Ordinary People and Independent Personalities
Ordinary People and Independent Personalities (Slovak: Obyčajní ľudia a nezávislé osobnosti, OĽaNO), is a catch-all, populist, anti-corruption and pro-European political party in Slovakia. It presents itself as a movement in which independent personalities and experts have a space. It was established on 11 November 2011 by registration with the Ministry of the Interior of the Slovak Republic. In 2020, with a result of 25.0%, the party won the 2020 Slovak parliamentary election. Since its inception, the movement's chairman has been former businessman Igor Matovič, the current Prime Minister of the Slovak Republic.
|Founded||28 October 2011|
|Split from||Freedom and Solidarity|
|European Parliament group||European People's Party|
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The four Ordinary People (OĽaNO) MPs were Igor Matovič, Erika Jurinová, Martin Fecko, Jozef Viskupič.[when?] OĽaNO sat in the National Council with the SaS and signed an agreement with the SaS that its members could not cross the floor to another group. In June and July 2010, it was rumoured that OĽaNO would refuse to back the programme of the new centre-right coalition, which included Freedom and Solidarity, and whose majority depended on Ordinary People.
In August 2010, Matovič said that it was not the right time to become an independent party. However, on 28 October 2011, Ordinary People filed a formal party registration, while Matovič announced that the party would compete in 2012 parliamentary election as a separate electoral list, of independents and representatives of the Civic Conservative Party and the Conservative Democrats. In the 2012 election, the party came in third place overall, winning 8.55% of the vote and 16 seats.
In the 2016 parliamentary election, Ordinary People ran in alliance with New Majority. They received 11.03% votes in Slovakia and consequently 19 MPs in the Slovak Parliament, 17 of whom came from Ordinary People.
At the February 2020 parliamentary election, the Party received 25.0% of the vote, winning a 53 of 150 seats in the National Council. Party leader Igor Matovič was appointed as the Prime Minister designate.
In 2019, Ordinary People suggested toughening restrictions on abortions. The proposal included a fee charge for abortion for women over 40 years of age. The proposal also featured written guidance to be given by the doctor to the woman before the procedure. This guidance included a detailed description of the medical procedure and the feelings that women can expect after the procedure.
During the election campaign in 2019, the party's leader Igor Matovič promised that Ordinary People would not enter a government which would approve registered partnerships for same sex couples. OĽaNO also rejects migrant relocation quotas, proposed by the European Commission.
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- "Výročná správa: OBYČAJNÍ ĽUDIA a nezávislé osobnosti (OĽANO), NOVA, Kresťanská únia (KÚ), ZMENA ZDOLA" (PDF). Ministry of the Interior (Slovakia) (in Slovak). 2019. p. 9.
- Birte Wassenberg (2019). "Euroscepticism at the EP elections in 2014: A reflection of the different patterns of opposition to the EU?". In Olivier Costa (ed.). The European Parliament in Times of EU Crisis: Dynamics and Transformations. Springer. p. 287. ISBN 978-3-319-97391-3.
- Křtínová, Andrea (2009), Politická strana OĽANO jako příklad populistické strany (PDF) (in Czech), Brno: Masaryk University, retrieved 10 December 2019
- Reuters. "Slovak anti-corruption opposition parties score emphatic election win". In Tomas Mrva, Jan Lopatka (ed.). Slovak anti-corruption opposition parties score emphatic election win.
- Freedom House (24 December 2013). Nations in Transit 2013: Democratization from Central Europe to Eurasia. Rowman & Littlefield Publishers. p. 517. ISBN 978-1-4422-3119-1.
- Vilikovská, Zuzana (15 June 2010). "SaS chairman speaks about its new MPs from the Ordinary People civic association". The Slovak Spectator.
- Vilikovská, Zuzana (5 August 2010). "'Ordinary Man' MP Matovič accuses Fico of lying". The Slovak Spectator.
- Vilikovská, Zuzana (3 August 2010). "SaS: Ordinary People faction will give up their parliamentary seats if they leave SaS caucus". The Slovak Spectator.
- Kft., Webra International (28 October 2011). "The Visegrad Group: the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland and Slovakia - Ordinary People files request to be registered as political party in Slovakia". www.visegradgroup.eu.
- Slovakia turns left, The Economist (11 March 2012)
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-05-28. Retrieved 2014-05-28.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Návrhu OĽANO na sprísnenie potratov chýbal jediný hlas, podporil ho Beblavý či Bláhová, zdržali sa Petrík i Poliačik (in Slovak), Ženy v meste (26 September 2019)
- OĽaNO nepôjde do vlády, ktorá by schválila registrované partnerstvá (in Slovak), teraz.sk (15 September 2019)
- "Slovenské volby vyhrálo opoziční hnutí, dominance Směru skončila". ČeskéNoviny.cz (in Czech). Retrieved 1 March 2020.