Nowshahr

Nowshahr (Persian: نوشهر‎; also Romanized as Now Shahr, Noushahr, Noshahr, and Nau Shahr; also known as Bandar-e Noshahr)[2] is a city and capital of Nowshahr County, Mazandaran Province, Iran. The people residing in Nowshahr speak Mazanderani language. People of Nowshahr speak Mazanderani language by the dialect of Kojuri [3] . It is a port city,[4] located on the southern coast of the Caspian Sea. This city was the center of Ruyan (Tabarestan).

Nowshahr

Persian: نوشهر
City
Overview of Nowshahr.jpg
Nowshahr is located in Iran
Nowshahr
Nowshahr
Coordinates: 36°38′56″N 51°29′46″E / 36.64889°N 51.49611°E / 36.64889; 51.49611Coordinates: 36°38′56″N 51°29′46″E / 36.64889°N 51.49611°E / 36.64889; 51.49611
Country Iran
ProvinceMazandaran
CountyNowshahr
BakhshCentral
Government
 • TypeMayor, City Council
 • MayorMehdi Harajpoor "(Interim)"
 • Representative in MajlesGhasem Ahmadi Lashaki
Area
 • Total1,717.5 km2 (663.1 sq mi)
Population
 (2016 Census)
 • Total49,403 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Websitehttp://noshahr.gov.ir

Climate and tourismEdit

With its humid, subtropical climate, sea bathing in the waters of the Caspian, and the natural environment of its mountains, Nowshahr has long been a destination for domestic tourism in Iran. It attracts visitors by the hundreds of thousands every year to its hotels and private villas, by virtue of its transport links with the other cities of Northern Iran. During the reign of Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi Nowshahr was known unofficially as the 'second capital' or 'summer capital' of Iran because it was the city in which the Shah and most high-level government officials chose to live and work during the summer months.

historyEdit

  Nowshahr is part of kojur area and kojur is part of Ruyan.

Ruyan is a land in the west of Mazandaran Province, Iran. This land includes Kojur, Kalārestāq and Tonekabon.

The city of Kojur was the centre of the land of the Ruyans. Ruyan has always been part of the Tabaristan, nowadays called Mazandaran province. The Ruyan was also called the Rostamdār, Ostandār and Rostamdele.[5]

Culture and industryEdit

Noshahr Airport, previously an army airbase and currently a civilian-only airport is located on the western part of the city. The city is also home to Imam Khomeini University for Naval Sciences, some branches and campuses of Azad University of Noshahr and Chaloos, and Royan Institute of Higher Education. The Dual-use port of Noshahr was built by a Dutch contracting firm in late 1920s and is one of the most active ports of Iran in the Caspian Sea.[6] The city of Chaloos and its associated towns and villages were part of the Noshahr township prior to 1996 after which they formed the new township of Chaloos by legislation from the national parliament. The city has been slow to industrialize due to environmental considerations and having an already vibrant economy based on Tourism, Ship transport and Agriculture, nevertheless there are local Food processing, Timber Treatment and Steel industries. Recently, a trailer assembly plant has opened in cooperation with the MAZ of Belarus.

Sports and leisureEdit

Noshahr was home the Shamoushak who competed in the Persian Gulf Pro League from 2003 to 2006. Shamoushak folded its football team in 2013.[7][8]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ https://www.amar.org.ir/english
  2. ^ Nowshahr can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3077276" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ http://www.iranicaonline.org/articles/kojur-i
  4. ^ "Over $14m Invested in Nowshahr Port Since 2013". financialtribune.com. 2 May 2017.
  5. ^ "KALĀRESTĀQ i. The District and Sub-District". Encyclopaedia Iranica. Retrieved 2019-09-26.
  6. ^ "PMO – Nowshahr Port". noshahrport.pmo.ir. Ports & Maritime Organization (Iran). Retrieved 6 June 2017.
  7. ^ "دوباره نوشهر؛ دوباره فوتبال (عکس)". www.varzesh3.com. Retrieved 2020-01-16.
  8. ^ "خبرگزاری فارس - دروازه‌بان شموشک نوشهر در جمع برترین دروازه‌بانان اروپا". خبرگزاری فارس. 2019-07-26. Retrieved 2020-01-16.

External linksEdit