1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake

The 1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake occurred on Thursday, June 21, 1990 at 00:30:14 local time in northern Iran. The shock had a moment magnitude of 7.4 and a Mercalli Intensity of X (Extreme). Widespread damage occurred to the northwest of the capital city of Tehran, including the cities of Rudbar and Manjil. The National Geophysical Data Center estimated that $8 billion in damage occurred in the affected area. Other earthquake catalogs presented estimates of the loss of life in the range of 35,000–50,000, with a further 60,000–105,000 that were injured.

1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake
Collapse of Unreinforced Masonry Buildings, Iran (Persia) - 1990 Manjil Roudbar Earthquake.jpg
1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake is located in Iran
1990 Manjil–Rudbar earthquake
UTC time1990-06-20 21:00:14
ISC event366754
Local dateJune 21, 1990 (1990-06-21)
Local time00:30:14 IRST
Magnitude7.4 Mw [1]
Depth15 km (9 mi) [1]
Epicenter37°04′N 49°17′E / 37.07°N 49.28°E / 37.07; 49.28Coordinates: 37°04′N 49°17′E / 37.07°N 49.28°E / 37.07; 49.28 [1]
Areas affectedIran
Total damage$8 billion [3]
Max. intensityX (Extreme) [4]
Casualties35,000–45,000 killed [3]
60,000–105,000 injured [3]
105,000–400,000 displaced [3]

Use in mediaEdit

Acclaimed Iranian director Abbas Kiarostami has fictionally incorporated the earthquake and its effects on northern Iran into multiple films of his. In And Life Goes On (1992), a director and his son search for child actors from a previous Kiarostami film; Where Is the Friend's Home? (1986), which was shot in a city that, by the time of the second film's production, is recovering from the earthquake. Kiarostami's next film Through the Olive Trees (1994) follows a film crew as they shoot scenes from Life, and Nothing More...; in one of these scenes a man discusses his marriage having taken place a day after the earthquake. Critics and scholars often refer to these three films as the Koker trilogy, and rank them among the director's finest works.

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ a b c ISC (19 January 2015), ISC-GEM Global Instrumental Earthquake Catalogue (1900–2009), Version 2.0, International Seismological Centre
  2. ^ Berberian et al. 1992, pp. 1752, 1753
  3. ^ a b c d USGS (September 4, 2009), PAGER-CAT Earthquake Catalog, Version 2008_06.1, United States Geological Survey
  4. ^ Berberian et al. 1992, p. 1731


Further readingEdit

External linksEdit