Geophysical Journal International

Geophysical Journal International (GJI) is a monthly peer-reviewed scientific journal in the field of geophysics. It is published by Oxford University Press on behalf of two learned societies: the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) and the Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (German Geophysical Society, DGG), who select and peer-review the contents.[1]

Geophysical Journal International
Edited byJoerg Renner
Publication details
Former name(s)
3.352 (2021)
Standard abbreviations
ISO 4Geophys. J. Int.
ISSN0956-540X (print)
1365-246X (web)
OCLC no.20060716

GJI was formed in 1988 by the merger of three earlier geophysics journals, the oldest of which was established in 1922. The editor-in-chief is Joerg Renner (Ruhr University Bochum).

The journal publishes original research papers, research notes, letters, and book reviews. Its topical scope includes research on all aspects of theoretical, computational, applied and observational geophysics.[2]



GJI was formed by a complex series of mergers between previous geophysical journals.[3]

Its origins can be traced to 1919, when the RAS absorbed the Geophysical Committee (which had previously been part of the British Association), thereby becoming the learned society responsible for British geophysics.[4] This led to an increase in the number of geophysical papers being published in the Monthly Notices of the RAS (MNRAS). In 1922 it was decided to separate the geophysical papers from those on astronomy, by issuing the Geophysical Supplement to Monthly Notices.[5] These were not published on a regular schedule, but instead issued whenever a sufficient number of geophysical papers were ready for publication, and distributed to MNRAS subscribers. This arrangement continued for several decades, until the International Geophysical Year of 1957-58 brought renewed attention to the subject. This prompted the RAS to convert the supplements to a separate journal, which began publishing in 1958 as Geophysical Journal.[6][note 1] In 1970, it established an office in the United States to handle the increasing number of submissions from North America.[7]

Meanwhile in Germany, the DGG was founded in 1922 and in 1924 began publishing the German language journal Zeitschrift für Geophysik (lit. Journal for Geophysics).[8] From 1954 it was published in partnership with Physica-Verlag. In 1973 the publisher was acquired by Springer Verlag, who began including papers in English and changed the journal's name to the bilingual Journal of Geophysics – Zeitschrift für Geophysik.[8]

In France, the CNRS began publishing Annales de Géophysique (lit. Annals of Geophysics) in 1944. In Italy, the Annali di Geofisica (also lit. Annals of Geophysics) began publishing in 1948, by the Istituto Nazionale di Geofisica. These two journals merged in 1983, under the auspices of the European Geophysical Society (EGS), with the combined journal given the name Annales Geophysicae (the Latin translation of both names).[3] In 1986 this split into two series, A and B, with content relevant to GJI being published in Annales Geophysicae, Series B: Terrestrial and Planetary Physics.[3]

Finally, these three branches of journals merged in 1988. The RAS's Geophysical Journal, the DGG's Journal of Geophysics and the EGS's Annales Geophysicae, Series B were combined and published jointly by the three societies.[note 2] The new merged journal retained the name Geophysical Journal for one year,[note 3] before adopting its current name Geophysical Journal International in 1989.[3] Volume numbering continued from the earlier RAS-only journal.[9] When the EGS merged into the European Geosciences Union in 2002, the new body decided not to continue involvement with GJI, leaving it under the control of the RAS and DGG,[2] which is the current arrangement.[10]

Abstracting and indexing


The journal is abstracted and indexed in:

According to the Journal Citation Reports, the journal has a 2021 impact factor of 3.352, ranking it 35th out of 100 journals in the category "Geochemistry & Geophysics".[11]


  1. ^ Smith, Keith (28 June 2012). "RAS journals to be published by Oxford University Press". Royal Astronomical Society. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 20 July 2017.
  2. ^ a b Evans, J. R. (2004). "Editorial" (PDF). Geophysical Journal International. 156 (1): 1–5. Bibcode:2004GeoJI.156....1E. doi:10.1111/j.1365-246X.2004.02199.x.
  3. ^ a b c d "Chemical Abstracts Service Source Index". (CASSI) Bibliographic information for this journal. American Chemical Society. August 2010. Archived from the original on 25 July 2011. Retrieved 17 August 2010.
  4. ^ Dreyer & Turner 1923, p. 228.
  5. ^ Tayler 1987, p. 25.
  6. ^ Tayler 1987, p. 149.
  7. ^ Tayler 1987, p. 166.
  8. ^ a b "Journal of Geophysics – Zeitschrift für Geophysik" (in German). Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  9. ^ "Browse issues". Geophysical Journal International. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  10. ^ "Geophysical Journal International" (in German). Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft. Retrieved 18 July 2023.
  11. ^ "Journals Ranked by Impact: Geochemistry & Geophysics". 2021 Journal Citation Reports. Web of Science (Science ed.). Clarivate. 2021.

Works cited



  1. ^ Sometimes referred to as Geophysical Journal of the RAS to distinguish it from other journals with similar names
  2. ^ Annales Geophysicae, Series A was not included in the merger. It was renamed simply Annales Geophysicae and continued to be published by EGS.
  3. ^ sometimes referred to as Geophysical Journal (Oxford) to distinguish it from the earlier RAS-only journal

Current journal:

  • Geophysical Journal International, Volumes 98– (1989–present) Archive
  • Geophysical Journal, Volumes 92–97 (1988-1989) Archive

Group 1:

  • Geophysical Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volumes 1–91 (1958–1987) Archive
  • Geophysical Supplements to the Monthly notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, Volumes 1–7 (1922–1957) Archive

Group 2:

  • Journal of Geophysics, Volumes 40–62 (1974–1988) ISSN 0340-062X
  • Zeitschrift für Geophysik / Journal of Geophysics, Volumes 1–39 (1924–1944, 1953–1973) ISSN 0044-2801

Group 3:

  • Annales Geophysicae, Series B, Volumes 4–5 (1986–1987) ISSN 0980-8760
  • Annales Geophysicae, Volumes 1–3 (1983–1985) ISSN 0755-0685
  • Annales de Géophysique, Volumes 1–38 (1942–1982) ISSN 0003-4029
  • Annali di Geofisica, Volumes (1948–1982) ISSN 0365-2556