Marian Kotleba (Slovak pronunciation: [ˈmaɾi.aŋ ˈkɔtlɛba]; born 7 April 1977) is a Slovak politician and leader of the far-right Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia (Slovak: Kotleba – Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko) political party, who served as the Governor of Banská Bystrica Region from 2013 to 2017.
|Governor of Banská Bystrica Region|
24 November 2013 – 4 December 2017
|Preceded by||Vladimír Maňka|
|Succeeded by||Ján Lunter|
|Born||7 April 1977|
Banská Bystrica, Czechoslovakia
|Political party||Kotleba – People's Party Our Slovakia|
(Kotleba – Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko)
|Spouse(s)||Frederika Pospíšilová (div. 2019)|
|Alma mater||Matej Bel University|
Early life and educationEdit
Born in Banská Bystrica in what was then Czechoslovakia, Kotleba attended the local Jozef Murgas High School before enrolling at the Sports Grammar School (Slovak: Športové gymnázium Banská Bystrica) specialising in sports. After finishing the Grammar School he enrolled at the Matej Bel University receiving a Master's Degree in Pedagogics, later he once again enrolled at the Economics faculty at the same university and graduated with a master's degree in Economics.
Marian Kotleba holds views considered extremist, He is supportive of Jozef Tiso and the First Slovak Republic, and he is openly against Roma people, Slovak National Uprising, NATO, the United States and the European Union. According to Hospodárske noviny, his position on the Holocaust is unclear. The BBC and The Economist have described him as a neo-Nazi. Kotleba has promoted the Zionist Occupation Government conspiracy theory and described Jews as "devils in human skin". Kotleba has been accused of demonstrating support for Neo-Nazism, with a supposed reference hidden in a €1,488 donation to charity, which he is facing criminal charges for in Slovakia.
In 2003, Kotleba founded the far-right political party 'Slovak Togetherness' (Slovak: Slovenská Pospolitosť). In 2007 the Slovak interior ministry banned the party from running and campaigning in elections, however it still functioned as a civic organisation. In 2009 he ran for the post of Governor of the Banská Bystrica region and received 10% of the votes. In the 2013 local elections he ran again and this time received approximately 20% of the votes, thereby securing a run-off against favourite Vladimír Maňka. Kotleba won the run-off by receiving 55% of the votes.
Kotleba's win was described as a "shock" by political analysts, who attributed it to deep anti-Romani sentiments in the region. Observers originally had said that they saw almost no chance for Kotleba to succeed in the second round against Maňka, but nonetheless found his strong showing "disturbing".
Prior to the 2016 elections to the National Council, he renamed his party Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko (English: People's Party Our Slovakia) to Kotleba – Ľudová strana Naše Slovensko. Despite the polls suggesting the 1.5–3.5% gain of votes, the party rocketed to the parliament with a gain of over 8% of the vote. Despite elements of Neo-Nazism, the post-electoral polls suggest that his success was a result of dissatisfaction with the running of Slovakia and was seen as a protest vote against the ruling Smer – Sociálna demokracia and the fractured right. It was also linked to the fall of the Christian Democratic Movement, the Christian conservative party, and the European migrant crisis.
Russia and SyriaEdit
Kotleba is known for his sympathy towards Russian Federation and Syrian Arab Republic, having slogans during presidential campaign in 2019 such as "For Slavic unity, against war with Russia" or declaring on national television that "Bashar Al-Assad is a hero of the Middle-East". Kotleba also made trips to Syria, having met with Syrian House Speaker and Foreign Minister of Syria. It was revealed upon his departure from Banská Bystrica governorship from the documents found there, that he wanted to send a letter to Russian ambassador, in which he asked for assistance and profoundly wrote about his intention to buy a Russian car. He also spoke critically of American intervention in Iraq, Afghanistan, Yugoslavia, Libya, and Syria, once reading all of United States involvement in regime change in the Slovak Parliament.
- In isolation, Marian is pronounced [ˈmaɾi.an].
- "TA3 pozvala do živého vysielania Mariana Kotlebu". Ta3. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- "Extremist Kotleba wins 20% of vote in regional elections". The Daily.sk. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
- Daniel Vražda (2014-08-29). "Kotleba vyvesil v Bystrici transparent Stop NATO" [In Bystrica, Kotleba put up a banner saying Stop NATO]. Naša Bystrica (SME) (in Slovak). Petit Press, a.s. Retrieved 2016-03-11.
