1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake
The 1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake occurred on Thursday, June 21, 1990 at 00:30:14 local time in northern Iran. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.4 and a Mercalli Intensity of X (Extreme). Widespread damage occurred to the northwest of the capital city of Tehran, including the cities of Rudbar and Manjil. The National Geophysical Data Center estimated that $8 billion in damage occurred in the affected area. Other earthquake catalogs presented estimates of the loss of life in the range of 35,000–50,000, with a further 60,000–105,000 that were injured.
|UTC time||1990-06-20 21:00:14|
|Local date||June 21, 1990|
|Local time||00:30:14 IRST|
|Magnitude||7.4 Mw |
|Depth||15 km (9 mi) |
|Total damage||$8 billion |
|Max. intensity||X (Extreme) |
|Casualties||35,000–45,000 killed  |
60,000–105,000 injured 
105,000–400,000 displaced 
Use in mediaEdit
Acclaimed Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami has fictionally incorporated the earthquake and its effects on northern Iran into multiple films of his. In And Life Goes On (1992), a director and his son search for child actors from a previous Kiarostami film; Where Is the Friend's Home? (1986), which was shot in a city that, by the time of the second film's production, is recovering from the earthquake. Kiarostami's next film Through the Olive Trees (1994) follows a film crew as they shoot scenes from Life, and Nothing More...; in one of these scenes a man discusses his marriage having taken place a day after the earthquake. Critics and scholars often refer to these three films as the Koker trilogy, and rank them among the director's finest works.
- ISC (19 January 2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre
- Berberian et al. 1992, pp. 1752, 1753
- USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
- Berberian et al. 1992, p. 1731
- Berberian, M.; Qorashi, M.; Jackson, J. A.; Priestley, K.; Wallace, T. (1992), "The Rudbar-Tarom earthquake of 20 June 1990 in NW Persia: Preliminary field and seismological observations, and its tectonic significance", Bulletin of the Seismological Society of America, 82 (4): 1726–1755
- Berberian, M.; Walker, R. (2010), "The Rudbar Mw 7.3 earthquake of 1990 June 20; seismotectonics, coseismic and geomorphic displacements, and historic earthquakes of the western 'High-Alborz', Iran" (PDF), Geophysical Journal International, 182 (3): 1577–1602, Bibcode:2010GeoJI.182.1577B, doi:10.1111/j.1365-246x.2010.04705.x
- Redmond, A. D.; Watson, S.; Nightingale, P. (1991), "The South Manchester Accident Rescue Team and the Earthquake in Iran, June 1990", BMJ: British Medical Journal, 302 (6791): 1521–1523, doi:10.1136/bmj.302.6791.1521, JSTOR 29712007, PMC 1670205, PMID 1855026
- 7.4 - northern Iran – United States Geological Survey
- The International Seismological Centre has a bibliography and/or authoritative data for this event.