2020 Slovak parliamentary election

Parliamentary elections were held in Slovakia on 29 February 2020 to elect all 150 members of the National Council.

2020 Slovak parliamentary election

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All 150 seats in the National Council
76 seats needed for a majority
Opinion polls
Registered4,432,419 Increase 0.13%
Turnout2,916,840 (65.81%) Increase 5.99 pp
  First party Second party Third party
 
Igor Matovič after an interview (2020).jpg
Peter Pellegrini, 2019.jpg
Boris Kollár (cropped).jpg
Leader Igor Matovič Peter Pellegrini[a] Boris Kollár
Party OĽaNO SMER–SD SR
Last election 11.02%, 19 seats 28.28%, 49 seats 6.62%, 11 seats
Seats won
53 / 150
38 / 150
17 / 150
Seat change Increase 34 Decrease 11 Increase 6
Popular vote 721,166 527,172 237,531
Percentage 25.02% 18.29% 8.24%
Swing Increase 14.00 pp Decrease 9.99 pp Increase 1.62 pp

  Fourth party Fifth party Sixth party
 
Marian Kotleba (portrait) (cropped).jpg
Richard sulik2019.jpg
Andrej Kiska in Senate of Poland (cropped).jpg
Leader Marian Kotleba Richard Sulík Andrej Kiska
Party ĽSNS SaS
Last election 8.04%, 14 seats 12.10%, 21 seats Did not exist
Seats won
17 / 150
13 / 150
12 / 150
Seat change Increase 3 Decrease 8 New party
Popular vote 229,660 179,246 166,325
Percentage 7.97% 6.22% 5.77%
Swing Decrease 0.07 pp Decrease 5.88 pp New party

2020 Slovak legislative election - Vote Strength.svg
Results of the election, showing vote strength by district.

Government before election

Pellegrini's cabinet
SMERSNSMOST

Government after election

Matovič's cabinet
OĽaNOSRSaS

The anti-corruption movement Ordinary People (OĽaNO) led by Igor Matovič emerged as the largest party, winning 53 seats. The ruling coalition comprising Direction – Slovak Social Democracy (Smer–SD), the Slovak National Party (SNS), and Most–Híd, led by Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini of Smer–SD, won only 38, with both the SNS and Most–Híd losing their parliamentary representation. It was the first time since the 2006 elections that Smer–SD did not emerge as the party with the most seats.

As no party or electoral coalition won a majority of seats, a coalition government was needed.[1][2][3][4] On 13 March, Matovič announced he had reached an agreement for a governing coalition with We Are Family, Freedom and Solidarity and For the People, though they had not agreed upon a common governing program.

BackgroundEdit

Smer–SD won a plurality of seats in the 2016 election and formed a coalition government with moderate nationalist Slovak National Party, inter-ethnic Most–Híd, and centre-right #Network. Incumbent Prime Minister Robert Fico remained in office[5] until 2018, when Peter Pellegrini took over.

The 2019 European Parliament election in Slovakia was held on 25 May 2019. With a turnout of 22.7%, the election was won by PSSpolu (20.1%), followed by Smer–SD (15.7%), ĽSNS (12.1%), KDH (9.7%), SaS (9.6%), and OĽaNO (5.3%).[6]

Electoral systemEdit

The 150 members of the National Council were elected by proportional representation in a single nationwide constituency with an electoral threshold of 5% for single parties, 7% for coalitions of two or three parties, and 10% for coalitions of four or more parties. The election used the open list system, with seats allocated using the Hagenbach-Bischoff system. Voters were able to cast up to four preferential votes for candidates on the list of the party they voted for.[7]

All participating parties must had register 90 days before election day and paid a deposit of €17,000, which would be refunded to all parties having gained at least 3% of the votes. All citizens of the Slovak Republic were allowed to vote except for convicted felons in prison (only those who were convicted for serious offences), people declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court, and citizens under 18 years of age. All citizens, who were 21 years of age or older on the election day and are permanent residents of Slovakia, were allowed to run as candidates except for prisoners, convicted felons, and those declared ineligible to perform legal acts by court.[8]

Voters not present in their electoral district at the time of the elections were allowed to request a voting certificate (voličský preukaz), which allowed them to vote in any district regardless of their residency.[9] Voters abroad on election day were allowed to request a postal vote.[10] According to the Central Election Committee, approximately 20,000 citizens of the Slovak Republic living abroad had requested a postal vote for the election. The deadline for requests passed on 10 January 2020.

Leadership changesEdit

The Christian Democratic Movement (KDH) and the Party of the Hungarian Community (SMK-MKP) were two parties which had not passed the 5% threshold in 2016 but gained more than 4% (4.9% for KDH and 4.1% for SMK-MKP). KDH had lost all of its 16 seats while SMK-MKP had been an extra-parliamentary party already. The KDH leader Ján Figeľ announced his resignation few days after the 2016 election. He was then replaced by Alojz Hlina on 11 June 2016.[11] Leadership of the SMK-MKP, which was led by József Berényi, was taken over by József Menyhárt on 11 June 2016.[12]

On 12 August 2016, incumbent leader of coalition party #Network Radoslav Procházka announced he had no further intention to lead his party after a disastrous result in the election. A day later, at the party convention, it was decided that the new leader of the party would be Roman Brecely, his fellow party member and incumbent Minister of Transportation and Construction. He was the only candidate to stand up for the post although he did not intend to run for the office.[13]

On 15 March 2018, Robert Fico announced his resignation as Prime Minister of Slovakia which the President Andrej Kiska accepted. Peter Pellegrini, the incumbent Deputy Prime Minister for Investment and Informatisation, would become the new Prime Minister. Fico remained the party leader, and kept his parliamentary mandate. Pellegrini's cabinet was appointed on 22 March 2018.