- Martina Pažitková (2013-11-26). "Je Kotleba neonacista, neofašista alebo extrémista?" [Is Kotleba a neo-Nazi, a neo-fascist or an extremist?]. SME (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- "Kotleba je dnes pre Fica extrémista. Protirómskou agendou kedysi sám bodoval" [For Fico, Kotleba is an extremist. Previously, he scored points on Anti-Roma agenda himself]. Trend (in Slovak). 2013-11-25. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- TASR (2014-05-15). "Kotlebov mesačník Náš kraj v máji nevyjde, stále ho skúma polícia" [Kotleba's monthly "Our country" won't be published in May, police investigation is under way]. SME (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- odu (2014-04-08). "Kotleba zneužil župné noviny pred eurovoľbami" [Kotleba abused local administration newspaper before Europarliament elections]. Pravda. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- "Marián Kotleba: Štát chráni cigánskych parazitov" [Marián Kotleba: State protects gypsy parasites]. Aktuality.sk (in Slovak). 2010-05-31. Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- Ondrej Kubovič (2013-11-24). "Vedia koho volili? S Kotlebom sa spája extrémizmus aj oslava Slovakštátu" [Do they know who they voted for? Kotleba associates with extremism and the First Slovak State celebrations]. Aktuálne.sk (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- TASR (2014-01-09). "Kotleba nesúhlasil s prezidentom. Nechcel mu však oponovať" [Kotleba disagreed with the president; didn't want to oppose him though]. Hospodárske noviny (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- TASR (2014-01-09). "Šéfovia krajov sa u prezidenta nezhodli s Kotlebom na téme SNP" [Regions' heads didn't agree with Kotleba regarding the Slovak National Uprising during the meeting with the president]. Pravda (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- TASR (2014-01-31). "Neustupujte teroristom, hrozí vám diktát Bruselu, píše Kotleba Janukovyčovi". Hospodárske noviny (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- Mária Hunková (2013-11-18). "Politický život Mariana Kotlebu v skratke : Rómovia sú paraziti a SNP puč. Na stráž!". Hospodárske noviny (in Slovak). Retrieved 2014-09-05.
- "Slovak 'neo-Nazi' wins election in Banska Bystrica". BBC. 2013-11-25. Retrieved 2016-02-22.
- "A neo-Nazi wins". The Economist (published 2013-11-28). 2013. Retrieved 2016-02-22.
- N, Denník (13 March 2016). "My sme národnosti slovenskej, nie židovskej. Čo všetko už Kotleba povedal o slovenskom štáte". Denník N (in Slovak). Retrieved 9 December 2019.
- Paulovičová, Nina (2018). "Holocaust Memory and Antisemitism in Slovakia: The Postwar Era to the Present". Antisemitism Studies. Indiana University Press. 2 (1): 17, 19–22. doi:10.2979/antistud.2.1.02.
On March 14, 2004, in his public speech to commemorate the establishment of the 1939 Slovak state, Marian Kotleba, the leader of the extreme PP-OS (People’s Party Our Slovakia), mocked efforts to come to terms with the Holocaust past and marked out Jews as “devils in human skin.” Kotleba further promoted the view of Ľudovít Štúr—the leading representative of Slovak national revival in the nineteenth century—that Jews have no historical, cultural, or social ties with Slovaks. When the Jewish community expressed outrage against the demonstration of Kotleba supporters in Komárno in 2005, Kotleba defended the extremists by accusing Jews of plotting “against the Slovak nation, statehood, and Christian traditions” often with the help of the “Magyar chauvinists and domestic traitors.” In Kotleba’s eyes, every political skirmish in Slovakia is a “very well prepared performance” directed by Z. O. G. (the “Zionist Occupation Government”).
- "Kotleba of ĽSNS charged with extremism". The Slovak Spectator. 30 July 2018.
- "Le " Führer " slovaque de Banska Bystrica inquiété par la justice". Le Monde. 2 August 2017.
- "Police charge leader of Slovak far-right party with extremism". Reuters. 28 July 2017.
- "UPDATED: Five remaining regional leaders elected; extremist wins in Banská Bystrica". Slovakspectator. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "Far-right leader Kotleba wins in Banská Bystrica". Slovakspectator. Retrieved 25 November 2013.
- "404 Not Found". www.washingtonpost.com.
- "Fotoreportáž z oficiálnej návštevy Mariana Kotlebu v Sýrii a Libanone. Zamlčiavané informácie o skutočných agresoroch!". 30 June 2018.
- "How a Slovakian neo-Nazi got elected". 14 February 2019.
- "M. Kotleba o NATO (6. schôdza - 14. 6. 2016)". 10 January 2017.