Science Citation Index
This article is incomplete.(January 2014)
The Science Citation Index (SCI) is a citation index originally produced by the Institute for Scientific Information (ISI) and created by Eugene Garfield. It was officially launched in 1964. It is now owned by Clarivate Analytics (previously the Intellectual Property and Science business of Thomson Reuters). The larger version (Science Citation Index Expanded) covers more than 8,500 notable and significant journals, across 150 disciplines, from 1900 to the present. These are alternatively described as the world's leading journals of science and technology, because of a rigorous selection process.
|Producer||Clarivate Analytics (Canada and Hong Kong)|
|Disciplines||Science, medicine, and technology|
The index is made available online through different platforms, such as the Web of Science and SciSearch. (There are also CD and printed editions, covering a smaller number of journals). This database allows a researcher to identify which later articles have cited any particular earlier article, or have cited the articles of any particular author, or have been cited most frequently. Thomson Reuters also markets several subsets of this database, termed "Specialty Citation Indexes", such as the Neuroscience Citation Index and the Chemistry Citation Index.
Chemistry Citation IndexEdit
The Chemistry Citation Index was first introduced by Eugene Garfield, a chemist by training. His original "search examples were based on [his] experience as a chemist". In 1992 an electronic and print form of the index was derived from a core of 330 chemistry journals, within which all areas were covered. Additional information was provided from articles selected from 4,000 other journals. All chemistry subdisciplines were covered: organic, inorganic, analytical, physical chemistry, polymer, computational, organometallic, materials chemistry, and electrochemistry.
By 2002 the core journal coverage increased to 500 and related article coverage increased to 8,000 other journals.
One 1980 study reported the overall citation indexing benefits for chemistry, examining the use of citations as a tool for the study of the sociology of chemistry and illustrating the use of citation data to "observe" chemistry subfields over time.
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- Garfield, Eugene. "The evolution of the Science Citation Index" (Free PDF download). doi:10.2436/20.1501.01.10 (inactive 2017-08-24). International microbiology 10.1 (2010): 65-69.
- Garfield, Eugene (1963). "Science Citation Index" (Free PDF download). Science Citation Index 1961. Garfield Library - UPenn. Retrieved 2013-05-27.
- Originally published by the Institute of Scientific Information in 1964
- Other titles in this document are: What is a Citation Index? , How is the Citation Index Prepared? , How is the Citation Index Used? , Applications of the Science Citation Index , Source Coverage and Statistics , and a Glossary.
- "History of Citation Indexing" (Free HTML download). Needs of researchers create demand for citation indexing. Thomson Ruters. November 2010. Retrieved 2010-11-04.
- "Science Citation Index Expanded". Retrieved 2017-01-17.
- Ma, Jiupeng; Fu, Hui-Zhen; Ho, Yuh-Shan (December 2012). "The Top-cited Wetland Articles in Science Citation Index Expanded: characteristics and hotspots" (PDF). Environmental Earth Sciences. 70 (3): 1039. doi:10.1007/s12665-012-2193-y. (Springer-Verlag)
- Ho, Yuh-Shan (2012). "The top-cited research works in the Science Citation Index Expanded" (PDF). Scientometrics. 94 (3): 1297. doi:10.1007/s11192-012-0837-z.
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- Thomson Reuters Web of Knowledge. Thomson Reuters, 2013.
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- Garfield, Eugene. "New Chemistry Citation Index On CD-ROM Comes With Abstracts, Related Records, and Key-Words-Plus." Current Contents 3 (1992): 5-9.
- Chemistry Citation Index. Institute of Process Engineering of the Chinese Academy of Sciences. 2003.
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- Borgman, Christine L.; Furner, Jonathan (2005). "Scholarly Communication and Bibliometrics" (PDF). Annual Review of Information Science and Technology. 36 (1): 3–72. doi:10.1002/aris.1440360102.
- Meho, Lokman I.; Yang, Kiduk (2007). "Impact of data sources on citation counts and rankings of LIS faculty: Web of science versus scopus and google scholar" (Free PDF download). Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. 58 (13): 2105. doi:10.1002/asi.20677.
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- Garfield, E. (1970). "Citation Indexing for Studying Science" (Free PDF download). Nature. 227 (5259): 669–71. Bibcode:1970Natur.227..669G. doi:10.1038/227669a0. PMID 4914589.
- Introduction to SCI
- Master journal list
- Chemical Information Sources/ Author and Citation Searches. on WikiBooks.
- Cited Reference Searching: An Introduction. Thomson Reuters.
- Chemistry Citation Index. Chinweb.