovak: Výbor pre financie a rozpočet)
|Committee for Economic Affairs
(Slovak: Výbor pre ekonomické záležitosti)
|Committee for Agriculture and the Environment
(Slovak: Výbor pre pôdohospodárstvo a životné prostredie)
|Jaroslav Karahuta||Sme rodina|
|Committee for Public Administration and Regional Development
(Slovak: Výbor pre verejnú správu a regionálny rozvoj)
|Jozef Lukáč||Sme rodina|
|Committee for Social Affairs
(Slovak: Výbor pre sociálne veci)
|Committee for Health
(Slovak: Výbor pre zdravotníctvo)
|Jana Bittó Cigániková||SaS|
|Committee for Defence and Security
(Slovak: Výbor pre obranu a bezpečnosť)
(Slovak: Zahraničný výbor)
|Committee for Education, Science, Youth and Sport
(Slovak: Výbor pre vzdelávanie, vedu, mládež a šport)
|Committee for Culture and Media
(Slovak: Výbor pre kultúru a médiá)
|Committee for Human Rights and National Minorities
(Slovak: Výbor pre ľudské práva a národnostné menšiny)
|Special Control Committee to Control the Activities of the NBU
(Slovak: Osobitný kontrolný výbor pre kontrolu čiinosti NBÚ)
|Special Control Committee to Control the Activities of the SIS
(Slovak: Osobitný kontrolný výbor pre kontrolu čiinosti SIS)
|Special Control Committee to Control the Activities of the Military Inteligence
(Slovak: Osobitný kontrolný výbor pre kontrolu činnosti Vojenského Spravodajstva)
|Zuzana Šebová[g]||Sme rodina|
|Committee for Review of Decisions of the NBU
(Slovak: Výbor na preskúmavanie rozhodnutí NBÚ)
Structure of former legislaturesEdit
The length of the bars underneath represents each party's electoral performance. The difference in the total width of the bars is due to the election threshold of 5%; this threshold prevents a varying number of small parties from entering the National Council (most notably, after the 1994 election).
Members of the parliament are elected directly for a 4-year term, under the proportional system. Although the suffrage is universal, only a citizen who has the right to vote, has attained 18 years of age and has permanent residency in the Slovak Republic is eligible to be elected. Similarly to the Netherlands and Israel, the whole country forms one multi-member constituency. The election threshold is 5%. Voters may indicate their preferences within the semi-open list. Parliamentary elections were last held in 2020.
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 1990–92
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 1992–94
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 1994–98
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 1998–2002
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 2002–06
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 2006–10
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 2010–12
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 2012–16
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 2016–20
- List of members of the National Council of Slovakia, 2020–24
The main parliament building is situated next to the Bratislava Castle on the castle hill. The building is insufficiently large to accommodate all officials and representatives. This is because it was built during the Czechoslovak period as a building for the Federal Parliament, which usually met in Prague. The secondary parliament building, which was the main building until 1994, is situated next to the Trinitarian Church below the castle hill in Bratislava.
- Ján Mičovský (he left OĽaNO)
Martin Čepček (he was excluded from OĽaNO)
Martin Klus (he left SaS)
- Katarína Hatráková was excluded from OĽaNO but she is still supporter of government coalition.
- Slavěna Vorobelová (she left ĽS NS)
- Peter Pollák is acting leader of committee because from start of the sesionof National Council wasn't elect nobody on this position.
- Zuzana Šebová is acting leader of committee because from start of the sesionof National Council wasn't elect nobody on this position.
- "Zákon o podmienkach výkonu volebného práva a o zmene a doplnení niektorých zákonov" [Act on the Conditions for the Exercise of the Right to Vote and on Amendments to Certain Acts]. Article 68, Act No. 180/2014 of 29 May 2014. National Council of the Slovak Republic.
- "Postavenie a právomoci". NR SR (in Slovak). Retrieved 20 May 2020.
- "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 72, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 29.
- "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 86, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 33.
- "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 134, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 52.
- "Postavenie a právomoci" [Status and powers] (in Slovak). National Council of the Slovak Republic. Retrieved 26 May 2020.
- "Constitution of the Slovak Republic". Article 84, Constitution of 1992 (PDF). National Council of the Slovak Republic. p. 32.
- Svítok, Michal (20 March 2020). "Kollára zvolili za predsedu parlamentu. Väčšina výborov pozná svojich šéfov". Pravda.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 20 May 2020.
- Kulish, Nicholas (7 October 2011). "Slovakia May Hold Key to Euro Debt Bailout". Nytimes.com. Retrieved 15 December 2017.
- Official website (in Slovak and English)