Opinion pollsEdit

ResultsEdit

 
Results of the election, showing vote strength for each party by district.

The ruling coalition comprising Direction – Social Democracy (Smer–SD), the Slovak National Party and Most–Híd, led by Prime Minister Peter Pellegrini of Smer–SD, was defeated by the anti-corruption movement Ordinary People and Independent Personalities led by Igor Matovič. However, as no party or electoral coalition attained an absolute majority of seats, a post-election coalition was required to form a government.[14][15][16][17] This election was also the first since 2006 where Smer–SD did not emerge as the party with the most seats in the National Council. The coalition of Progressive Slovakia and Together failed to meet the 7% threshold for two-party coalitions to enter the parliament by only 926 votes, surprising analysts, as they had been several percentage points above the threshold required in opinion polls as recently as a few days before the election, and polled above the threshold in exit polls taken on election day. The coalition submitted an electoral complaint with the Constitutional Court on 12 March seeking a recount, although they did not have any expectation it would significantly change the results, and only did so in order to clear doubts about the democratic process.[18] In total 820,411 votes fell below the electoral threshold, which is 28.47 % of all valid votes.

 
PartyVotes%+/–Seats+/–
OĽANONOVAZMENA ZDOLA721,16625.03+14.0053+34
Direction – Social Democracy527,17218.29–9.9938–11
We Are Family237,5318.24+1.6117+6
Kotlebists – People's Party Our Slovakia229,6607.97–0.0717+3
Progressive SlovakiaTogether200,7806.97New0New
Freedom and Solidarity179,2466.22–5.8813–8
For the People166,3255.77New12New
Christian Democratic Movement134,0994.65–0.2900
Hungarian Community Co-operation112,6623.91–0.1400
Slovak National Party91,1713.16–5.480–15
Good Choice88,2203.06New0New
Homeland84,5072.93New0New
Most–Híd59,1742.05–4.450–11
Socialisti.sk15,9250.55New0New
We Have Had Enough!9,2600.32New0New
Andrej Hlinka's Slovak People's Party8,1910.28New0New
Democratic Party4,1940.15+0.0700
Solidarity – Working Poverty Movement3,2960.11New0New
Mayors and Independents2,0180.07New0New
Slovak Revival Movement1,9660.07New0New
Voice of the Right1,8870.07New0New
Labour of the Slovak Nation1,2610.04New0New
99% – Civic Voice9910.03New0New
Slovak League8090.03New0New
Total2,881,511100.001500
Valid votes2,881,51198.79
Invalid/blank votes35,3291.21
Total votes2,916,840100.00
Registered voters/turnout4,432,41965.81
Source: Statistical Office of the Slovak Republic

Government formationEdit

On 4 March, Matovič was tasked by the President of the Slovak Republic, Zuzana Čaputová, to form a new government.[19] On 13 March, Matovič announced he had reached an agreement for a governing coalition with We Are Family, Freedom and Solidarity, and For the People, though they had not agreed upon a common governing program. He has not disclosed his picks for the new cabinet but said that his movement would retain the finance ministry and Richard Sulík, the leader of Freedom and Solidarity, would be the Ministry of Economy.[20]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Anti-corruption party wins Slovakia election". BBC News. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  2. ^ France-Presse, Agence (1 March 2020). "Slovakia election: seismic shift as public anger ousts dominant Smer-SD party". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  3. ^ "Slovakia's anti-corruption opposition party wins election". euronews. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  4. ^ Mortkowitz, Siegfried (29 February 2020). "Anti-corruption opposition wins Slovakia election". POLITICO. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  5. ^ "New Slovak Government and Posts". Nový Čas. 17 March 2016. Retrieved 17 March 2016.
  6. ^ "Voľby do Európskeho parlamentu". www.europarl.europa.eu. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  7. ^ "Slovakia Národná rada (National Council) Electoral System". Inter-Parliamentary Union. Retrieved 8 March 2016.
  8. ^ "Prieskum: Voľby by vyhral Smer, OĽaNO-NOVA mimo parlamentu". Pravda (in Slovak). 9 October 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2015.
  9. ^ "Hlasovací preukaz, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  10. ^ "Voľba poštou, Ministerstvo vnútra SR - Verejná správa" (in Slovak). Ministry of the Interior. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
  11. ^ "Alojz Hlina is the new leader of KDH". Aktuality. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  12. ^ "József Menyhárt is the new leader of SMK-MKP". TVNoviny. 11 June 2016. Retrieved 11 June 2016.
  13. ^ "Roman Brecely is the new leader of Network (SIEŤ) coalition party, he was only candidate". TA3. 13 August 2016. Retrieved 13 August 2016.
  14. ^ "Anti-corruption party wins Slovakia election". BBC News. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  15. ^ France-Presse, Agence (1 March 2020). "Slovakia election: seismic shift as public anger ousts dominant Smer-SD party". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  16. ^ "Slovakia's anti-corruption opposition party wins election". euronews. 1 March 2020. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  17. ^ Mortkowitz, Siegfried (29 February 2020). "Anti-corruption opposition wins Slovakia election". POLITICO. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  18. ^ Francelová, Nina Hrabovská (12 March 2020). "PS/Spolu has submitted an election complaint. What are the odds the results might change?". The Slovak Spectator. Retrieved 13 March 2020.
  19. ^ Slovak President Asks Corruption Fighter to Form New Government
  20. ^ "Slovak election winner secures four-party coalition with cabinet deal". Reuters. 13 March 2020. Retrieved 14 March 2020.
  1. ^ Peter Pellegrini served as electoral leader at the top of the party list and Robert Fico served as party chairman.